Skip to main content

Full text of "USDA"

See other formats

Historic,  archived  document 

Do  not  assume  content  reflects  current 
scientific  knowledge,  policies,  or  practices. 


a  ^^^ 



m\.  4 1969 


JANUARY  2,  1969 


Complete  farmer-ownership  of  the 
Farm  Credit  System  will  soon  be  a  real- 
itj',  according  to  an  announcement  by 
Robert  B.  Tootell,  Governor  of  the  Farm 
Credit  Administration.  He  said  this  ac- 
complishment is  expected  within  the 
next  few  months  when  all  Government - 
owned  capital  in  the  credit  system  is 
paid  off  by  Federal  intermediate  credit 
banks,  banks  for  cooperatives,  and  pro- 
duction credit  associations. 

The  FCA  is  the  supervisory  agency  of 
the  Farm  Credit  System,  initiated  in 
1916  to  provide  credit  to  fit  the  needs 
of  American  agriculture.  Peak  Govern- 
ment capital  in  the  System  was  S638 
million  in  the  late  1930's. 

The  farmer-financing  system  includes 

12  Federal  land  banks  which  provide 
long-term  mortgage  loans  through  some 
680  Federal  land  bank  associations:  453 
production  credit  associations  which  ex- 
tend short-  and  intermediate-term  loans 
for  farm  operating  expenses  and  capital 
improvements;  12  Federal  intermediate 
credit  banks  which  discount  loans  made 
by  production  credit  associations;    and 

13  banks  for  cooperatives  which  extend 
loans  to  farmers'  cooperatives. 

The  12  Federal  land  banks  have  been 
farmer-owned  since  1947;  their  asso- 
ciations have  always  been  farmer-owned. 

Health  Plans  To  Change 

Benefit  changes — most  of  them  mi- 
nor— will  be  made  in  many  of  the  USDA 
employee  health  benefit  plans,  and  many 
plans  will  increase  their  premiums  for 
the  contract  term  which  begins  this 

Rate  increases  are  necessary  primarily 
because  of  increased  hospital  and  medi- 
cal care  costs  and,  in  some  plans,  be- 
cause of  needed  improvements  in  bene- 

Salary  deductions  covering  any  in- 
crease in  premium  will  begin  with  pay 
period  No.  1   1 1-12-69  to  1-25-69). 

Each  employee  will  be  provided  with 
a  Civil  Service  Commission  pamphlet  for 
more  detailed  information  on  specific 
changes  in  health  plans. 

AGRICULTURAL  RESEARCH  SERVICE  was  well  represented  at  the  1968  Annual  New  Jersey  Edu- 
cation Association  Convention  in  Atlantic  City  recently.  Mrs.  Betty  Smith  and  Ray  Gray,  ARS, 
Eastern  Administrative  Division,  Personnel  Branch,  Hyattsville,  Md.,  manned  the  USDA-ARS  exhibit 
at  the  2V2  day  convention — the  largest  education  meeting  in  the  world.  High  praise  for  the  exhibit 
and  personnel  came  from  Gregory  J.  Moraetis,  New  York  Region,  Civil  Service  Commission.  In  a 
letter  to  ARS  Personnel  Division  Director  Glavis  Edwards,  Moraetis  said  the  participation  of  ARS  in 
the  convention  "advanced  immeasurably  your  program  for  expanded  communications  with  the  public 
and  contributed  significantly  to  our  State  wide  school  information  program.  The  warm  response  of 
teachers  and  school  administrators  to  the  efforts  of  the  ARS  and  other  participating  agencies,  speaks 
well  for  our  continuing  efforts  to  present  a  more  favorable  image  of  the  Federal  Service,  and  attract 
quality  personnel.  I  should  like  also  to  commend  Mrs.  Smith  and  Mr.  Gray  whose  efforts  on  behalf 
of  your  exhibit  reflected  most  favorably  upon  themselves  and  your  agency." 


WORK  UNIT  CONSERVATIONIST  Neal  Munch  of  the  Soil  Conservation  Service,  standing  waist  Jeep 
in  a  farm  pond  near  his  Freehold,  N.J.  headquarters,  places  an  experimental  duck  nest  while 
assistant  State  game  manager  Paul  McLain  of  New  Jersey  lends  a  hand.  Many  a  brood  of  ducklings 
is  being  hatched  these  days  in  such  accommodations.  Migrating  ducks  and  geese  today  depend  on 
agricultural  land  for  food,  cover,  and  winter  quarters.  They  depend  on  the  farm  ponds,  irrigation 
developments,  and  other  water  impoundments — some  in  areas  where  no  water  stood  before.  The 
SCS  helps  farmers  and  ranchers  improve  and  create  waterfowl  habitat  through  regular  soil  conser- 
vation   practices. 

Agri  Briefs 

Controlling  the  height  of  standing 
wheat  stubble  not  only  traps  snow  but 
also  parliallv  controls  snownielt.  That's 
the  finding  of  DR.  \S  AYNE  O.  WILLIS, 
Agricultviral  Research  Service  soil  scientist, 
in  reseai'cii  conducted  in  the  Northern 
Great  Plains.  Wheat  stubble,  standing  up 
to  20  inches,  makes  the  snowpack  melt 
faster  than  snow  on  bare  ground.  Tlic 
trick  is  to  catch  and  hold  the  water.  In 
this  seJTii-arid  area,  where  snowfall  con- 
tributes about  20  per<-ent  of  the  annual 
precipitation,  spring  wheat  requires  8—10 
inches  of  water  before  grain  is  produced. 
Each  additional  inch  of  soil  water  added 
to  this  base  produces  three  or  more  bush- 
els of  wheat  per  acre.  Studies  by  Dr. 
Willis  and  ARS  soil  scientist  Howard  J. 
Haas  are  underway  at  the  Northern  Great 
Plains  Research  Center,  Mandan,  N.  Dak., 
to  determine  the  best  wa>  of  putting  these 
findings  to  use  in  managing  snow  drifts 
and  holding  snowmelt  water  on  the  land. 

A  chart  story  of  U.S.  agriculture — from 
farm  inputs  to  world  trade — is  contained 
in  the  recently  published  HANDBOOK 
This  reference  book  for  economists  and 
agribusinessmen  has  data  in  157  charts 
on  the  general  economy,  farm  commod- 
ities, foreign  agricultural  trade,  market- 
ing, farm  population,  and  on  family  levels 
of  living.  The  publication  is  the  combined 
elVort  of  four  USDA  agencies:  Economic 
Research  Service,  Foreign  Agricultural 
Service,  Agricultural  Research  Service, 
and  Statistical  Reporting  Service.  Single 
copies  of  the  handbook  (AH— 359)  are 
available  free  from  the  Office  of  Informa- 
tion, U.S.  Department  of  Agriculture, 
Washington,  D.C.  20250.  The  charts  are 
also  available  at  cost,  individually  or  in 
full  series,  in  black  and  white  photos  or 
color  slides.  Sets  of  the  entire  157  charts 
in  color  slides,  for  example,  can  be  had 
for  S19.00  on  order  from  Photography 
Division,  Office  of  Information,  U.S.  De- 
partment of  Agriculture,  Washington, 
D.C.  20250.  Individual  color  slides  are  30 
cents  each. 

In  a  recent  ceremony  in  Washington, 
D.C,  USDA  formally  granted  exclusive 
recognition  to  the  National  Joint  Council 
of  Food  Inspection  Lodges  TO  REPRE- 
and  poultry  products.  The  Joint  Council, 
affiliated  with  the  American  Federation 
•of  Government  Employees,  has  68  locals. 
Membership  is  comprised  of  nonsuper- 
visory  food  inspectors  employed  by  Con- 
sumer and  Marketing  Service  and  serving 
in  packing  and  processing  plants  across 
the  country.  The  Joint  Council  was  formed 
by  merger  of  three  previously  recognized 
inspector  unions:  The  National  Joint 
Council  of  Meat  Inspection  Lodges;  the 
Northeastern  Council  of  Poultry  Inspec- 
tion Lodges;  and  the  Southeastern  Coun- 
cil of  Poultry  Inspection  Lodges.  Their 
merger  followed  a  consolidation  earlier 
this  year  of  the  Federal  meat  inspection 
and  poultry  inspection  programs  into  one 
food  inspection  component  within  C&MS. 

MEET  "MISTER  ABLE!"  That's  what  his  co- 
workers call  him.  Actually  he  is  Jerry  Abel,  a 
blind  computer  technician  with  the  Minneapolis 
Commodity  Office  of  the  Agricultural  Stabiliza- 
tion and  Conservation  Service.  To  overcome  the 
problem  of  communication,  Abel  uses  a  braille 
typewriter.  His  assignments  are  dictated  on  a 
dictating  machine  and  he  transcribes  them  to 
braille.  He  has  demonstrated  that  his  loss  of 
sight  does  not  handicap  him  from  performing 
his  full  range  of  responsibilities  in  the  computer 
programming  area.  Abel's  success  story  is  an 
example  of  what  the  Department  is  doing  to 
use  the  talents  of  handicapped  persons.  It 
should  serve  as  an  incentive  for  other  agencies 
to  explore  similar  opportunities  for  other  "able," 
though   handicapped,   applicants. 

Tripp  Heads  Research 

Verne  W.  Tripp  has  been  appointed 
head  of  spectroscopy  investig'ations  for 
the  Southern  Utilization  Research  and 
Development  Division,  New  Orleans,  ac- 
cording to  a  recent  announcement  by 
Dr.  C.  H.  Fisher,  director  of  the  division. 
Spectroscopy  investigation  is  part  of  the 
Cotton  Physical  Properties  Laboratory. 

Tripp  received  his  B.S.  degree  in  chem- 
istry from  Loyola  University  in  New 
Orleans,  and  his  masters,  also  in  chem- 
istry, from  the  University  of  Detroit.  He 
has  been  with  the  Southern  division 
since  1942,  and  has  become  widely  known 
for  his  research  on  the  chemistry  and 
microscopy  of  cellulose  fibers,  particu- 
larly cotton. 

FS  Opens  New  Labs 

The  Range  and  Wildlife  Habitat  Lab- 
oratory at  La  Grande,  Oreg.  (above)  — 
one  of  three  new  Forest  Service  re- 
search installations  dedicated  in  recent 
months — is  an  unusual  architectural 
concept  constructed  entirely  from  native 
softwoods.  It  was  designed  by  Forest 
Service  architect  A.  P.  DiBeneditto.  The 
building  is  framed  with  Douglas  fir,  shin- 
gled and  sided  with  western  redcedar, 
and  paneled  inside  with  ponderosa  pine, 
western  redcedar,  white  fir,  larch,  and 
Engelmann  spruce.  It  houses  two  large 
research  laboratories  where  scientists 
are  studying  range  ecology  and  big-game 

Other    Labs    Dedicated 

Other  Forest  Service  laboratories  re- 
cently dedicated  are  at  Athens,  Ga.,  and 
at  Oxford,  Miss. 

At  Athens,  a  new  laboratory  on  the 
campus  of  the  University  of  Georgia, 
added  some  30,000  square  feet  of  space 
to  the  existant  Forestry  Sciences  Lab- 
oratory complex.  The  new  building 
houses  15  specialized  labs  where  studies 
are  underway  on  development  of  short- 
term  tree  crops,  control  of  forest  insects 
and  tree  diseases,  studies  of  soil-bcrne 
organisms,  improvement  of  timber  char- 
acteristics, and  research  on  housing  ma- 
terials and  marketing  of  forest  products. 

The  entire  complex  is  administered  by 
the  Southeastern  Forest  Experiment 
Station,  headquartered  at  Asheville,  N.C. 

The  new  Forest  Hydrology  Laboratory 
at  Oxford,  Miss.,  is  a  research  facility 
of  the  Southern  Forest  Experiment  Sta- 
tion in  New  Orleans.  It  is  located  on  a 
15 -acre  site  adjacent  to  the  University 
of  Mississippi  campus.  It  includes  a  soil 
physics  lab,  a  chemistry  and  radioisotope 
lab,  a  soil  microbiology  lab,  and  a  plant 
physiology  lab. 

Projects  in  rehabilitation  of  severely 
eroded  watersheds  and  in  coastal  plain 
hydrology  are  underway  in  the  new  in- 


Have  you  heard  of  the  Hatch  Act? 
Certainly.  It's  the  law  that  keeps  politics 
out  of  the  Civil  Service,  and  vice  versa. 
Have  you  heard  of  the  other  Hatch 
Act?  It's  the  one  that,  in  good  measure, 
is  partially  responsible  for:  Mechanized 
'  farming ;  our  daily  vitamins ;  those  little 
cans  of  frozen  fruit  juice;  aerosols  that 
spray  everything  from  shaving  cream 
to  household  pesticides;  wash  and  wear 
cottons:  the  discovery  of  streptomycin; 
the  mass  production  of  penicillin;  and 
systems  for  preserving  our  soil,  water, 
and  forest  resources. 

Under  the  "other"  Hatch  Act — the  Act 
of  1887 — Congress  established  and  ap- 
propriated money  for  an  agricultural 
experiment  station  in  each  State  as  a 
department  of  the  land-grant  college  or 
university.  The  stations'  purposes:  To 
I-  conduct  scientific  stl/dies  on  problems 
of  agriculture,  rural  living,  resource  de- 
velopment, and  of  consumer  problems 
related  to  agricultural  products. 

In  addition  to  carrying  out  this  re- 
search. State  Agricultural  Experiment 
Station  (SAES)  professionals  help  in- 
struct students  who  are  preparing  for 
a  career  in  agricultural  sciences  in  land- 
grant  colleges.  Through  arrangements 
between  the  stations  and  the  schools, 
students  schedule  classwork  to  gain 
practical  research  experience. 

Since  1887,  the  Secretary  of  Agricul- 
ture has  been  responsible  for  the  proper 
administration  of  this  Act.  The  Office 
of  Expeiiment  Stations  was  established 
in  the  Department  in  1888  to  represent 
the  Secretary  in  administering  the  Act. 
The  agency  is  now  the  Cooperative  State 
Research  Service  'CSRS). 

In  1968  about  23  percent  of  the  funds 
supporting  research  at  the  SAES  was 
derived  from  CSRS -administered  grants. 

Most  of  the  SAES  funds  come  from  ap- 
propriations of  the  State  legislatures  and 
university  sources. 

Over  the  years,  USDA  research  agen- 
cies and  the  SAES  have  formed  close 
working  relations.  In  1966  a  National 
Program  of  Research  for  Agriculture 
was  developed  jointly.  Under  this  pro- 
gram teams  of  USDA  and  SAES  scien- 
tists are  developing  recommendations 
for  research  priorities. 

The  USDA  research  agencies  have  field 
installations  located  at  many  of  the 
land-grant  colleges.  Some  USDA  scien- 
tists work  under  joint  arrangements  with 
the  SAES  and  share  State  facilities  with 
SAES  scientists. 

An  outstanding  example  of  this  close 
relationship  led  to  a  1968  Nobel  prize 
for  an  Agricultural  Research  Service/ 
Cornell  University  scientist.  Dr.  Robert 
W.  Holley,  a  professor  of  biochemistry 
at  Cornell  and  long-time  biochemist  on 
experiment  station  staffs  at  Geneva  and 
Ithaca,  N.Y.,  led  the  research  group  at 
USDAs  Plant,  Soil  and  Nutrition  Lab- 
oratory that  worked  out  the  structure 
of  a  nucleic  acid. 

Dr.  B.  Jean  Apgar,  an  ARS  chemist 
on  the  team,  describes  her  experience 
in  the  1968  Yearbook  of  Agriculture: 

"Being  the  first  person  to  do  some- 
thing has  a  certain  fascination,  but  it 
isn't  an  experience  most  of  us  expect 
to  have.  .  .  .  Our  group  determined  the 
structure  of  a  nucleic  acid  for  the  first 
time.  That  may  not  sound  as  exciting 
as  climbing  a  mountain,  but  to  those  of 
us  doing  the  work  it  was  just  as  ex- 
citing— and  just  as  much  work!" 

It  is  equally  exciting  to  anticipate 
what  new  scientific  surprises  may  be  in 
store  by  the  year  2000 — thanks,  in  part, 
to  the  Hatch  Act. 

left,  of  the  New  York  State 
College  of  Agriculture,  Cor- 
nell University,  Ithaca,  N.Y., 
and  Dr.  E.  A.  Walker,  Di- 
vision of  Herbicide  Regis- 
tration, Agricultural  Re- 
search Service,  Washington. 
D.C.,  discuss  a  crop  of 
muskmelons  on  an  experi- 
ment station  plot  at  Cor- 
nell. The  two  men  exem- 
plify the  close  working  re- 
lationship between  State 
and  Federal  researchers  at 
State  Agricultural  Experi- 
ment Stations  across  the 
country.  From  such  coop- 
eration has  come  a  multi- 
tude of  agricultural  de- 
velopments and  products 
benefiting  us  in  our  daily 







An  employee  of  the  Agricultural  Sta- 
bilization and  Conservation  Service  is 
credited  with  saving  the  life  of  a  farmer 
overcome   by  insecticide   fumes. 

Donato  Gonzales,  a  compliance  clerk 
with  the  Adams  ASCS  County  office, 
Brighton,  Colo.,  stopped  at  the  farm 
operated  by  Ronald  Warner  in  eastern 
Adams  County  to  inspect  farm-stored 
wheat  under  Federal  loan.  He  found  no 
one  home  but  noticed  a  pickup  truck  and 
ladder  at  a  grain  storage  bin.  Gonzales 
said  he  climbed  the  ladder,  expecting 
"someone  to  pop  up  and  say  'hi'  "  before 
he  was  halfway  up.  He  reached  the  top 
of  the  18-foot-high  bin,  looked  down 
into  the  interior,  and  saw  Warner 
sprawled  on  his  back,  wearing  a  gas 
mask  but  apparently  overcome  by  the 
fumigant  he  had  been  using  to  kill  in- 
sects in  the  wheat. 

Although  he  had  no  gas  mask,  Gon- 
zales jumped  into  the  bin,  ripped  off 
■Warner's  mask,  and  tried  to  lift  the 
unconscious  man  to  the  opening  in  the 
bin  roof.  This  proved  impossible  so  he 
removed  a  lower  hatch  and  was  able 
to  drag  and  lift  Warner  to  this  opening 
for  fresh  air. 

Gonzales  improvised  artificial  resusci- 
tation until  Warner  began  to  breathe. 
He  said  it  was  perhaps  20  to  30  minutes 
after  he  arrived  before  Warner  was 
breathing  freely. 

The  ASCS  man  then  ran  to  the  War- 
ner house  to  get  help.  The  door  was 
open,  but  no  one  was  home  and  the 
telephone  was  out  of  order.  He  ran  to 
another  house  on  the  farm,  broke  a  glass 
to  get  in — no  one  was  there  either — and 
telephoned  the  fire  department  in  Ben- 
nett, a  community  about  14  miles  away. 

Gonzales  directed  rescue  operations  as 
the  firemen  lowered  Warner  from  the 
top  of  the  bin  with  ropes  and  tackle, 
administered  oxygen,  and  took  him  to 
the  hospital  for  treatment. 

The  United  Nations"  Demoerapliic 
Ve;.rlK.ok  for  1968  reports  3.12  Bll.I.lON 
PKOPLK  were  on  earth  at  n>id-1967.  .Vt 
the  present  s;n'^tl>  rate,  this  number  will 
double  bv  vear  2006. 


The  USDA  Travel  Club  is  currently 
planning  its  schedule  of  tours  for  1969. 
Many  of  the  tours  will  originate  in 
Washington,  D.C.,  while  some  of  the 
longer  trips  will  originate  in  (or  may 
be  joined  in)  other  sections  of  the  coun- 
try. All  USDA  employees  and  others  elig- 
ible for  travel  club  membership  are  in- 
vited to  contact  the  club  for  fm'ther 
information  on  tours  and  membership. 
Address  your  inquiry  to:  Mrs.  Betty 
Brooks,  WA  Office,  Rm.  1066  South  Bldg., 
U.S.  Department  of  Agriculture,  Wash- 
ington, B.C.  20250. 

TOURS  PLANNED  FOR  1969  .  .  . 


Mummer's     Bands-Show     of     Shows — 
Phihidclphia,  Pa. 

Cruise  to  St.  Thomas-Martinique 

Aegean  ,Sca  Cruise 

Azalea  Trails,  North  Carolina  and  South 

Day  in  the  .Aniish  Country 

Virginia  House  and  Gardens 

New  York  City 

Sunday  Dinner 

Le.xington-Abingdon  Theatre,  Va. 


Niagara  Falls 

.4  Day  in  Baltimore 

St.  Michaels,  Md. 


A  Day  in  Old  Newcastle,  Del. 

W  interthur-Longwood  Gardens,  Del. 

.Arboretuni-.Sherwood  Gardens,  IVId. 

Peaks  of  Oiler,  Va. 




Miami  Beach 

Hershey,  Pa. 

Seaside  Special — New  Jersey 

Tangier  Island 

Fishing  Trip 

Sunday  Dinner 

Dressmaker's  Delight — York,  Pa. 

.African  Safari 

British  Isles 

Cape  Cod 

Shady  Grove,  Md. 

Chincoteague,  Va. — Pony  Roundup 

Mechanics  Theatre,   Baltimore,   Md. 

Greenbrier,  W.  Va. 

Roanoke,  Va. — Natural  Bridge 

Wayside  Theatre,  Va. 

Nova  Scotia 

Oriena      Cruise — Panama      Canal      and 
West  Coast 

Industrial   Tour — Delaware   and   Mary- 


Southwest  Parks — Southwest 

N'ew  England 

FHA  Loans  for  Fun  and  Profit 

More  than  700,000  rural  people  are 
benefiting  from  629  large-scale  rural 
community  recreation  facilities  financed 
by  the  Farmers  Home  Administration. 

Since  the  recreation  loan  program 
started  5  years  ago,  FHA  has  advanced 
$83.3  million  in  loans  to  nonprofit  rural 
groups  to  develop  facilities  such  as  swim- 
ming pools,  picnic  parks,  athletic  fields, 
small  golf  courses,  and  lakes.  During 
fiscal  1968,  226  rural  communities  re- 
ceived nearly  $24  million  to  develop 
recreation  centers. 

To  be  eligible  for  loan  funds  the  com- 
munity-sponsored group  must  be  in  a 
rural  community  of  less  than  5,500 
population  and  must  be  unable  to  obtain 
credit  elsewhere. 

An  additional  $5.5  million  has  been 
advanced  by  FHA  to  780  individual  farm 
operators  for  profitable  recreation  enter- 
prises on  their  farms.  This  building  is 
expected  to  accelerate  since  legislation 
passed  by  Congress  last  summer  now  en- 
ables farmers  to  convert  whole  farms  to 
recreation  enterprises. 

Gettysbiirg-.AUenberry,  Pa. 

.Annapolis  Dress  Parade 

.Artisan's  Fair,  Md. 

Miss  America  Pageant — New  Jersey 

Bucks  County,  Pa. 

.Smokies — .Atlanta,  Ga. 

Potomac  Houses 

-Sunday  Dinner 

Harper's  Ferry,  W.  Va. 

Berkeley  Springs,  W  .  Va. 

Shady  Grove,  Md. 

Southwest  Pacific 

South  America 

New  York  City  Theatre 

W  illiamsburg,  Va. 

New  York  City 

Shadv  Grove,  Md. 

DEAR  FELLOW. — Bob  Keif- 
er,  right,  director  in  the 
USDA  Motion  Picture  Serv- 
ice, Washington,  D.C., 
coaches  one  "Sherlock 
Holmes"  and  crony,  "Dr. 
Watson,"  on  the  techniques 
used  for  investigating  egg 
defects.  The  behind-the- 
scene  photo  is  from  the 
production  set  of  a  1-min- 
ute  television  spot  explain- 
ing egg  grading.  The  spot, 
which  is  in  color,  is  sched- 
uled for  release  this  month 
by  the  Consumer  and  Mar- 
keting Service. 

DR.  M.  L.  UPCHURCH,  left.  Administrator,  Eca 
nomic  Research  Service,  presents  a  "diploma' 
to  Richard  D.  Parker,  Watershed  Planning  Di 
vision,  Soil  Conservation  Service,  a  recent  grad 
uate  of  a  special  training  seminar  in  economic 
development  of  rural  areas.  More  than  30  Fed 
eral  and  State  employees  have  taken  the  semi 
nar,  designed  to  help  them  help  rural  commu 
nities.  Students  in  the  course  get  "basic  train 
ing"  in  development  strategy,  analyzing  the 
economic  potential  of  an  area,  ways  to  work 
effectively  with  local  groups  and  governments, 
and  the  types  of  community  facilities  needed 
to  boost  local  development.  As  a  final  exami- 
nation, teams  of  students  set  up  development 
plans  for  an  actual  rural  area  which  has  had 
less  growth  than  the  Nation.  Graduates  go  back 
better  equipped  to  help  the'  local  areas  they 
work  with  develop  more  jobs  and  more  income 
for  more  people. 


A  motor  vehicle  survey  has  revealed 
that  in  1940  each  car  on  the  road  con- 
tained an  average  of  3.2  persons. 

In  1950,  occupancy  had  declined  to  an 
average  of  2.1  persons  per  car. 

By  1960,  the  average  was  down  to  1.4 
persons  per  car. 

If  we  project  those  statistics  to  1980, 
every  third  car  going  by  will  have  nobody 
in  it! 


JANUARY  2,  1969 


Vol,  XXVIII  No. 

USDA  is  published  fortnightly  for  distribution  to  employees  only,  by  direction  of  the  Secre- 
tary of  Agriculture,  as  containing  administrative  information  required  for  the  proper  transac- 
tion of  the  public  business.  Retirees  who  write  to  the  Editor  requesting  it  may  continue  to 
get  USDA.  Please  write  instead  of  phoning  whenever  possible;  for  rush  orders,  call  Ext.  2058. 
Mrs.  Lillie  Vincent,  Editor  of  USDA,  INF,  Department  of  Agriculture,  Washington,  D.C.  20250. 

c43— 328-029 




VOL,  XXVIIi  NO.  2 
JAN.  16,  1969 

reporters  pause  for  photo 
at  the  University  of  Mis- 
souri, Columbia,  during 
their  8-week  tour  of  Ameri- 
can farms  and  markets, 
and  USDA  market  news 
operations.  Roberta  Clark, 
second  from  right,  a  pro- 
gram specialist  for  the 
Foreign  Training  Division 
of  USDA's  International 
Agricultural  Development 
Service,  was  technical 
leader  for  the  team.  State 
Department  interpreter 

Miss  Therezinah  Piancas- 
telli  (center)  also  accom- 
panied the   group. 

Brazilians  Find  American  Agriculture  and  Music  Swing 

By  Roberta  Clark 

Give  the  Brazilian  observer  of  Ameri- 
can agriculture  a  strong  dose  of  agricul- 
tural techniques,  throw  in  some  jazz 
rhythm  on  the  side,  and  you  have  a 
recipe  for  a  happy  visit  to  the  United 

At  least  this  is  my  personal  recom- 
mendation after  an  8-week  stint  last  fall 
as  technical  leader  for  a  team  of  six 
Brazilian  agricultural  market  news  re- 

Official  sponsorship  for  the  group 
came  from  the  State  Department's 
Agency  for  International  Development. 
USDA's  International  Agricultural  De- 
velopment Service  programmed  the 
team's  studies  which  took  place  in 
Washington,  D.C.,  the  Midwest,  and  the 

The  Brazilians  were  here  as  part  of 
a  special  U.S.  effort  to  assist  Brazil  in 
developing  a  modern  market  news  serv- 
ice for  agriculture.  Under  an  AID  con- 
tract, the  Consumer  and  Marketing 
Service  is  lending  expertise  in  Brazil  and 
has  cooperated  with  four  separate  teams 
of  Brazilian  market  reporters  learning 
the  ropes  in  this  country  where  our  mar- 
ket news  work  is  more  than  50  years 

The  reporters  I  accompanied  were 
earnest  about  getting  new  ideas  and 
skills  to  employ  in  their  own  work  at 
home.  Their  serious  intent  was  evident 
in  their  promptness  and  interest  at  every 
appointment  we  had  at  USDA  field  of- 
fices and  marketing  locations.  But  what 

caught  their  fancy  during  after-hours 
was  American  music — especially  jazz. 

The  Brazilians  also  naturally  respond- 
ed to  warm,  friendly  people.  And  they 
found  many  among  USDA  workers  in 
the  several  States  we  visited.  A  high- 
light of  the  visit  for  them,  as  well  as  for 
me,  was  to  learn  what  USDA  people  are 
doing  and  how  they  deal  with  farmers, 
auctioneers,  buyers,  salesmen,  and  the 
public  in  general. 

On  our  itinerary  were  Michigan  ap- 
ple orchards  burgeoning  with  red  Jona- 
thans. And  scores  of  market  men  buzz- 
ing about  the  unique  farmers'  market 
in  Benton  Harbor. 

There  were  squealing  hogs  and  surly 
cattle  at  livestock  auctions  in  Missouri 
and  Illinois.  Here,  too,  we  saw  Ameri- 
cans at  work,  some  in  cowboy  boots  and 
western  hats. 

Caramel-colored  soybeans  were  every- 
where— piled  in  farm  trucks,  grain  bins, 
and  on  barges  floating  down  the  Missis- 
sippi River.  There  were  even  little  pack- 
ages of  them  on  tables  at  Chicago's 
Board  of  Trade.  'We  talked  to  soybean 
processors,  market  reporters,  elevator 
men,  and  seamen  on  New  Orleans  docks. 

There  was  rice  chitter-chattering 
through  a  processing  mill  in  Louisiana 
where  we  saw  market  reporters  at  work. 

In  many  offices,  USDA  men  operate 
shoulder-to-shoulder  with  State  agri- 
cultural officials.  Their  relationships 
with  each  other  were  not  easy  to  ex- 
plain to  the  visitors,  so  we  showed  our 

Scientist  Knows  Beans 

The  alertness  and  expertise  of  Dr. 
Charles  R.  Gunn  triggered  an  urgent 
nationwide  recall  of  jewelry  pins  deco- 
rated with  deadly  tropical  seeds. 

Dr.  Gumi,  a  taxonomist  with  the  Agri- 
cultural Research  Service,  Beltsville, 
Md.,  spotted  the  jewelry  while  Christmas 
shopping  in  a  department  store  in  the 
Washington,  D.C.,  area.  Since  it  is  his 
scholarly  habit  to  identify  all  seeds  he 
sees,  Gunn  examined  the  several  var- 
ieties used  in  the  jewelry  decorations. 
He  tentatively  identified  the  lethal  je- 
quirity  bean  among  them. 

"I  was  certain  I  had  made  the  right 
identification,"  Gunn  said,  "but  to  make 
sure,  I  went  to  the  office  that  same  night 
and  double-checked  our  seed  collection." 

He  was  correct. 

Gunn  then  notified  the  store  of  his 
observations.  Shortly,  store  officials  is- 
sued recall  orders  on  the  jewelry,  offered 
for  sale  by  138  retail  stores  in  117  cities. 
Through  ads  and  stories  in  newspapers 
and  on  television  and  radio,  the  company 
urged  customers  who  bought  the  pins  to 
return  them. 

The  jequirity  bean,  known  in  this 
country  as  the  rosary  pea  and  in  botani- 
cal circles  as  abrus-precatorius,  is  so  tox- 
ic that  jungle  tribes  use  it  to  make  poison 
for  tips  of  hunting  spears  and  arrows. 
It  is  oval-shaped,  half  the  size  of  a  pea. 
and  is  either  orange  or  scarlet  with  a 
black  tip. 

"Swallowing  even  one  bean  which  has 
been  chewed  or  broken  may  cause  death 
because  of  the  extreme  toxicity,"  Gunn 

Gunn,  a  native  of  Columbus,  Ohio. 
has  been  with  ARS  since  1965. 

guests  what  was  obvious:  Market  re- 
porting is  one  big  cooperative  effort. 

On  returning  to  Washington,  the  Bra- 
zilians wrote  a  many-page  report  on  all 
their  observations.  They  reported  on  our 
economy,  our  communications,  our  Fed- 
eral-State relationships,  our  technologi- 
cal advances,  and  our  tumultuous  growth 
it!  large-scale  marketing. 

They  will  remember  these  things  with 
their  heads,  but  I  suspect  their  hearts 
belong  to  a  Preservation  Hall  jazz  combo 
from  New  Orleans. 

N.    F.    FINE 


'Nathaniel  F. 
Fine,  a  member 
of  the  USDA 
Vietnam  Agricul- 
tural Advisory 
Corps,  was  hon- 
ored at  a  recent 
Department  of 
State  ceremony 
in  Washington. 

Fine  received 
the  Heroism 
Award  for  his  ex- 
ploits on  Febru- 
ary 18.  1968,  as  a  member  of  a  volunteer 
parly  to  rescue  a  Free  World  Medical 
Team  (Chinese)  from  a  section  of  Phan 
Tluet  city  under  enemy  attack. 

The  award  citation,  which  will  be  pre- 
sented to  Fine  in  Vietnam,  describes  in 
part  his  actions:  "Although  wounded 
by  a  grenade  he  continued  to  cover  the 
medical  team,  moving  to  a  more  exposed 
position  to  assist  and  protect  a  severely 
wounded  member  of  the  rescue  party 
for  four  hours  while  under  fire  and  com- 
pletely surrounded  by  the  enemy.  His 
courageous  acts  were  instrumental  in 
the  success  of  the  rescue." 

The  rescue  team,  which  included  Ger- 
ald J.  Marcotte  and  James  R.  Smith  of 
the  Agency  for  International  Develop- 
ment mission  in  Vietnam,  previously  re- 
ceived individual  honors  from  the  Chi- 
nese Military  Command-Vietnam  in 
recognition  of  its  efforts. 

Fine  is  one  of  33  members  of  the  Fed- 
eral Extension  Service  under  contract 
with  AID  who  are  helping  Vietnamese 
farmers  increase  crop  production  and 
incomes.  He  arrived  at  his  duty  post  in 
Binh  Thuan  Province  on  July  8,  1967, 
and  is  presently  assigned  to  Binh  Dinh 

Before  volunteering  for  Vietnam  agri- 
cultural service.  Fine  was  a  Cooperative 
Extension  county  agent  in  Colorado 
Springs,  Colo.  He  will  return  to  the 
United  States  early  this  year  to  assume 
the  duties  of  county  agent  in  Los  Ani- 
mas County,  Colo.  He  is  married  and 
the  father  of  two  daughters. 


$45   ■ 


>^     S28.90 





GROWING  UP  WITH  THE  FOOD  BILL:  The  biggest  factor 
in  \our  changing  family  food  bill  is  the  changing  size  of 
your  family.  This  chart  shows  the  cost  of  a  week's  gro- 
ceries for  the  average  U.S.  family  in  the  Fall  of  1968 
(based  on  the  U.S.  Department  of  .Agriculture's  moderate- 
cost  food  plan).  The  changes  shown  reflect  only  quantity, 
not  qualit\'  of  food. 






f|F"°     ° 




New  FHA  Personnel  Chief  Named 

Henry  J.  Wiemann  recently  assumed 
duties  as  director  of  the  Personnel  Divi- 
sion, Farmers  Home  Administration.  He 
fills  a  vacancy  created  by  the  retirement 
in  1968  of  James  Somerville.  now  de- 

A  native  of  Lexington,  Ky.,  Wiemann 
graduated  from  the  University  of  Ken- 
tucky in  1932.  He  joined  the  Resettle- 
ment Administration,  a  predecessor 
agency  of  FHA,  at  Raleigh,  N.C.,  in  1935. 

He  moved  rapidly  through  the  ranks 
and  in  1941  he  became  chief  of  liaison 
services  between  the  management  divi- 
sions of  the  Regional  Office  and  the  five 
State  directors.  He  was  promoted  to  the 
Washington  office  in  1944  and  trans- 
ferred to  the  FHA  Personnel  Division  in 

Since  October  1950,  Wiemann  has 
served  as  chief  of  the  personnel  divi- 
sion's employment  branch. 

ABOUT  130  Louisiana 
ASCS  State  and  county 
employees  recently  com- 
pleted the  National  Safety 
Council's  defensive  training 
course.  With  instructor, 
State  Police  Lt.  Jack  Carter, 
are  employees  who  do  the 
most  on-duty  driving.  They 
are,  left  to  right,  W.  A.  Rush, 

C.  E.  Slack,  W.  A.  Winn,  E. 

D.  Dixon,  C.  L.  Tubbs,  V.  C. 
Marsh,  and  L.  E.  Landre- 
neau.  All  are  ASCS  farmer 
fieldmen  except  Slack  who 
is  State  executive  director. 

Inspectors  Cited  for  Rescues 

Two  USDA  meat  inspectors,  one 
in  Chicago  and  one  in  Portland, 
Oreg.,  were  recently  commended 
for  life-saving  actions. 

William  J.  Chose  of  Chicago,  a 
meat  inspector  for  26  years  with 
the  Consumer  and  Marketing 
Service,  received  a  cash  award  and 
certificate  for  his  heroic  efforts 
during  a  fire  and  explosion  in  a 
Chicago  food  processing  plant  in 
February  1968. 

Shortly  after  the  fire  erupted. 
Chose  found  Mrs.  John  Gannon,  a 
plant  employee,  trying  to  leave  the 
burning  building  down  an  inside 
stairway.  He  led  Mrs.  Gannon  to  a 
fire  ladder  on  the  roof,  steadied  the 
ladder,  and  talked  to  the  fright- 
ened woman  as  she  descended  to 

As  Chose  started  down  the  lad- 
der, an  explosion  blew  him  into  the 
street.  He  suffered  severe  and 
multiple  injuries  which  prevented 
his  return  to  work  until  December. 

Another  certificate  of  merit  went 
to  Robert  Moentenich,  C&MS  meat 
inspector  based  in  Portland.  He 
was  commended  for  his  quick 
thinking  and  effective  action  in 
rescuing  a  woman  employee  of  a 
Portland  meat  packing  plant  when 
her  clothing  became  entangled  in 
the  revolving  gears  of  a  bacon  slic- 
ing machine. 

Lady  Engineer 
Hooks  Up'  With  REA 

"Oh,  some  people  appeared  to  be  a 
little  shocked  when  I  walked  in  that  first 
day,  but  now  I  am  just  another  electri- 
cal engineer  trainee."  The  speaker  and 
cause  of  surprise  is  petite  Mrs.  Shirley 
Ann  DeMaris. 

She  is  the  first  woman  to  enter  the 
Rural  Electrification  Administration's 
6-month  training  program  for  new  engi- 
neering "recruits." 

However,  there  is  nothing  unusual 
about  it  as  far  as  Mrs.  DeMaris  is  con- 

"I  never  knew  of  a  reason  I  couldn't 
be  an  electrical  engineer.  People  who 
are  qualified  can  do  most  anything  they 
want  to,"  she  observed. 

Interests  in  science  and  math,  de- 
veloped during  high  school  in  her  home- 
town of  Longview,  "Wash.,  led  Mrs.  De- 
Maris to  study  electrical  engineering  in 
college.  She  graduated  from  Oregon 
State  University  in  June  1968 — one  of 
two  girls  among  the  66  electrical  engi- 
neers in  the  2,000-student  graduating 

She  was  interviewed  by  a  municipal 
company,  three  power  companies,  and 
the  Bureau  of  Reclamation.  She  also 
talked  to  an  REA  field  engineer  who  was 
recruiting  at  Oregon  State.  It  wasn't 
long  before  a  job  application  was  on  its 
way  to  the  REA  Personnel  Division. 

■Why  did  Mrs.  DeMaris  select  REA? 

"Because  of  the  opportunity  to  be 
trained  in  all  phases  of  the  engineering 
field,"  she  says,  "and  I  really  hadn't  been 
out  of  the  State  of  Oregon;  so  it  offered 
an  opportunity  to  see  the  center  of  our 
Federal  Government." 

Her  training  in  REA's  Power  Supply 

-u:  ik   For  January  1969   ^  ^ 

MANY  A  TYPIST  has  gnashed  teeth  trying  to 
get  entries  aligned  precisely  enough  for  optical 
scanners — the  'eyes'  that  read  those  special 
letters  and  numbers  on  computer  input  forms 
such  as  those  on  your  paychecks  or  utility  bills. 
Clerks  m  some  2,800  county  Agricultural  Sta- 
bilization and  Conservation  Service  offices  will 
soon  have  reason  to  be  grateful  to  Michael  J. 
"Jack"  Hanley,  county  specialist  in  the  Wash- 
ington State  ASCS  office,  Spokane.  He  invented 
a  plastic  attachment  for  typewriters  used  in 
preparing  these  special  forms.  Carefully  calcu- 
lated lines  on  the  device  make  quick  and  easy 
work  of  the  exact  alignment.  The  Hanley 
aligner  is  being  installed  on  typewriters  through- 
out ASCS  offices.  Clerks  can  save  about  30 
seconds  handling  time  per  form.  With  more  than 
7  million  forms  typed  annually,  this  saves  ASCS 
about  $160,000.  For  his  invention,  Hanley  re- 
ceived a  $1,215  cash  award  under  the  Incentive 
Awards  Program,  a  letter  of  commendation  from 
Secretary  Freeman,  and  a  plaque.  Other  Govern- 
ment agencies — as  well  as  business  firms — 
may  also  benefit  from  Hanley's  invention  since 
the  use  of  optical  scanners  is  becoming  more 
widespread.  If  a  similar  attachment  can  benefit 
your  work,  contact  your  employee  suggestions 
coordinator.  Be  a  USDA  Cost  Reducer  of  the 
Month!  Tell  us  about  that  money-saving  idea — 
small  or  big — with  the  widespread  potential. 


passenger  arrivinj;  at  Dulles  International 
.Airport,  Washington,  D.C.,  didn't  hesitate 
to  show  U.SD.A  quarantine  inspectors  the 
jar  of  14  live  snails  she  had  brought  from 
Spain.  She  planned  to  raise  them  as  pets, 
she  explained.  The  inspectors,  finding 
several  plant-attacking  snails,  had  no 
alternative  but  to  seize  and  destroy  the 

Division,  started  in  September  1968,  will 
include  transmission,  planning  and  pro- 
curement, loans,  and  management. 

Has  she  ever  climbed  a  pole? 

"You  bet  I  have,"  she  said,  "but  it 
wasn't  in  the  line  of  duty." 

It  was,  however,  in  pursuit  of  her 
hobby — hunting.  When  a  herd  of  ante- 
lope disappeared  over  a  hill  in  Oregon, 
Mrs.  DeMaris  scaled  a  nearby  pole  to 
check  their  whereabouts.- 

The  lady  engineer's  husband,  Roger, 
is  also  an  electrical  engineer.  The  two 
met  during  their  last  year  of  college. 

Graduate  School 
Adds  New  Courses 

For  its  1969  spring  semester  evening 
program,  the  Graduate  School  has  added 
several  new  courses.  These  include: 

Retirement  Plans:  Design  and  Ad- 
ministration (6-474) 

Current  Issues  in  Personnel  Adminis- 
tration (6-439) 

Legal  Aspects  of  Sale,  Rental,  and 
Purchase  of  Property  (.6-426) 

Urbanization  and  Mental  Health 

Nature  in  Philosophy  and  Religion 

Latin  Ajnerican  Developm,ents  and 
Potentials  (7-557) 

Introduction  to  Chinese  and  Japanese 
Art  (8-344) 

Problems  iii  Urban  Contemporary  De- 
velopment (8-354) 

Biochemistry  and  Physiology  of  Fruits 

American  Negro  Literature  (2-217) 

Communication  With  New  Twist 

Documentary  Film  (2-276) 

Mathematical  Modeling  in  Physical 
and  Social  Sciences  and  Operations  Re- 
search (3-418) 

Network  Systems  for  Project  Manage- 
ment  (6-513) 

Registration  dates  for  the  1969  spring 
semester  evening  program  are  January 
18  through  January  25  with  no  registra- 
tion on  Inauguration  Day,  January  20. 
Hours  are  11:00  a.m.  to  6:30  p.m.,  Mon- 
day through  Friday;  9:00  a.m.  to  4:00 
p.m.,  on  Saturdays.  Registration  is  at  the 
Patio,  first  floor  of  the  Administration 
Building  at  14th  and  Independence, 
S.'W.,  Washington,  D.C.  Classes  will  be- 
gin the  week  of  January  27. 

Persons  interested  in  Graduate  School 
correspondence  courses  can  obtain  cata- 
logs and  information  by  writing  to :  Cor- 
respondence Program,  Graduate  School, 
USDA.  Washington,  D.C.  20250. 

A  total  of  17,957  students  registered 
during  1967-68  in  the  evening,  corre- 
spondence, and  special  (day)  programs 
of  the  USDA  Graduate  School.  Of  this 
total  2,591  were  USDA  employees. 

New  USDA  Publication 

A  fact-filled  yearbook  on  American 
agriculture,  "Agricultural  Statistics, 
1968,"  is  a  recent  USDA  release. 

The  600-page  publication  provides  de- 
tailed information  on  agricultural  pro- 
duction, prices,  supplies,  costs,  and  in- 
come. Tables  are  included  on  land  use. 
farm  ownership,  farm  workers,  price 
support  operations,  and  nutritive  value 
and  consumption  of  food. 

The  yearbook  is  available  for  $2.75 
from  the  U.S.  Government  Printing  Of- 
fice, Washington,  D.C.  20402. 



Agricultural  economics,  gardening, 
beautification,  civil  defense,  conserva- 
tion, the  consumer,  farming,  food,  fores- 
try, 4-H,  home  economics,  housing — 
these  are  among  the  many  subjects  cov- 
ered by  slide  sets  and  filmstrips  prepared 
by  the  USDA  Office  of  Information.  They 
are  helpful  information  tools  in  present- 
ing and  explaining  some  of  the  Depart- 
ment's programs  before  such  audiences 
as  civic  and  farm  groups,  students — and 
USDA  employees. 

A  new  slide  set/filmstrip  catalog,  re- 
leased this  month  by  the  Office  of  In- 
formation, lists  the  variety  of  visual 
materials  novi^  available.  A  copy  of  the 
catalog  (MP  1107)  will  be  sent  to  most 
USDA  offices.  If  your  office  does  not  re- 
ceive one  by  February  1,  you  may  get  a 
copy  by  writing  to:  Photogi-aphy  Divi- 
sion, Office  of  Information,  USDA, 
Washington,  D.C.  20250. 

Here's  a  preview  of  three  new  presen- 
tations .  .  . 

(C-152,  released  1968. 
Slide  set  or  filmstrip, 
$5.50).  Designed  to  show 
families  how  to  use  some 
of  the  USDA-donated 
foods — especially  evapo- 
rated milk — in  preparing 
good  meals.  Five  recipes 
using  evaporated  milk  and 
other  donated  foods  ac- 
company this   show. 

(A-41,  released  1968.  69 
frames.  Slide  set,  $8.00). 
Introduces  the  elements  of 
design  to  help  people  be- 
come aware  of  and  see 
design  in  their  everyday 
surroundings.  Prepared  by 
the  Federal  Extension  Serv- 
ice for  use  by  local  leaders, 
home  economists,  exten- 
sion groups,  and  4-H 
clubs.  Photo:  Habitat.  Expo 
67,   Montreal. 

released  1968.  60  frames, 
slide  set,  or  filmstrip, 
$6.50).  Adapted  from  a 
presentation  by  the  Chief 
of  the  Forest  Service,  Ed- 
ward P.  Cliff,  at  the  58th 
Western  Forest  Conference, 
Seattle,  Wash.  The  set  ex- 
plains that  with  wise  man- 
agement of  our  forest  re- 
sources, we  can  both  use 
them  and  conserve  them 
for  the  future  as  well. 

FOR  16  YEARS  the  Forest  Service  has  managed 
the  forestry  program  at  the  Atomic  Energy 
Commission's  Savannah  River  Plant  near  Aiken, 
S.C.  Recently,  the  100  millionth  pine  seedling 
was  planted  at  the  AEC  installation.  In  cere- 
monies marking  the  occasion.  Regional  Forester 
T.  A.  Schlapfer  of  Atlanta  (right)  presented  the 
seedling  for  planting  to  Savannah  River's  Nat 


High  honors  were  recently  awarded  to 
four  Agriciihiiral  Research  Service  men 
for  outstanding  contributions  and  achieve- 
ments in  their  fields.  These  inchide: 

DR.  CH.ARLES  O.  WILLITS,  scientist 
at  the  Eastern  utilization  research  hibora- 
torj ,  Wyndmoor,  Pa.,  who  was  awarded  a 
Distinguished  Service  Award  by  the  Na- 
tional Maple  Sirup  Council.  He  also  re- 
ceived special  honors  from  the  Pennsyl- 
vania State  Maple  Producers  Association 
Council  and  the  Vermont  Maple  Industry 

DR.  PALL  F.  SMITH,  Crops  Research 
Division,  Orlando,  Fla.,  who  was  named 
a  Fellow  in  the  American  Society  for  Hor- 
ticultural .Science. 

GEORGE  FOSTER,  Transportation  and 
Facilities  Division,  Lafayette,  Ind.,  who 
was  named  a  Fellow  in  the  American  So- 
<-iety  of  Agricultural  Engineers. 

and  Water  Conservation  Research  Divi- 
sion, Beltsville,  Md.,  who  was  given  special 
honor  for  the  second  straight  year  by  the 
American  Society  of  Agricultural  Engi- 
neers for  his  authorship  of  an  outstand- 
ing technical  paper. 

*  ■^.'  '<■-  :i;  '^ 

ROBERT  B.  TOOTELL,  Governor  of 
the  Farm  Credit  Administration,  was  re- 
cently honored  by  the  Nation's  farm 
magazine  editors.  He  was  named  to  re- 
ceive the  22d  annual  Distinguished  Serv- 
ice Award  of  the  American  Agricultural 
Editors  Association.  The  award,  given  for 
leading  and  significant  contributions  to 
American  agriculture,  recognized  Too- 
telTs  15-year  leadership  of  FCA  during 
which  time  the  Government-supervised 
cooperative  Farm  Credit  System  has  been 
"instrumental  in  broadening  the  supply 
of  available  agricultural  credit." 


JANUARY   16,   1969 

Vol,  XXVIII  No.  2 

USDA  is  published  fortnightly  for  distribution  to  employees  only,  by  direction  of  the  Secre- 
tary of  Agriculture,  as  containing  administrative  information  required  for  the  proper  transac- 
tion of  the  public  business.  Retirees  who  write  to  the  Editor  requesting  it  may  continue  to 
get  USDA.  Please  write  instead  of  phoning  whenever  possible:  for  rush  orders,  call  Ext.  2058, 
Mrs.  Lillie  Vincent.  Editor  of  USDA,  INF,  Department  of  Agriculture,  Washington.  D.C.  20250. 

c43 — 329-053  U.S.  government  printing  office 







JAN.  30,   1969 



SECRETARY  of  the 
Department  of  Agri- 
culture,  J .  Phil 
Campbell,  Jr.,  Is  a 
native  of  Athens, 
Ga.,  and  the  son  of  a  pioneer  agricultural  family. 
A  graduate  of  the  College  of  Agriculture,  Uni- 
versity of  Georgia,  Mr.  Campbell  completed  his 
studies  while  operating  his  family's  dairy  and 
cotton  farm  near  Athens.  He  continued  to  op- 
erate the  farm  until  1941  when  he  volunteered 
for  service  with  the  Army  Air  Corps.  In  1948, 
he  was  elected  to  the  Georgia  General  Assembly. 
He  served  in  the  legislature  for  5  years,  4  as 
Chairman  of  the  House  Agriculture  Committee. 
In  1954,  he  was  elected  Georgia  Commissioner 
of  Agriculture,  a  position  he  held  for  four  terms, 
until  his  appointment  as  Under  Secretary  of 
Agriculture.  Mr.  Campbell  served  as  a  member 
of  two  committees  to  advise  the  Secretary  of 
Agriculture — the  National  Wholesome  Meat  In- 
spection Advisory  Committee  and  the  National 
Hog  Cholera  Eradication  Advisory  Committee. 
In  addition,  he  was  co-chairman  of  a  special 
eight-man  State-Federal  task  force  made  up  of 
Food  and  Drug  Administration  officials  and 
State  Commissioners  of  Agriculture.  He  is  a 
former  secretary-treasurer  of  the  National  As- 
sociation of  State  Departments  of  Agriculture 
and  a  past  member  of  that  organization's 
Executive  Committee. 





^^1       --^  PALMBY,      new     As- 

^^^^^  sistant  Secretary  for 

^^^^■l^  International    Affairs 

^^^k  ^^y^^  and    Commodity 

^m^         ^il^  Credit     Corporation, 

has  spent  his  entire 
adult  life  in  agricultural  service — in  production, 
agriculture  leadership  activities,  and  program 
administration.  Since  1940,  when  he  graduated 
with  distinction  from  the  University  of  Min- 
nesota, Mr.  Palmby  has  operated  a  general  farm 
near  Garden  City,  Minn.  He  has  held  offices  in 
county  and  State  farm  organizations  and  has 
served  as  Chairman  of  the  Minnesota  Agricul- 
tural Stabilization  and  Conservation  State  Com- 
mittee. He  served  as  an  administrator  with 
USDA's  Commodity  Stabilization  Service  in 
Washington  from  1956  until  1961  when  he  be- 
came Executive  Vice  President  of  the  U.S.  Feed 
Grains  Council.  The  new  Assistant  Secretary  is  a 
recognized  authority  on  the  grain,  feed,  and 
livestock  industries  in  Europe,  Japan,  and  the 
Far  East.  He  has  traveled  extensively  and  fre- 
quently in  those  areas.  Mr.  Palmby  was  born 
in  Todd  County,  Minn.,  Feb.  22,    1916. 

Memorandum  To  All  Employees 

It  is  my  very  real  pleasure  to  greet 

you  .  .  .  the  men  and  women  who  will 
be  sharing  with  me  my  new  responsi- 
bilities as  SecretaiT  of  Agriculture. 

Our  goal  is  a  mutual  one:  We  will 
strive  to  improve  the  position  of  the 
agricultural  producer  and  his  busi- 
ness neighbors  in  rural  America  and 
to  wipe  out  hunger  and  improve  the 
nutritional  standards  of  our  nation. 
In  pursuit  of  this  we  will  carry  out 
as  effectively  as  we  can  all  the  many 
responsibilities  given  to  the  Depart- 
ment by  the  Congress  in  service  to  the 
American  people. 

If  our  goal  is  to  be  achieved  it  will 
require  the  dedicated  talents  of  each 
of  us  as  individuals  and  the  collective 
efforts  of  all  of  us  as  a  group.  It  will 
require  that  we  think  and  plan 
thoughtfully  and  that  we  act  wisely. 

We  will  want  also  to  listen  .  .  .  for 
it  will  be  our  purpose  to  seek  the  best 
judgment  and  recommendations  from 
those  outside  of  the  Federal  estab- 
lishment; from  agricultural  and  busi- 
ness leaders  and  from  our  colleges 
and  universities. 

President  Nixon,  in  his  Inaugm-al 
Address,  summarized  very  well  what 
should  be  our  attitude  toward  the 

"As  we  reach  toward  our  hopes,  our 
task  is  to  huild  on  what  has  gone 
before — not  turnmg  away  from  the 
old,  hut  turning  toward  the  new." 

I  know  many  of  you  already.  I  am 
looking  forward  to  getting  to  know 
as  many  of  the  rest  of  you  as  I  pos- 
sibly can  in  the  months  ahead. 






Dr.  Clifford  Morris  Hardin  is  the  Na- 
tion's 17th  Secretary  of  Agriculture. 

Before  he  was  chosen  by  President 
Nixon  to  serve  in  the  Cabinet  post,  the 
new  Secretary  was  Chancellor  of  the 
University  of  Nebraska,  a  post  he  held 
since  July  1,  1954. 

He  went  to  Nebraska  from  Michigan 
State  University  where  he  was  Dean  of 
the  School  of  Agriculture  and  where  he 
had  served  4  years  as  director  of  the 
experiment  station  and  its  extensive  re- 
search program.  He  joined  the  faculty 
at  Michigan  State  in  1944  as  professor 
and  chairman  of  agricultural  economics. 
From  1941  to  1944  he  was  a  member  of 
the  faculty  in  agricultural  economics  at 
the  University  of  Wisconsin. 

Under  Dr.  Hardin's  leadership,  the 
University  of  Nebraska  experienced  its 
greatest  period  of  growth.  Eni'oUment, 
about  30,000  in  the  fall  of  1968.  is  about 
four  times  what  it  was  in  1954.  Sub- 
stantial additions  were  made  to  the  phys- 
ical plant  and  several  programs  were 
inaugurated,  including  continuing  edu- 
cation, cooperative  aid  to  higher  educa- 
tion in  Turkey  which  resulted  in 
establishment  of  the  new  Ataturk  Uni- 
versity, technical  assistance  for  agricul- 
(Continued  on  page  2) 

(Continued  froyn  page  1) 
ture  in  Colombia,  and  a  Latin  American 
and  International  Studies  program. 

In  1960,  Secretary  Hardin  served  as 
president  of  the  Association  of  State 
Universities  and  Land  Grant  Colleges, 
and  in  1961  was  chairman  of  the  Asso- 
ciation's Executive  Committee. 

He  is  a  member  of  the  board  of  the 
National  Science  Foundation,  a  member 
and  trustee  of  the  Rockefeller  Founda- 
tion, and  a  member  of  the  executive 
committee  of  the  Council  on  Higher  Edu- 
cation in  the  American  Republics. 

In  addition,  he  is  a  former  director 
and  chairman  of  the  Federal  Reserve 
Bank  of  Kansas  City,  Omaha  branch, 
and  a  former  director  of  the  American 
Council  on  Education. 

He  also  serves  on  the  board  of  direct- 
ors and  is  trustee  of  several  Nebraska 

Secretary  Hardin  was  born  October 
9,  1915,  on  his  parents'  farm  near 
Knightstown,  Ind.  While  still  a  youth, 
he  assumed  a  large  responsibility  for 
operating  the  farm.  He  went  to  Purdue 
University  on  a  4-H  Club  scholarship, 
earning  his  baccalaureate  and  graduate 
degrees  from  Purdue  in  1937  and  1939 
and  his  Ph.  D.  in  1941. 

He  is  a  member  of  Sigma  Xi,  national 
honorary  science  scholastic  society,  and 
has  received  honorary  degrees  from  the 
National  University  of  Colombia  in  South 
America,  Purdue  University,  and  Creigh- 
ton  University  of  Omaha. 

Secretary  Hardin  and  his  wife,  the 
former  Martha  Love  Wood  of  West  La- 
fayette, Ind.,  are  the  parents  of  three 
daughters  and  two  sons.  The  family  in- 
cludes Dr.  and  Mrs.  Larry  W.  Wood, 
Iowa  City,  Iowa;  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Robert 
S.  Milligan,  Lincoln,  Nebr.;  Nancy,  a 
senior  at  Kansas  University,  Lawrence, 
Kans.;  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Clifford  W.  Hardin, 
Dallas,  Tex.;  and  James,  10. 

School  Lunches  Receive 
Variety  of  Foods 

The  Nation's  schools  can  be  assured  of 
at  least  $288  million  in  donated  foods 
from  the  Department  of  Agriculture  to 
help  expand  and  improve  school  food 
service  during  the  1968-69  school  year. 
This  is  an  increase  over  the  $276  million 
worth  of  these  foods  provided  in  the 
1967-68  school  year. 

So  far  this  school  year,  USDA  has 
purchased  or  contracted  for  more  than 
238  million  pounds  of  frozen  ground  beef, 
butter,  cheese,  lard  or  shortening,  nonfat 
dry  milk,  peanut  butter,  and  frozen  tur- 
keys for  distribution  to  schools.  Still 
more  will  be  bought  and  allocated  during 
the  year.   Schools   may   also   obtain  as 

Chemist  Nominated 
For  New  Award 

Dr.  Odette  SJiotwell,  a  research  chem- 
ist with  the  Agricultural  Research  Serv- 
ice, is  USDA's  nominee  for  a  recently 
established  Civil  Service  Commission 
award — the  Outstanding  Handicapped 
Federal  Employee  of  the  Year. 

The  annual  award  will  recognize  indi- 
vidual achievements  and  will  increase 
awareness  of  the  contributions  being 
made  by  the  handicapped  in  Federal 
service.  Departments  and  agencies  may 
each  nominate  one  employee  a  year.  Se- 
lection of  the  outstanding  employee  will 
be  made  from  among  10  finalists  chosen 
by  a  committee  of  government  and  non- 
government officials.  All  10  finalists  will 
be  honored  at  a  ceremony  in  March  in 
Washington,  D.C. 

The  achievements  of  USDA's  nominee 
spread  across  several  segments  of  or- 
ganic chemistry  and  benefit  her  commu- 
nity as  well  as  the  lives  of  her  friends 
and  acquaintances. 

Polio  contracted  in  her  childhood  left 
Dr.  Shotwell  with  a  severe,  painful  pa- 
ralysis which  makes  walking  in  an  erect 
position  impossible.  Nevertheless,  she  at- 
tended college  and  graduate  school,  re- 
ceiving a  B.S.  degree  from  Montana 
State  College  and  M.S.  and  Ph.  D.  de- 
grees from  the  University  of  Illinois. 

Dr.  Shotwell,  a  native  of  Denver,  Colo., 
entered  Federal  service  as  a  research 
chemist  at  the  Northern  Utilization  Re- 
search and  Development  Division,  Pe- 
oria, 111.,  in  1948,  shortly  after  earning 
her  Ph.  D.  She  has  worked  there  since. 

During  her  first  assignment,  which 
lasted  12  years,  she  was  responsible  for 
the  discovery  of  two  new  antibiotics  and 
played  an  important  role  in  the  discov- 
ery of  two  others. 

Dr.  Shotwell  then  headed  a  team  of 
scientists  which  studied  the  chemistry 
of  Japanese  beetle  hemolymph — com- 
ponents in  insects'  body  fluid  corre- 
sponding to  blood  in  higher  animals.  The 
work,  the  fii-st  such  investigation,  was 
part  of  a  broad  project  to  develop,  as  an 

DR.  ODETTE  SHOTWELL  is  USDA's  nominee  for 
Outstanding  Handicapped  Federal  Employee  of 
the  Year,  a  new  Civil  Service  Commission  award. 

insecticide,  a  bacterial  disease  infecting 
Japanese  beetles. 

Since  1966,  Dr.  Shotwell  has  continued 
her  work  on  insect  hemolymph  as  well 
as  investigating  mycotoxins.  In  the  latter 
work  she  has  made  important  contribu- 
tions to  knowledge  of  aflatoxin,  a  cancer- 
producing  toxin  produced  by  certain 
molds  which  sometimes  grow  in  stored 
cereals  and  cereal  products.  For  her 
work  in  this  field,  she  was  appointed  to 
the  Aflatoxin  Subcommittee  of  the 
American  Society  of  Oil  Chemists  and 
was  asked  to  be  an  associate  referee  to 
evaluate  methods  of  determining  myco- 
toxins in  cereal  grains  for  the  Associa- 
tion of  Official  Analytical  Chemists. 

Throughout  the  years  Dr.  Shotwell 
has  been  active  in  community  affairs. 
She  has  served  with  great  effect  as  co- 
chairman  of  the  Peoria  NAACP  educa- 
tion committee.  She  is  consultant  on 
education  for  an  inner  city  program  of 
the  Peoria  Area  Council  of  Churches; 
a  past  president  of  the  Peoria  Chapter 
of  the  League  of  Women  Voters;  and  a 
board  member  of  a  new  center  for  the 
arts  and  sciences.  In  addition,  she  is 
past  chairman  of  the  Truth  Corps,  an 
informational  branch  of  the  Mayor's 
Commission  on  Human  Relations,  and 
treasurer  of  her  church. 

much  as  they  can  effectively  use  of  such 
foods  as  dry  beans,  bulgur,  corn  grits, 
cornmeal,  flour,  rolled  oats,  rice,  and 
rolled  wheat.  USDA  acquires  these  foods 
through  its  price  support  and  surplus- 
removal  activities. 

USDA  has  also  bought  canned  fruits 
and  vegetables  and  frozen  poultry  and 
meat  specifically  for  the  National  School 
Lunch  Program  during  this  school  year. 
These  special-purchase  foods  total  228 
million  pounds,  worth  some  $45  million. 

Besides  giving  a  boost  to  school 
lunches  for  about  20  million  youngsters, 
the  foods  will  help  to  reach  almost 
400,000  children  needing  school  break- 

Federal  cash  and  food  aid  through 
the  22-year-old  National  School  Lunch 
Program,  administered  by  the  Consumer 
and  Marketing  Service,  covers  about  20 
percent  of  the  program  costs.  Children's 
payments,  together  with  State  and  local 
contributions,  make  up  the  remainder. 


If  all  rural  America  shares  a  common 
commodity,  it  is  diversity.  Resource 
Conservation  and  Development  Projects, 
such  as  the  three-county  Pemi  Soil  Proj- 
ect in  northwestern  Pemisylvania,  are 
creative  operations  that  allow  for  diver- 

The  particular  resources,  the  handi- 
caps, the  people,  and  the  potentials  of 
an  area  are  the  ingredients  that  spur  or 
impede  economic  growth.  And  progress — 
in  solid  terms  of  developing  and  restor- 
ing the  natural  resources  and  building 
the  economy — is  being  made  in  the  coun- 
ties of  Crawford,  Venango,  and  Mercer. 
One  of  two  RC&D  projects  in  operation 
in  Pennsylvania,  the  Penn  Soil  Project, 
is  projecting  much  of  its  future  growth 
on  the  probability  of  soon  becoming  a 
major  recreation  area  for  the  population 
centers  of  Pittsburgh  and  Erie,  Pa.,  and 
Youngstown,  Ohio. 

Water  is  the  primary  resource — much 
of  it  a  resource  requiring  renovation  of 
watersheds  and  streams  and  pollution 
control.  Planned  structural  improve- 
ments are  underway  in  some  of  the 
project  area's  180  larger  water  impound- 
ment sites.  Flood  control  dams  or  even 
larger  multi-purpose  reservoirs  which 
will  also  serve  recreational  purposes  are 
being  constnacted. 

Strip-mined  areas  are  being  regraded, 
reforested,  or  reseeded  to  grass  and  le- 
gumes to  control  runoff.  Labor  needs  for 
this  project  provide  seasonal  employ- 
ment for  retired  or  unemployed  rural 
people  or  for  Boy  Scouts.  A  conservation- 
education  center  is  in  the  early  stages 
of  development  on  an  ideal  site  adjoin- 
ing the  rapidly  developing  Sandy  Creek 
State  Park.  These  are  but  a  few  of  the 
many  far-sighted  concepts  being  turned 
into  realities. 

The  county  commissioners,  bankers, 
businessmen,  and  residents  deserve 
credit  for  the  successes  gradually  being 
achieved  in  the  Penn  Soil  Project. 

Rollin  N.  Swank,  project  coordinator, 
is  a  young  soil  conservationist  with  a 
substantial  background  of  experience 
with  the  Soil  Conservation  Service.  He 
helps  the  project  sponsors  develop  their 
program  with  the  assistance  of  other 
Federal,  State,  and  local  manpower  and 
technical  services  and  funds  as  they  are 
needed  and/or  available. 

State  planners  and  officials,  too,  are 
thinking  of  extending  area  planning  in 
an  age  when  counties  are  seeing  that 
area  planning  and  development  bring 
economic  growth  far  outweighing 
achievements  by  strictly  provincial  ef- 
forts. Penn  Soil  RC&D  is  a  convincing 
argument  for  more  multi-county  plan- 
ning and  resource  development. 

THE  MERCER  COUNTY  Technical  Action  Panel 
meets  regularly  and  encourages  attendance  by 
people  working  on  community  development  pro- 
grams. Above,  County  Agent  Leslie  Firth  explains 
aspects  of  cooperative  extension  work  that  con- 
tribute to  area  planning  and  improvement.  At 
left,  a  private  developer,  with  technical  assist- 
ance from  the  Soil  Conservation  Service,  estab- 
lished this  golf  course  which  substantially  im- 
proved a  rural  setting  in  the  Penn  Soil  RC&D 
area.  He  intends  to  build  a  community  over- 
looking much  of  the  open  space  created  by  the 
golf  course. 

(Above)  SANDY  CREEK  DAM,  near  completion, 
will  back  up  water  to  form  a  lake  9  miles  long — 
the  beautiful  focal  point  around  which  a  State 
park  will  be  developed.  (At  right)  This  site, 
adjacent  to  the  Sandy  Creek  State  Park,  has 
been  purchased  for  the  development  of  a  con- 
servation-education center. 

Planting  Trees  Is  Woman's  Work 

Crews  of  women  have  been  employed 
to  plant  thousands  of  trees  and  to  burn 
acres  of  logging  slash  In  the  rugged 
295,000-acre  Wise  River  Ranger  District 
of  western  Montana's  Beaverhead  Na- 
tional Forest.  For  the  past  2  years,  distaff 
inhabitants  of  the  tiny  hamlet  of  Wise 
River  (pop.  70)  have  literally  taken  over 
these  jobs,  traditionally  left  to  the  men. 

What  is  more,  according  to  Forest 
Service  officers,  work  done  by  the  women 
equals  or  even  surpasses  the  work  of 
male  crews. 

The  part-time,  seasonal  jobs  filled  by 
the  women  are  advertised  through  regu- 
lar chamiels  and  applications  come  from 
both  men  and  women.  Male  applicants, 
however,  have  been  markedly  unenthu- 
siastic  about  accepting  such  "occasional" 
work,  frequently  subject  to  short-notice 
cancellation  because  of  inclement 
weather.  The  women,  most  of  whom  are 
housewives  supplementing  family  in- 
comes, welcome  the  part-time  work.  Pay 
is  according  to  Wage  Board  rates  and 
the  job-duration  is  generally  for  2  or  3 
weeks  in  spring  and  fall. 

When  extra  crews  are  needed,  Nevin 
T.  Guderian.  Acting  Ranger  of  the  Wise 
River  Ranger  District,  gets  on  the  tele- 
phone and  calls  women  from  his  list  of 
applicants.  An  average  crew  numbers 
eight  to  10  women;  average  age  is  35. 

Guderian  reports  that  young  trees 
planted  by  crews  of  women  in  the  spring 
of  1967  and  1968  showed  an  80  to  85 
percent  survival. 

"The  high  survival  rate  of  the  young 
trees  must  be  attributed  to  the  'tender, 
loving  care'  the  women  gave  the  seed- 
lings in  planting,"  he  suggests. 

"In  addition  to  careful  and  effective 
planting,  these  women  planted  more 
than  500  trees  a  day — a  rate  worthy  of 
experienced  tree  planters.  Weather  con- 
ditions were  miserable  when  these 
women  planted  the  trees,  but  the  philos- 
ophy of  the  women  was  'These  trees 
must  go  in  the  ground,  come  rain,  snow, 
or  shine.'  " 

The  crew  of  women  used  to  bum 
logging  slash  was  reported  to  be  agile 
and  safety  conscious. 

"They  followed  instructions  well  and 
accomplished  the  same  production  we 
would  expect  of  a  crew  of  men,"  a  Forest 
Service  fire  control  officer  reports. 

Women  also  collected  the  major  share 
of  the  pine  cones  this  past  year  on  the 
District.  These  cones  provide  the  tree 
seeds  used  at  the  Forest  Service  tree 

AS  IF  KEEPING  HOUSE  isn't  hard  enough  to 
handle,  these  young  housewives  are  working 
part-time  to  reseed  a  burned-out  tract  of  land 
in  the  Beaverhead  National  Forest,  Montana. 

Food  Donations  for  Needy  Persons 
Up  44  Percent 

Domestic  food  donations  by  USDA 
came  to  404.4  million  pounds  in  the  first 
3  months  of  fiscal  1969  (July-Sept.  1968) . 
This  is  slightly  more  than  the  poundage 
donated  the  same  months  of  fiscal  1968. 

Food  donations  for  needy  families 
during  this  period  amounted  to  230.2 
million  pounds  and  cost  $44.8  million — 
44  percent  and  72  percent  above  the  re- 
spective figures  for  the  same  period  a 
year  earlier.  More  and  better  food  ac- 
counts for  these  increases.  Donations  per 
person  per  month  increased  to  more 
than  36  pounds  and  several  new  foods 
appeared  on  the  donation  list. 

Other  USDA  food  donations  during 
July-September  1968  included  141.6 
million  pounds  to  schools,  and  32.6  mil- 
lion to  charitable  institutions.  The  school 
total  is  in  addition  to  foods  purchased 
by  Consumer  and  Marketing  Service 
especially  for  schools  in  USDA's  National 
School  Lunch  Program. 

In  September,  3.5  million  needy  per- 
sons in  family  units  benefited  from  the 
increased  food  allotments.  Another  2.6 
million  persons  took  part  in  USDA's 
Food  Stamp  Program,  receiving  more 
than  $17  million  worth  of  extra  food- 
buying  power.  At  the  end  of  September 
1968,  6.1  million  persons  were  benefiting 
from  the  two  family  food-help  programs 
compared  with  about  5  million  a  year 

Discrimination  Violates  P&S  Act 

Discrimination  in  the  furnishing  of 
stockyard  services  or  facilities  ".  .  .  be- 
cause of  race,  religion,  color,  or  national 
origin  .  .  ."  is  a  violation  of  the  Packers 
and  Stockyards  Act. 

The  announcement  came  in  a  State- 
ment of  General  Policy  of  USDA's  in- 
terpretation of  the  P&S  Act.  The  Act  is 
a  fair  trade  practices  law  which  pro- 
motes and  maintains  fair  and  open  com- 
petition in  the  marketing  of  livestock, 
poultry,  and  meat. 

The  Packers  and  Stockyards  Admin- 
istration said  the  statement  extends  to 
"establishing  rules  or  regulations  at  the 
stockyard"  which  show  prejudice  against 
persons  using  the  services  or  facilities. 

Services  and  facilities  involved  "in- 
clude, but  are  not  limited  to,  those 
furnished  for  observing,  selling,  weigh- 
ing, or  other  handling  of  livestock,  the 
restaurant,  the  restrooms,  drinking 
fountains,  and  lounge  accommodations." 

P&SA  said  instances  of  discrimination 
may  result  in  issuance  of  a  complaint 
against  a  stockyard  owner  or  market 
agency  for  violating  the  Act. 


USDA's  February  list.  Plentifuls  are: 
Broiler-fryers,  green  split  peas,  pork, 
canned  salmon,  potatoes,  onions,  canned 
tomatoes  and  tomato  products,  canned 
and  frozen  sweet  corn,  fresh  oranges, 
fresh  grapefruit,  canned  grapefruit 
juice,  avocados,  and  dried  prunes. 


before  using  PESTICIDES 



JANUARY  30,   1969 

Vol.  XXVIII  No.  3 

USDA  Is  published  fortnightly  for  distribution  to  employees  only,  by  direction  of  the  Secre- 
tary of  Agriculture,  as  containing  administrative  information  required  for  the  proper  transac- 
tion of  the  public  business.  Retirees  who  write  to  the  Editor  requesting  it  may  continue  to 
get  USDA.  Please  write  instead  of  phoning  whenever  possible:  for  rush  orders,  call  Ext.  2058, 
Mrs   LilUe  Vincent,  Editor  of  USDA,  INP,  Department  of  Agriculture,  Washington,  D.C.  20250. 

c43 — 330-465         U.S.  government  pbinting  office 



rv  tv^  civ; 




FEB.  13,  1969 

Conference  Attracts  Top  Crop  of  Economic  Analysts 

Sponsored  by  the  Economic  Research 
Service,  the  1969  Outlook  Conference 
will  be  held  Feb.  17-19  in  the  Jefferson 
Auditorium,  Washington,  D.C.,  and  will 
attract  hundreds  of  economists  and 
agribusiness  specialists  from  universi- 
ties. Extension,  and  private  industry. 

Every  year,  American  agriculture  be- 
comes more  closely  bound  up  with  the 
triumphs  and  tribulations  of  the  rest  of 
the  world:  An  inflationary  spiral  in  the 
United  States  jacks  up  prices  of  tractors 
and  chemicals;  the  world  monetary 
crisis  threatens  exports  of  feed  grains  to 
Europe;  world  crop  prospects  affect 
world  wheat  prices;  international  devel- 
opments may  increase  acreage  allot- 
ments for  major  U.S.  crops;  the  Food 
Stamp  Program  increases  food  con- 
sumption in  poverty  areas  around  the 

Hundreds  of  interacting  factors  like 
these  affect  the  modern  farmer's  mar- 
kets— and  the  agricultural  outlook.  So 
in  recent  years,  the  job  of  annual  Agri- 
cultural Outlook  Conferences  has  grown 
bigger  and  tougher. 

The  Outlook  Conferences  have  had  to 


Rural  electric  and  telephone  systems 
financed  by  the  Rural  Electrification 
Administration  helped  to  create  at  least 
31,000  new  jobs  in  rm-al  America  during 
fiscal  year  1968.  This  figure  is  based  on 
a  survey  of  rural  areas  development  ac- 
tivities of  57  percent  of  the  1,900  REA- 
financed  systems. 

The  survey  showed  that  637  REA-as- 
sisted  projects  started  in  fiscal  1968  in- 
cluded 78  in  agriculture,  44  in  forestry, 
131  in  recreation,  206  in  community 
facilities,  and  178  for  other  purposes 
including  commercial  and  industrial. 

In  addition,  the  survey  disclosed  that 
directors  and  employees  of  many  elec- 
tric and  telephone  organizations  are 
serving  on  local  economic  development 

REA  borrowers  have  assisted  more 
than  3,300  commercial,  industrial,  and 
community  facilities  projects  and  have 
helped  create  a  total  of  247,000  jobs 
since  the  RAD  program  began  in  mid- 

look  more  and  more  carefully  at  non- 
farm  developments  in  arriving  at  price 
and  income  prospects.  In  fact,  this  year's 
Conference  is  being  held  several  months 
later  than  usual  primarily  to  give  great- 
er emphasis  to  general  economic  trends 
and  the  policies  of  the  new  administra- 

■What's  ahead  for  business  and  gov- 
ernment spending?  Will  the  pressures 
of  inflation  increase  or  decrease?  Will 
the  world  monetary  crisis  continue?  Will 
consumer  incomes  rise?  Will  consumers 
keep  on  spending  or  start  saving?  What 
are  the  commercial  export  prospects, 
and  what  about  the  world's  food  situa- 

All  of  these  questions  have  to  be 
weighed  before  we  can  arrive  at  mean- 
ingful appraisals  of  prospects  for  U.S. 
agriculture  in  the  year:  What  will  hap- 
pen to  farm  income?  To  commodity 
prices?  Will  the  technological  revolu- 
tion on  our  farms  continue  to  bring 
rapid  changes  in  productivity,  number, 
and  size  of  farms,  and  changes  in  rural 
life?  What  will  be  the  regional  changes 
in  farm  population  and  farm  organiza- 

The  opening  session  will  set  the  gen- 
eral scene — the  national  and  interna- 
tional economic  outlook,  agricultui-al 
trade  prospects,  and  tt\e  world  food 

Other  sessions  will  examine  the  dy- 
namics of  rural  life  today,  and  the  pros- 
pects and  patterns  rural  residents  can 
expect  in  the  future.  The  farm  programs 
and  their  probable  impacts  on  output 
and  on  farm  prices  and  public  costs  will 
be  discussed,  along  with  the  outlook  for 
agribusiness,  and  the  general  prospects 
for  U.S.  farmers. 

Family  living  session  will  look  at  new 
programs  in  housing  and  nutrition  for 
both  rural  and  urban  residents,  and 
their  probable  impact  on  rural  life,  farm 
markets,  and  farm  income. 

Finally,  the  commodity  sessions  will 
have  their  usual  important  place  on  the 
program — since  the  basic  purpose  of  the 
Outlook  Conference  is  to  translate  all 
the  variables  into  the  outlook  for  live- 
stock products,  feed  grains,  wheat,  soy- 
beans, fruits  and  vegetables,  cotton,  and 
other  farm  products. 

*  *    For  February  1969     *  * 

MRS.  INGA  Y.  STOOD  is  batting  .600!  In  11 
years:  20  employee  suggestions  submitted — 12 
adopted!  Mrs.  Stood,  with  the  Consumer  and 
Marking  Service  in  Chicago,  is  a  valuable  mem- 
ber of  the  USDA  team.  Her  suggestion  record 
is  excellent  especially  when  compared  to  the 
1968  USDA  suggestion  rate  of  6.3  submitted 
and  1.7  adopted  per  100  employees.  Through 
the  Incentive  Awards  Program,  Mrs.  Stood  has 
received  $245  for  tangible  savings  from  her 
suggestions,  plus  three  $150  cash  awards,  and 
a  Quality  Step  Increase  as  a  result  of  seven 
Outstanding  Performance  Ratings.  Five  promo- 
tions have  moved  her  from  a  GS-2  Clerk  Steno 
to  a  GS-7  Property  Utilization  Assistant.  She 
recently  received  a  commendation  from  the 
Secretary  for  her  outstanding  contribution  to 
the  Cost  Reduction  effort.  Mrs.  Stood's  latest 
idea  can  be  used  anywhere  property  record 
cards  are  maintained.  When  a  large  volume  of 
similar  items  are  received  and  individual  prop- 
erty cards  are  needed,  a  stencil  is  prepared. 
Basic  information  needed  on  each  property 
record  card  is  typed  on  the  stencil  three  times. 
Copies  sufficient  to  list  the  separate  items  are 
run  on  a  duplicating  machine.  Three  cards  are 
then  cut  from  each  sheet.  In  one  application 
of  Mrs.  Stood's  method,  5%  hours  were  saved 
in  preparing  232  property  cards  for  weight 
scales  received  in  her  office.  If  this  idea  can  be 
used  for  property  or  other  types  of  records  in 
your  organization,  contact  your  employee  sug- 
gestions coordinator.  The  Employee  Suggestions 
Program  is  a  constant  source  of  cost  reduction 
and  operations  improvement  ideas.  We  need 
more  people  like  Inga  Stood  who  doesn't  stop 
with  just  one  or  two  suggestions.  Keep  your 
ideas  coming! 

BROTHERHOOD  WEEK,  Feb.  16-23 

FRENCH  AMBASSADOR  M.  Charles  Lucet 
(right)  presents  L.  J.  McMillan,  IADS,  with 
Chevalier  du  Merite  Agricole.  Behind  McMillan 
is  Ray  loanes,  FAS  Administrator,  who  accepted 
same  honor  for  R.  L.  Beul<enkamp,  FAS. 


Two  USDA  officials  were  recently 
honored  by  the  French  Government  for 
their  contribution  to  the  production  of 
a  special  motion  picture  soon  to  be 
shown  throughout  France. 

R.  L.  Beukenkamp,  Foreign  Agricul- 
tural Service,  and  L.  J.  McMillan,  Inter- 
national Agricultural  Development  Serv- 
ice, received  medals  naming  them 
Chevalier  du  Merite  Agricole.  French 
Ambassador  M.  Charles  Lucet  made  the 
presentations  at  a  special  ceremony  held 
in  Washington,  D.C.  Ray  loanes,  FAS 
Administrator,  accepted  the  award  for 
Beukenkamp  who  was  on  assignment  in 

The  Chevalier  du  Merite  Agricole, 
given  for  achievements  in  the  field  of 
agriculture,  is  one  of  the  highest  civilian 
awards  conferred  by  the  Govermnent  of 

A  motion  picture  crew  from  the 
French  Ministry  of  Agriculture  spent 
several  weeks  in  the  United  States  dur- 
ing 1967  filming  various  aspects  of  the 
livestock  industry.  McMillan  arranged 
a  schedule  and  travel  details  that  took 
the  crew  to  Maryland,  Virginia,  Illinois, 
Iowa,  Nebraska,  Texas,  California,  Colo- 
rado, and  Washington,  D.C.  Beuken- 
kamp accompanied  the  crew  as  inter- 
preter and  technical  advisor  and  also 
appears  in  the  film. 

The  film,  which  is  in  color,  is  entitled 
"A  View  of  the  U.S.  Livestock  Industry." 

Directed  by  Armand  Deleule,  head  of 
the  Agriculture  Ministry's  Motion  Pic- 
ture Service,  the  44-minute  movie  is  de- 
signed to  promote  improved  livestock 
production  in  France. 

Holstein  Designated 
Chief  Hearing  Examiner 

The  appointment  of  Benjamin  M. 
Holstein  as  Chief  of  the  Office  of  Hear- 
ing Examiners  was  recently  announced 
by  the  Department. 

Holstein,  a  hearing  examiner  since 
1961,  succeeds  G.  Osmond  Hyde  who  re- 
tired after  42  years  of  government 

Prior  to  becoming  a  hearing  examiner, 
Holstein  was  assistant  to  the  Assistant 
General  Counsel  of  the  Department.  He 
was  engaged  principally  in  representing 
the  Department  in  disciplinary  proceed- 
ings under  the  Commodity  Exchange 
Act  and  the  Packers  and  Stockyards  Act, 
working  on  matters  pending  before  the 
President's  Conference  on  Administra- 
tive Procedure,  and  revising  depart- 
mental rules  of  practice. 

Holstein  is  a  native  of  Milwaukee, 
Wis.,  and  served  in  the  Army  during 
World  War  I.  He  did  promotion  and 
advertising  work  in  the  publication  and 
trade  press  field  from  1923-1931,  and 
then  became  a  student  at  Marquette 
University.  He  holds  a  J.D.  degree  from 
Georgetown  Law  School  and  an  A.B,  de- 
gree from  George  Washington  Uni- 

The  Office  of  Hearing  Examiners  con- 
ducts public  hearings  and  performs  re- 
lated duties  under  USDA-administered 
laws  which  regulate  the  marketing  of 
agricultural  commodities  and  products. 
Such  hearings  include  rulemaking  pro- 
ceedings, marketing  order  contests,  dis- 
ciplinary proceedings,  and  ratemaking. 

About  80  percent  of  tlie  food  for  the 
National  Scliool  Lnncli  Program  is  bought 
by  local  ofTicials  from  local  suppliers. 
C&M.S  reports  tliese  purchases  amounted 
lo  about  SI  billion  last  school  year. 

Unique  Work  in  Zambia 

A  severe  shortage  of  qualified  man- 
power in  Zambia  prompted  a  unique 
agreement  between  that  South  Central 
African  country  and  the  Agency  for  In- 
ternational Development.  Under  the 
agreement  about  15  U.S.  specialists  are 
filling  operational  positions  within  the 
Zambian  Government's  civil  service. 

USDA  is  furnishing  four  specialists: 
Horticulturist  Donald  Coe  and  agricul- 
tural engineer  James  Wadsivorth,  both 
with  Federal  Extension  Service:  credit 
specialist  Ed  Iddings.  Farmers  Home 
Administration:  and  soils  scientist 
Thomas  Yeager,  Soil  Conservation 

These  first-of-a-kind  positions  differ 
markedly  from  the  usual  "advisor-with- 
counterpart"  role  of  USDA/AID  posi- 
tions. The  men  work  as  administrators 
and  branch  chiefs,  directly  supervising 
local  people  in  operating  programs  run 
by  the  Zambian  Government.  In  addi- 
tion, they  train  local  personnel  for  ad- 
ministrative and  other  operational  posi- 
tions. The  Zambian  Government  reim- 

ON  THE  HOOF— This  wild  buffalo  is  solidly 
penned,  but  he's  still  on  the  hoof,  healthy  and 
vigorous.  Dr.  Gerald  A.  Fuller  of  the  Consumer 
and  Marketing  Service  keeps  a  safe  distance 
as  he  gives  in-the-pen  inspection  before 

Inspectors  Aren't  Buffaloed 

The  American  buffalo,  once  almost 
extinct,  are  roaming  the  Plains  again, 
thanks  to  wildlife  experts  at  the  Depart- 
ment of  Interior  and  other  wildlife  con- 

What's  more,  buffalo  meat  is  back  on 
the  menu. 

Wild  buffalo  have  become  so  abundant 
there  is  danger  of  overgrazing  grass- 
lands set  aside  for  them.  Their  numbers 
are  far  short  of  the  once-estimated  60 
million,  but  there  are  enough  so  a  few 
can  be  slaughtered  each  year  for  public 

During  November  and  December  the 
Department  of  Interior  slaughtered  175 
buffalo  at  the  Wichita  Mountains  Wild- 
life Refuge,  Cache,  Okla.  Officials  at  the 
Refuge  asked  the  Consumer  Protection 
Program  of  the  Consumer  and  Market- 
ing Service  to  help  inspect  the  meat  for 
wholesomeness  to  meet  all  requirements 
of  the  Wholesome  Meat  Act  of  1967. 

Drs.  R.  W.  Russum  and  F.  H.  Shimp  of 
the  CPP  office  in  Oklahoma  City  worked 
all  summer  on  the  project  with  Julian 
A.  Howard,  Refuge  manager.  They  rede- 
signed coolers  to  prevent  any  possibility 
of  spoilage  and  to  provide  a  better 
product  for  the  consumers.  Dr.  Gerald 
A.  Fuller  and  other  USDA  meat  inspec- 
tors were  on  the  job  for  thorough  inspec- 
tions before,  during,  and  after  slaugh- 
ter— -just  as  at  any  commercial  meat 
packing  plant. 

If  you  didn't  have  your  order  in  for 
some  of  this  buffalo  meat,  it's  too  late 
now.  The  supply  was  quickly  exhausted. 

burses  USDA  for  part  of  the  salary  of 
the  four  specialists. 

The  men,  all  of  whom  have  had  ex- 
tensive experience  in  USDA  overseas 
programs,  are  presently  at  work  in  or 
around  the  capital  city  of  Lusaka.  They 
began  their  2-year  Zambian  employment 
in  the  fall  of  1968. 



Dr.  Arnold  Krochmal  often  combs  the 
Appalachian  woods  to  replenish  his  sup- 
ply of  a  plant  called  Lobelia  inflata,  or 
Indian  tobacco.  Back  in  his  lab,  he  re- 
moves the  seeds,  dries  them,  puts  them 
into  his  germinator.  and  lets  them  grow. 

For  Dr.  Krochmal,  these  trips  between 
the  woods  and  the  lab  are  not  unusual. 
He  is  a  research  botanist  and  project 
leader  at  the  Forest  Service's  North- 
eastern Forest  Experiment  Station  Lab- 
oratory at  Berea,  Ky.  His  project  is  the 
study  of  medicinal  plants,  like  the 
Indian  tobacco.  The  project  is  main- 
tained in  cooperation  with  the  Univer- 
sity of  Kentucky,  Auburn  University. 
and  the  University  of  Mississippi. 

Though  the  use  of  natural  plants  for 
healing  has  long  been  wrapped  in  super- 
stitution,  many  plants  of  the  forest  do 
have  medicinal  qualities.  Roots,  bark, 
stems,  leaves,  flowers,  fruit,  and  seeds 
of  certain  species  are  much  in  demand 
today.  Of  the  $2.5  billion  worth  of  phar- 
maceuticals consumed  in  the  United 
States  in  1967,  $300  million  worth  were 
made  from  natural  forest  plants. 

The  modern  doctor  daily  writes  an 
average  of  eight  prescriptions  for  drugs 
of  natural  origin.  The  ice  cream  dealer, 
the  textile  and  toilet  manufacturer — 
literally  the  butcher,  the  baker,  and  the 
candlestick  maker — find  natural  forest 
plants  indispensible  in  their  trades. 

Many  of  the  most  valuable  medicinal 
plants  have  such  complex  molecules 
that  they  cannot  be  duplicated  in  a  test 
tube  or  manufactured  synthetically.  In 
addition,  propagation — both  in  the  for- 
est and  in  artificial  culture — is  a  major 
problem.  Many  of  the  plants  are  diffi- 
cult— some  virtually  impossible — to 
propagate.  Conservationists  fear  that 
entire  strains  might  be  depleted  if  prop- 
agation remains  unsuccessful.  This  is 
the  problem  Dr.  Krochmal  is  tackling. 

Dr.  Krochmal  is  currently  publishing 
an  illustrated  manual  of  medicinal 
plants  in  Appalachia,  where  as  least  125 
marketable  species  grow.  The  manual 
will  provide  information  to  local  resi- 
dents who  want  to  supplement  incomes 
by  gathering  medicinal  forest  plants. 
He  encourages  this  practice  although 
urging  collectors  to  leave  enough  plants 
in  each  locale  to  consei-ve  plant  popula- 
tion for  future  years. 

Kroclinial  Is  Man  of  Many  Talents 

The  atmosphere  in  Dr.  Krochmal's 
lab  reflects  his  experiences  as  an  adven- 
turer, world-traveller,  philosopher, 
writer,  educator,  and  humanitarian. 
Name  some  of  the  more  exciting  places 
in  the  world — Greece,  Afghanistan,  Hon- 
duras. Thailand,  Brazil.  Surinam,  Bar- 
bados, the  Virgin  Islands — and  he  has 
lived  there. 

Dr.  Krochmal  served  with  USD  A  in 
the  Virgin  Islands  where  he  developed 
gi'owing  and  marketing  methods  for 
papaya,  tapioca,  pineapples,  cassava, 
and  African  yams.  He  advised  the  gov- 
ernments of  Jamaica  and  Montsen-at 
on  fruit  and  vegetable  plantings.  He 
toured  the  world  as  an  advisor  for  the 
Agency  for  International  Development. 

In  the  field  of  education.  Dr.  Krochmal 
taught  as  a  Fulbright  Professor  in 
Greece,  served  as  Chairman  of  the  Horti- 
culture Department  of  the  Pan-Ameri- 
can Agricultural  School,  Tegucigalpa, 
Honduras,  and  was  on  the  faculty  of 
the  College  of  the  Virgin  Islands.  In 
addition,  he  has  taught  at  colleges 
and  universities  in  New  Mexico,  New 
York,  Georgia,  Arizona,  Wisconsin,  and 

Today,  as  an  unpaid  consultant  for 
Volunteers  for  International  Technical 
Assistance,  Schenectady,  N.Y.,  he  helps 
answer  inquiries  on  agricultural  prac- 
tices from  Peace  Corps  volunteers,  mis- 
sionaries, and  foreign  technicians. 

Dr.  Krochmal's  humanitarian  inter- 
ests continue  at  Berea  where  Appalachia 
poverty  surrounds  him.  He  is  a  Cub 
Scout  leader  and,  when  time  permits, 
works  with  Save  the  Children  Fund.  He 
is  helping  set  up  a  woodworking  shop  in 
a  nearby  community  and  recently  helped 
several  residents  organize  a  self- 
supporting  corsage  industry,  using  only 
natural  forest  materials  such  as  acorns, 
miniature  pine  cones,  chestnut  hulls, 
and  milkweed  pods  for  the  lapel 

A  native  of  the  Bronx,  Dr.  Krochmal 
earned  his  B.S.  degree  from  North  Caro- 
lina State.  He  completed  work  on  his 
Ph.  D.  at  Cornell  after  serving  as  an 
Army  Staff  Officer  during  "World  "War  II. 

RICH  ROSVALL,  Forest  Service  helitack  fore- 
man, retrieves  a  dead  King  salmon  from  Horse 
Linto  Creek  during  a  spawned  salmon  count 
(called  a  cut  count)  In  major  streams  of  the 
Six  Rivers  National  Forest  In  California.  A  cut 
count  of  salmon,  which  die  shortly  after  spawn- 
ing, is  one  method  of  gaining  information  on 
salmon  production,  location  of  spawning  areas, 
and  spawning  dates.  Each  salmon  Is  meas- 
ured— this  one  was  43  Inches  in  length — and 
checked  for  a  tag.  The  sex  and  species,  either 
King  or  silver  in  these  streams,  are  recorded. 
The  count  is  a  joint  effort  of  the  Forest  Service 
and  the  California  Department  of  Fish  and 

C&MS  Has  New  Detective  Team 

Investigation  of  the  sources  of  ill- 
nesses thought  to  be  caused  by  meat  or 
poultry  is  the  job  of  a  special  team  re- 
cently established  by  USDA. 

Dr.  John  Spaulding ,  a  veterinary 
toxicologist  who  has  been  with  USDA 
since  1960,  heads  the  team,  known  as  the 
Toxicology  Group.  The  team  works 
within  the  Consumer  and  Marketing 
Service  in  conjunction  with  the  Federal 
meat  inspection  program. 

The  Toxicology  Group  is  alerted  by 
field  personnel  or  other  sources  when- 
ever meat  or  poultry  contamination  is 
suspected  to  be  the  cause  of  a  disease 
outbreak.  As  a  single  reporting  and  in- 
vestigative point,  the  Group  will  co- 
operate with  local  public  health  agencies 
to  speed  identification  of  the  product 
responsible,  the  amount  of  product  in- 
volved, and  the  factors  causing  the  dis- 
ease. The  team  will  then  assemble  and 
distribute  information  to  enable  Federal 
meat  and  poultry  inspection  personnel 
to  minimize  illnesses  and  protect 

The  Group  will  make  in-depth  analy- 
ses of  outbreaks,  tracing  the  cause  and 
determining  necessary  steps  to  prevent 
any  recurrence. 

Other  foods  produced  under  voluntary 
C&MS  inspection  programs  will  also  be 
checked  when  suspected  as  the  cause  of 


ARS  Scientists  Honored  by  ASA 

Dr.  Louis  P.  Reitz,  agronomist  with 
the  Agricultural  Research  Service,  was 
recently  installed  as  president  of  the 
Crop  Science  Society  of  America.  He 
assumed  his  office  at  the  60th  annual 
meeting  of  the  American  Society  of 
Agronomy  held  in  New  Orleans.  The 
Crop  Science  Society  of  America  and  the 
Soil  Science  Society  of  America  are 
autonomous  organizations  affiliated  with 

A  graduate  of  Kansas  State  Univer- 
sity, Dr.  Reitz  also  holds  degrees  from 
the  University  of  Nebraska  and  the  Uni- 
versity of  Minnesota. 

He  joined  USDA  in  1946  in  Nebraska 
and  later  served  as  regional  coordinator 
of  USDA  wheat  research  for  the  Central 
Plains  States. 

In  1954  Dr.  Reitz  was  named  wheat 
investigations  leader  for  the  ARS  Crops 
Research  Division  at  Beltsville,  Md., 
where  he  has  prime  responsibility  for 
wheat  improvement  research  across  the 

Other  ARS  scientists  honored  at  the 
annual  meeting  included: 

Dr.  W.  Doral  Kemper,  soil  scientist 
stationed  at  Colorado  State  University, 
Ft.  Collins,  Colo.,  who  received  the  ASA's 
1968  Soil  Science  Award.  Dr.  Kemper  is 
internationally  recognized  for  his  work 
in  soil  science  research  and  as  a  physics 

Dr.  Hugh  W.  Bennett,  research  agron- 
omist, Mississippi  State  University.  State 
College,  Miss.:  Dr.  Dayton  L.  Kllngnic.n, 
leader  of  weed  investigations  on  grazing 
lands,  Beltsville,  Md.;  Dr.  Marion  W. 
Pedersen,  research  agronomist,  Utah 
State  University,  Logan,  Utah:  and  Dr. 
Robert  T.  Ramage.  research  geneticist. 
University  of  Arizona,  Tucson,  Ariz.,  who 
were  inducted  as  Fellows  of  the  Society. 

Sabrosky  To  Head  Society 

Dr.  Curtis  W.  Sabrosky,  an  Agricul- 
tural Research  Service  entomologist,  was 
elected  President  of  the  Entomological 
Society  of  America  at  a  recent  meeting 
in  Dallas.  Tex. 

The  Entomological  Society  is  a  pro- 
fessional organization  of  scientists  con- 
cerned with  the  study  of  both  undesira- 
ble and  beneficial  insects. 

Dr.  Sabrosky  is  director  of  the  ARS 
Systematic  Entomology  Laboratory, 
which  is  in  the  Smithsonian  Institution's 
Museum  of  Natural  History,  Washing- 
ton, D.C.  The  laboratory  collaborates 
with  the  Smithsonian  Institution  in 
identification  and  classification  of  the 
world's  innumerable  insect  species. 

THE  FARM  INDEX,  monthly  magazine  published  by  the  Economic  Research  Service,  recently  added 
three  Awards  of  Merit  to  its  editorial  "trophies."  The  awards  came  out  of  the  19th  Award  Exhibit  of 
the  Art  Directors  Club  of  Metropolitan  Washington  which  featured  200  entries  prejudged  from  over 
1.000  as  the  best  advertising  and  editorial  art  in  the  area  during  1958.  The  ERS  periodical  won  its 
citations  for  cover  art,  editorial  design,  and  editorial  illustration.  Staff  members  pictured  above  (left 
to  right)  are:  Audrey  Ames  Cook,  editor;  Geraldine  Schumacher,  assistant  editor;  Stan  Baer,  Tracy 
Zacharias,  and  Ed  Dever,  staff  editors;  and  Bernadette  Richardson,  secretary — all  with  the  Office  of 
Management  Services,   Division  of  Information. 

Courageous  Act  Cited 

William  J.  Baden,  an  employee  of  the 
Sequoia  National  Forest  in  California, 
recently  received  a  citation  for  his  heroic 
actions  in  rescuing  an  injured  pilot  from 
a  crashed  and  burning  helicopter. 

Baden  was  on  assignment  fighting  a 
forest  lire  in  California's  Angeles  Na- 
tional Forest  last  summer  when  he  saw 
the  helicopter  crash.  He  rushed  to  the 
crash  site  and  directed  crews  of  three 
Forest  Service  fire  tankers  to  direct 
streams  of  water  on  the  flaming  wreck- 
age and  on  himself.  Despite  the  intense 
heat  and  the  danger  of  a  fuel  tank  ex- 
plosion at  any  moment,  Baden  entered 
the  wreckage,  cut  the  unconscious  pilot 
loose,  and  carried  him  clear.  The  pilot 
later  died  from  injuries  suffered  in  the 

For  his  courageous  act,  Baden  received 
a  certificate  of  merit  and  a  $500  check 
from  the  Forest  Service. 

VIP  Treatment  for  VIG'S 

Plant  quarantine  inspectors  helped 
expedite  clearance  for  three  babies  who 
arrived  recently  at  the  Seattle-Tacoma 
Airport.  The  babies,  accompanied  by 
two  nurses,  were  gorillas  flown  from 
Holland  to  a  Seattle  zoo.  It  was  the  first 

JEROME  F.  DEFOURNEAUX  (right).  Chief,  Ad- 
ministrative Division,  New  Orleans  Agricultural 
Stabilization  and  Conservation  Service  Com- 
modify  Office,  was  recently  presented  the  New 
Orleans  Federal  Executive  Association  Dis- 
tinguished Service  Award  for  1968.  This  annual 
award  is  presented  to  outstanding  Federal  civil- 
ian employees  engaged  in  executive  and  admin- 
istrative work.  Defourneaux  was  cited  for  his 
leadership  and  direction  which  resulted  in  an 
efficient,  harmonious,  and  coordinated  opera- 
tion of  the  Administrative  Division.  Presenting 
the  award  is  Dr.  Homer  L.  Hitt,  Chancellor, 
Louisiana    State    University,    New   Orleans. 

time  in  the  experiences  of  Inspector  Ray 
T.  Mitsudo  that  animals  were  cleared 
before  passengers. 

Inspectors  removed  tangerines,  a 
banana,  and  an  apple  from  "personal 
effects"  of  the  'VIG's  (very  important 
gorillas  J  before  they  were  allowed 


FEBRUARY   13    1969        Vol,  XXVIII   No,  4 

USDA  is  published  fortnightly  for  distribution  to  employees  only,  by  direction  of  the  Secre- 
tary of  Agriculture,  as  containing  administrative  informatipn  required  for  the  proper  transac- 
tion of  the  public  business.  Retirees  who  write  to  the  Editor  requesting  it  may  continue  to 
get  USDA.  Please  write  instead  of  phoning  whenever  possible;  for  rush  orders,  call  Ext.  2058, 
Mrs.  Lillie  Vincent,  Editor  of  USDA.  INF,  Department  of  Agriculture,  Washington,  D.C.  20250. 



MARl  2  1969 

U.  S,  DEPAPTMENT  OF  mwm 


^      FEB.  27,  1969 

Hansen  Appointed 
Deputy  Under  Secretary 

George  B . 
Hansen,  former 
U.S.  Representa- 
tive from  Idaho, 
has  been  ap- 
pointed as  Dep- 
uty Under  Secre- 
tary for  Congres- 
sional Relations. 
of  the  appoint- 
ment was  made 
G.  B.  HANSEN  ^y     Secretary 

Hardin  on  behalf 
of  President  Nixon. 

Hansen,  a  resident  of  Pocatello,  Idaho, 
served  two  terms  in  the  House  from 
1965  to  1968.  He  was  the  Republican 
candidate  for  the  U.S.  Senate  last  No- 
vember and  also  was  a  Senate  candidate 
in  1962. 

Born  in  Tetonia,  Idaho,  Sept.  14,  1930, 
Hansen  graduated  from  Ricks  College, 
Rexburg,  Idaho,  in  1956  with  honors  in 
history  and  Russian.  He  did  graduate 
work  at  Idaho  State  University  and 
graduated  in  accountiiig  from  Grimms 
Business  College. 

In  1961-62  he  served  as  mayor  of  Ala- 
meda, Idaho,  and  from  1962  to  1965  was 
city  commissioner  of  Pocatello.  He  served 
as  director  of  the  Idaho  Municipal 
League  from  1961  to  1963. 

Hansen  is  a  former  officer  in  Bannock 
County  Republican  Central  Committee 
and  the  Bannock  County  Young  Repub- 
licans Club. 

He  is  an  Air  Force  veteran  and  is 
an  officer  in  the  Naval  Reserve. 


Fastest  growing  winter  sports  activity 
in  the  National  Forests  is  snowmobiling. 
This  versatile  and  exhilarating  sport  has 
caught  the  public's  fancy,  much  as  ski- 
ing did  back  in  the  1930's. 

Impact  of  the  snowmobiling  on  the 
National  Forests  has  been  enormous. 
Areas  once  considered  inaccessible  have 
developed  into  winter  playgrounds.  Ad- 

NIXON  was  welcomed  by 
Secretary  Clifford  M. 
Hardin  when  the  Chief 
Executive  recently  visited 
USDA  in  Washington,  D.C. 
During  his  visit  the  Presi- 
dent addressed  a  large 
audience  of  USDA  employ- 
ees in  Jefferson  Audi- 
torium. He  told  them  he  is 
encouraged  by  the  tre- 
mendous interest  and  con- 
cern developing  in  the 
problem  of  hunger  in  the 
United  States.  He  said  that 
the  Department  of  Agricul- 
ture has  an  "exciting  op- 
portunity" and  "a  chal- 
lenge" to  effectively  and 
scientifically  use  the  enor- 
mous productive  agricul- 
tural capacity  "which  this 
Department  has  helped  to 
build  through  the  years"  to 
attack  the  problems  of 
hunger  and  of  malnutrition. 
This  responsibility,  he  said, 
is  in  addition  to  the  pri- 
mary and  traditional  role  of  USDA  to  see  "that  America's  farmers  receive  their  fair  sha 
creasing  growth  and  wealth  and  productivity  of  this  Nation."  The  President  continued, 
department  in  this  Government  that  will  play  a  bigger  role  in  seeing  what  kind  of  a  Nation 
to  be  than  .  .  .  this  Department." 

re  of  the  in- 
'There  is  no 
this  is  going 

ministering  this  use  and  providing  for 
safety  of  users  is  proving  a  challenge 
to  Forest  Service  recreation  specialists. 
In  eastern  National  Forests,  where  the 
sport  first  took  hold,  more  than  1,000 
miles  of  trails  have  been  developed  and 
marked  for  snowmobile  travel.  Last  year 
an  estimated  1.3  million  visitors  spent 
768,000  visitor  days  using  snowmobiles 
on  the  Forests.  Indications  are  that  the 

TURERS are  discovering 
winter  wonderlands  in  the 
National  Forests  aboard 
snowmobiles.  Here  a 
couple,  who  might  never 
have  ventured  into  the  Na- 
tional Forests  had  it  not 
been  for  the  snowmobiles, 
pauses  to  consult  a  map  of 
trails  in  the  Nicolet  Na- 
tional  Forest  in  Wisconsin. 

figures  will  be  considerably  higher  this 

In  the  past  6  years,  snowmobile  pro- 
duction has  grown  from  a  few  hundred 
machines  annually  to  more  than  100,000. 

Snowmobiles  have  opened  up  the  snow 
country  to  millions  of  people  of  all  ages 
and  physical  capabilities  who  never  be- 
fore attempted  to  venture  into  America's 
"winter  wonderlands." 

Lennartson  Heads  C&MS 



Secretary  Clif- 
ford M.  Hardin 
has  named  Roy 
W.  Lennartson  to 
be  Administrator 
of  the  Consumer 
and  Marketing 
Service.  As  C&MS 
Lennartson  will 
head  the  agency 
in  which  he  has 
served  for  most  of 
his  32  years  with 
R.  W.  Lennartson  TJSDA 

Lennartson  is  a  veteran  administrator 
with  broad  experience  in  marketing 
problems,  both  in  domestic  and  inter- 
national trade.  For  the  past  year  and  a 
half,  he  has  been  in  the  foreign  market- 
ing field  as  Associate  Administrator  for 
the  Foreign  Agricultural  Service.  He  was 
transferred  to  this  post  under  the  Gov- 
ernmentwide  Executive  Assignment  Pro- 
gram. Prior  to  the  FAS  assignment, 
Lennartson  was  Associate  Administrator 
of  C&MS  for  8  years. 

Lennartson  was  reared  on  a  farm  in 
northern  Minnesota  and  was  graduated 
from  the  University  of  Maryland.  He 
joined  the  Department  in  1936  as  an 
agricultural  economist  with  the  Farm 
Credit  Administration.  After  Army  Serv- 
ice in  World  War  H,  he  returned  to  USDA 
as  Assistant  Director  of  the  Poultry 
Branch  in  what  was  then  the  Production 
and  Marketing  Administration.  In  1951, 
he  was  promoted  to  Assistant  Adminis- 
trator for  Marketing. 

In  1953,  Lennartson  became  Deputy 
Administrator  of  the  newly  organized 
Agricultural  Marketing  Service.  He  was 
appointed  Associate  Administrator  of 
AMS  in  1961  and  held  the  same  position 
in  C&MS  when  that  agency  was  formed 
in  1965. 

During  the  course  of  his  service,  Len- 
nartson has  had  extensive  and  detailed 
experience  with  all  of  the  activities  ad- 
ministered by  C&MS. 

AMERICANS  SPEND  18  cents  of  each 
take-home  doUar  for  food.  In  the  late 
1950's,  thev  .spent  21  cents;  in  the  late 
1940's,  25  cents. 

O  January   20,    1969     A 



SARA  BECK,  consumer  education  specialist, 
talks  to  consumer  groups  about  the  Federal 
meat  and  poultry  inspection  program.  These 
presentations  can  be  requested  by  contacting 
Miss  Beck  at  the  Information  Division,  Con- 
sumer and  Marketing  Service,  V^ashington,  D.C. 
20250,  or  by  contacting  one  of  C&MS'  area 
offices  in  New  York,  Atlanta,  Chicago,  Dallas, 
and  San  Francisco. 


"What's  the  difference  between  a 
product  labeled  'Beef  and  Gravy'  and 
one  labeled  'Gravy  and  Beef?" 

"Can  I  take  part  in  the  making  of 
USDA  rules  for  meat  and  poultry  prod- 
ucts content  and  labeling?  " 

Sara  Beck  has  the  answers.  She  is  a 
consumer  education  specialist  with  the 
Consumer  and  Marketing  Service.  It  is 
her  job  to  supply  the  answers  to  these 
and  many  more  questions  from  con- 
sumers and  their  spokesmen  about  the 
Federal  meat  and  poultry  inspection 

Miss  Beck,  who  is  based  in  Washing- 
ton, D.C,  reaches  consumer  represent- 
atives around  the  country  by  way  of 
national,  regional,  and  State  meetings, 
as  well  as  through  radio,  television, 
newspapers,  and  magazines.  She  sched- 
ules demonstrations  and  presentations 
before  groups  interested  in  the  ad- 
vantages of  wholesome,  sanitarily  proc- 
essed, and  truthfully  labeled  meat  and 
poultry  products.  These  groups  may  in- 
clude a  meeting  of  a  State  consumer 
league,  or  a  convention  of  home  econo- 
mists or  food  editors. 

Miss  Beck  says  she  finds  consumers 
keenly  interested  in  the  content  and 
wholesomeness  of  meat  and  poultry 
products.  They  want  to  know  how  to 
read  labels,  how  to  select  for  economy, 
how  to  prepare  these  foods  properly, 
and  how  to  keep  them  safe  for  eating 
between  the  time  they  are  bought  and 

Trained  in  home  economics  and  com- 
munications and  thoroughly  versed  in 
USDA's  wealth  of  Valuable  food  informa- 
tion, Miss  Beck  is  well  qualified  to  pre- 
sent the  facts  to  all  interests — the  con- 

D.    A.    HAMIL 


The  appoint- 
ment of  David 
A.  Hamil,  Den- 
ver, Colo.,  as  Ad- 
ministrator of 
the  Rural  Elec- 
trification Ad- 
ministration was 
recently  an- 
nounced by  Pres- 
ident  Nixon. 
Hamil  previously 
served  as  REA 
under  President  Eisenhower  from  1956 
to  1961. 

Prior  to  his  appointment,  Hamil  was 
Executive  Director  of  the  Department  of 
Institutions  for  the  State  of  Colorado, 
a  position  he  has  held  since  1963. 

Since  his  college  days,  Hamil  has  been 
a  rancher  in  Logan  County,  Colo.,  where 
he  was  born  on  December  3,  1908.  With 
his  brother,  he  presently  operates  a 
4,500-acre  ranch  which  includes  a  large 
cattle-feeding  operation  and  production 
of  sugar  beets,  alfalfa,  and  corn. 

At  the  time  of  his  appointment  as  REA 
Administrator  in  1956,  Hamil  was 
speaker  of  the  Colorado  House  of  Rep- 
resentatives, a  position  he  had  held  since 
1951.  He  was  first  elected  to  the  legis- 
lature in  1938  and  with  exception  of  a 
2-year  term  in  1948-49,  he  had  served  in 
it  continuously. 

He  first  became  active  in  the  rural 
electrification  program  in  1939  when  he 
helped  organize  a  section  of  the  High- 
line  Electric  Association,  Holyoke,  Colo. 
He  served  as  director  of  the  Association 
for  5  years. 

Hamil  received  his  B.A.  degree  from 
Hastings  College,  Hastings,  Nebr.,  in 
1930.  He  is  married  and  the  father  of 
three  children. 

sumer  and  the  food  industry. 

She  holds  a  teacher's  certificate  in 
Home  Economics  and  General  Science 
from  Catawba  College  and  a  Masters 
degree  in  General  Home  Economics  and 
Communications  from  the  University  of 

Answering  consumer  questions  is  not  a 
new  field  for  Miss  Beck.  Before  joining 
USDA  in  1967,  the  attractive  young  lady 
from  Salisbury,  N.C.,  worked  as  a  Home 
Advisor  for  the  Duke  Power  Company  in 
Winston-Salem.  It  was  her  job  to  make 
home  calls  on  customers  who  had  pur- 
chased major  appliances. 

Miss  Beck  finds  her  present  work 
"challenging  and  exciting"  as  she  keeps 
attuned,  to  consumer  needs  and  the  dra- 
matic changes  taking  place  in  the  food 

1968  Was  Difficult'  Year 
For  Screwworm  Program 

The  last  day  of  1968  gave  screwworm 
eradication  officials  oire  cheerful  note  on 
which  to  end  an  otherwise  difficult  year. 

December  31,  1968,  was  the  first  day 
in  over  9  months  with  no  reports  of 
screwworm  infestations  in  the  United 
States.  Veterinarians  of  the  Agricultural 
Research  Service  said  this  marked  the 
first  break  in  the  massive  resurgence  of 
screwworms  that  began  last  March  and 
left  four  Southwestern  States  with 
nearly  10,000  confirmed  cases  by  the  end 
of  the  year. 

The  break  was  short-lived,  however. 
The  first  1969  infestation  was  reported 
in  Medina  County,  Tex.,  on  January  6. 

ARS  officials  described  1968  as  the 
worst  screwworm  outbreak  since  1962, 
when  USDA,  the  States,  and  the  South- 
west Animal  Health  Research  Founda- 
tion launched  the  cooperative  eradica- 
tion program.  Prior  to  the  resurgence, 
cases  had  dropped  from  50,000  the  first 
year  to  only  872  in  1967.  In  1968,  con- 
firmed cases  totaled  9,878. 

Strangely  enough,  1968  also  included 
the  longest  screwworm-free  period  on 
record,  101  days,  which  immediately  pre- 
ceded the  beginning  of  the  outbreak  on 
March  26.  Intensive  eradication  efforts 
had  eliminated  screwworms  from  the 
United  States;  however,  a  large  buildup 
spread  northward  from  Mexico  into  the 
Southwest,  reaching  a  peak  of  4,155  cases 
during  the  month  of  October. 

ARS  veterinarians  attribute  the  screw- 
worm resurgence  to  two  major  causes: 
Cli  unusually  wet  and  mild  weather 
throughout  the  Southwest  which  favored 
rapid  screwworm  spread  and  hindered 
eradication  efforts,  and  '2)  relaxed  pre- 
ventive measures  by  many  ranchers.  If 
the  border  region  has  a  mild  winter  and 
these  conditions  continue,  they  fear  an 
even  worse  outbreak  in  1969. 

"Concern  for  People" 
Is  Workshop  Theme 

The  developing  food  needs  in  this 
country  was  the  topic  of  a  national 
workshop  held  recently  in  Washington, 
D.C.  The  Consumer  and  Marketing  Serv- 
ice sponsored  the  3 -day  meeting.  Theme 
for  the  workshop,  "Concern  for  People," 
coincides  with  the  national  focus  on 
hunger  and   malnutrition. 

Purpose  of  the  workshop  was  to  bring 
together  knowledgeable  and  experienced 
persons  to  study  the  extent  and  nature 
of  problems  involved  with  Government 
food  donation  programs  and  to  search 
for  recommendations  and  guidelines  for 
these  programs. 

FAO's  TECHNICAL  ASSISTANCE  work  may  consist  of  projects  like  this  in   Ivory  Coast,  Africa.  Here 
an  FAO  rice  expert  (right)  demonstrates  irrigation  practices. 


FAO — the  Food  and  Agriculture  Or- 
ganization of  the  United  Nations — is,  in 
a  way,  an  international  department  of 
agriculture.  Participants  are  117  member 
countries  and  2  associate  members. 

The  work  of  the  Organization  is  in 
three  major  areas;  Providing  a  world 
information  service  of  statistical  and 
technical  material  pertaining  to  food 
and  agriculture;  sponsoring  interna- 
tional cooperation  by  holding  meetings 
at  which  agricultural  experts  from  many 
countries  can  exchange  information  and 
develop  solutions  to  various  problems; 
and  providing  technical  assistance  to  de- 
veloping countries. 

Nationals  from  the  participating  na- 
tions make  up  the  FAO  staff  of  more 
than  5,000  employees.  Part  of  the  staff 
works  at  FAO  headquarters  in  Rome, 
Italy  wth  the  rest  located  at  many 
points  throughout  the  world. 

U.S.  nationals  were  well  represented 
on  the  staff  until  1951  when  FAO  trans- 
ferred headquarters  from  Washington, 

D.C,  to  Rome.  Since  then,  the  propor- 
tion of  U.S.  citizens,  both  in  head- 
quarters and  field  programs,  has  been 
unduly  low.  The  International  Organiza- 
tions Staff  within  USDA  is  trying  to  cor- 
rect this  situation  by  encouraging  U.S. 
agricultural  experts  to  seek  FAO 

FAO  offers  some  unusual  possibilities 
in  international  agriculture  work.  The 
positions  require  a  college  education  in 
agriculture  or  a  closely  related  field, 
some  years  of  professional  experience, 
and,  in  many  cases,  a  Master's  or  Ph.  D. 
degree.  In  most  cases  USDA  employees 
can  get  a  leave  of  absence  for  up  to  3 
years,  under  provisions  of  P.L.  85-795  to 
accept  an  FAO  position. 

USDA  employees  who  are  interested 
and  qualified  are  encouraged  to  contact 
Mr.  Larry  Hyer,  lOS,  Room  339-W,  U.S. 
Department  of  Agriculture,  Washington, 
D.C.  20250.  Or  phone  202-388-3408  for 
more  information. 

District  of  Columbia  Com- 
mander of  the  American  Le- 
gion, congratulates  Ernest 
E.  Toth  (center),  after  pre- 
senting him  an  award  for 
outstanding  work  with  the 
handicapped.  Toth  is  Co- 
ordinator for  Employment 
of  the  Physical  Hand! 
capped.  Eastern  Adminis 
trative  Division,  ARS.  As 
sistant  Secretary  Joseph  M 
Robertson   is  on  the  right 

Among  the  approximately  80  partici- 
pants were  State  leaders  of  Commodity 
Distribution  and  School  Lunch  Programs 

and  education  departments.  USDx^  Con- 
sumer Food  Program  personnel,  and  rep- 
resentatives of  other  Federal  agencies. 


Appoinlment  of  two  agricultural  at- 
taches was  recently  announced.  EUGENE 
T.  OLSON  was  named  to  the  post  on  the 
U.S.  Embassy  stafT  in  Ottawa,  Canada,  and 
STANLEY  W.  PHILLIPS  will  serve  as 
attache  on  the  staff"  of  the  Embassy  in 
San  Salvador,  El  Salvador. 

Olson,  a  native  of  Canada,  has  been 
with  the  Deprtmcnt  since  1957.  He  holds 
a  degree  in  agriculture  from  Montana 
State  and  a  Ph.  D.  from  the  Institute  for 
Advanced  Soviet  and  East  European 
Studies,  Columbia  University. 

Phillips,  a  native  of  New  Jersey,  joined 
USD  A  in  1951  as  an  agricultural  econ- 
omist. He  served  as  assistant  agricultural 
attache  in  New  Delhi,  India,  for  2  years 
and  since  1966  has  been  a  program  co- 
ordinator in  the  Food  For  Freedom  Pro- 
gram in  the  Foreign  Agricultural  Service. 

He  is  a  graduate  of  Maryville  College, 
Maryvillc,  Tenn.,  and  studied  at  Louisiana 
State  University,  ^vhere  he  earned  his 
Masters  degree  in  economics,  and  at 
Columbia  University. 

LIEBERT  were  recently  appointed  hear- 
ing examiners  in  the  Olhce  of  Hearing 
Examiners.  These  appointments  fill  va- 
cancies created  ^vhen  Benjamin  M. 
Holstein  became  chief  hearing  examiner 
and  hearing  examiner  Will  Rogers  re- 
tired. .\s  hearing  examiners,  the  new  ap- 
pointees will  preside  at  public  hearings 
and  perform  related  duties  under  various 
USDA-administered  statutes  which  regu- 
late the  marketing  of  agricultural  com- 

Perlman,  a  native  of  New  York,  has 
been  assistant  to  the  judicial  officer  of 
the  Department  since  1953.  He  is  also 
an  instructor  in  the  USD.A  Gradiuite 
School  and  a  member  of  the  Department's 
Board  of  Contract  Appeals.  He  joined 
USD.A  as  an  attorney  in  the  General 
Counsel's  Office  in  1951  after  a  period  of 
private  practice. 

Liebert  is  from  Kansas  and  lias  been 
deputy  director  for  litigation  in  the  Mar- 
keting Division,  Office  of  the  General 
Counsel.  He  originally  joined  the  Depart- 
ment as  an  attorney  in  19.38  and  left  dur- 
ing World  War  II  to  serve  as  a  naval 
officer  in  Europe  and  Japan,  and  later  as 
assistant  to  the  assistant  secretary  of  the 
Interior  Department. 

W  ILLIAM  HORBALY  recently  assumed 
duties  as  agricultural  attache  on  the  staff' 
of  the  U.S.  Embassy  in  Beirut,  Lebanon, 
replacing  Daniel  Sheppard  who  is  being 
reassigned  to  Washington. 

Horbaly  has  been  an  agricultural  econ- 
omist witli  the  Department  since  1951.  He 
served  at  the  U.S.  Embassy  in  Moscow 
from  1959  to  1964  and  for  the  past  year 
has  attended  a  .Senior  .Seminar  in  Foreign 
Policy  presented  by  the  Foreign  Service 
Institute  of  the  Department  of  State. 

A  native  of  Cleveland.  Ohio,  Horbaly 
is  a  graduate  of  Kent  State  University, 
Kent,  Oiiio,  and  has  a  Ph.  D.  degree  from 
tlie  University  of  Chicago.  He  studied  also 
at  Charles  University  in  Prague,  Czecho- 
slovakia. From  1942—46  he  served  in  the 
U.S.  Army. 


National  Lawn  and 
,  Garden  Week 
March  20-26, 1969 

"GROWING  WITH  AMERICA."  Lawn  and  Garden 
Week  (March  20-26)  has  the  support  of  garden 
clubs  and  other  civic  organizations,  leaders  in 
business  and  industry,  and  the  Department  of 
Agriculture.  Community  leaders  throughout  the 
United  States  are  joining  in  the  observance. 
The  objective  is  to  improve  the  appearance  of 
homes  and  neighborhoods  with  green  and  grow- 
ing plants. 

Agri  Briefs 

The  average  low-income  RUR.\L  BOR- 
ROW ER  IN  THE  SOUTH  receiving  assist- 
ance from  the  Economic  Opportunity  loan 
program  increased  his  net  family  income 
by  more  than  11  percent,  or  8200,  during 
the  first  year  after  the  loan.  His  income 
is  expected  to  increase  another  S400  the 
following  year,  according  to  a  recent  re- 
port from  the  Economic  Research  Service. 
The  report  was  made  to  determine  the 
financial  impact  of  Office  of  Economic  Op- 
portunity loans  made  by  the  Farmers 
Home  .\dniini>tratiou  to  families  in  South 
Carolina,  the  Ozark  region,  and  the  Mis- 
sissippi Delta  during  1966.  The  loan  pro- 
gram was  started  in  1965.  .\  companion 
study  of  the  program's  effect  on  lobster 
fishermen  in  Maine  showed  that  the  in- 
come of  the  average  borrower  there  in- 
creased by  8565  the  first  year  and  was 
expected  to  increase  8879  the  second  year. 

During  the  fiscal  year  which  ended 
June  30,  1968,  more  than  40  million 
pieces  of  baggage,  28  million  hand-car- 
ried packages,  and  68  million  incoming 
mail  parcels  WERE  EXAMINED  BY 
ricidtural  Research  .Service.  The  in- 
spectors, working  at  the  Nation's  airports, 
seaports,  and  border  crossings,  slopped  an 
inbound  foreign  plant  pest  on  the  average 
of  once  e\ery  12  minutes  and  seized 
125,000  pounds  of  foreign  meats  from 
countries  known  to  have  such  dreaded 
animal  diseases  as  foot-and-mouth  and 

DR.  RUTH  R.  BENERITO,  research 
scientist  at  the  .Agricultural  Research 
Service  Southern  utilization  research 
laboratory,  New  Orleans,  recently  received 
the  Southern  Chemist  .Award  for  1968. 

The  award  is  presented  annually  by 
the  Memphis  section  of  the  American 
Chemical  .Society  for  distinguished  service 
to  the  chemistrj-  profession  in  the  .South. 

Dr.  Benerilo  was  cited  for  her  basic 
research  in  the  physical  chemistry  of  fat 
emidsions  and  for  her  work  on  epoxides, 
metallic  salts,  and  diepoxy  compounds. 

She  previously  received  the  Federal 
Woman's  .Aivard  for  1968  from  the  U.S. 
Civil  Service  Commission. 

DR.  GLENN  W.  BURTON,  Agricul- 
tural Research  Service  scientist  at  Tifton, 
Ga.,  recently  received  the  American  Farm 
Bureau  Federation's  highest  honor — the 
award  for  distinguished  and  meritorious 
service  in  the  interest  of  organized  agri- 

Dr.  Burton  was  honored  for  his  32 
years  of  service  to  agriculture  as  a  geneti- 
cist. .At  the  Georgia  Coastal  Plains  Ex- 
periment .Station,  Dr.  Burton  developed 
grasses  and  forage  crops  that  revolution- 
ized animal  agriculture  in  areas  where 
tliey  are  adapted. 

He  has  received  numerous  awards  from 
scientific  societies  and  civic  and  profes- 
sional organizations  for  his  work.  In  1962, 
he  was  elected  president  of  the  .American 
Society  of  .Agronomy. 

.A  native  of  Nebraska,  Dr.  Burton  re- 
ceived his  bachelor's  degree  from  the 
University  of  Nebraska  and  earned  mas- 
ter's and  doctor's  degree  at  Rutgers 
University,  N.J.  .All  of  his  professional  life 
has  been  spent  at  Tifton  as  an  ARS 

Forest  Service  Chief  EDWARD  P. 
CLIFF  was  recently  elected  chairman  of 
the  National  .Advisory  Council  of  Keep 
.\merica  Beautiful,  Inc.  He  will  serve  as 
the  U.S.  Government  representative  to 
the  organization,  an  industry-financed 
clearinghouse  and  coordinating  agency 
for  anti-litter  activities. 

The  .Agricultural  Research  Service's 
SEARCH CENTER,  Kimberly,  Idaho,  was 
recentl>  cited  for  its  vigorous,  well- 
rounded  .Snake  River  Plains  conservation 
program.  The  .American  Society  of  .Agri- 
cultural Engineers  made  the  award.  The 
center  is  concerned  with  research  into  soil 
and  water  conservation. 


USDA's  March  list.  Featured  are  dried 
prunes.  Other  plentifuls  include:  Po- 
tatoes, canned  tomatoes  and  tomato 
products,  canned  and  frozen  sweet  corn, 
grapefruit,  grapefruit  juice,  rice,  peanuts 
and  peanut  products,  pork,  and  turkey. 


FEBRUARY  27,   1969  Vol.  XXVIII  No.  5 

USDA  is  published  fortnightly  for  distribution  to  employees  only,  by  direction  of  the  Secre- 
tary of  Agriculture,  as  containing  administrative  information  required  for  the  proper  transac- 
tion of  the  public  business.  Retirees  who  write  to  the  Editor  requesting  it  may  continue  to 
get  USDA.  Please  write  instead  of  phoning  whenever  possible;  for  rush  orders,  call  Ext.  2058, 
Mrs.  Lillie  Vincent,  Editor  of  USDA,  INF,  Department  of  Agriculture,  Washington,  D.C.  20250. 

c4.S— .333-01" 



1^  I  O  K  M  K 


MA1^2  21969 


MARCH  13,  1969 

Galbraith  Named  to  ASCS 

President  Nix- 
on    recently 
■  announced       the 
appointment     of 
William   E.   Gal- 
^^^'~^"^  braith  as  Deputy 

^^^^/^llpri^^  Administrator  for 

^^^^^  '^^^^  State  and  County 

^^^^^^    ^^^^        Operations,  Agri- 

^^^^^^■^^^^B  Con- 

^^^^^^^^^^^^^     servation  Service. 

w.  E.  GALBRAITH  Galbraith     is     a 

livestock  feeder 
and  farmer  of  Beemer,  Nebr. 

Born  in  Beemer  on  January  22,  1926. 
Galbraith  graduated  from  the  University 
of  Nebraska  with  a  degree  in  Agricul- 
tural Extension  and  Technical  Science. 
Prom  1949  until  1960  he  was  a  high 
school  agricultural  instructor  at  West 
Point,  Nebr.,  and  managed  and  operated 
the  family  farm  which  his  great  grand- 
father homesteaded  after  the  Civil  War. 
In  1960  he  took  over  ownership  of  the 
farm  which  includes  cropland  and  cattle 
and  hog  feeding  operations. 

A  World  War  II  Navy  veteran,  Gal- 
braith is  immediate  past  National  Com- 
mander of  the  American  Legion.  He  has 
served  as  chairman  of  the  Nebraska 
Centennial  Commission,  co-chairman  of 
the  Governor's  Conference  on  Education, 
first  president  of  the  Nebraska  Swine 
Producers  Organization,  and  director  of 
the  Nebraska  Youth  Council. 


A  booklet  recently  published  by  the 
Boy  Scouts  of  America  is  the  result  of 
efforts  by  Soil  Conservation  Service 
personnel.  Credited  as  authors  of  the 
publication,  entitled  "Soil  and  Water 
Conservation,"  are  Walter  E.  Jeske, 
Katharine  N.  Mergen,  and  Tarleton  A. 
Jenkins  of  the  SCS  Information  Divi- 
sion in  Washington,  D.C.,  and  Robert 
H.  Tegner,  SCS  information  officer,  Port- 
land, Oreg.  Also  acknowledged  by  the 
BSA  is  the  counsel  and  technical  assist- 
ance given  by  many  other  SCS  persomiel. 

The  publication  is  a  completely  new 

•  •  For  March  1969  •  • 

Facsimile  signature  rubber  stamps  are  not 
always  easy  to  read — and  they  are  expensive. 
JOHN  T.  WILSON,  a  personal  property  clerk 
with  the  Office  of  Management  Services,  sug- 
gested that  inexpensive  typewritten  signature 
rubber  stamps  be  purchased  instead.  The  idea 
was  adopted  by  OMS,  resulting  in  estimated 
savings  of  $330  in  1968  for  agencies  served  by 
OMS  and  a  cash  award  of  $20  through  the  In 
centive  Awards  Program  for  Wilson.  Recently 
the  plan  was  adopted  by  other  USDA  agencies. 
Further  savings  of  $800  are  estimated  and 
another  check  for  $40  was  presented  to  Wilson. 
The  idea  hasn't  stopped  at  USDA.  This  money- 
saving  suggestion  is  being  forwarded  to  the 
General  Services  Administration  for  possible 
adoption  in  other  Departments.  Wilson  has 
reaped  cash  benefits  twice  before  for  employee 
suggestions  which  were  adopted.  Polish  up 
some  of  your  bright  ideas.  They  could  pay  off 
in  savings  to  us  taxpayers  (that  includes  you). 
You  may  also  earn  extra  cash.  The  next  USDA 
Cost  Reducer  of  the  Month  could  be  you. 

version  of  a  booklet  first  introduced  in 
the  BSA  Merit  Badge  Series  in  1952. 
The  98-page  illustrated  booklet  is  de- 
signed to  aid  Boy  Scouts  and  Explorers — 
in  both  rural  and  urban  areas — fulfill 
seven  basic  requirements  for  soil  and 
water  conservation  merit  badges.  It 
contains  background  information  on  in- 
telligent use  and  conservation  of  soil  and 
water  resources,  suggestions  for  carrying 
out  conservation  action  projects,  and 
source  material  relating  to  resource 


Copp  Collins  Named 
Public  Affairs  Aide 

Secretary  Clif- 
ford M.  Hardin 
recently  an- 
nounced the 
appointment  of 
CovP  Collins  as 
his  Assistant  for 
Public  Affairs. 
Collins,  public 
relations  and  po- 
litical consultant, 
will  serve  as  news 
secretary  for  Sec- 
retary Hardin  in 
addition  to  other  assignments  out  of  the 
Office  of  the  Secretary. 

In  recent  months,  Collins  was  associ- 
ated with  the  Nixon-Agnew  Campaign 
Committee  as  an  aide  to  Herbert  G. 
Klein,  Director  of  Communications  for 
the  Executive  Branch.  He  has  served  as 
transition  press  aide  to  Klein  since  early 

Born  in  Keokuk,  Iowa,  Collins  gradu- 
ated from  the  University  of  Redlands 
with  an  A.B.  degree  in  political  science 
and  spent  2  years  in  the  study  of  law. 

He  headed  the  Copp  Collins  Associates, 
public  relations  and  management  con- 
sulting firm,  and  was  president  of  Collins 
&  Lynge,  Ltd.,  marketing  and  public  rela- 
tions agency  in  New  York. 

Prior  to  that  he  was  vice  president- 
director  of  Chirurg  &  Cairns,  Inc.  adver- 
tising agency;  vice  president-director  of 
Friend-Reiss  advertising  agency  in  New 
York;  and  manager  of  public  relations 
for  California  Texas  Oil  Co.  in  the 
Middle  East. 

He  also  was  manager  of  public  rela- 
tions of  Mutual  Broadcasting  System, 
New  York;  bureau  manager  of  United 
Press  in  San  Diego;  and  public  relations 
consultant  and  advisor  to  several  mem- 
bers of  Congress. 

Tlu-  av.-rast-  Anuriiaii  CONSUMED 
OM'.  MOKK  K(;(.  in  1*)(,8  tluin  l.o  did  in 
1967.  arcortlinj:  to  tlie  Kconiunio  Ko»oar»'li 
.*<er\i»'0.  Tliat  o.vlra  »';i}i  boo>ted  llu"  aver- 
nfiv  Anieriran"*  intake  to  321.  still  nut  up 
to  tlu-  liijtli  of  103  per  person  aeliie>eil 
in   19J5. 

J.  V.  SMITH 

James  V.  Smith 
Is  New  FHA  Head 

Former  United 
States  Repre- 
sentative James 
V  .  Smith  of 
Chickasha,  Okla.. 
has  been 

appointed  Ad- 
ministrator of  the 
Farmers  Home 
according  to  Sec- 
retary Clifford  M. 
Smith  was  born 
on  July  23,  1926,  in  Oklahoma  City.  A 
lifetime  farmer  and  cattleman,  he  owns 
and  operates  the  family  farm  in  Grady 
County,  Okla.,  where  he  was  reared.  He 
graduated  from  high  school  in  Tuttle. 
Okla.,  where  he  was  a  4-H  Club  and  Fu- 
ture Farmers  of  America  member,  and 
attended  Oklahoma  College  of  Liberal 
Arts,  Chickasha. 

In  1958  Smith  won  the  Chickasha 
Jaycees  Outstanding  Young  Farmer 
Award  and  that  organization's  Out- 
standing Citizen  Award  in  1965.  From 
1954  to  1957  he  was  a  member  of  the 
FHA  County  Committee  for  Grady 

Smith  was  elected  in  1966  to  the  90th 
Congress  from  Oklahoma's  Sixth  Dis- 
trict which  includes  predominantly  rural 
counties  in  the  western  part  of  the  State. 
He  served  on  the  House  Armed  Services 

Active  in  church  and  youth  work. 
Smith  has  served  as  a  member  of  the 
Board  of  Regents  of  Oklahoma's  4-year 
colleges  and  is  a  trustee  of  the  American 
Heritage  Center  at  Oklahoma  Christian 
College,  Oklahoma  City. 

E.  STONE  II  and  B.  FLAMM 

FS  Doubly  Honored 
With  Flemming  Awards 

Two  Forest  Service  employees,  Edward 
Stone  II  and  Barry  Flavnn,  were  among 
the  "Ten  Outstanding  Young  Men  in  the 
Federal  Government"  to  receive  the  1968 
Arthur  S.  Flemming  Awards,  February 
13.  This  is  a  rare  honor  to  have  one 
agency  doubly  represented  in  the  cov- 
eted awards  given  annually  by  the  IJ.S, 
Junior  Chamber  of  Commerce. 

Stone,  Chief  Landscape  Architect  with 
the  Forest  Service  in  'Washington,  D.C., 
was  honored  for  his  work  in  the  "preser- 
vation of  esthetic  values  of  wildlands." 

Flamm,  on  duty  in  Saigon  with  the 
Forest  Service's  International  Forestry 
Staff,  flew  in  to  take  part  in  the  award 
ceremonies.  He  was  cited  for  his  out- 
standing contribution  as  a  member  of  a 
team  working  to  rehabilitate  the  timber- 
related  industry  in  South  Vietnam. 

The  Flemming  Awards  were  presented 
at  a  luncheon  for  the  winners,  members 
of  the  Cabinet,  and  other  distinguished 
guests  in  'Washington,  D.C.  Associate 
Justice  Thurgood  Marshall.  Chairman 
of  the  panel  of  judges  which  selected  the 
winners,  made  the  presentations. 

RUDOLPH  A.  WENDELIN  (second  from  left),  USDA  Staff  Artist  assigned  to  the  Forest  Service,  displays 
the  plaque  presented  him  as  winner  of  the  1963  Horace  Hart  Award  of  the  Education  Council  of 
Graphic  Arts  Industry.  Congratulating  Wendelin  are  (left  to  right)  Assistant  Secretary  Joseph  M. 
Robertson,  Deputy  Chief  of  the  Forest  Service  Arthur  Greeley,  and  Office  of  Information  Director 
Harold  Lewis.  Wendelin  is  one  of  two  Government  employees  to  win  the  1968  award.  He  shared  the 
honors  with  James  Murray,  Chief  of  the  Publications  Branch,  Internal  Revenue  Service.  Both  winners 
were  cited  for  significant  contributions  in  the  field  of  printing  and  publishing,  for  having  distinguished 
themselves  in  their  government  careers,  and  for  giving  freely  of  their  time  to  their  community.  The 
award,  which  is  given  annually,  was  presented  recently  at  the  Printing  Industry  of  Washington  banquet. 
A  formal  presentation  reception  will  take  place  at  the  national  headquarters  of  the  Education  Council 
of  the  Graphic  Arts  Industry  in  Pittsburgh,  Pa.,  March  26. 


Secretary  Names  Behrens 
To  Be  Executive  Assistant 

Secretary  Clif- 
ford M.  Hardin 
has  announced 
the  appointment 
of  E.  F.  Behrens 
as  his  Executive 
Assistant,  a  role 
Behrens  has  been 
filling  as  the 
transition  repre- 
sentative for  the 
Secretary  during 
December  and 

Behrens,  a  native  of  Bryant,  S.  Dak., 
was  formerly  Minority  Consultant  to  the 
Executive  Reorganization  Subcommittee 
of  the  Senate  Committee  on  Government 
Operations  during  1967-68.  Previous  to 
that,  he  worked  for  the  National  Forest 
Products  Association  where  he  held  the 
positions  of  Manager  of  General  Opera- 
tions and  Manager  of  Member  Relations. 
From  1949  to  1958,  he  was  Executive  Sec- 
retary to  Senator  Karl  E.  Mundt  of 
South  Dakota. 

Behrens  holds  a  Bachelor  of  Science 
degree  from  South  Dakota  State  Col- 
lege and  served  in  the  Army  in  a  tank 
destroyer  battalion. 


USDA  to  the  Rescue 

USDA  help  in  the  form  of  food,  emer- 
gency credit,  and  other  assistance  was 
rushed  into  areas  devastated  by  two 
major  disasters  in  January.  The  aid 
went  to  victims  of  tornadoes  which 
struck  three  Mississippi  counties  on  Jan- 
uary 23  and  to  people  whose  lives  and 
property  were  affected  by  extensive 
floods  and  mud  slides  in  California. 

Food,  assembled  under  Consumer  and 
Marketing  Service  programs,  was  made 
available  for  families  in  the  stricken 
areas.  Farmers  Home  Administration 
personnel  were  on  hand  to  assist  in 
emergency  loans  if  needed.  USDA  offi- 
cials evaluated  destruction  to  grazing 
areas,  cropland,  and  conservation 

Forest  Service  equipment  cleared 
water  and  mud  from  buildings,  streets, 
and  roads  in  California,  and  helicopters 
rescued  persons  stranded  by  the  flood. 
In  the  Santa  Ynez  River  area  120  people 
were  plucked  from  homes  threatened  by 
rising  waters  by  the  FS  helicopters. 

Personnel  from  the  Forest  Service  and 
the  Soil  Conservation  Service  assessed 
damage  to  watersheds  and  flood  control 
structures,  and  kept  an  eye  on  heavy 
snows  in  mountainous  areas  for  possible 
additional  flooding  problems. 

Let  Us  Spray  . . .  Safely 

Insect  pests  that  invade  homes  this 
spring — or  anytime  of  the  year — can  be 
controlled  effectively  with  pesticide 
sprays.  Such  chemicals,  however,  must 
be  handled  with  care  and  caution  to 
avoid  accidents,  particularly  where  chil- 
dren are  concerned. 

"Pesticide  Safety  in  Your  Home,"  a 
new  illustrated  pamphlet  issued  by 
USDA,  tells  the  homemaker  how  to  com- 
bine effectiveness  with  safety  in  com- 
batting damaging  or  annoying  insects. 

Issuance  of  the  pamphlet  coincides 
with  observance  of  National  Poison  Pre- 
vention Week,  March  16-23.  However. 
USDA  does  not  limit  its  pesticide  safety 
activities  to  1  week  of  the  year  or  to  one 
area  of  interest. 

Pesticides  are  generally  the  most  ef- 
fective, and  in  many  instances,  the  only 
weapons  available  to  fight  pests  that 
damage  or  destroy  food  and  fiber  crops, 
and  endanger  human  health.  USDA  has 
major  responsibilities  in  combatting 
these  pests. 

In  carrying  out  the  responsibilities, 
the  Department  conducts  a  number  of 
continuing  programs  designed  to  pro- 
tect man,  animals,  and  their  environ- 
ment from  potential  hazards  associated 
with  pesticide  use.  It  administers  laws 
and  regulations  that  govern  the  move- 
ment and  sale  of  pesticides  in  interstate 
commerce;  inspects  for  residue  levels,  if 
any,  in  meat  and  poultry  products; 
monitors  soils,  water,  and  air  for  poten- 
tial pollution  by  pesticides;  conducts  re- 
search to  find  additional  safe  and  effec- 
tive pest  control  methods;  and  promotes 
public  education  and  information  on 
safe  use  of  pesticides. 

Through  a  nationwide  program,  USDA 
keeps  farmers  and  ranchers,  housewives 
and  gardeners,  and  the  general  public 
informed  of  the  need  for  care  and  cau- 
tion in  handling  pesticides.  Within  the 
Department,  the  information-education 
program  is  carried  out  by  the  Office  of 
Information,  Agricultural  Research 
Service.      Federal      Extension      Service. 


out  of 


Forest  Service,  and  other  concerned 

The  program  uses  spot  announcements 
on  radio  and  television,  slides,  movies, 
feature  stories,  news  releases,  and  car- 
toons to  promote  the  safe  use  of  pesti- 
cides. Publications,  such  as  the  one  men- 
tioned earlier,  are  sent  on  request  to  the 
general  public.  Information  packets  are 
distributed  to  schools,  youth  organiza- 
tions, and  civic  groups.  In  addition. 
USDA  cooperates  with  State  extension 
services  in  conducting  safe-use  educa- 
tion activities. 

More  than  60.000  pesticide  products 
made  from  one  or  more  of  900  chemical 
compounds  are  currently  registered  by 
USDA.  More  than  $1^4  million  is  spent 
annually  by  the  public  on  pesticide  prod- 

Single  copies  of  "Pesticide  Safety  in 
Your  Home"  iPA-895'  can  be  obtained 
free  on  postcard  request  to  the  Office  of 
Information,  U.S.  Department  of  Agri- 
culture. Washington,  D.C.  20250. 

MANS  are  out  to  increase 
local  income  by  $25  million 
a  year  through  resource 
improvements.  This  new 
highway  sign  marks  the 
1.325,000-acre  Cherokee 
Hills  Resource  Conserva- 
tion and  Development  Proj- 
ect. Members  of  the  proj- 
ect's executive  committee 
and  council  are:  (left  to 
right)  Furman  Bryant,  Earl 
Squyres.  Charley  Kirk,  and 
Lloyd  Goodwin.  The  Soil 
Conservation  Service  co- 
ordinates the  work  of  many 
agencies  aiding  the  locally 
organized  project. 


Alyse  F.  Moore  ( below  t ,  student  at  the 
Forestry  School  of  Stephen  F.  Austin 
State  College,  Nacogdoches,  Tex.,  listens 
as  Edward  P.  Cliff,  Chief,  Forest  Service, 
explaiiis  the  attributes  of  the  once  widely 
used  West  Coast  type  logging  axe.  The 
power  chain  saw  has  replaced  this  axe 
in  most  areas,  he  said. 

Miss  Moore,  of  Houston,  Tex. — on 
winter  vacation  from  college  where  she 
is  majoring  in  Forest  Recreation  Admin- 
istration— stopped  in  at  the  office  of  the 
Chief  of  the  Forest  Service  in  Washing- 
ton to  get  acquainted  with  the  man  who 
could  become  her  future  employer. 

Time  was  when  professional  work  in 
the  forests  was  considered  a  male  pre- 
rogative, but  this  is  no  longer  true.  To- 
day, a  steadily  growing  number  of  young 
women  have  decided,  like  Miss  Moore, 
to  seek  a  forestry  career.  Nearly  250 
women  are  currently  enrolled  in  forestry 
schools  across  the  Nation,  according  to 
a  count  recently  made  by  the  Society  of 
American  Foresters — and  their  numbers 
are    growing.    Women    are    now    filling 

many  important  positions  at  the  Forest 
Service,  Chief  Cliff  said.  These  include 
data  analysts  in  forest  survey  and  hy- 
drology, road  and  bridge  technicians  and 
designers,  laboratory  researchers  on 
forest  insects  and  disease,  conservation- 
education  specialists,   and  many   more. 

Miss  Moore  informed  the  Chief  that 
she  has  other  female  company  in  the 
Texas  forestry  school — Patricia  Keller 
of  Albuquerque,  N.  Mex.,  and  Mary 
Thompson,  a  Floridian.  All  three  look 
forward  to  the  day  when  they  can  grad- 
uate and  take  jobs  as  professional 

When  asked  how  she  enjoys  training 
for  what  is  traditionally  a  man's  pro- 
fession. Miss  Moore  said.  "No  prob- 
lem. In  school  the  boys  treat  us  as  equals 
and  that's  the  wav  we  like  it." 


Mineral  King  Planned 
As  All-Year  Playground 

Family  recreational  facilities  for  use 
every  day  in  the  year,  a  self-contained 
village  nestled  in  an  alpine  setting, 
and  an  underground  automobile  recep- 
tion center  that  keeps  cars  out  of  sight 
and  out  of  the  valley  are  among  the 
highlights  of  the  planned  Mineral  King 
Public  Recreation  Area  in  California's 
High  Sierra  country. 

A  master  development  plan  for  the 
project,  submitted  by  Walt  Disney  Pro- 
ductions, was  recently  approved  by  the 
Forest  Service.  The  master  plan  is  based 
on  3  years  of  studies  and  analyses  by  the 
Disney  organization  in  close  cooperation 
with  Forest  Service  experts,  specialists, 
and  private  consultants.  Walt  Disney 
Productions  was  issued  the  3-year 
planning  permit  in  1966  after  their  pro- 
posal was  personally  selected  by  former 
Secretary  Freeman  from  those  of  six 
business  organizations  responding  to  a 
Forest  Sei'vice  development  prospectus. 
In  announcing  approval  of  the  master 
plan,  J.  W .  Deinevia,  Regional  Forester, 
said  the  objective  of  the  Forest  Service 
"is  to  provide  a  needed  public  service  so 
that  the  scenic,  aesthetic,  and  recrea- 
tional resources  of  Mineral  King  can  be 
enjoyed  by  the  American  people  as  part 
of  their  heritage.  At  the  same  time,  we 
intend  to  work  with  the  Disney  organi- 


MINERAL  KING  VILLAGE,  as  seen  by  an  artist,  will  serve  as  the  focal  point  of  the  planned  Mineral 
King  Public  Recreation  Area,  high  in  the  California  Sierras.  Visitors  will  reach  the  Village  via  a  cog- 
assist  railway  from  an  underground  automobile  reception  center. 

zation  to  assure  that  the  development 
can  be  accomplished  without  substantial 
impairment  or  permanent,  undesirable 
ecological  impact." 

Site  of  the  planned  all-year  recrea- 
tional project  is  in  the  Sequoia  National 
Forest,  55  miles  east  of  Visalia,  Calif. 
The  alpine  terrain  of  Mineral  King  in- 
cludes eight  major  snow  basins  which 
will  provide  outstanding  skiing,  sledding, 
and  general  snow  play.  In  addition, 
winter  recreation  facilities  will  include 
indoor  and  outdoor  ice  skating  rinks, 
a  heated  outdoor  swimming  pool,  a  ski 
jump  amphitheater,  and  trails  for  cross- 

country skiing. 

In  summertime  Mineral  King's  snow 
disappears  uncovering  an  area  filled 
with  20  mountain  lakes,  limestone  cav- 
erns, waterfalls  and  streams,  pine  for- 
ests, and  grassy  meadows.  Summer  ac- 
tivities in  this  natural  playground  will 
include  fishing,  hiking,  camping,  pic- 
nicking, sightseeing,  and  conservation 

The  project  will  open  to  the  general 
public  in  winter,  1973,  upon  completion 
of  an  all-weather  access  road  by  the 
State  of  California.  The  master  plan  out- 
lines details  for  initial  improvements  by 
1973  to  accommodate  1,505  overnight 
guests,  plus  day  visitors,  as  well  as 
scheduled  development  to  1978. 

COMMERCIAL  CATFISH  FARMING  is  providing  "net"  income  for  many  farmers  in  the  southern  part  of 
the  United  States.  Farmers,  who  in  the  past  planted  catfish  in  their  farm  ponds  just  for  the  fun  of  it, 
are  discovering  that  with  a  little  planning  they  can  raise  a  profitable  crop  of  fish  every  year.  Since  the 
early  1960's,  when  catfish  farming  got  its  start,  the  Soil  Conservation  Service  has  helped  thousands 
of  farmers  with  information  on  the  selection,  design,  and  construction  of  pond  sites  and  on  the 
management  requirements  needed  to  raise  catfish  successfully.  Harvests,  like  the  one  above  at  a 
catfish  farm  near  Lake  Charles,  La.,  are  marketed  through  fee  fishing  lakes,  restaurants,  fish  markets, 
and  processors.  In  addition  to  opening  their  ponds  to  sportsmen  for  fee  fishing,  many  farmers  increase 
their  incomes  by  renting  fishing  equipment  and  boats,  and  selling  bait. 

Koger  New  FHA  State  Director 

Secretary  Clifford  M.  Hardin  recently 
appointed  Paul  M.  Koger  as  State  di- 
rector for  Tennessee  for  the  Farmers 
Home  Administration. 

Koger  began  his  USDA  career  in  1941 
a.s  a  county  supervisor  for  the  Farm  Se- 
curity Administration.  From  1945  to 
1952  he  served  as  county  agent  for 
McMinn  County,  Tenn.,  and  later 
worked  as  a  soil  conservation  specialist 
with  a  manufacturing  company  at 

In  1954  he  became  administrative 
officer  for  the  Tennessee  State  Agricul- 
tural Stabilization  and  Conservation 

From  1956  to  1961  Koger  served  as 
national  administrator  of  the  Agricul- 
tural Conservation  Program  Service. 

In  July  1961  he  returned  to  Tennessee 
as  a  management  district  supervisor  for 
the  University  of  Tennessee  Agricultural 
Extension  Service  at  Chattanooga. 


MARCH    13,   1969 


Vol,  XXVIII  No,  6 

USDA  is  published  fortnightly  for  distribution  to  employees  only,  by  direction  of  the  Secre- 
tary of  Agriculture,  as  containing  administrative  information  required  for  the  proper  transac- 
tion of  the  public  business.  Retirees  who  write  to  the  Editor  requesting  it  may  continue  to 
get  USDA.  Please  write  instead  of  phoning  whenever  possible:  for  rush  orders,  call  E.\t.  2058, 
Mrs.  Lillie  Vincent,  Editor  of  USDA,  INF,  Department  of  Agriculture,  Washington,  D.C.  20250. 

c43 — ;i34-49G  U.S.  government  printing  office 

L  I  D  r^  M  r\  T 

APR14  1969    ■ 

u.  s.  mmm  Of 



MARCH  27,  1969 

Free  Food  Stamps 
To  South  Carolina 

A  program  to  provide  free  food  stamps 
to  families  who  have  very  little  or  no 
income  was  initiated  March  3  in  Jasper 
and  Beaufort  Counties,  South  Carolina. 
The  Lempoiar>,  expeiiineutal  prugiaiii 
was  offered  to  the  counties  in  an  unpre- 
cedented action  by  Secretary  Clifford  M. 
Hardin.  His  action  came  after  a  recent 
conference  with  Senator  Ernest  F.  Hol- 
lings  of  South  Carolina,  who  told  of  his 
direct  observations  of  need  for  more  food 
assistance  in  the  two  counties. 

The  program  will  be  operated  by  the 
welfare  departments  of  South  Carolina 
and  the  two  counties.  They  will  have 
the  responsibility  of  determining  the 
extent  of  need  for  the  program  and  the 
persons  eligible  to  receive  food  stamps 
free.  Both  counties  have  had  food  stamp 
programs  since  1967.  Except  for  this  test 
program,  persons  determined  by  local 
welfare  certification  to  have  little  or  no 
income,  pay  at  least  50  cents  per  person 
per  month — up  to  a  maximum  of  $3  for 
an  entire  family — to  get  food  stamps. 

The  test  program  will  enable  USDA  to 
measure  if  or  to  what  extent  the  food 
needs  of  the  very  poor  are  unmet  by  the 
regular  Food  Stamp  Program.  It  will  also 
involve  trial  of  simplified  and  more  flex- 
ible certification  procedures  for  low- 
income  people  who  do  not  receive  public 
assistance  but  whose  incomes  fluctuate 
from  month  to  month.  Issuance  of 
stamps  by  mail  to  certifled  persons  is  also 

Personnel  of  the  Consumer  and  Mar- 
keting Service  will  help  local  welfare 
workers  with  some  of  the  routine  cer- 
tification chores  and  with  additional 
clerical  workload  that  may  result  from 
the  test  efforts. 

In  addition  to  the  food  stamp  actions, 
a  second  food  assistance  program  was 
started  in  the  two  counties  on  March  10. 
This  is  the  C&MS-administered  supple- 
mental food  service  to  expectant  and 
nursing  mothers,  infants,  and  children 
from  low-income  families. 

This  program  was  initiated  nationally 
by  C&MS  in  December,  1968. 

AFTER  SIGNING  his  first  crop  report,  the  1969 
Livestock  and  Poultry  Inventory  summary.  Sec- 
retary Clifford  M.  Hardin  checks  his  watch  be- 
fore releasing  the  report  to  waiting  wire  service 
and  newspaper  reporters.  The  report,  prepared 
under  security  conditions  by  the  Crop  Reporting 
Board,  was  released  precisely  at  3:00  p.m.,  Feb. 
13,  to  as  wide  an  audience  as  possible.  This 
procedures  insures  that  no  individual  or  group 
gets  the  information  in  advance  and  profits  from 
it.  The  report  indicated  more  cattle,  calves, 
hogs,  and  pigs  on  farms  and  ranches  than  a 
year  earlier,  but  fewer  sheep-  lambs  chickens, 
and  turkeys. 

Recreation  For  Millions 

Outdoor  recreation  facilities,  expected 
to  attract  more  than  10  million  visitors  a 
year,  are  important  features  of  124 
watershed  projects  being  developed  by 
communities  in  33  States.  USDA  pro- 
vides technical  and  financial  assistance 
to  the  projects. 

Facilities  for  swimming,  boating,  water 
skiing,  picnicking,  and  hiking  will  be 
provided  in  and  around  145  lakes  being 
built  as  part  of  the  projects.  Estimated 
cost  of  the  145  recreation  developments 
is  $31.2  million  in  Federal  money  and 
$40.8  million  from  local  sources. 

About  17  percent  of  the  837  watershed 
projects  currently  authorized  will  have 
recreation  developments. 

Paarlberg  Named 
Ag  Economics  Head 

The  appointment  of  Don  Paarlberg, 
57,  as  Director  of  Agricultural  Econom- 
ics was  recently  announced  by  Secre- 
tary Clifford  H.  Hardin. 

Paarlberg  was  Assistant  Secretary  of 
Agriculture  for  Marketing  and  Foreign 
Agriculture  during  the  administration 
of  President  Eisenhower. 

Since  1961,  he  has  been  Hillenbrand 
Professor  of  Agricultural  Economics  at 
Purdue  University.  Last  year  he  also  was 
a  member  of  the  Agricultural  Advisory 
Committee  named  by  Mr.  Nixon  and 
chairman  of  a  task  force  on  job  oppor- 
tunities. He  has  served  as  Assistant  to 
the  Secretary  of  Agriculture;  member 
of  the  Board  of  Directors,  Commodity 
Credit  Corporation:  Special  Assistant  to 
the  President;  Food  for  Peace  Coordina- 
tor; and  Secretary,  National  Agricul- 
tural Advisory  Commission. 

In  addition,  he  has  served  as  an  of- 
ficer with  the  American  Farm  Economic 
Association;  delegate.  International 
Conference  of  Agricultural  Economists 
in  1949  and  1955;  and  agribusiness  con- 
sultant with  various  firms. 

He  has  also  traveled  abroad  as  a  con- 
sultant for  the  Ford  Foundation,  the 
Agency  for  International  Development, 
and  USDA.  He-  has  written  extensively 
on  agricultural  economics. 

Born  in  Oak  Glen,  111.,  Paarlberg  grew 
up  on  a  farm  near  Crown  Point,  Ind.  He 
helped  operate  this  farm  until  leaving 
to  attend  Purdue  University.  He  ob- 
tained his  B.S.  degree  in  agriculture 
from  Purdue  in  1940  and  a  Ph.  D.  in  ag- 
ricultural economics  from  Cornell  in 


started  by  carelessness  in  1968  dropped 
for  the  second  year  in  a  row.  Man-caused 
fires  fell  to  4,900.  some  200  under  the 
5-year  average  ( 1963-67  >.  Total  number 
of  fires  from  all  causes — lightning  as 
well  as  man — was  also  below  normal  in 
1968.  The  9,700  fires  were  2,000  fewer 
than  in  1967  and  more  than  1,000  below 
the  5 -year  average. 

JOHN  R.  RUSSELL  displays  a  talent  for  two  careers — a  research  chemist  at  the  Eastern  utilization 
laboratory,  he  will  leave  soon  to  pursue  a  profession  in  music. 


John  R.  Russell,  research  chemist  with 
the  Agriculture  Research  Service,  was 
recently  awarded  a  scholarship  for  voice 
study  by  the  Lauritz  Melchior  Founda- 

Russell  was  one  of  two  heldentenors 
out  of  nine  finalists  who  competed  for 
the  scholarship  when  they  sang  before 
Melchoir,  the  great  Wagnerian  tenor. 
Heldentenor  denotes  a  singer  whose  dra- 
matic tenor  voice  is  suited  for  heroic 
operatic  roles. 

The  scholarship  provides  for  all  the 
expenses  of  the  young  singer  aiyi  his 
family  while  he  pursues  voice  study  at  a 
place  of  his  choosing.  Russell  plans  to 
enter  the  Juilliard  School  of  Music  in 
New  York  in  the  fall  and  to  study  abroad 
the  following  summer.  For  the  past  9 
years  he  has  studied  with  Mme.  Ilia 
Carettnay  of  the  Germantown  Settle- 
ment Music  School. 

A  graduate  of  the  University  of  Penn- 
sylvania in  1954  with  a  B.A.  degree  in 
chemistry,  Russell  has  done  research  at 
the  ARS  Eastern  utilization  research 
laboratory  in  Wyndmoor,  Pa.,  since  1958. 

Russell  sang  for  18  years  in  the  choir 
of  the  Enon  Baptist  Church  where  he  is 
a  member,  and  with  many  other  church 
choirs.  During  the  past  2  years  he  has 
appeared  as  feature  solist  with  many 
symphony  orchestras  and  has  performed 
with  the  Suburban  Opera  Company, 
Chester,  Pa.  A  three-time  winner  of  the 
Philadelphia  Eisteddfod  (Welsh  singing 
festival  t ,  he  competed  last  year  at  the 
International  Eisteddfod  in  Wales. 

Russell's  wife  Barbara  is  his  accom- 
panist. They  have  six  children.  Their 
oldest  child,  Keith,  12,  is  a  budding 
artist.  His  paintings  of  birds  are  on  dis- 
play now  at  the  Philadelphia  Academy 
of  Natural  Sciences. 

It's  The  Questionnaire  That  Counts 

The  census  taker  will  not  be  knocking 
on  the  farmer's  door  next  year.  Instead, 
the  1969  Census  of  Agriculture  will  be 
taken  by  mail.  Farmers  will  receive  a 
questionnaire — in  January  1970 — which 
he  is  required  by  law  to  fill  out  and  re- 
turn. This  census  by  mail  is  expected  to 
prove  cheaper  than  the  "knock-on - 
every-door"  method  used  in  earlier 

In  most  respects,  the  1969  Census  and 
what  it  covers  will  be  comparable  to  the 
1964  and  earlier  counts.  However,  a 
"short"  version  of  the  basic  question- 
naire has  been  developed  for  fai'jners 
who  sell  less  than  $2500  worth  of  farm 

products  a  year.  A  second  version  de- 
signed for  farms  with  larger  sales  asks 
the  same  questions  but  in  greater  detail. 

The  definition  of  a  farm  is  not 
changed.  Places  of  less  than  10  acres 
with  1969  sales  of  agricultural  products 
of  at  least  $250  or  places  of  10  acres  or 
more  with  sales  of  at  least  $50  qualify 
as  farms. 

Principal  data  items  for  all  farms  in- 
clude: Total  number  of  farms,  acres  in 
farms,  questions  on  crops  and  livestock 
produced,  farm  machinery  and  equip- 
ment, chemicals  used,  operating  ex- 
penses, and  type  of  farm  organization. 


Weitzell  Appointed  REA 
Deputy  Administrator 

A  veteran  ca- 
reer employee  of 
USDA,  Dr.  Ever- 
ett C.  Weitzell,  is 
the  new  Deputy 
Administrator  of 
the  Rural  Elec- 
trification Ad- 
ministration, ac- 
cording to  an 
by  Secretary 
Clifford  M.  Har- 

Dr.  Weitzell  served  in  REA  from  1947 
to  1961,  first  as  program  analyst  and 
then  as  Deputy  Assistant  Administrator 
for  the  rural  telephone  loan  program. 
He  returns  to  REA  from  the  Federal 
Extension  Service  where  he  served  from 
1961  to  November  1962  as  program 
leader  for  rural  areas  development;  di- 
rector, division  of  resource  development 
and  public  affairs,  1963-66:  and  resource 
development  economist,  division  of  com- 
munity resource  development,  1966  to 
the  present  time. 

Dr.  Weitzell  was  born  on  a  farm  in 
Garrett  County,  Md.,  in  1912.  He  at- 
tended the  University  of  Maryland 
where  he  earned  a  B.S.  degree  in  Agri- 
cultural Education  and  an  M.S.  degree 
in  Agricultural  Economics.  In  1936  he 
went  to  the  University  of  West  'Virginia 
where  he  supervised  specialized  research 
projects  in  cooperation  with  USDA.  Dr. 
Weitzell  began  study  in  1939  as  a  Rocke- 
feller Fellow  at  the  University  of  Wis- 
consin, earning  his  doctorate  in  Land 
Economics.  During  World  War  II  he 
served  as  a  lieutenant  in  the  Navy. 

Aslakson  Named 
FCiC  Manager 

Richard  AslaksoTi,  51,  from  Ray,  N. 
Dak.,  has  been  designated  by  Secretary 
Clifford  M.  Hardin,  to  serve  as  Manager 
of  the  Federal  Crop  Insurance  Corpora- 

Aslakson  operates  a  2,080-acre  grain 
and  cattle  farm  near  Ray  and  has  held 
numerous  State  and  local  public  service 
jobs.  He  has  served  as  chairman  of  the 
State  Agricultural  Stabilization  and 
Conservation  Committee,  member  of  the 
Board  of  Directors  of  Williams  County 
Electric  Cooperative,  and  director  of  the 
local  Credit  Union  Board. 

Aslakson  was  born  on  a  farm  at  Ray. 
He  has  been  farming  for  himself  since 
1940  when  he  received  a  B.A.  degree  in 
economics  and  mathematics  from  Con- 
cordia College,  Moorhead,  Minn. 


REGIONAL  FOREST  SERVICE  EMPLOYEES,  Bertha  Koch  (left)  and  Ladene 
Hughes,  view  some  of  the  art  displayed  at  an  exhioit  held  in  the  Forest 
Service's  Region  1  headquarters.  Missoula.  Montana.  All  of  the  more  than 
50  contributions  to  the  highly  praised  exhibit  was  the  work  of  Forest  Service 

employees  in  the  Missoula  area.  The  show,  held  the  last  of  December, 
served  as  a  holiday  greeting  to  the  artists'  fellow  workers  and  to  the  public 
who  visited  the  well-pjblicized  event.  The  success  of  the  exhibit  has  led  to 
plans  for  making  it  an  annual  affair. 


Deputy  Assistant 
Secretary  Appointed 

Secretary  Clif- 
ford M.  Hardin 
has  announced 
appointment  o  f 
Andrew  J.  Mair 
as  Deputy  Assist- 
ant Secretary  for 
International  Af- 
fairs and  Corn- 
mod  i  t  y  Pro- 
grams. He  will 
serve  directly 
under  Assistant 
Secretary  Clar- 
ence D.  Palmby. 

Mair  returns  to  Washington,  D.C., 
from  Ankara,  Turkey,  where  he  has  been 
Director  of  Finance  for  the  Central 
Treaty  Organization  ( CENTO  •.  Earlier 
he  had  served  as  administrative  ofRcer 
in  the  U.S.  Embassies  in  Kabul,  Afghan- 
istan, and  Rome,  and  as  agricultural 
attache  in  The  Hague,  Netherlands. 

Prior  to  his  foreign  service,  Mair  held 
a  number  of  positions  in  the  Commodity 
Stabilization  Service.  Included  was 
Deputy  Administrator  of  CSS,  predeces- 
sor of  the  Commodity  Credit  Corpora- 
tion. Before  coming  to  Washington, 
D.C.,  in  1957,  Mair  was  administrative 
officer  of  the  CSS  office  in  Denver,  Colo. 

From  1936  to  1947,  Mair  owned  and 
operated  a  farm  near  Fort  Collins,  Colo. 
He  attended  Colorado  State  College, 
Greeley,  and  holds  an  economics  degree 
from  the  University  of  Denver. 

He  was  born  on  a  farm  near  Britton, 
S.  Dak.,  and  as  a  child  moved  with  his 
family  to  Colorado  in  1918. 

STEVEN  D.  DAILEY,  an  inspector-chemist  for 
Consumer  and  Marketing  Service,  Chicago,  111., 
recently  was  honored  with  a  Community  Service 
Award  from  the  Chicago  Federation  of  Com- 
munity Committees.  He  was  recognized  for  "out- 
standing volunteer  service  for  the  prevention 
of  juvenile  delinquency  and  for  the  betterment 
of  neighboorhod  life  through  self-help  efforts  of 
its  residents."  For  the  past  5  years,  Dailey  has 
devoted  20  or  more  hours  weekly  to  work  with 
underpriviledged  boys  in  the  Ciiicdgo  d'ea. 


The  Statistical  Reporting  Service  re- 
cently announced  several  changes  in 
publication  of  reports  and  data  series. 
Four  SRS  reports  are  being  discontinued 
as  a  result  of  program  analysis. 

Discontinued  reports  are:  The  Rye- 
grass Seed  Intentions  scheduled  for 
March  21;  Manufactured  Dairy  Prod- 
ucts Summary  scheduled  for  February 
24;  Weekly  American  Cheese  Warehouse 
Report  from  Chicago;  and  Monthly 
Shipments  of  Stocker  and  Feeder  Cattle 
and  Sheep  into  Selected  North  Central 

A  report  on  April  1  Stocks  of  Grain 
will  be  issued  on  April  24.  This  revokes 
an  earlier  announcement  that  the  April 
report  was  being  discontinued. 

Milk  Moves  Many  Miles 

If  you  live  in  Florida,  you  may  at 
times  be  drinking  fresh  milk  from  a 
Minnesota  dairy  farm.  In  fact,  milk  pro- 
duced somewhere  in  the  Midwest  may 
find  its  way  not  only  to  a  dinner  table 
in  the  South  but  also  across  the  moun- 
tains to  the  West.  According  to  the  Con- 
sumer and  Marketing  Service,  milk  is 
moving  more  miles  than  ever  before  to 
reach  consumers. 

This  trend  to  the  "long  haul"  is  the 
result  of  economic  and  technological 
changes  in  the  last  two  decades.  With 
improvements  in  highways  and  advances 
in  refrigerated  transportation  facilities, 
metropolitan  milk  markets  are  no 
longer  isolated  from  major  milk-produc- 
ing areas.  Bulk  tanks,  replacing  milk 
cans  to  move  milk  off  the  farm,  and  tank 
trucks,  taking  milk  directly  from  farms 
to  processing  plants,  are  making  milk 
handling  easier. 

These  developments  have  brought  im- 
portant changes  to  the  Federal  milk 
marketing  order  program,  according  to 
the  C&MS  Dairy  Division.  This  program 
maintains  orderly  marketing  conditions 
between  farmers  and  milk  dealers  to  as- 
sure consumers  a  dependable  flow  of 
fresh  milk. 

As  milk  handlers'  distribution  and 
procurement  areas  keep  expanding.  Fed- 
eral milk  orders  are  becoming  more  re- 
gional, rather  than  local,  in  character. 
Marketing  areas  are  getting  larger  and 
the  number  of  milk  orders,  smaller.  But 
the  smaller  number  of  orders — now  67 
as  compared  to  a  peak  of  83  in  1962 — 
cover  substantially  more  of  the  Nation. 
More  consumers  in  more  parts  of  the 
country  now  buy  milk  from  dealers  op- 
erating under  Federal  orders. 

LAYNE  BEATY,  Chief,  Radio  and  Television  Service  (standing  left),  discusses  an  "Across  the  Fence" 
script  v^ith  WRC-TV  director  Max  Schrndler.  Meanwhile  Pat  Morgan,  Head,  TV  Service  of  the  RaJlo 
and  Television  Service  (left)  and  guest.  Dr.  Charles  Gunn,  ARS  scientist,  rehearse  the  positioning  of 
poison  seed  exhibit  for  the  camera. 

Across  the  Fence    Now  on  51  Television  Stations 

Each  week  more  than  4^2  million 
Americans  enjoy  a  "chat"  with  USDA 
experts  "across  the  fence."  The  experts 
get  a  major  assist  in  this  communica- 
tion project  from  51  television  stations. 
The  stations,  located  in  28  States  and 
the  District  of  Columbia  (see  box),  are 
regular  users  of  USDA's  30-minute  tele- 
vision program,  "Across  the  Fence." 

The  program,  now  in  its  eighth  year, 
is  produced  by  the  Office  of  Informa- 
tion's Radio  and  Television  Service  and 
is  taped  for  USDA  in  the  studios  of 
WRC-TV,  NBC  affiliate  in  Washington, 

The  TV  Service  staff  works  closely 
with  information  representatives  from 
USDA  agencies  in  developing  program 
ideas  which  cover  a  wide  range  of  farm 
and  consumer  topics.  For  instance,  a  re- 
cent "Across  the  Fence"  program  in- 
cluded segments  on  "Poisonous  Seeds 
and  Plants"  with  Dr.  Charles  Gunn, 
taxonomist  from  the  Agricultural  Re- 
search Service;  "Preparing  Leg  of  Lamb" 
with  Sandra  Brookover,  Consumer  and 
Marketing  Service;  and  "Riffle  Sifter" 
with  Charles  Howard,  Forest  Service. 
The  last  subject  concerns  a  new  machine 
designed  to  clean  up  stream  beds  so 
spawning  salmon  can  lay  their  eggs. 

Occasionally,  one  topic  may  be  chosen 
for  a  "special"  such  as  the  recent  "Sci- 
ence and  the  War  on  Hunger,"  a  descrip- 
tion of  efforts  by  the  ARS  to  develop  new 
food  resources. 

In  addition  to  "Across  the  Fence,"  TV 
Service   produces   other   television   ma- 

terials. These  include  3 '2  minute  video- 
taped news  featurettes,  films,  and  slide 
features — all  in  color. 

Featurette  topics  are  as  versatile  as 
the  subject  matter  on  "Across  the 
Fence."  They  can  be  used  in  a  variety  of 
ways  but  primarily  are  played  on  local 
television  shows  as  feature  inserts.  Cur- 
rently 280  stations  receive  these  tapes  on 
a  regular  basis. 

To  help  meet  stations'  demands  for 
more  motion  pictures,  TV  Service  sup- 
plies films  on  current  USDA  projects. 
Booklets  listing  "USDA  Films  for  Tele- 
vision" are  also  furnished  to  stations  for 
selection  of  films  available  on  loan  from 
the  Department's  Motion  Picture  Serv- 

TV  Service's  slide  sets  are  another  ef- 
fective means  of  reaching  the  public 
through  television,  siiaes  ana  scripts, 
sent  on  request,  enable  the  local  an- 
nouncer to  narrate  a  story  and  perhaps 
add  a  local  angle.  More  than  200  sta- 
tions receive  a  monthly  consumer  slide 
packet  called  "TV  Home  Features." 

The  featurettes,  the  slide  sets,  and 
the  films  enable  USDA  stories  to  reach 
large  numbers  of  people  at  a  very  low 
cost  per  viewer.  Their  success  can  be 
measured  by  the  large  volume  of  mail 
requests  from  the  public  for  USDA  bul- 
letins offered  by  the  programs. 

More  and  more  television  sets  are 
being  sold  each  week;  more  TV  stations 
are  going  on  the  air;  more  Americans 
are  getting  their  news  from  television. 

TV  Stations  Using 
"Across  the  Fence" 

(Check  local  station  for  day  and 

ALABAMA— Birmingham,  'WBRC- 
TV;  ARIZONA— Phoenix,  KPHO- 
TV;  ARKANSAS— Little  Rock, 
no, KJEO-TV;  Sacramento, 
KXTV-TV;  Sacramento,  KCRA- 
TV;  San  Francisco,  KRON-TV; 
San  Diego,  KFMB-TV;  CON- 
NECTICUT—West  Hartford, 
LUMBIA—Washington,  WRC- 
TV;  FLORIDA— Orlando,  WSSH- 
TV;  Pensacola.  WSRE-TV; 
GEORGIA— Atlanta,  WQXI-TV; 
ILLINOIS— Rockford,  WCEE-TV; 
INDIANA — Indianapolis,  WISH- 
TV;  Terre  Haute,  WTWO-TV; 
KENTUCKY— Lexington,  WKYT- 
TV;  LOUISIANA— Baton  Rouge, 
WAFB-TV;  New  Orleans,  WDSU- 
TV;  Shreveport,  KSLA-TV;  MAS- 
TV;  MICHIGAN— Detroit,  WJBK- 
WLBT-TV;  Tupelo,  WTWV-TV; 
MISSOURI— Kansas  City,  WDAF- 
TV:  Springfield,  KYTV-TV; 
MONTANA— Billings,  KULR- 
TV;  NEVADA— Las  Vegas, 
falo, WKBW-TV;  New  York, 
WNBC-TV;  Rochester,  WROC- 
TV;  Schenectady,  WRGB-TV; 
WTVD-TV;  OHIO— Cincinnati, 
WKRC-TV;  Cleveland,  WJW-TV; 
OKLAHOMA— Oklahoma  City, 
KOCO-TV;  Tulsa,  KVOO-TV; 
OREGON— Portland,  KATU-TV; 
PENNSYLVANIA  —  Philadelphia, 
KYW-TV;  Philadelphia,  WPHL- 
TV;  Wilkes  Barre,  WNEP-TV; 
TEXAS— Beaumont,  KBMT-TV; 
Fort  Worth,  WBAP-TV;  Houston, 
KHTV-TV;  San  Antonio,  WOAI-- 
TV;  UTAH— Salt  Lake  City, 
KUTV-TV:  Salt  Lake  City,  KCPX- 
TV;  VIRGINIA— Roanoke, 
Seattle,  KOMO-TV;  WEST  VIR- 
GINIA—Parkersburg,  WTAP-TV; 
Morgantown,  WWVU-TV. 

TV  Service  is  attempting  to  keep  pace 
and  to  provide  rural  and  urban  Ameri- 
cans with  useful  information  about 
USDA  activities. 


MARCH  27,   1969 


Vol.  XXVIII  No.  1 

USDA  is  published  fortnightly  for  distribution  to  employees  only,  by  direction  of  the  Secre- 
tary of  Agriculture,  as  containing  administrative  information  required  for  the  proper  transac- 
tion of  the  public  business.  Retirees  who  write  to  the  Editor  requesting  it  may  continue  to 
get  USDA.  Please  write  instead  of  phoning  whenever  possible;  for  rush  orders,  call  Ext.  2058, 
Mrs.  Lillie  Vincent,  Editor  of  USDA,  INF,  Department  of  Agriculture,  Washington,  D.C.  20250. 


as^  0 


TTTB  R  A  R  Y 


APR  2     1969 
■rrsmLE  SRAWCH 



APRIL  10,  1969 

FIFTEEN  EAGLE  SCOUTS  AND  EXPLORERS  from  all  regions  of  the  country  visited  USDA  in  Washing- 
ton. D.C.,  recently  to  express  appreciation  for  the  Department's  cooperation  with  Scouting  programs 
and  to  learn  firsthand  about  government  operations.  The  Scouts  were  greeted  for  USDA  by  Kenneth 
E.  Grant  (center).  Administrator  of  the  Soil  Conservation  Service,  and  Edward  P.  Cliff,  Chief  of  the 
Forest  Service.  On  behalf  of  Secretary  Hardin,  who  was  unable  to  attend  the  meeting.  Grant  and 
Cliff  accepted  a  copy  of  the  "1969  Report  to  the  Nation"  which  the  Scouts  had  presented  to  President 
Nixon  earlier  in  the  day.  The  Report  summarized  the  activities  and  achievements  of  the  Boy  Scout 
organization  during  the  past  year.  Decorative  paperweights  were  also  given  by  the  Scouts.  Grant  and 
Cliff  presented  to  each  Scout  a  copy  of  the  1967  USDA  Yearbook.  "Outdoors  USA."  The  Eagle  Scouts 
and  Explorers  participating  in  the  "1969  Report  to  the  Nation"  activities  were  selected  for  their 
outstanding  records  of  achievements  and  leadership  in  local  and  regional  Scouting  endeavors.  One 
of  the  Scouts,  Douglas  Ross  (not  shown),  is  the  son  of  USDA  meat  inspector  Gordon  C.  Ross, 
Clarkston.  Wash. 


Richard  E.  Lyng,  50,  California  Di- 
rectxDr  of  Agriculture,  has  been  named 
by  President  Nixon  to  be  Assistant  Sec- 
retary of  Agriculture  for  Consumer  and 
Marketing  Services. 

Born  in  San  Francisco.  Lyng  was 
reared  in  Modesto,  Calif.,  and  obtained 
a  degree  in  business  administration  from 
the  University  of  Notre  Dame  in  1940. 
He  worked  with  his  late  father  in  the 
family  seed  business,  serving  as  com- 
pany president  from  1949  to  1966. 

Lyng  has  been  active  in  business  and 
civic  affairs  for  many  years.  He  has 
served  as  president  of  several  organiza- 
tions, including  the  California  Seed 
Council,  California  Seed  Association, 
Modesto  Chamber  of  Commerce,  and 
Modesto  Rotary  Club.  He  also  has 
worked  in  the  California-Chile  foreign 
visitors  exchange   and  assistance  pro- 

Wanda  Leonard,  7,  a  Washington,  D.C.  school 
student,  in  cutting  a  flower  chain  to  open  a 
Growing  With  America  Festival,  held  March  20- 
22  in  the  Patio  of  the  USDA  Administration 
Building,  Washington,  D.C.  USDA  personnel 
offered  a  variety  of  exhibits  and  scientific  dem- 
onstrations on  growing  plants  during  the  Festival 
celebrating  Spring  and  National  Lawn  and 
Garden  Week. 

Secretary  Announces  New 
Emphasis  on  Farm  Exports 

Secretary  Clifford  M.  Hardin  has  an- 
nounced agency  changes  to  place  new 
emphasis  on  programs  relating  to  ex- 
ports of  farm  commodities.  Proposed  is 
creation  of  an  Export  Marketing  Serv- 
ice, supervised  by  a  General  Sales  Man- 
ager, reporting  to  the  Secretary  through 
the  Assistant  Secretary  for  International 
Affairs  and  Commodity  Programs. 

The  Export  Marketing  Service  will 
have  the  principal  responsibility  for 
recommending  policies  and  programs  to 
maximize  exports  of  agricultural  com- 
modities. Particular  emphasis  will  be  on 
exports  for  dollars.  Realignment  of  ex- 
port action  functions  into  one  Depart- 
ment agency  will  facilitate  meeting 
competition  from  other  exporting  na- 
tions in  the  world  markets. 

The  Secretary  also  announced  plans 
to  transfer  the  functions  of  the  Interna- 
tional Agricultural  Development  Agency 
into  the  Foreign  Agricultural  Service. 
The  FAS  will  be  the  USDA  agency  pri- 
marily concerned  with  coordination  of 
foreign  trade  matters,  foreign  aid,  and 
other  government-to-government  issues. 
This  will  enable  closer  Department  co- 
ordination with  other  Federal  agencies 
concerned  with  foreign  aid  and  foreign 

The  FAS  will  also  report  to  the  Secre- 
tary through  the  Assistant  Secretary 
for  International  Affairs  and  Commod- 
ity Programs. 

For  success  in  GROWING  GARDEN 
ROSES  plant  ihem  in  a  site  that  receives 
at  least  6  hours  of  sunshine  daily.  Roses 
should  be  watered  frequently,  fertilized 
every  spring;  after  the  new  growth  is  well 
established  and  pruned  every  year.  Single 
copies  of  "Roses  for  the  Home"  (HG— 25) 
can  be  ordered  free  from  the  Office  of  In- 
formation. L'SD.\.  \X'ashington.  D.C. 
20250.  Please  order  by  title  and  number. 

grams  under  auspices  of  the  Agency  for 
International  Development. 

Lyng  was  named  chief  deputy  director 
of  the  California  Department  of  Agri- 
culture in  1967  and  became  director  in 


Secretary  Clifford  M.  Hardin  recently 
announced  the  appointment  of  Carroll 
G.  Brunthaver,  Memphis,  Tenn.,  as  As- 
sociate Administrator  of  the  Agricul- 
tural Stabilization  and  Conservation 

Born  in  Fremont,  Ohio,  in  1932, 
Brunthaver  graduated  from  Ohio  State 
University  and  received  a  Ph.  D.  degree 
in  agricultural  economics  in  1960.  While 
at  the  University,  he  was  an  assistant 
instructor  in  the  Department  of  Agri- 
cultural Economics  and  authored  several 
publications  resulting  from  research  on 
land  retirement — an  activity  of  ASCS 
he  will  now  help  direct. 

After  serving  as  Assistant  Professor 
of  Agricultural  Economics  at  Michigan 
State  University,  Brunthaver  became 
Director  of  Research  for  the  Grain  and 
Feed  Dealers  National  Association,  1961- 
66.  In  1966  he  became  Associate  Direc- 
tor of  Research  of  Comco,  an  affiliate  of 
Cook  &  Co.  and  Riverside  Industries, 
Memphis,  Tenn.  In  these  positions, 
Brunthaver  engaged  in  extensive  re- 
search and  study  of  farm  and  price 

Brunthaver  served  in  the  Air  Force 
from  1954-57,  the  last  year  as  com- 
mander of  the  Wright  Patterson  Air 
Force  Base  Radar  Approach  Control 

Byerly  Is  Assistant  Director 
Of  Science  and  Education 

Secretary  Clif- 
ford M.  Hardin 
recently  an- 
nounced ap- 
pointment of  Dr. 
Theodore  C. 
Byerly  to  the 
newly  created 
position  of  As- 
sistant Director 
of  Science  and 
Education.  A 
career  official 
with  36  years 
service  with  the  Department,  Dr.  Byerly 
has  been  Administrator  of  the  Coopera- 
tive State  Research  Service  since  1962. 
Born  in  Melbourne,  Iowa,  Dr.  Byerly 
graduated  from  the  University  of  Iowa 
in  1923  and  received  his  doctorate  there 
in  1926.  He  taught  zoology  at  the  Uni- 
versity of  Michigan,  Ann  Arbor,  and 
later  at  Hunter  College,  New  York  City, 
before  joining  USDA  in  1929  as  a  physi- 
ologist in  the  old  Bureau  of  Animal  In- 
dustry. He  has  been  with  the  Department 

DR.   T.    C.    BYERLY 

"'"'"" ''^^"J^\_____ 

B«    >'^^^ 



Sf^^^^^^^^^Km—^                   ^W  ^^^^^X^^^BH^SSSHF 






PESTiCiDES  for 

Lawn  Care? 
FIRST  remove  people 
and  pets 


of  the  Intermountain  Vet- 
erinary Medical  Association 
look  over  the  list  of  1969- 
70  committee  assignments. 
Dr.  Donald  Miller  (left), 
Springfield,  Va.,  was  elected 
president  at  the  41st  an- 
nual meeting  of  the  Associa- 
tion in  Las  Vegas,  Nev., 
recently.  Dr.  Don  Shaffner, 
Dillon,  Mont.,  the  outgoing 
president,  turned  over  the 
gavel  to  Miller  who  is  as- 
sistant director  for  Western 
Field  Operations,  Animal 
Health  Division,  Agricultural 
Research  Service.  Shaffner 
is  in  private  practice. 

CARL  B.  BARNES,  right. 
Director  of  Personnel  for 
the  Department,  receives 
an  award  from  John  F. 
Griner,  National  President 
of  the  American  Federation 
of  Government  Employees. 
The  award,  for  Barnes'  out- 
standing contributions  to 
the  Employee-Management 
Cooperation  Program,  was 
presented  at  the  AFGE  Na- 
tional Convention  in  Las 
Vegas,  Nevada. 

Training  Center  Planned 

A  Consumer  Protection  Training  Cen- 
ter, stressing  courses  in  poultry  slaugh- 
ter inspection,  is  planned  for  Gaines- 
ville, Ga.,  according  to  the  Consumer 
and  Marketing  Service. 

New  Federal  food  inspectors  and  vet- 
erinarians initially  assigned  to  poultry 
plants  will  train  at  the  Center.  State 
personnel  will  also  be  trained  as  part  of 
the  implementation  of  the  Wholesome 
Poultry  Products  Act. 

This  training  is  now  done  at  26  loca- 
tions. The  new  Center  will  provide  more 
uniformity  and  economy  in  training  in- 
spectors, C&MS  said. 

Four  other  training  centers  are  in 
operation.  Courses  in  processed  food  in- 
spection and  slaughter  inspection  of  red 
meat  animals  are  given  in  Fort  Worth, 
Los  Angeles,  Omaha,  and  St.  Paul. 

since  then  except  for  a  4-year  period 
when  he  was  a  professor  of  poultry 
husbandry  at  the  University  of  Main- 

In  1954  he  served  as  chairman  of  the 
U.S.  Delegation  to  the  10th  World  Poul- 

try Congress,  Edinburgh,  Scotland,  and 
in  1962,  as  chairman  of  the  National 
Research  Council's  division  of  biology 
and  agriculture — the  first  time  a  USDA 
scientist  had  been  selected  to  chair  the 


Less  than  4  years  after  he  joined  the 
Agricultural  Research  Service  as  an  as- 
sistant research  soil  scientist,  Richard 
Smiley  was  written  up  in  two  national 
agricultural  journals. 

That's  quite  a  record  for  a  young  man 
who  graduated  with  a  B.S.  degree  in 
1965  from  California  State  Polytechnic 
College.  It's  even  more  remarkable  be- 
cause he  had  no  idea  of  going  into  re- 
search until  a  month  before  graduation 
when  he  talked  to  an  ARS  recruiter. 

Smiley  is  happy  with  his  career  and 
even  happier  with  the  opportunities  he 
sees  in  his  future.  He  makes  note  of 
these  opportunities  in  an  article  he  wrote 
for  The  Soil  Auger,  a  student  magazine 
published  by  the  soil  science  department 
of  Cal  Poly  at  San  Luis  Obispo: 

"One  can  expect  to  be  exposed  to 
many  new  and  exciting  phases  of  agri- 
culture in  the  Soil  and  Water  Conserva- 
tion Research  Division  of  ARS.  I'm  sta- 
tioned at  the  Palouse  Conservation  Field 
Station  at  Pullman,  "Wash.,  where  there 
are  more  than  a  dozen  different  research 
projects  under  investigation. 

"I  was  encouraged  to  enroll  in  classes 
to  become  better  trained  for  my  work. 
It  has  taken  me  3  years  to  earn  an  M.S. 
degree  but  my  income  was  at  least  twice 
the  salary  available  through  assistant- 
ships  or  fellowships. 

"At  Pullman,  in  addition  to  my  re- 
quired duties,  I  developed  an  individual 
interest  in  the  use  of  anhydrous  am- 
monia fertilizer  for  control  of  soil-borne 
diseases.  I  was  given  permission  to  test 
my  theories,  a  rare  opportunity  for  an 
employee  with  only  a  B.S." 

Smiley's  research  has  received  much 
attention  because  it  has  the  appearance 
of  being  successful  in  providing  control 
of  some  plant  diseases  by  using  modified 
application  techniques  for  commonly 
used  fertilizers.  His  work  was  reviewed 
in  Farm  Journal  and  appears  in  the 
January  issue  of  Agricultural  Research. 
Technical  articles  will  soon  appear  in 
the  scientific  press. 

Speaking  to  Cal  Poly  undergraduates. 
Smiley  writes,  "I  had  planned  on  being 
employed  by  a  fertilizer  dealer  so  I  didn't 
take  any  'hard  courses'  as  electives.  The 
result  was  having  to  take  many  extra 
classes  to  make  up  graduate  school 

"I  suggest  that  anyone  having  rea- 
sonably good  grades  should  take  as 
many  courses  in  the  basic  sciences  and 
supporting  fields  as  possible.  Remem- 
ber— you  may  also  want  to  change  your 
plans  and  it  is  always  easier  to  step 
down  than  scramble  frantically  upward 
for  survival  in  any  profession." 

ammonia  applicator  which  he  designed  for  field 
injections  of  ammonia. 

New  ASCS  Area  Directors  Named 

Secretary  Clifford  M.  Hardin  recently 
announced  the  appointment  of  three 
new  area  directors  for  the  Agricultural 
Stabilization  and  Conservation  Service. 
They  are  Claude  L.  Greene,  Roberson- 
ville,  N.C.;  James  P.  Jones,  Ki'ess,  Tex.; 
and  Howard  V/aters,  Danville.  Iowa. 

The  new  directors,  all  active  farmers, 
will  be  headquartered  in  "Washington, 
D.C.  They  will  have  general  supervision 
of  farm  action  programs  carried  out  by 
the  ASCS  in  their  assigned  areas. 

As  director  for  the  Southeast  area, 
Greene  will  supervise  farm  programs  in 
Alabama,  Arkansas,  Florida,  Georgia, 
Louisiana,  Mississippi,  North  Carolina, 
South  Carolina,  Tennessee,  and  "Virginia. 

For  the  Southwest  area,  Jones  will  co- 
ordinate program  activities  in  Arizona, 
California,  Colorado,  Hawaii,  Kansas, 
Nevada,  New  Mexico,  Oklahoma,  Texas, 
and  "Utah. 

"Waters  will  supervise  farm  program 
activities  in  the  Midwest  area  including 
Iowa,  Kentucky,  Michigan,  Ohio,  Illi- 
nois, Indiana,  and  "Wisconsin. 

Directors  for  the  Northeast  and 
Northwest  areas  will  be  announced  later. 

Kuhl  Is  New  Agricultural  Attache 

Jerome  M.  Kuhl  is  the  new  agricul- 
tural attache  at  the  U.S.  Embassy  in 
Djakarta,  Indonesia.  He  replaces  John 
W.  Anderson  who  has  been  reassigned. 

Kuhl  joined  the  Foreign  Agricultural 
Service  in  1959  as  assistant  agricultural 
attache  in  Caracas,  "Venezuela,  and  has 
served  as  agricultural  attache  in  San- 
tiago, Chile,  and  Rio  de  Janeiro,  Brazil. 

He  was  an  economic  officer  with  the 
Department  of  State  from  1952-54  in 
Luanda,  Angola,  and  later  was  assistant 
to  the  president  of  an  import-manufac- 
turing company  there.  For  the  past  year 

Students  To  Exhibit 
At  12th  Annual  Science  Fair 

More  than  50  high  school  students 
will  exhibit  their  prize-winning  science 
projects  at  the  12th  Annual  USDA- 
OPEDA  Youth  Science  Fair  scheduled 
for  April  25.  The  Fair  will  be  held  in  the 
Administration  Building,  Plant  Industry 
Station,  Agricultural  Research  Center, 
Beltsville,  Md. 

Participants  will  be  chosen  by  USDA 
teams  of  judges  from  five  "Washington, 
D.C. -area  school  science  fairs  being  held 
during  March  and  April. 

The  Organization  of  Professional  Em- 
ployees of  the  Department  of  Agricul- 
ture I OPEDA I  cooperates  annually  with 
the  Department  in  staging  the  event. 

Each  student  will  receive  a  special 
Certificate  of  Merit  at  opening  ceremo- 
nies at  9:00  a.m.  Fair  activities  also  in- 
clude a  luncheon  for  the  students,  their 
families,  and  their  guests. 

The  exhibits  will  be  open  to  the  public 
from  9:00  a.m.  until  4:00  p.m.  Special 
buses  will  be  provided  for  visitors  to 
tour  the  Department's  extensive  farm, 
crop,  and  animal  experimental  facilities 
at  Beltsville. 

New  System  Speeds  Up 
Retirement  Claims 

Procedures  designed  to  speed  up  proc- 
essing Civil  Service  retirement  claims 
are  now  in  effect,  according  to  a  recent 
Civil  Service  Commission  report. 

Federal  agencies  are  now  authorized 
to  submit  optional  or  mandatory  retire- 
ment applications  and  necessary  records 
to  the  CSC  6  weeks  in  advance  of  an 
employee's  retirement  date.  The  new 
system  permits  the  CSC  to  verify  em- 
ployment records  and  compute  annuity 
while  the  employee  is  still  on  the  pay 
roll,  and  to  notify  the  Treasury  Depart- 
ment to  schedule  payment  of  the  first 
annuity  check  when  due. 

Under  previous  procedures  for  non- 
disability  retirement,  agencies  submitted 
applications  after  the  retiring  employee 
had  received  his  last  pay  check.  In  some 
cases  the  time  lapse  has  delayed  receipt 
of  the  first  annuity  check  by  one  or  two 

The  new  system  calls  for  agencies  to 
confirm  that  employee  separation  ac- 
tually took  place  no  later  than  5  days 
after  the  employee's  final  pay  date. 

Agencies  are  also  request-ed  to  estab- 
lish a  similar  procedure  for  submission 
of  records  needed  to  pay  lump  sum  re- 
fund claims. 

Kuhl  has  been  a  staff  economist  in  the 
Oflice  of  the  Secretary  of  Agriculture. 


Students  Work  and  Learn 
Under  the    Jan  Plan ' 

Three  chemistry  students  from  Lin- 
coln University,  Oxford,  Pa.,  worked  for 
the  Agricultural  Research  Service  dur- 
ing January  instead  of  attending  their 
usual  classes. 

The  three — Vivica  Fitzpatrick,  Leona 
Scott,  and  Vincent  Pearson — are  taking 
part  in  the  first  work-study  program 
arranged  between  ARS  and  a  university 
with  a  predominant  enrollment  of  mi- 
nority group  members. 

The  cooperative  arrangement,  nick- 
named the  "Jan  Plan,"  provides  for 
students  to  work  at  the  Eastern  Utiliza- 
tion Research  and  Development  Division 
in  Wyndmoor,  Pa.,  during  January  and 
in  the  summer. 

Miss  Fitzpatrick,  of  Ashland,  Ky.,  is 
a  premedical  student  who  is  interested 
in  a  career  in  pathology  or  surgery.  Last 
summer  she  worked  with  Dr.  William 
G.  Gordon  of  the  Eastern  division's 
Milk  Properties  Laboratory  on  a  tech- 
nique to  identify  and  analyze  proteins. 
In  January  she  worked  with  Dr.  Robert 
E.  Townend,  doing  research  on  a  milk 
protein  known  as  beta-lactoglobulin. 

Interested  in  a  career  in  analytical 
chemistry.  Miss  Scott  received  valuable 
research  experience  on  nitrogen  fi-om 

ASC  State  Committeemen  Named 

Secretary  Clifford  M.  Hardin  recently 
announced  appointment  of  new  chair- 
men and  members  of  three  Agricultural 
Stabilization  and  Conservation  (ASC) 
State  Committees.  The  appointments 
fill  vacancies  caused  by  resignations  of 
former  committeemen  in  Iowa,  Arizona, 
and  Texas. 

The  new  appointees  are: 

Iowa — Leo7i  Werner  of  Van  Home, 
Chairman,  and  Milo  Lee  of  Inwood  and 
H.  K.  Russell  of  Bedford,  committeemen. 

Arizona — Joe  A.  Sheely  of  ToUeson, 
Chairman,  and  Wilbur  H.  Wuertz  of 
Casa  Grande  and  Arden  J.  Palmer  of 
Thatcher,  committeemen. 

Texas — Clarence  A.  Danklefs  of 
Rosenberg,  Chairman,  and  Charles  L. 
Calhoun  of  Fabens,  Frank  H.  Hinkson 
of  Muleshoe,  and  John  B.  Rudd  of 
Waskom,  committeemen. 

"Food  Guide  for  Older  Folks,"  a  new 
USDA  bulletin,  tells  about  OLDER  PEO- 
PLE'S FOOD  NEEDS  and  how  to  meet 
them.  Single  copies  of  the  bulletin  can  be 
obtained  free  upon  request  to:  Office  of 
Information,  USDA,  Washington,  D.C. 

VINCENT   PEARSON   (right),   Lincoln   University  student,  discusses  a   research   project  with   Dr.   Leo 
Kahn,  ARS  chemist  at  the  Eastern  Utilization  Research  and  Development  Division. 

Dr.  Clyde  L.  Ogg,  Plant  Products  Labo- 
ratory. Last  summer  Miss  Scott  did  re- 
search in  sociology  as  she  worked  on  a 
survey  in  Pittsburgh  for  the  Mayor's 
Committee  on  Human  Resources. 

Pearson  served  as  business  manager 
for  Dig  This,  a  monthly  teenage  news- 

paper, before  entering  Lincoln  Univer- 
sity last  fall.  At  the  Physical  Chemistry 
Laboratory,  Pearson  made  a  study  that 
may  lead  to  a  quicker  and  more  accurate 
assay  method  for  collagen,  the  protein 
component  of  animal  hide.  He  was  su- 
pervised at  the  lab  by  Dr.  Leo  D.  Kahn. 

THOUSANDS  OF  DEER,  game  birds,  water  fowl,  and  other  wildlife  were  saved  from  starvation  this 
year  through  the  cooperation  of  USDA,  Department  of  the  Interior,  State  conservation  agencies, 
farmers,  sportsmen,  and  other  conservationists.  An  unusually  severe  winter  endangered  much  of  the 
wildlife  in  northern  States.  The  USDA  contribution  was  more  than  205,000  bushels  of  Commodity 
Credit  Corporation-owned  feed  grains  provided  free  of  charge  to  State  conservation  agencies  and 
the  Department  of  the  Interior  for  feeding  wildlife.  Expenses  for  moving  the  grain  from  CCC  storage 
sites  and  distributing  it  were  borne  by  the  authorized  agencies  and  volunteers  aiding  these  agencies. 
State  conservation  agencies  obtaining  the  grain  included  Michigan,  Minnesota,  North  Dakota,  South 
Dakota,  and  Washington.  In  addition,  the  Department  of  the  Interior  distributed  CCC  grain  on  water 
fowl  and  migratory  bird  refuges  in  Montana,  Oregon,  South  Dakota,  and  Washington.  Above,  hungry 
deer  appreciate  a  good  meal  of  CCC-donated  grain  on  a  cold  winter's  day  in  Michigan.  Conservation- 
interested  citizens  aiding  the  State  agencies  drove  many  miles  to  pick  up  the  feed  and  distribute  it 
in  scattered  areas  accessible  to  the  wildlife.  In  many  cases,  snowmobiles  were  used  for  distribution. 
Besides  helping  distribute  the  CCC-donated  grain,  many  farmers  provided  feed  from  their  own  farms 
and  also  cut  browse  for  the  animals. 


APRIL   10,    1969 


Vol.  XXVIII  No.  8 

USDA  is  published  fortnightly  for  distribution  to  employees  only,  by  direction  of  the  Secre- 
tary of  Agriculture,  as  containing  administrative  information  required  for  the  proper  transac- 
tion of  the  public  business.  Retirees  who  write  to  the  Editor  requesting  it  may  continue  to 
get  USDA.  Please  write  instead  of  phoning  whenever  possible;  for  rush  orders,  call  Ext.  2058, 
Mrs.  Lillie  Vincent,  Editor  of  USDA,  INP,  Department  of  Agriculture,  Washington,  D.C.  20250. 




MAY    91969 



APRIL  24,  1969 

NAL  To  Move  in  May 

The  National  Agricultural  Library 
will  move  to  its  new  home  at  Beltsville, 
Md.,  in  May. 

The  Director  of  the  Library,  John 
Sherrod,  has  expressed  the  hope  that 
the  transfer  can  be  accomplished  with- 
out undue  interruption  of  normal  library 
operations.  However,  relocation  of  the 
Library's  immense  collections  will  entail 
unavoidable  problems  and  delays  in 

While  the  move  is  actually  in  progress, 
reference  and  lending  services  will  be 
provided  insofar  as  possible  by  the  Li- 
brary's Beltsville  Branch  to  Department 
personnel  only.  Service  from  the  main 
Library  collection  will  be  drastically  cur- 

Library  spokesmen  asked  that  all  re- 
quests be  placed  well  in  advance  of  May 
1.  After  that  date,  all  publications  are 
to  be  returned  to:  National  Agricultural 
Library,   Beltsville,   Md.   20705. 

Pull  service  will  resume  at  the  Belts- 
ville address  as  soon  as  possible  after 
June  1. 

Complex  Farm  Problems 
Handled  by  Computers 

Two  thousand  Northeast  farmers 
recently  saw  a  graphic  demonstration  of 
how  a  computer  can  help  them  make 
management  decisions.  The  demonstra- 
tion was  given  at  the  Eastern  Potato 
Industry  E.xposition,  held  in  Harrisburg, 

Pennsylvania  Extension  agents  alerted 
farmers  attending  the  exposition  to 
bring  along  information  about  the  cost 
of  their  tractors,  potato  harvesters,  and 
other  machinery.  Specialists  fed  this 
information  into  a  field  terminal  wired 
to  computers  at  USDA's  "Washington 
Data  Processing  Center. 

The  farmers  quickly  got  back  the  cost 
per  hour  and  per  unit  of  production  for 
their  present  machinery — and  other  ma- 
chines they  might  want  to  buy  or  trade. 

The  demonstration  was  a  joint  effort 
of   the   Federal   Extension   Service   and 

^  ->   For  April  1969    ^  it 

TO  CHANGE  OR  NOT  TO  CHANGE  .  .  .  changing 
antifreeze  In  vehicles  without  checking  the  need 
wastes  money.  Not  changing  in  time  could  waste 
engines.  John  A.  LIvermore  (right),  procurement 
officer  with  the  Soil  Conservation  Service  in  Salt 
Lake  City,  read  about  a  corrosion  meter  that 
could  reduce  engine  maintenance  costs.  Bennur 
C.  Hatch  (left),  inspecting  mechanic,  used  the 
meter  to  test  half  the  SCS  fleet  in  Utah.  Nine 
vehicles  showed  excess  acid  and  corrosion  in  the 
cooling  system  and  needed  flushing  sooner  than 
the  usual  2-year  schedule.  Potential  expensive 
overhauls  and  cooling  system  or  engine  troubles 
were  thereby  prevented.  Another  10  vehicles 
didn't  need  the  change  after  2  years — saving 
needless  purchase  of  coolant  and  cost  of  flush- 
ing. Potential  savings  from  use  of  this  meter  are 
estimated  at  more  than  $5  per  vehicle  per  year. 
Livermore  and  his  collaborator  Hatch  suggested 
use  of  the  meter  for  all  government  vehicles. 
These  men  received  letters  of  commendation 
from  Secretary  Hardin.  Cash  awards  are  pending 
adoption  of  the  idea  by  other  agencies.  This  is 
one  of  several  money  saving  ideas  appearing  in 
a  recent  issue  of  "Cost  Cutting  Tips,"  published 
by  the  Office  of  Plant  and  Operations.  Read  these 
yellow  and  black  bulletins.  They  are  printed  to 
help  you  do  your  job  more  economically.  If  you 
can  use  this  idea  in  your  automotive  mainte- 
nance program,  be  sure  to  contact  your  Em- 
ployee Suggestions  Coordinator.  How  about 
sharing  your  good  ideas?  They  could  pay  off. 
You  may  earn  extra  cash — and  be  honored  as 
Cost  Reducer  of  the  Month. 

Extension  Combats 
Hard-To-Reach  Hunger 

The  Cooperative  Extension  Service  has 
launched  a  massive  attack  against  the 
hunger  that  stalks  the  Nation's  poor. 

The  Expanded  Food  and  Nutrition 
Education  Program,  activated  by  Ex- 
tension in  ail  50  States,  Puerto  Rico, 
the  "Virgin  Islands,  and  the  District  of 
Columbia,  is  helping  nearly  200,000  low- 
income  families  improve  their  diets.  Cur- 
renty,  the  program  is  operating  in  673 
areas — 199  urban  and  473  rural. 

Some  Americans  are  malnourished, 
even  in  the  midst  of  our  national  abun- 
dance, simply  because  they  lack  food: 
many  others,  because  they  lack  the 
knowledge  to  achieve  adequate  diets 
from  food  that  is  available  to  them. 
One-third  of  all  families  with  an  annual 
income  under  $3,000  have  diets  rated  as 

Experience  shows  that  personal  home 
visits  and  "word-of-mouth"  communi- 
cations are  needed  to  help  the  hardest 
to  reach  families. 

About  5,500  program  aides,  trained 
by  Extension  home  economists,  are  being 
recruited  to  work  in  their  home  areas, 
where  they  understand  the  people,  their 
needs,  and  their  problems. 

These  aides  visit  needy  families  to 
show  homemakers  how  to  get  the  most 
food  value  for  their  money  or  their  food 
stamps,  and  how-  to  prepare  nutritionally 
complete  meals  from  these  foods  and 
from  donated  foods. 

Pood  and  nutrition  are  interrelated 
with  many  other  family  problems.  Aides 
often  must  help  poor  families  learn  bet- 
ter management  of  their  limited  re- 
sources and  guide  these  families  to  other 
services  they  need. 

the  Statistical  Reporting  Service,  and 
the  Pennsylvania,  'Virginia,  Maine,  and 
Massachusetts  State  Land-Grant  Uni- 

The  modern  Center  computers  can 
handle  questions — 60  at  a  time — faster 
than  man  can  ask  them.  Properly  loaded 
computers  can  give  answers  on  machin- 
ery alternatives,  cropping  patterns,  and 
other  complex  farm  management  prob- 
lems in  minutes  instead  of  days. 

Most  State  Extension  Services  have 
electronic  data  processing  projects  un- 
derway in  cooperation  with  business  and 
other  agencies.  They  are  aimed  at  help- 
ing farmers  use  computers  to  speed  up 
analysis  of  their  farm  records  and  man- 
agemeirt  alternatives. 

This  demonstration  is  part  of  the 
search  for  ways  to  make  local  terminals 
tied  to  central  data  centers  easily  ac- 
cessible to  farmers. 

For  Your  Information 

DR.  ODETTE  SHOTWELL  displays  the  award  cer- 
tificate she  received  as  one  of  10  finalists  as 
the  Outstanding  Handicapped  Federal  Employee 
of  the  Year,  a  new  award  sponsored  by  the  Civil 
Service  Commission.  Dr.  Shotwell,  USDA's 
nominee  for  the  award,  is  a  research  chemist 
with  the  Northern  Utilization  Research  and  De- 
velopment Division,  Agricultural  Research  Serv- 
ice, Peoria,  III.  Commissioner  Robert  E.  Hamp- 
ton (right).  Civil  Service  Commission,  presented 
the  certificate  to  Dr.  Shotwell  and  the  other 
finalists  in  ceremonies  in  Washington,  D.C.,  on 
March  25.  Dr.  S.  R.  Hoover,  Assistant  Deputy 
Administrator,  ARS,  is  on  the  left.  Katherine 
A.  Niemeyer,  Chief  Dietitian,  Veterans  Adminis- 
tration Restoration  Center  Hospital,  East  Orange, 
N.J.,  was  named  as  Outstanding  Handicapped 
Federal    Employee    of   the   Year. 

Professor  To  Deliver 
Morrison  Memorial  Lecture 

Patrick  Horshrugh.  Professor  of  Archi- 
tecture at  Notre  Dame  University,  Notre 
Dame,  Ind.,  will  give  the  second  B.  Y. 
Morrison  Memorial  Lecture  June  3,  in 
Cleveland,  Ohio. 

The  lecture,  to  be  delivered  before  the 
national  annual  convention  of  the  Gen- 
eral Federation  of  Women's  Clubs,  is 
sponsored  by  the  Agricultural  Research 
Service.  It  honors  B.  Y.  Morrison  (1891- 
1966),  the  first  director  of  USDA's  Na- 
tional Arboretum  and  creator  of  the 
famed  Glenn  Dale  azaleas. 

Lecturers  are  nominated  by  represent- 
atives of  botanical  and  horticultural  so- 
cieties, and  education,  conservation,  park, 
recreation,  and  wildlife  associations. 
They  are  chosen  for  outstanding  con- 
tributions to  ornamental  horticulture 
and  to  the  preservation  or  enhancement 
of  man's  environment.  Mrs.  Lyndon  B. 
Johnson  spoke  at  the  first  B.  Y.  Morrison 
Memorial  Lecture. 

Horsbrugh,  an  international  figure  in 
environmental  planning  and  design, 
created  and  developed  Noti-e  Dame's 
Graduate  Program  in  Environic  Studies 
at  Notre  Dame. 

His  nomination  describes  him  as  a 
man  who  embraces  the  fields  of  archi- 
tecture, landscape  architecture,  urban 
planning,  and  segments  of  the  field  of 
engineering  in  the  pursuit  of  his  objec- 

Bulletin  boards  built  by  the  local  Soil 
and  Water  Conservation  District  and 
holding  the  latest  information  about 
Federal  agricultural  and  State  conser- 
vation programs  have  been  placed  in 
several  rural  stores  in  northeast  Min- 
nesota. These  rural  information  centers 
are  maintained  by  personnel  of  the  Soil 
Conservation  Service,  Agricultural  Sta- 
bilization and  Conservation  Service, 
Farmers  Home  Administration,  and  the 
Division  of  Lands  and  Forestry  of  the 
Minnesota  Conservation  Department. 

Participating  agencies  credit  this  joint 
endeavor  to  "good  relations  between 
agencies  created  by  sitting  together  on 
Technical  Action  Panels." 

Another  joint  effort  is  a  locally  pro- 
duced T'V  program  with  coverage  over 
northeast  Minnesota,  northern  Wiscon- 
sin, and  Michigan. 

USDA  AND  STATE  agency  representatives  ex- 
amine some  of  the  information  materials  from 
a  bulletin  board  soon  to  be  placed  in  a  rural 
store  in  northeast  Minnesota.  Left  to  right  are: 
Jon  Hedman,  ASCS;  John  Rydberg,  FHA;  Gerald 
Murphy,  Minnesota  Conservation  Department; 
and  Herbert  R.  Boe.  SCS. 

Frick  Designated 
ASCS  Administrator 

Kenneth  E.  Frick,  48-year-old  Cali- 
fornia farmer,  has  been  appointed  Ad- 
ministrator of  the  Agricultural  Stabili- 
zation and  Conservation  Service.  The 
announcement  was  made  recently  by 
Secretary  Clifford  M.  Hardin. 

Born  in  Bakersfield,  Calif.,  Frick 
graduated  from  the  University  of  Cali- 
fornia in  1941  with  a  B.S.  degree  in  agri- 
cultural economics.  He  served  in  the  Air 
Force  from   1941   to   1945. 

Frick  became  a  farmer  in  Kern  County, 
Calif.,  on  his  discharge  and  with  his  wife 
now  owns  and  operates  the  2,175-acre 
farm.  He  lives  in  Arvin. 

Frick  is  a  member  of  a  number  of  farm 
and  cooperative  organizations  and  a  for- 
mer board  member  of  the  Arvin  Unified 
School  District.  For  3  years,  starting  in 
1958,  he  was  a  member  of  the  California 
ASC  Committee.  Before  that  he  served 
4  years  on  the  County  Committee. 

students  in  Springfield,  Va.,  eat  lunch  in  their 
Cafe  of  the  Three  Seasons,  which  was  built  in 
the  cafeteria  for  students  who  display  particu- 
larly nice  table  manners  and  behavior.  Students 
built  the  simulated  cafe  with  the  help  of  local 
high  school  students,  school  personnel,  and 


Not  just  anyone  can  have  lunch  at 
the  Cafe  of  the  Three  Seasons  in  Spring- 
field, "Va.,  even  though  a  completely  nu- 
tritious lunch  costs  only  35  cents. 

The  cosmopolitan  cafe  is  a  very  ex- 
clusive place  where  table  etiquette  and 
seasonal  decor  get  unusual  emphasis. 
Only  the  960  students  at  Springfield 
Estates  Elementary  School  can  get  "res- 
ervations" at  this  little  noon  spot. 

There  really  isn't  any  difference  be- 
tween the  Springfield  Estates  School 
Lunch  Program  and  those  of  most  other 
schools  in  the  country.  Like  other  schools 
participating  in  the  National  School 
Lunch  Program,  Springfield  Estates  pro- 
vides nutritious  meals  at  a  low  cost 
and  tries  to  make  lunch  time  an  edu- 
cational process  for  the  children.  But  the 
imaginative  approach  used  to  liven  up 
the  cafeteria  and  to  make  it  a  training 
ground  for  better  table,  manners,  brings 
a  new  dimension  to  school  lunches. 

AW,  HEX! 

Mamey  apples,  okra,  sweet  potatoes, 
mangoes,  guavas,  and  pigeon  peas  were 
some  of  the  items  seized  by  Plant  Quar- 
antine Inspector  M.  D.  South  from  the 
luggage  of  a  lady  arriving  at  the  San 
Juan,  Puerto  Rico,  airport.  The  passen- 
ger reciprocated  by  advising  Inspector 
South  she  was  putting  a  voodoo  hex  on 
him.  Thirty  minutes  later,  the  Inspector 
injured  his  knee  and  was  unable  to  walk 
for  a  short  time. 

Visiting  Forester  Braced 
For  Wintery  Tour 

The  record  snowfalls  and  sub-zero 
temperatures  which  greeted  Keizo 
Yaj7iazaki  on  his  recent  tour  of  USDA 
forestry  offices  across  the  northern  half 
of  the  United  States,  served  to  make  him 
feel  right  at  home. 

Keizo  Yamazaki  is  assistant  chief  of 
forest  planning  on  Japan's  northern 
island  of  Hokkaido,  a  place  of  severe 
winters  and  site  of  the  1972  Winter 
Olympics.  The  purpose  of  his  tour  in 
the  United  States  was  to  study  forest 
adm.inistration  by  State  and  Federal 
agencies.  His  itinerary  included  the  For- 
est Service's  offices  in  Washington,  D.C., 
and  Milwaukee,  Wise,  and  the  North 
Central  Experiment  Station  in  St.  Paul. 
Minn . 

Since  Minnesota's  winter  was  clearly 
no  hardship  for  a  visitor  from  such  a 
snowy  place,  Yamazaki  took  time  to  visit 
two  field  units  of  the  North  Central 
Station,  located  in  the  northern  part  of 
the  State.  He  saw  the  results  of  good 
forest  management  on  a  stand  of  mag- 
nificent pines;  he  snowshoed  across  a 
frozen  lake  to  see  a  bald  eagle's  nest 
in  a  red  pine;  he  watched  skiers  and 
snowmobilers  enjoying  the  slopes  at  a 
winter  recreation  resort;  and  he  visited 
the  Station's  Northern  Conifer  Labora- 
tory to  learn  how  bog  research  related  to 
watershed   management. 

At  the  Station's  Duluth  field  unit, 
Yamazaki  heard  personnel  explain  forest 
products  marketing  and  utilization  stud- 
ies, plus  their  analysis  of  the  increas- 
ing use  of  second,  or  "vacation,"  homes 
in  the  Lake  States. 

Now  back  in  Japan,  Yamazaki  will  try 
to  apply  those  forestry  techniques  he  saw 
in  the  U.S.  that  may  answer  some  of 
his  country's  forest  problems. 

JAPANESE  FORESTER  Keizo  Yamazaki  (right) 
waits  his  turn  to  try  estimating  the  height  of  65- 
year-old  red  pines  with  a  Haga  altimeter.  Re- 
search forester  John  Benzie  of  the  Northern 
Conifer  Laboratory  shows  him  how  it  is  done 
American  style.  This  was  Yamazaki's  first  ex- 
perience on  showshoes.  In  Japan  foresters  travel 
on   skis  during  winter  fieldwork. 

PERSONNEL  OF  THE  New  Orleans  Commodity  Office  (NOCO)  of  the  Agricultural  Stabilization  and 
Conservation  Service  recently  cooperated  with  the  New  Orleans  Post  Office  in  Operation  Pre-Sort. 
NOCO  completed  the  mailing  of  1,333,199  pieces  of  Airlift  Sectional  Center-designated  mail  In  SVi 
days.  They  used  labels,  racks,  trays,  and  pouches  furnished  by  the  Post  Office  and  an  ASCS  vehicle 
to  transport  the  processed  230  pouches  of  mail  to  the  Post  Office.  The  Regional  Post  Office  estimated 
that  presorting  by  NOCO  is  worth  $766  per  150,000  pieces  of  mail  to  the  Post  Office  Department. 


A  35-Year  Service  Pin  was  presented 
to  the  wife  and  son  of  the  late  Ralph 
Bergvian  in  a  recent  ceremony  at  the 
Colorado  Agricultural  Stabilization  and 
Conservation  Service  State  Office,  Den- 
ver. The  award  and  ceremony  paid  trib- 
ute to  Bergman's  continuous  and  dedi- 
cated service  as  a  member  and  chairman 
of  tlie  Adams  County,  Colo.,  ASC  Com- 

Bergman  owned  and  operated  a  farm 
in  Adams  County  and  a  cattle  ranch  in 
Larimer  County.  His  service  to  agri- 
culture began  in  the  early  30's  when  he 
was  elected  an  Adams  County  Com- 
mitteeman during  the  "Corn-Hog  Days." 
He  was  elected  continuously  until  his 
death  in  the  fall  of  1968.  Bergman  died 
as  a  result  of  injuries  suffered  in  a  jeep 
accident  wliile  inspecting  cattle  on  his 
ranch  in  northern  Colorado. 

This  continuous  service  of  more  than 
35  years  may  have  established  a  national 

record  for  an  elected  county  ASC  com- 

Mrs.  Bergman  and  son  Robert,  former 
State  Executive  Director  of  the  Colo- 
rado ASCS  Office,  continue  to  operate 
the  family  farm  and  ranch  holdings. 

Haspray  Appointed  to  FHA 

Secretary  Clifford  M.  Hardin  has  ap- 
pointed Joseph  Haspray  as  Deputy  Ad- 
ministrator of  the  Farmers  Home  Ad- 
ministration. Haspray  has  been  Acting 
Deputy  Administrator  since  March   17. 

Haspray,  a  career  USDA  employee,  as- 
sumes his  new  position  following  3  years 
as  Director  of  tlie  Office  of  Management 
Improvement.  In  that  post,  he  was  re- 
sponsible for  the  development  of  a  De- 
partment-wide automated  data  process- 
ing program. 

Considered  an  expert  in  computer 
management,  Haspray  was  in  charge  of 
USDA's  Management  Data  Service  Cen- 
ter In  New  Orleans,  La. 

.Approximately  2,900  visitors  viewed 
flower.  \ef:etable.  and  lawn  exhibits  and 
watched  plant  firowinj;  demonstrations  at 
V.\I..  March  20-22.  The  Festival  cele- 
brated National  Lawn  and  Garden  W  eek 
and   the  start   of  .*<prinjr. 

Earlier  Haspray  held  top  posts  for 
USDA  throughout  the  country,  admin- 
istering price  support  and  inventory 
management  programs  on  a  regional 
level.  He  served  as  Assistant  Director  of 
the  Minneapolis  Commodity  Office  from 
1950  to  1953,  and  as  director  of  the 
Chicago  office  of  the  Agricultural  Sta- 
bilization and  Conservation  Service  from 
1953  to  1965. 



Secretary  Clifford  M.  Hardin  recently 
named  new  committeemen  to  six  Agri- 
cultural Stabilization  and  Conservation 
State  Committees.  The  appointees  and 
their  hometowns  are  as  follows: 

ILLINOIS:  Kenneth  T.  Benjamin, 
Bloomington;  Milton  M.  Hartman, 
Mounds;  and  Glenn  S.  Randall,  Chris- 

SOUTH  CAROLINA:  Marshall  J.  Par- 
ker, Seneca;  Fred  Connor,  Jr.,  Eutaw- 
ville;  LeRoy  S.  Epps,  Jr.,  Greeley ville; 
J.  P.  Hodges,  Bennettsville;  and  John  A. 
Arant,  Pageland. 

COLORADO:  Leo  Sommerville,  Fru- 
ita;  Roy  Inouye,  LaJara;  and  Robert  B. 
Grauberger,  Haxtun. 

NEW  MEXICO:  John  R.  Hadley,  T^- 
ico;  Hollis  E.  Gary,  Rincon;  and  Jee  D. 
Montoya,  Ocate.  f 

SOUTH  DAKOTA:  Robert  G.  Hoff- 
man, Rockham ;  Edwin  T.  Rudd,  Colman : 
and  Donald  K.  Howe,  McLaughlin. 

NORTH  DAKOTA:  Gordon  L.  Myer, 
Pillsbury;  William  L.  Grandy,  St.  Thom- 
as; and  Howard  W.  Hardy,  Beach. 

DR.  ARTHUR  I.  MORGAN,  Jr.,  prize- 
winning  chemical  engineer,  was  recently 
named  Director  of  the  Western  Utiliza- 
tion Research  and  Development  Division, 
Agricultural  Research  Service,  Albany, 

Dr.  Morgan,  45,  was  born  and  educated 
in  Berkeley,  Calif.  Since  1952  he  has  been 
employed  at  the  USDA  laboratory  as 
research  chemical  engineer,  investigation 
head,  and  since  1962,  chief  of  Engineer- 
ing and  Development  Laboratory.  He  is 
a  lecturer  in  chemical  engineering  at 
the  University  of  California,  Berkeley, 
and  an  instructor  in  oceanography  at 
the  Naval  Reserve  Officer's  School. 
Treasure  Island. 

He  has  received  a  number  of  awards 
for  his  inventions  of  processes  related  to 
food  preservation. 

WILLIAM  R.  HATCH  was  recently  ap- 
pointed as  agricultural  attache  on  the 
staff  of  the  U.S.  Embassy  in  Pretoria. 
Republic  of  South  Africa.  He  replaces 
Harry  R.  Varney  who  is  transferring 
to  Ankara,  Turkey,  as  agricultural  atta- 

Hatch  joined  the  Foreign  Agricultural 
Service  in  1955.  He  has  previously  served 
as  agricultural  attache  in  Iran,  Ireland, 
Kenya,  and  Australia.  Since  1967  he  has 
been  a  marketing  specialist  with  FAS' 
Livestock  and  Meat  Products  Division. 

Hatch  was  born  in  Heber  City.  Utah, 

HEAVY  SNOWS  IN  THE  MIDWEST  this  winter  were  welcome  news  to  at  least  one  feed  grain  reporter 
whose  job  was  to  measure  farm  fields  for  the  Floyd  County,  Iowa,  ASCS  Office.  Lloyd  Hoppe  used  a 
snowmobile  and  snowshoes  to  'premeasure'  fields  for  farmers  signing  up  in  the  feed  grain  program. 
When  fields  are  measured  and  staked  before  planting,  farmers  have  the  certainty  of  knowing  they 
are  iri"compliance  with  USDA  farm  programs.  This  service,  offered  by  ASCS  county  offices  at  a  nominal 
cost,  usually  means  the  reporter  uses  a  pickup  truck  to  get  to  the  farm,  then  hikes  across  fields, 
sometimes  getting  stuck  in  mud  or  snow.  It  takes  a  lot  of  time.  But  this  year  Hoppe  zipped  across 
country  in  his  snowmobile  and  trekked  the  measurement  lines  on  snowshoes.  He  'pre-measured' 
about  100  farms  this  year,  twice  as  many  as  he  did  last  year.  Above,  Iowa  farmer  Ed  Exiine  takes 
over  control  of  the  snowmobile,  while  Hoppe,  on  snowshoes,  prepares  to  'pre-measure'  farm  fields. 

and  reared  in  Idaho.  Before  joining 
USDA  he  spent  15  years  operating  the 
farm  he  owns  near  Idaho  Falls,  Idaho. 

Secretary  Clifford  M.  Hardin  recently 
announced  the  appointment  of  ELVIN 
J.  PERSON,  57,  a  farmer  and  business- 
man from  Big  Lake,  Mimi.,  as  North- 
west Area  Director  for  the  Agricultural 
Stabilization  and  Conservation  Service. 

In  his  new  position.  Person  will  be 
headquartered  in  Washington,  D.C.,  and 
will  have  general  supervision  of  farm 
programs  administered  by  ASCS  in  the 
designated  States  of  the  Northwest  Area. 
These  include:  Alaska,  Idaho,  Minnesota, 
Montana,  Nebraska,  North  Dakota,  Ore- 
gon, South  Dakota,  Washington,  and 

Appointment  of  CLYDE  W.  GRAHAM 
to  head  the  work  of  the  Soil  Conserva- 
tion Service  in  Texas  was  announced 
recently  by  Administrator  Kemieth  E. 
Grant.  Graham  succeeds  the  late  H.  N. 
Smith  as  State  Conservationist  of  the 
agency  at  Temple,  Tex.  Currently,  Gra- 
ham is  director  of  SCS'  Watershed  Plan- 
ning  Division,   Washington,   D.C. 

A  native  Texan,  Graham  joined  SCS 
in  1946  as  a  field  engineer  in  Texas.  He 
held  field  jobs  in  several  Texas  locales 

Ag  Science:  More  Than  Farming 

What  does  agricultural  science  mean 
to  you  and  me?  A  new  USDA  bulletin, 
"Imprint  on  Living,"  answers  the  ques- 

Written  for  the  nonfarm  audience,  the 
48-page  booklet  tells  what  scientists — 
especially  those  who  work  with  the  Ag- 
ricultural Research  Service — are  doing 
to  assure  food  supplies,  safeguard  health 
and  the  environment,  lower  costs,  im- 
prove clothing  and  homes,  and  preserve 
natural  resources. 

The  wide  range  of  subjects  are  eye 
openers  for  those  who  think  agriculture 
is  only  farming.  For  young  people  con- 
cerned about  the  future  of  our  planet, 
the  subjects  could  provide  leads  to  mean- 
ingful careers. 

Copies  of  the  publication  (Agriculture 
Information  Bulletin  330)  are  available 
for  $L25  each  from:  Superintendent  of 
Documents,  Government  Printing  Office, 
Washington,  D.C.  20402. 

before  coming  to  Washington  in  1954  as 
a  budget  analyst  with  SCS.  He  returned 
to  Texas  in  1958,  serving  as  Assistant 
State  Conservationist  for  Watersheds 
and  later  as  Deputy  State  Conservation- 
ist from  1964  to  1966. 


APRIL  24,    1969  Vol.  XXVIII   No,   9 

USDA  is  pubUshed  fortnightly  for  distribution  to  employees  only,  by  direction  of  the  Secre- 
tary of  Agriculture,  as  containing  administrative  information  required  for  the  proper  transac- 
tion of  tlie  public  business.  Retirees  who  write  to  the  Editor  requesting  it  may  continue  to 
get  USDA.  Please  write  instead  of  phoning  whenever  possible;  for  rush  orders,  call  Ext.  2058, 
Mrs.  Lillie  Vincent,  Editor  of  USDA,  INF,  Department  of  Agriculture,  Washington,  D.C.  20250. 

c43 — 339-305  us.  government  printing  OFFICE 


MAY  2  6  1969 

rfi'ts;VIILE   BRANCH 


MAY     8, 

NO.  10 
1  969 

Food  Stamp  Program  Goes  Multilingual 

Something  new  has  come  to  old  Chhia- 
town — and  to  Alaska  from  Bistol  Bay  to 
the  Seward  Peninsula,  to  Gogebic  and 
Houghton  counties,  Mich.,  and  to  U.S. 
communities  where  Spanish-speaking 
Americans  live. 

The  something  new  is  official  food  lists 
that  give  a  few  simple  rules  in  one  of  five 
different  languages  to  persons  taking 
part  in  the  Food  Stamp  Program.  There 
are  now  lists  in  Chinese,  the  Yupik  dia- 
lect of  the  Eskimo  language,  Finnish, 
and  Spanish,  as  well  as  English. 

The  multilingual  food  lists  help  the 
Consumer  and  Marketing  Service  reach 
people  who  may  need  food  assistance  in 
more  than  1,200  food  stamp  counties  and 
cities  in  43  States  and  the  District  of 

The  food  stamp  office  in  Ironwood, 
Mich.,  reports  that  75  percent  of  the 
population  in  Gogebic  and  Houghton 
counties  are  of  Finnish  descent.  Many 
others  of  this  nationality  live  in  the  Da- 
kotas,     northern     Minnesota,     Oregon, 

Washington,  New  Hampshire,  Massa- 
chusetts, and  Ohio.  Chinese  and  Span- 
ish-speaking Americans  are  almost  as 
ubiquitous  as  the  English-speaking 

Along  the  west  coast  of  Alaska  non- 
speakers  of  Eskimo  dialects  can  recog- 
nize the  Yupik  list  because  it  has  capital 
letters  in  the  middle  of  words.  The 
translator,  Mrs.  Martha  Teeluk  of  Nome, 
Alaska,  says  such  capitalized  letters 
have  a  sound  of  their  own  that  cannot 
be  indicated  in  any  other  way.  That  is 
also  the  reason  that  Yupik  sentences  do 
not  start  with  capitals.  For  the  English 
word  "coupon,"  Mrs.  Teeluk  used  the 
Yupik  "neqkat,"  literally  "play  money." 
"Neqkat"  however,  is  universally  used 
in  the  area  to  make  distinctions  between 
currency  and  other  negotiable  papers. 
Other  Eskimo  dialects  that  may  find 
their  way  onto  the  official  lists  are  Atlia- 
pascan,  Aleut,  Haida,  and  Thlingit. 

Lastest  figures  show  that  2.9  million 
persons  across  the  Nation  take  part  in 

MEMBERS  OF  THE  1969  Honor  Awards  Committee  met  in  March  with  Secretary  Hardin  to  recommend 
to  him  recipients  for  the  Distinguished  and  Superior  Service  Awards.  The  awards  will  be  presented  to 
USDA  employees  at  the  23d  Annual  Honor  Awards  Ceremony  on  May  20.  Discussing  the  awards  with 
the  Secretary  are  committee  members  (left  to  right):  Chairman  Howard  W.  Hjort,  Director,  Planning 
Evaluation  and  Programming  Staff,  USDA;  Dr.  Frederick  N.  Andrews,  Vice-President  for  Research, 
Purdue  University,  Lafayette,  Ind.;  the  Honorable  Roy  Freeland,  Secretary,  Kansas  State  Board  of 
Agriculture,  Topeka;  Dr.  Jay  L.  Lush,  Professor  of  Animal  Science,  Iowa  State  University,  Ames;  and 
Dr.  John  Lash.  Director,  Special  Projects-Federal  Relations.  Texas  Southern  University,  Houston.  Dr. 
Lash   represented  committee  member  Dr.  Granville  M.  Sawyer,  President,  Texas  Southern  University. 

IN  SAN  FRANCISCO  a  passerby  pauses  to  read 
the  Chinese  language  food  list  distributed  by  the 
Food  Stamp  Program. 

the  Food  Stamp  Program.  They  receive 
some  $18.6  million  worth  of  extra  food- 
buying  power  each  month  in  bonus  cou- 

In  about  1,200  other  areas  where  the 
Food  Stamp  Program  is  not  operating, 
C&MS'  Commodity  Distribution  Pro- 
gram is  reaching  3.8  million  additional 
needy  adults  and  children. 


USDA  is  calling  together  representa- 
tives of  other  Federal  Departments  and 
independent  agencies  and  of  national 
organizations  of  cooperatives  to  plan 
the  1969  Co-op  Month  observance  this 
October,   Secretary  Hardin   announced. 

The  National  Advisory  Committee  on 
Cooperatives  asked  Secretary  Hardin  to 
take  this  action  in  its  April  8  meeting. 
He  said  he  has  named  Under  Secretary 
J.  Phil  Campbell  as  Chairman  of  the 
Co-op  Month   1969  steering  committee. 

The  purpose  of  Co-op  Month.  Secre- 
tary Hardin  said,  is  to  increase  knowl- 
edge and  understanding  of  cooperatives. 
The  observance  traces  its  origins  back 
to  a  Waukegan,  111.,  mayor's  proclama- 
tion of  Co-op  Month  40  years  ago.  It 
became  a  State  celebration  in  1948  when 
Minnesota  and  Wisconsin  Governors 
issued  proclamations.  USDA  participated 
in  Co-op  Month  for  the  first  time  in 

DR.  T.  K.  COWDEN 

Cowden  Named 
Assistant  Secretary 

Dr.  Thomas  K. 
Cowden,  60,  Dean 
of  the  College  of 
Agriculture  and 
Natural  Re- 
sources, Michi- 
gan State  Uni- 
versity, has  been 
named  by  Presi- 
dent Richard  M. 
Nixon  to  be  As- 
sistant Secretary 
of  Agriculture  for 
Rural  Develop- 
ment and  Conservation. 

Before  becoming  Dean  at  the  East 
Lansing,  Mich.,  school.  Dr.  Cowden 
served  as  head  of  the  Department  of 
Agricultural  Economics  at  the  Univer- 
sity: as  director  of  research  for  the 
American  Farm  Bureau  Federation;  and 
as  professor  of  agricultural  economics 
at  Purdue  University  and  at  Pennsyl- 
vania State  University. 

Dr.  Cowden  has  traveled  extensively 
in  the  United  States,  Europe,  and  other 
parts  of  the  world  in  connection  with 
his  agricultural  work.  He  also  has  served 
as  a  member  of  national  committees  for 
economic  development  and  agricultural 

Born  in  the  farming  community  of 
Hickory,  Pa.,  Dr.  Cowden  graduated  from 
Ohio  State  University  in  1930,  received 
his  Master's  degree  there  in  1931,  and 
his  Ph.  D.  from  Cornell  University  in 

It's  a  Bitter  Pill 

Capsule-carrying  ants  are  helping  sci- 
entists of  the  Agricultral  Research  Serv- 
ice fight  a  notorious  pest  of  humans, 
animals,  and  crops.  The  busy  carriers 
are  worker  fire  ants,  members  of  the 
tribe  the  scientists  are  aiming  at  eradi- 

The  tiny  plastic-coated  capsules  the 
ants  carry  contain  a  bait  of  soybean  oil 
and  Mirex.  an  insecticide  developed  by 
the  ARS  scientists.  Spread  by  airplane 
over  fields,  the  capsules  are  gathered 
by  the  worker  ants,  brought  back  to  their 
nests,  and  fed  to  the  ant  queen.  Even 
if  all  the  worker  ants  are  not  destroyed, 
the  colony  will  soon  die  once  the  queen 
is  dead. 

In  small  scale  tests,  less  than  V14 
of  an  ounce  of  the  insecticide  per  acre 
has  given  good  control.  In  such  minute 
quantities,  Mirex  is  virtually  nonhazard- 
ous  to  humans,  pets,  wildlife,  fish,  or 
bees.  In  fact,  the  insecticide  is  so  specific 
to  the  fire  ant  that  it  will  not  kill  a  num- 
ber of  other  ant  species. 

a  new  color  movie  on  4— H, 
premiered  during  USDA's  re- 
cent "Growing  With  America" 
Festival  in  Washington,  D.C. 
Donald  S.  Parham  (left), 
AGRICO  Chemical  Company, 
presents  Under  Secretary  J. 
Phil  Campbell  with  one  of  50 
prints  of  the  movie  given  to 
USDA  for  use  in  4-H  pro- 
grams in  each  of  the  50 
States.  AGRICO  sponsored 
and  financed  the  film.  Look- 
ing on  are  Paula  Harrell, 
Georgia  4-H'er,  Mrs.  Camp- 
bell, and  Brent  Davis,  New 
Jersey  4-H'er.  Paula  and 
Brent  are  two  of  the  4-H'ers 
appearing  in  the  new  movie. 

Sk '""""JH 




H^  A>^^^H 



Gardeners,  farmers,  campers,  and 
hikers  are  urged  by  USDA  to  keep  a 
sharp  lookout  for  unusual  insects  or 
damage  to  ornamentals,  trees,  lawns, 
houses,  or  crops. 

Such  insects  or  damage  should  be  re- 
ported at  once  to  county  agricultural 
agents  or  State  or  Federal  entomologists. 
It  could  mean  that  a  foreign  pest  has 
sneaked  past  quarantine  barriers  or  that 
the  numbers  of  an  established  pest  are 
building  up  to  dangerous  levels  in  new 

USDA  Food  Exhibit 
In  Japan  Is  1969  First 

The  annual  Japanese  International 
Trade  Fair  in  Tokyo  April  17-May  6  was 
the  site  of  the  first  major  1969  overseas 
exhibition  of  U.S.  foods. 

The  exhibition  was  a  follow-up  of  the 
successful  and  popular  all-U.S.  "Ameri- 
can Festival"  held  last  spring  in  the 
same  location — Tokyo's  Harumi  "Wharf. 

The  American  exhibits  stressed  prod- 
ucts new  to  the  Japanese  trade  and  con- 
sumers. Demonstrations  and  displays  in- 
troduced refrigerated  dough  items,  in- 
cluding cookies,  biscuits,  and  sweet  rolls. 
Pancakes  and  waffles  also  made  their 
debuts  for  Japanese  home  use.  Other 
commodities  on  exhibit  included  beef, 
feed  grains,  poultry,  raisins,  lemons, 
prunes,  peas  and   lentils,   and  honey. 

A  soap  display,  sponsored  by  the  U.S. 
tallow  industry,  and  a  Japanese-style 
house  made  of  U.S.  lumber  and  plywood 
were  two  non-food  displays. 

All  major  trading  nations  participate 
in  the  Japanese  Fair  which  draws  from 
1   to  1.5  million  visitors. 

Japan  is  the  American  farmer's  larg- 
est overseas  customer,  taking  nearly  $1 
billion  worth  of  U.S.  agricultural  prod- 
ucts each  year. 

Plant  pest  control  experts  of  the  Ag- 
gricultural  Research  Service  stress  the 
important  part  played  by  private  citi- 
zens in  discovering  new  insect  enemies. 
It  was  a  Florida  homeowner's  curiosity 
about  larvae  found  in  a  grapefruit  that 
triggered  the  successful  campaign  in 
1956  against  the  destructive  Mediterra- 
nean fruit  fly. 

The  weekly  ARS  publication,  "Coop- 
erative Economic  Insect  Report,"  pro- 
vides a  warning  service  on  insect  threats 
by  noting  established  pests  in  new  areas 
and  the  unusual  build-up  of  known  pests. 
Citizens  contribute  to  the  service  by 
collecting  insects,  preserving  them,  and 
sending  them  to  county  agricultural 
agents  or  State  universities  along  with 
information  on  where  the  insects  were 
found  and  what  damage  they  were  caus- 
ing. ___^____ 

FHA  State  Directors  Named 

Secretary  Clifford  M.  Hardin  recently 
announced  appointment  of  three  new 
State  Directors  of  the  Farmers  Home 

Gordon  F.  Klenk  of  Easton,  Minn.,  was 
named  to  the  FHA  post  for  Minnesota. 
He  formerly  served  as  Minnesota  State 
Director  from  1954-61.  State  headquar- 
ters for  the  agency  are  in  St.  Paul. 

James  L.  <Ly7in)  Futch  of  Canadian, 
Tex.,  specialist  in  agricultural  credit,  was  . 
appointed  to  the  State  Director  post  for 
Texas.  He  assumed  his  new  position  after 
nearly  17  years  with  Texas  Production 
Credit  Associations.  Futch's  headquar- 
ters are  in  Temple,  Tex. 

The  new  FHA  State  Director  for  Wy- 
oming, Bill  Clark,  has  been  a  ranch  op- 
erator and  cattle  producer  at  Worland, 
■Wyo.,  since  1948  and  operator  of  an  oil 
production  company  in  the  same  com- 
munity for  more  than  26  years.  State 
headquarters  for  FHA  in  'Wyoming  are 
in  Casper. 


New  Appointees  for 
Export  Marketing  Service 

Secretary  Clifford  M.  Hardin  lias  an- 
nounced two  appointments  to  the  recent- 
ly approved  Export  Marketing  Service. 
Clifford  G.  Pulvermacher,  Sterling,  Va., 
was  named  General  Sales  Manager  and 
Frank  G.  McKnight,  El  Paso,  Tex.,  As- 
sociate General  Sales  Manager  of  the 
new  agency. 

Pulvermacher,  a  native  of  Sauk  City, 
Wis.,  has  more  than  25  years  experience 
in  farm  export  and  foreign  aid  work.  He 
played  a  leading  role  in  recent  years  in 
substantially  increasing  export  of  U.S. 
wheat  to  Japan,  The  Philippines,  Korea, 
and  Taiwan.  He  has  served  as  Assistant 
Deputy  Administrator,  Commodity  Op- 
erations, Agricultural  Stabilization  and 
Conservation  Service,  and  earlier  was  Di- 
rector of  the  ASCS  Procurement  and 
Sales  Division. 

Pulvermacher  joined  USDA  in  1941  as 
field  worker  for  various  food  programs. 
In  1945  he  went  to  work  for  the  Depart- 
ment of  Defense,  working  mostly  on 
overseas  assignments  in  connection  with 
distribution  of  supplies  in  occupied  coun- 
tries in  Europe  and  Asia.  He  returned 
to  USDA  in  1950. 

McKnight,  47,  has  more  than  20  years 
experience  in  cotton  merchandising  and 
oilseed  processing  and  sales.  His  most 
recent  position  has  been  as  District  Man- 
ager for  the  El  Paso  district  of  the  Pay- 
master Oil  Mill  Co.,  division  of  Anderson, 
Clayton  &  Co.  Previously,  he  was  in 
charge  of  export  and  domestic  cotton 
linters  sales  for  that  company  and  held 
various  jobs  with  oil  mills  in  the  South- 
west area. 


Secretary  Clilloril  M.  Hardin  recently 
named  new  members  of  State  .-Agricultural 
Stabilization  and  Conservation  Commit- 
tees for  Washington,  Minnesota,  and  Vir- 
ginia.  The  appointees   are: 

\\  ASHINGTON— H  e  r  b  Hemingway, 
Garfield:  Jess  \.  Kniitzen,  Burlington; 
and   Robert   W  .   Hollowav,  Qiiincv. 

MINNESOTA — Selvin  M.  Erickson, 
Badger:  -\lvin  B.  Payne,  DeGraff;  and 
Elton  T.  Redalen,  Fountain. 

VIRGINIA— James  S.  Gillespie,  Pound- 
ing Mill;  Homer  .K.  Long,  Jr.,  Edinburg; 
and  Delman  R.  Carr,  Carrsville. 

Secretary  Hardin  recently  announced 
the  reassignment  of  GEORGE  B.  HANSEN 
as  Deputy  .Administrator,  State  and  County 
Operations,  .Agricultural  Stabilization  and 
Con>ervation  .Service,  and  W  ILLI.AM  E. 
G.ALBR.AITH  as  Deputy  Under  Sccretarv 
for  Congressional  Relations.  The  job  swap 
was  made  at  the  request  of  the  men  con- 

The  .Secretary  stated  that  Hansen  had 
requested  a  position  where  he  could  gain 
administrative  experience  and  Galbraith 
desired  more  experience  in  Congressional 

A  NIMBLE  TV  CAMERAMAN  finds  the  back  of  a  mule  a  good  spot  to  shoot  footage  for  a  documentary 
on  the  people  and  resources  of  the  Hull-YorkLakeland  area. 


You  take  a  plane  to  Nashville,  Tenn., 
drive  80  miles  east,  and  you  are  in  the 
heart  of  the  Hull-York-Lakeland  Re- 
source Conservation  and  Development 
project.  This  11 -county,  2^2  million  acre 
section  of  the  Cumberland  Highlands  is 
uiidergoing  many  changes  as  it  heads 
towards  the  1970's.  The  job  of  the  RC&D 
project  people  is  to  see  that  these 
changes  are  beneficial. 

What  is  RC&D  besides  a  handful  of 
initials?  Basically,  it's  a  regional  de- 
velopment program  for  people  with  the 
need,  the  desire,  and  the  ability  to  grow 
and  improve.  It  is  a  varied  program  that 
aims  at  better  use  of  such  fundamental 
resources  as  soil,  water,  and  timber,  and 
includes  such  diverse  end  results  as  more 
employment  opportunities;  better  job 
training;  more  hospitals,  libraries,  and 
roads;  cleaner  water;  and  that  intangi- 
ble known  as  community  spirit. 

The  Hull- York-Lakeland  RC&D  proj- 
ect began  as  an  idea  in  1964,  sponsored 
by  the  local  soil  conservation  districts. 
RC&D  board  chairman  Dr.  L.  R.  Dud- 
ney  traveled  thousands  of  miles  during 
1965  to  tell  civic  groups  and  other  gath- 
erings about  the  project  and  why  it 
needed  community  participation  to  work. 
By  October  1966,  the  planning  was  com- 
pleted and  RC&D  sponsors  were  ready 
for  the  "cash  and  carry-out  the  work" 
phase.  Since  then: 

•  Fifty-one  projects  have  been  com- 
pleted, adding  $7 '2  million  gross  income 
to  the  area  yearly. 

e  Work  is  underway  on  32  other  meas- 
ures, expected  to  add  $10.8  million  more 
in  annual  gross  income. 

•  Farm  conservation  work  has  in- 
creased 40  percent  over  pre-project  days. 

•  Ten  of  the  11  RC&D  counties  have 
new  industries.  Three  job  training  cen- 
ters are  operating  and  a  new  mountain 
crafts  association  is  active.  Beautifica- 
tion  campaigns  have  cleaned  up  dump 
areas  and  seeded  roadside  areas.  Five 
towns  have  sanitary  landfills  or  have 
acquired  the  land;  no  town  had  them 
before.  Tourism  is  actively  promoted 
through  the  RC&D  Recreation  and  Tour- 
ism committee.  Five  new  libraries  have 
been  built  and  four  new  health  centers 
are  under  construction.  Flood  preven- 
tion work  has  helped  farmers  and  home- 
owners and  allowed  one  factory  employ- 
ing 1,400  people  to  stay  in  the  area. 

The  "people  effect"  is  also  dramatic. 
"A  few  years  ago,"  says  Dr.  Dudney,  "we 
were  Tennessee's  problem  child.  The 
young  productive  people  left  in  droves. 
The  tax  base  shrank.  Modern  school 
rooms  sat  empty.  Businesses  closed. 
Now,  spirit  is  high.  Good  things  are  hap- 
pening— things  that  require  coordina- 
tion and  common  concern,  qualities  not 
evident  before  the  project  came  to  life." 

Hull- York-Lakeland  is  one  of  51  RC&D 
projects  now  authorized  throughout  the 
Nation.  The  Soil  Conservation  Service 
has  responsibility  for  coordinating 
RC&D  work.  But  the  secret  of  success 
is  the  willingness  of  local  people  to  help 

Nobel  Prize  Winner  Is 
Atwater  Memorial  Lecturer 

Nobel  Prize-winning  biochemist  Dr. 
Albert  Szent-Gyorgyi  will  give  the  sec- 
ond annual  W.  O.  Atwater  Memorial  Lec- 
ture in  September  in  New  York  City. 
Secretary  Hardin  annoui:iced  recently. 

The  lecture  will  be  delivered  before 
the  158th  Semi-Annual  Meeting  of  the 
American  Chemical  Society  at  a  joint 
session  of  the  Biological  Chemistry  and 
Agricultural  and  Food  Chemistry  Divi- 
sions. Dr.  Szent-Gyorgyi's  talk  will  be 
jointly  sponsored  by  the  Agricultural  Re- 
search Service  and  the  American  Chem- 
ical Society. 

This  is  the  second  annual  lecture  to 
honor  USDA's  first  chief  of  human  nu- 
trition research,  Dr.  Wilbur  O.  Atwater 
(1844-1907) .  Lecturers  are  nominated  by 
representatives  of  universities,  national 
associations  of  educators  and  of  scien- 
tists, foundations,  and  medical  societies 
They  are  chosen  for  their  outstanding 
contributions  to  the  broad  field  of  nutri- 
tion and  the  sciences  it  embraces.  Last 
year's  speaker  was  Nobel  Prize-winning 
Finnish  chemist.  Dr.  Artturi  I.  Virtanen 

Dr.  Szent-Gyorgyi  is  Director  of  the 
Institute  for  Muscle  Research  for  the 
Marine  Biological  Laboratory,  Woods 
Hole,  Mass.  In  1937,  he  was  awarded  the 
Nobel  Prize  for  Medicine  and  Physiology 
for  his  discovery  and  isolation  of  vitamin 
C  from  both  plant  and  animal  sources. 

Forest  Service  Adds 
New  Research  Natural  Areas 

Two  tracts  of  National  Forest  land 
were  permanently  set  aside  recently  for 
education  and  scientific  study. 

These  Research  Natural  Areas,  among 
79  in  the  National  Forest  System  in  28 
States  and  Puerto  Rico,  are  essentially 
virgin  forest  or  other  plant  communities 
maintained  strictly  for  scientific  obser- 
vation and  research. 

One  new  tract,  the  Roaring  Branch 
Research  Natural  Area,  contains  300 
acres  of  old-growth  shortleaf  pine  and 
hardwoods  in  the  Ouachita  National 
Forest  in  Arkansas. 

The  other  tract,  the  Wolf  Creek  Re- 
search Natural  Area,  contains  150  acres 
representative  of  the  western  shrub  and 
grasslands  in  the  fringe  of  the  ponderosa 
pine.  It  is  located  in  the  Okanogan  Na- 
tional Forest  in  Washington. 

Research  Natural  Areas  serve  as  base- 
lines for  comparative  study  with  other 
areas  subjected  to  grazing,  timber  har- 
vesting, and  recreational  use.  Environ- 
mental changes  that  affect  natural  veg- 

McVey's  Idea  Now  Big  Reality 

Daniel  H.  McVey,  Special  Assistant  to 
the  Assistant  Administrator,  Farmer 
Cooperative  Service,  stands  before  a  new 
5  million  bushel  export  elevator  which  he 
had  a  hand  in  bringing  into  being. 

The  elevator — located  about  15  miles 
up  river  from  New  Orleans — is  owned 
and  operated  by  a  federation  of  seven 
Midwestern  regional  cooperatives.  The 
federation  is  known  as  Famers  Export 
Company  and  represents  a  million  farm- 

At  dedication  ceremonies  on  March  21, 
President  of  the  company,  F.  V.  Heinkel, 
said,  "Five  men  started  thinking  of 
building  this  facility.  If  any  one  person 
can  claim  to  have  conceived  the  idea, 
it's    Dan    McVey." 

McVey  did  more  than  just  conceive 
the  idea.  He  helped  the  farmer-owned 
businesses  organize  Farmers  Export 
Company,  find  the  best  design  for  the 
facilities,  and  chose  the  most  efficient 

The  co-ops  invested  $9  million  of  their 
members'  money  and  borrowed  $19  mil- 
lion from  the  Banks  for  Cooperatives  to 
get  the  elevator  into  operation.  It  can 
handle  125  million  bushels  of  grain  a 
year,  a  volume  that  could  earn  $175  mil- 
lion at  current  prices  in  the  export  mar- 
kets for  the  United  States. 

etation  development — such  as  air  pollu- 
tion, weather  modification,  and  changes 
in  ground  water  levels — can  also  be  com- 

Research  Natural  Areas  in  the  Forest 
Service  system  will  eventually  represent 
all  important  forest  and  rangeland  types. 
They  are  part  of  a  larger  Federal  system 
of  Research  Natural  Areas,  representing 
vegetation  types,  examples  of  fish  and 
animal  habitats,  land  forms,  soil  types, 
and  mineral  deposits. 



The  table 

below  is  the 

USDA  Sav-   1 

ings  Bond  scorecard  as  o 

f  Marc 

h  22, 

kickoff  date 

for  the  USDA  1969 


ings  Bond  Campaign.  Dr 

E.  R. 


lieim,  Office  of  Personnel, 

is  technical 

assistant  to  Secretary  Ha 

rdin  for  the 









































































































All  USDA  employees  are  invited  to 
attend  the  Department's  23d  Amiual 
Honor  Awards  Ceremony  at  10:30  a.m.. 
Tuesday,  May  20,  at  the  Sylvan  Theater, 
Washington  Monument  Grounds. 

Secretary  Clifford  M.  Hardin  will  be 
the  principal  speaker.  Distinguished  and 
Superior  Service  Awards  will  be  pre- 
sented to  77  employees  and  groups  rep- 
resenting 40  field  headquarters  and  the 
Washington  Metropolitan  area. 

In  case  of  rain  the  ceremony  will  be 
conducted  at  the  Departmental  Audi- 
torium between  12th  &  14th  Streets  on 
Constitution  Avenue  NW. 


MAY  8,    1969 

Vol.  XXVIII   No,    10 

USDA  is  published  fortnightly  for  distribution  to  employees  only,  by  direction  of  the  Secre- 
tary of  Agriculture,  as  containing  administrative  information  required  for  the  proper  transac- 
tion of  the  public  business.  Retirees  who  write  to  the  Editor  requesting  it  may  continue  to 
get  USDA.  Please  write  instead  of  phoning  whenever  possible;  for  rush  orders,  call  Ext.  2058, 
Mrs.  Lillie  Vincent,  Editor  of  USDA,  INF,  Department  of  Agriculture,  Washington,  D.C.  20250. 



UOp.3    UU   BttAINUn 


NtW5Ltl  I  UK 

VOL,  XXVIII  NO.  11 
MAY   22,   1969 

Magazine  Features 
Worldly  Ag  Stories 

One  of  the  best  sources  of  new  ideas 
and  experiences  in  the  field  of  interna- 
tional agricultural  development  is  the 
published  quarterly  by  the  Organization 
for  Economic  Cooperation  and  Develop- 
ment lOECD)  to  which  the  United 
States  belongs. 

Published  in  English,  French,  German, 
Italian,  Spanish,  Greek,  and  Turkish 
features  articles  submitted  by  experts 
from  OECD  member  countries. 

The  latest  issue  spotlights  such  stories 

"Intergovernmental  Organizations — 
A  product  of  the  20th  Century" 
by  Dr.  Ralph  Phillips,  Director 
of  USDA's  International  Orga- 
nizations Staff 
"Agricultural  Policy  in  Austria"  by 
Dr.    Karl    Schleinzer,    Federal 
Minister  of  Agriculture  and  For- 
estry in  Austria 
"Allocating  Resources   to   Scientific 
Research"  by  David  Juckes,  an 
administrator  in  the  OECD  Di- 
rectorate for  Agriculture 
"The  Adviser  as  Agent  for  Change" 
hy  P.  R.  Peachey,  Country  Agri- 
cultural Advisor  for  the  British 
Ministry   of   Agriculture,   Fish- 
eries, and  Food  on  the  Isle  of 
"Farm  Mechanization  in  Sweden" 
"New    Cattle-Breeding    System    in 

"Global  Soil  Map  Boon  to  Planners" 
Subscription  rate  for  the  AGRICUL- 
TURAL REVIEW  is  $2.50  annually. 
Those  interested  in  subscribing  should 
write  to:  OECD  Publications  Center, 
Suite  1305,  1750  Pennsylvania  Ave.  NW., 
Washington,  D.C.  20006. 

SECRETARY  HARDIN  was  a  favorite  camera  subject  of  4-H  Club  members  at  the  recent  4-H  National 
Conference  in  Washington,  D.C. 

4-H'ers  Meet  for  39th  National  Conference 

.About  105  million  pounds  of  SOYBEAN 
PROTEIN  PRODUCTS  were  used  bv  U.S. 
food  nianufinturers  in  1967.  W'liile  this 
would  make  a  lot  of  sauec,  baked  j;oods 
accounted  for  almost  half  of  the  total 

About  225  outstanding  4-H  youth  from 
the  50  States  and  Puerto  Rico  gathered 
in  Washington,  D.C,  for  the  39th  Annual 
National  4-H  Conference.  Theme  for  the 
conference,  held  April  20-25,  was  "4-H: 
Tomorrow's  Promise."  Also  attending 
the  conference  on  an  exchange  basis 
were  10  4-H'ers  from  Canada  and  2 
young  Japanese  farmers  participating  in 
a  2-year  Japanese-American  agricul- 
tural training  program. 

Highlights  of  the  conference  included 
an  address  by  Secretary  Hardin,  daily 
group  meetings,  tours  of  the  Capital  City, 
and  a  Friends  of  4-H  Day  which  honored 
nine  private  citizens  as  new  "Partners  in 
4-H"  and  four  firms  and  organizations 
with  4-H  Crested  Clovers  for  important 
contributions  to  4-H. 

Conference  delegates  were  from  among 
the  3^4  million  4-H'ers  in  the  country's 
towns,  cities,  suburban  and  rural  areas. 
Two  girls  and  two  boys  from  each  State 
were  selected  for  major  achievements  in 
community  service,  leadership,  citizen- 
ship, and  exceptional  personal  develop- 
ment. At  this  year's  conference,  dele- 
gates learned  of  increased  opportunities 
4-H  offers  today  and  reviewed  important 
issues  affecting  4-H  in  the  future. 

The  conference  was  supervised  by  the 
Cooperative  Extension  Service.  It  was 
planned  and  conducted  by  the  Federal 
Extension  Service  and  the  National  4-H 
Foundation,  Washington,  D.C,  aided  by 
the  National  4-H  Service  Committee, 

CSC  To  Spearhead 
Summer  Youth  Program 

President  Nixon  has  asked  the  Civil 
Service  Commission  to  spearhead  the 
Federal  Summer  Employment  Program 
for  Youth,  and  to  provide  leadership  and 
direction  for  the  employment,  utiliza- 
tion, supervision,  and  counseling  of 
summer  employees. 

The  President  also  asked  the  heads  of 
Federal  departments  and  agencies  to 
hire,  as  part  of  their  normal  summer 
employment  program,  at  least  one  needy 
young  person  for  every  40  regular  em- 
ployees on  their  payrolls. 

The  CSC  will  issue  instructioiis  to  Fed- 
eral agencies  informing  them  of  the 
goals,  providing  guidelines  for  counsel- 
ing, and  establishing  necessary  report- 
ing procedures. 

USDA  ARTIST,  Rudolph  A.  Wendelin  (left),  re- 
ceives from  Under  Secretary  Phil  Campbell  this 
year's  first  Silver  Smokey  statuette,  the  "Oscar" 
of  forest  fire  prevention.  Wendelin  was  cited  by 
the  Advertising  Council,  Inc.,  the  Forest  Service, 
and  the  National  Association  of  State  Foresters 
for  exceptional  service  in  assuring  that  drawings 
and  pictures  reflect  the  personality  of  the 
Smokey  Bear  symbol.  Wendelin  became  the 
principal  artist  for  Smokey  characterization  and 
supporting  graphic  material  in  1946.  Since 
1945,  the  symbol  of  the  Smokey  Bear  Fire  Pre- 
vention Campaign  has  been  responsible  for  re- 
ducing man-caused  forest  fires  by  nearly  50 

Graduate  School  Lists 
Course  for  Retirees 

Successful  Retirement,  a  new  course 
designed  to  help  people  get  the  most 
from  their  retirement  years,  will  be  of- 
fered by  the  USDA  Graduate  School 
during  the  1969  Summer  session.  Discus- 
sion topics  include  the  importance  of 
preparing  for  retirement,  transition  from 
the  structured  to  unstructured  life,  place 
of  work  in  the  life  cycle,  financial  plan- 
ning and  living  arrangements  in  retire- 
ment, volunteer  work,  and  travel. 
Couples  are  encouraged  to  register  for 
the  course. 

Among  courses  offered  for  the  evening 
Summer  session,  which  begins  June  2, 
are;  The  American  Negro  Novel,  Archi- 
tecture of  Washington,  D.C.,  The  Po- 
tomac Valley,  Conservation  in  ActioJi, 
and  Introduction  to  Ecology. 

Registration  for  these  courses  is  May 
26  through  31,  from  9:00  a.m.  to  4:00 
p.m.  on  the  first  floor  patio  of  the  Ad- 
ministration Building,  14th  Street  and 
Independence  Avenue,  Washington,  D.C. 

The  Graduate  School  is  also  offering 
Special  Program  courses  in  the  Curricu- 
lum of  Computer  Sciences  during  May, 
June,  and  July.  Nomination  due  dates 
for  these  daytime  classes  vary  for  each 
course.  For  further  information  on 
registration,  contact:  Dr.  J.  F.  Hendrick 
or  Miss  Luella  Dever,  Area  Code  202,  DU 
8-7630  or  DU  8-7820. 

Scientists  Find  New 
Leukemia  Inhibitor  Source 

New  sources  of  an  enzyme  used  in 
clinical  tests  to  inhibit  leukemia  have 
been  found  by  Agricultural  Research 
Service  scientists.  At  the  ARS  Northern 
utilization  research  laboratory,  Peoria, 
111.,  chemist  Robert  E.  Peterson,  and 
mici-obiologist  Dr.  Alex  Ceigler  screened 
123  strains  of  bacteria  for  production  of 
the  enzyme,  L-asparagine.  Four  other 
strains  of  bacteria  were  also  found  to 
yield  the  enzyme. 

This  enzyme  breaks  down  an  amino 
acid,  asparagine.  Destroying  the  amino 
acid  inhibits  the  growth  of  leukemia 
cells  but  does  not  affect  normal  cells. 
Most  leukemia  cells  need  L-asparagine 
but,  unlike  nonnal  cells,  cannot  make  it. 

The  enzyme  gives  good  results  in  clini- 
cal tests,  but  there  is  not  enough  from 
present  sources  for  prolonged  treatment. 

The  research  by  Peterson  and  Ceigler 
is  part  of  a  28-year  program  of  screening 
organisms  in  a  collection  at  the  Peoria 
laboratory  for  antibiotic  production. 
First  major  development  in  the  program 
was  an  industrial  process  for  producing 

ROBERT     E.     PETERSON     (left)     and     Dr.    Alex 
Ciegler   have   found    new   sources   for   leukemia 


ASCS  Area  Director  Named 

Secretary  Hardin  has  announced  the 
appointment  of  Edward  D.  Hews,  a 
farmer  from  Presque  Isle,  Maine,  as 
Northeast  Area  Director  for  the  Agri- 
cultural Stabilization  and  Conservation 

In  his  new  position.  Hews  will  be  head- 
quartered in  Washington,  D.C,  and  will 
have  general  supervision  of  farm  pro- 
grams administered  by  ASCS  in  Con- 
necticut, Delaware,  Maine,  Maryland, 
Massachusetts,  New  Hampshire,  New 
Jersey,  New  York,  Pennsylvania,  Rhode 
Island,  Vermont,  and  West  Virginia. 

^  ^  For  May  1969  ^  ^ 

Ever  had  trouble  handling,  storing,  or  rerunning 
used  mimeograph  stencils?  MRS.  KERRY  J. 
IRVINE,  Business  Services  Clerk  with  the  Farm- 
ers Home  Administration  State  office  in  Huron, 
S.  Dak.,  suggests  making  a  simple  storage  and 
file  box  for  used  stencils.  She  used  an  empty 
cardboard  carton,  two  wooden  dowels,  and  some 
lengths  of  wire.  Stencils  are  attached  to  the 
wires  by  paper  clips  and  hung  from  the  dowels 
into  the  carton.  Here  they  can  dry  without  creas- 
ing or  sticking  together.  Colored  tabs  attached 
to  the  paper  clips  help  locate  the  needed  stencil 
quickly.  Total  cost — 90  cents.  A  commercial 
stencil  storage  box  costs  $25.  "I  no  longer 
worry  about  getting  other  papers  or  my  clothing 
soiled,"  says  Mrs.  Irvine,  a  former  model  and 
runner-up  for  the  1969  Young  Career  Woman's 
Award  sponsored  by  the  Business  and  Profes- 
sional Women's  Society  of  Huron.  Mrs.  Irvine 
received  a  cash  award  of  $50  for  adoption  of 
her  suggestion  in  the  South  Dakota  office,  plus 
a  letter  of  commendation  from  Secretary  Hardin. 
If  your  office  is  using  mimeograph  stencils,  you 
should  consider  this  idea.  Be  sure  to  contact 
your  Employee  Suggestions  Coordinator.  If  you 
think  your  improvement  ideas  have  application 
outside  your  office,  please  share  them!  We're 
holding  this  spot  open  for  you   next  month. 

Extension  Teams  Study 
Foreign  Trade  Opportunities 

Three  teams  of  U.S.  agricultural  econ- 
omists left  in  April  for  a  3-week  study 
of  foreign  market  opportunities  and 
trade  policies  in  15  countries  of  Asia  and 
Europe.  Lloyd  H.  Davis,  Administrator,  ■ 
Federal  Extension  Service,  said  the 
teams  will  examine  a  wide  range  of  fac- 
tors affecting  U.S.  farm  export  prospects 
overseas.  On  their  return  they  will  re- 
port their  findings  to  farmers  and 

All  12  economists  on  the  mission  are 
with  the  Cooperative  Extension  Service. 
The  tour  is  sponsored  by  the  National 
Agricultural  Policy  Committee  in  coop- 
eration with  the  Foreign  Agricultural 
Service  .  and  the  Federal  Extension 


Soon  summer  will  be  upon  us,  and  our 
ears  will  be  ringing  with  the  slogan, 
"Don't  be  a  litterbug  .  .  .  Keep  America 

Not  that  summer  is  the  only  time  we 
should  be  concerned  with  preventing 
litter.  But  it  is  during  the  summer  that 
more  litter  finds  itself  blemishing  our 
Nation's  beauty. 

Keep  America  Beautiful,  Inc.,  in  its 
war  on  litter,  is  distributing  to  news- 
papers, magazines,  and  other  media 
throughout  the  country  eight  anti-litter 
conservation  cartoons. 

These  cartoons  dike  the  one  to  the 
right)  were  drawn  by  Felix  Suvnners, 
Soil  Conservation  Service  technical  il- 
lustrator, and  may  be  obtained  from 
Keep  America  Beautiful,  Inc.,  99  Park 
Avenue,  New  York,  N.Y.  10016. 

Summers  works  for  SCS  at  Lincoln, 
Nebr.  For  years  his  drawings  and  car- 
toons— some  humorous,  some  philosophi- 
cal^have  helped  tell  the  conservation 
story  to  millions  of  people  in  the  United 
States  and  abroad. 

The  "cast  of  characters"  for  his  draw- 
ings includes  people,  animals,  and  birds. 
Summers  has  prepared  several  special 
series  for  use  in  Hawaii  and  Puerto  Rico 
for  the  Soil  Conservation  Society  of 
America  and  for  America  the  Beautiful, 
Inc.  In  addition,  many  of  his  drawings 
have  been  reproduced  on  cards  and  post- 
ers by  the  Agricultural  Stabilization  and 
Conservation  Service. 

Summers  began  his  art  career  in  the 
1930's  as  a  New  York  mm-al  painter. 
After  a  military  stint  during  World  War 
II,  he  went  home  to  Mills  County,  Iowa, 
for  a  rest  before  returning  to  New  York. 
As  fate  would  have  it.  Summers  never 
returned.  During  his  "rest"  he  took  a 
short-term  appointment  with  SCS.  He's 

--  one/  man  soys  pigeons  ' fowl' up  porks  ''" 

been  with  the  agency  since  ...  in  Iowa, 
Wisconsin,  and  Nebraska. 

The  Soil  Conservation  Service,  in 
keeping  with  its  tradition,  champions 
the  campaign  against  litter  in  many 
ways : 

•  It  gives  technical  help  to  local  com- 
munities for  properly  locating  sanitary 
landfills  for  trash  disposal. 

•  It  makes  litter  control  and  cleanup 
a  part  of  the  project  measures  in  more 
than  50  multi-county  Resource  Conser- 
vation and  Development  projects. 

•  It  stresses  litter  control  in  helping 
in  conservation  education  programs  in 
schools  and  in  developing  school  sites 
as  outdoor  learning  laboratories.  Initial 
cleanup  of  the  outdoor  sites  is  empha- 
sized, and  the  school  children  are  en- 
couraged to  take  part  in  the  project. 

So  this  summer  whether  you  are  frol- 
icking at  the  beach,  cruising  along  the 
highway,  or  strolling  through  a  park — 
remember,  "Don't  be  a  litterbug  .  .  . 
Keep  America  Beautiful!" 

LEY  (center)  in- 
spects the  bronze 
plaque  designed 
by  his  colleagues 
to  commemorate 
his  Nobel  Prize- 
winning  research. 
Chemists  who  as- 
sisted Holley  m 
the  project  are: 
(left  to  right)  G. 
A.  Everett,  Jean 
Apgar,  S.  H.  Mer- 
ril,  and  J.  T. 
Madison.  (Photo: 
Ithaca      Journal) 

Secretary  Appoints 
New  FHA  State  Directors 

Secretary  Hardin  recently  announced 
appointment  of  three  new  State  Direc- 
tors and  one  State  Director-at-large  for 
the  Fanners  Home  Administration. 

Michael  C.  Horan,  Wenatchee,  Wash., 
is  the  new  appointee  for  the  FHA  posi- 
tion in  the  State  of  Washington.  Horan 
operates  orchards  and  a  fruit  packing 
and  shipping  facility,  an  enterprise  of 
the  Horan  family  for  70  years.  He  is  the 
son  of  the  late  Congressman  Walt  Horan 
of  Washington. 

Farmer  and  building  contractor  John 
A.  Garrett  will  serve  as  State  Director 
for  Alabama.  A  graduate  in  civil  engi- 
neering, Garrett  has  operated  a  general 
contracting  firm  and  a  600-acre  live- 
stock and  crop  farm  near  Montgomery, 
Ala.,  for  the  past  10  years. 

Seelig  Bartell  Wise,  Jonestown,  Miss., 
is  the  new  FHA  State  Director  for  Mis- 
sissippi. He  is  a  cotton  and  soybean 
farmer  in  the  Mississippi  Delta  country. 

Wise  succeeds  Thomas  B.  Fatherree 
who  has  been  designated  a  State  Direc- 
tor-at-large. In  this  position  Fatherree 
will  assist  in  the  training  of  Southern 
State  Directors  and  staff  members  and 
make  special  studies  of  program  needs 
and  administrative  methods  a^  a  spe- 
cial representative  of  the  national 

Plaque  Marks 
Research  Site 

The  nucleic  acid  research  which  won 
Robert  W.  Holley  a  1968  Nobel  Prize  is 
commemorated  in  a  bronze  plaque  re- 
cently mounted  at  USDA's  Plant,  Soil 
and  Nutrition  Laboratory  at  Cornell 
University,  Ithaca,  N.Y. 

At  the  brief  presentation  ceremony, 
W.  H.  Allaway,  laboratory  director,  noted 
that  this  was  the  first  time  research 
from  a  USDA  laboratory  had  been  ac- 
knowledged by  a  Nobel  award. 

Holley,  formerly  with  the  Agricultural 
Research  Service  and  now  with  Cornell, 
shared  the  $70,000  prize  with  two  other 
American  professors  who  had  conducted 
independent  research  on  the  interpreta- 
tion of  the  genetic  code  and  its  function 
in  protein  synthesis. 

Holley  w'as  the  first  to  discover  the 
group  of  small  nucleic  acids  called 
"transfer"  RNA's  which  play  an  im- 
portant part  in  the  pix)cess  by  which  any 
living  cell  makes  protein. 

A  story  describing  the  prize-winning 
research  appears  in  the  1968  Yearbook 
of  Agriculture,  Science  for  Better  Living. 
The  author,  Jean  Apgar.  was  a  member 
of  the  research  team  working  with 


Horticulturist  Cited  by 
Government  of  El  Salvador 

Claud  L.  Horn,  USDA  horticulturist, 
has  been  awarded  the  Ministry  of  Agri- 
culture and  Livestock  Diploma  of  Merit 
by  the  Government  of  El  Salvador. 

Presented  by  Agriculture  Minister  An- 
tonio Berrios  Mendoza  earlier  this  yeai', 
the  award  cites  Horn  "for  deserved  rec- 
ognition of  his  prestigious  work  of  tech- 
nical assistance  to  benefit  the  national 
agricultural  development"  of  El  Salva- 
dor. Horn,  a  member  of  the  Agricultural 
Research  Service,  is  team  leader  for  the 
PASA  (Participating  Agency  Service 
Agreement)  between  USDA  and  the 
State  Department's  Agency  for  Interna- 
tional Development  mission  in  El  Salva- 
dor. He  works  out  of  the  capital  city  of 
San  Salvador. 

PASA's  are  authorized  under  the  pro- 
visions of  the  Foreign  Assistance  Act  of 
1961.  The  act  empowers  AID  to  use  its 
funds  to  draw  on  the  technical  compe- 
tence of  other  Federal  Departments  in 
carrying  out  international  assistance 
programs.  The  first  such  agreem.ent  be- 
tween USDA  and  AID  called  for  techni- 
cal help  in  the  agricultural  development 
of   El   Salvador   and   was   executed   on 

CLAUD  L.  HORN  (right) 
and  a  Salvadoran  technician 
inspect  a  newly  erected 
livestock  station  in  the  hin- 
terland of  El  Salvador. 

May  1,  1963.  Horn  was  named  team 
leader  of  this  PASA  at  its  inception. 

At  that  time  the  main  source  of  hu- 
man protein  in  this  small,  but  important, 
Central  American  country  was  a  type  of 
shiny  black  bean  which  had  become  the 
target  of  numez'ous  major  diseases  and 
at  least  seven  insect  pests.  Visiting  ARS 
scientists,  through  teamwork  coordi- 
nated by  Horn,  assisted  Salvadoran 
geneticists  and  entomologists  in  develop- 
ing a  bean  breeding  program  designed 
to  incorporate  disease  and  insect  resist- 
ance, high  protein  content,  high  yields, 
and  color  and  flavor  acceptance. 

Other   USDA   scientists   have   worked 

with  the  Salvadorans  on  improved  live- 
stock breeding,  increased  milk  produc- 
tion, intensified  research  on  edible  oil- 
seed crops  such  as  soybeans,  peanuts, 
and  sesame.  In  addition,  under  the  El 
Salvador  PASA  local  veterinarians  have 
been  learning  the  newest  diagnostic 
techniques  for  identifying  tuberculosis, 
brucellosis,  and  rabies  in  livestock. 

Horn  began  his  41  years  of  Federal 
service  in  1928  when  he  was  assigned  to 
the  ARS  station  in  the  Virgin  Islands. 
He  was  born  in  Bauxite,  Ark.,  and  re- 
ceived his  degree  from  the  Oklahoma 
State  University  of  Agriculture  and  Ap- 
plied Science. 


DR.  R.  KEITH  .ARNOLD,  Dean  of  the 
.School  of  Natural  Resources  at  the  Uni- 
versity of  Miciiifran,  has  been  named  to 
Iiead  th<'  researcli  prof;rain  of  tiie  Forest 
.Ser^  ice. 

F.S  Cliief  Edward  P.  ClitT  said  .\rnoId 
Koiihl  assume  liis  ne«  duties  in  Vt'ashinj;- 
loii.  D.d..  at  the  end  of  the  current  school 
year,  .\rnold  succeeds  Dr.  George  M. 
Jemison.  «ho  retired  in  January. 

.\s  Deputy  Chief  of  Research,  .Arnold 
will  direct  a  national  forestry  research  pro- 
<;ram  including  eifilit  rej;ional  forest  ex- 
jjeriment  stations,  the  Forest  Product> 
Laboratory,  and  the  Institute  of  Tropical 
For<'»tr> . 

Previous  to  his  University  assignment. 
.Vrnold  servetl  as  a  fire  research  forester 
in  California:  as  an  assi>tant  professor  oi 
forestry  at  the  University  of  California  at 
Herkeley  :  and,  in  1957,  was  appointed  as 
Director  of  the  Pacific  .Southwest  Forest 
and  Range  Experiment  .Station,  Berkeley. 
He  transferred  to  the  Forest  .Service's  na- 
lional  olFice  as  Director  of  Forest  Protec- 
tion Kcsearch  in  1963. 

-Secretary  Hardin  recently  announced 
the  following  appointments  to  State  .\gri- 
<ultnral  .Sial)ili/,ation  and  Conservation 
Coniniillecs : 

INDIANA — .lolin  I).  Thompson,  Owens- 
viMc:  Robert  P.  Murray,  Frankfort:  and 
Newell   S.  Tiiuinons,   Monticello. 

WYOMING— Harold  L.  Jolley,  Lovell; 
John  M.  Wilson.  .Vita:  and  Jack  VanMark, 

MOST  GOVERNMENT  AGENCIES  have  college  student  recruitment  programs.  But  the  Soil  Conserva- 
tion Service  doesn't  wait  until  youngsters  reach  college  to  impress  them  with  the  important  work 
that  SOS  performs.  Recently,  180  students  of  the  Como  Elementary  School  visited  the  SCS  regional 
office  in  Fort  Worth,  Tex.  The  students  saw  movies  of  the  conservation  program,  then  toured  the  plant 
to  see  map-making,  drafting,  printing,  soil  testing,  and  other  agency  functions.  This  group  was 
attracted  by  the  collator-folder-stitcher  machines  in  the  Cartographic  Unit.  Their  teacher  (left,  rear) 
is  Clarence  Russell,  and  the  SCS  employee  (right)  is  C.  B.  Eason. 


OHIO— Harle  H.  Hicks,  Continental; 
(iline  Gilpin,  .Scioto>ille;  and  Reuben  B. 
Jones,  Circleville. 

MISSOURI — John  W.  Hutcheson,  Boli- 
var;   Worth    Bender,   Bethany;   and   Barry 

L.  Richardson,  Portageville. 

SOUTH  DAKOTA— Ohmer  D.  Cook, 

OREGON — Walter  E.  Ericksen,  The 
Dalles;  Charles  O.  Burnet,  Moro;  and 
Curtis  P.  Barker,  Roseburg. 


fvlAY  22,   1969 


Vol,   XXVIII   No,   1  1 

USDA  Is  published  fortnightly  for  distribution  to  employees  only,  by  direction  of  the  Secre- 
tary of  Agriculture,  as  containing  administrative  information  required  for  the  proper  transac- 
tion of  the  public  business.  Retirees  who  write  to  the  Editor  requesting  it  may  continue  to 
get  USDA.  Please  write  instead  of  phoning  whenever  possible:  for  rws/i  orders,  call  Ext.  2058, 
Mrs.  Lillie  Vincent,  Editor  of  USDA,  INF,  Department  of  Agriculture,  Washington,  D.C.  20250. 

Cl3— 349-,')01 


M   I    1^   ■%  J~i   r%     I 

JUN    6  1969 

U.  S.  DEPASTMO^I  ff  AGiUCtllUi: 


VOL.  XXVillNO.  12 
JUNE     5,    1969 


In  a  foreword  to  the  1969  USDA  Hon- 
or Awards  Ceremony,  Secretary  Clifford 
M.  Hardin  said: 

"President  Nixon  noted  in  his  Inaugu- 
ral Address:  'The  second  third  of  this 
century  has  been  a  time  of  proud 
achievement.  We  have  made  enormous 
strides  in  science  and  industry  and  agri- 
culture. We  have  shared  our  wealth  more 
broadly  than  ever,  we've  learned  at  last 
to  manage  a  modern  economy  to  assure 
its  continued  growth.' 

"Today  is  a  day  for  recognizing  some 
of  the  talent,  innovation,  and  determi- 
nation that  have  contributed  and  are 
contributing  to  these  proud  achieve- 
ments that  promise  ever  greater  things 
to  come. 

"I  am  especially  happy  to  take  part  in 
this  tribute  to  U.S.  Department  of  Agri- 
culture employees  who  are  rendering 
outstanding  services  not  only  to  the  peo- 
ple of  our  own  great  nation,  but  also  to 
people  around  the  world. 

"Today,  and  in  the  immediate  future, 
we  face  great  challenges  which  require 
of  us  the  same  exceptional  service  and 
devotion  to  duty  that  earned  the  awards 
being  presented  today.  These  are  among 
the  challenges  we  face: 

— to  raise  form  income, 

— to  adjust  to  agriculture's  surplus 

— to  expand  present  export  markets 
for  agricultural  commodities  and  to  de- 
velop new  markets, 

— to  provide  good  nutrition  for  Ameri- 
cans wherever  the  opportunity  for  an 
adequate  diet  does  not  now  exist, 

— to  create  new  jobs,  and  to  provide 
homes  and  an  attractive  standard  of 
living  in  rural  America, 

— to  assure  that  American  food  prod- 
ucts are  safe  and  wholesome, 

— to  undergird  the  future  with 

— to  use  wisely  and  improve  the  qual- 
ity of  our  natural  resources,  and 

— to  enlist  the  support  and  help  of 
Americans  in  all  walks  of  life  in  these 

"I  invite  your  full  participation  in 
meeting  these  challenges.  .  .  ." 


O  The  23rd  .Annual  Honor  Awards  X 

X    Ceremony    >vas    held    Tuesday,    May  Q 

fi    20,  in  Washington,  D.C.  0 

8x         Secretary    Hardin    presented    Dis-  Q 

tingiiished   Service   Awards   to   eight  0 

_    persons  and  one  group  of  employees,  X 

X    and  Superior  Service  Awards  to  62  tl 

Q    persons  and  6  units.  Q 

S*-  The      award-winning      employees  Q 

and  groups  represent  40  field  head-  v 

~     quarters  and  the  Washington,  D.C.  K 

A    metropolitan  area.  O 


1968-69  Winners  of 
Major  Non-USDA  Awards 

BARRY  R.  FLAMM,  forestry  advisor. 
Forest  Service,  International  Forestry 
Start",  Saigon,  Vietnam — Selected  by  the 
District  of  Columbia  Junior  Chamber  of 
Commerce  as  one  of  the  10  outstanding 
young  men  in  the  Federal  Government  to 
win  the  1969  Arthur  S.  Flemming  Award. 

RAYMOND  A.  lOANES,  administrator, 
Foreign  Agricultural  Service,  \V  ashington, 
D.C. — \\'inner  of  the  1969  Career  Serv- 
ice Award  sponsored  by  the  National  Civil 
Service  League  to  strengthen  public  serv- 
ice by  bringing  national  recognition  to 
significant  careers  in  the  Federal  Service. 

ODETTE  SHOTWELL,  research  chem- 
ist. Agricultural  Research  Service,  Peoria, 
III. — One  of  the  10  Outstanding  Handi- 
capped Federal  Employees  of  1968  given 
recognition  under  a  new  awards  program 
sponsored  by  the  Civil  Service  Commis- 
sion to  increase  awareness  of  contribu- 
tions being  made  by  the  handicapped. 

EDWARD  H.  STONE,  chief  landscape 
architect.  Forest  Service,  Washington, 
D.C. — Selected  by  District  of  Columbia 
Junior  Chamber  of  Commerce  as  one  of 
the  10  outstanding  young  men  in  the 
Federal  Government  to  win  the  1969 
.\rthur  S.  Flemming  Award. 

TERRENCE  R.  TURNER,  director, 
USDA  Management  Data  Service  Center, 
Office  of  Management  Improvement,  New- 
Orleans,  La. — One  of  five  winners  of  the 
1968  Paperwork  Management  .\ward 
sponsored  by  the  .Association  of  Records 
Executives  and  Administrators  to  recog- 
nize the  significant  accomplishments  of 
Government  managers  who  have  success- 
fully developed  programs  to  reduce  Fed- 
eral  Government   paperwork  costs. 

RUDOLPH  A.  WENDELIN,  Office  of 
Information  staff  artist  serving  as  fidl- 
time  art  consultant  to  the  Forest  Service, 
Wasliington,  D.C. — Recipient  of  the  1968 
Horace  Han  .Award  of  the  Education 
Council  of  the  Graphic  .Arts  Industry  for 
distinguished  service  in  the  field  of  print- 
ing and  publishing. 


Program  Administration 

ALFRED  L.  EDWARDS,  Office  of  the 
Secretary,  Washington,  D.C. — For  ex- 
ceptional leadership  and  effectiveness 
in  coordinating  Department-wide  pro- 
grams and  bringing  together  divergent 
views  into  a  concerted  effort  particu- 
larly in  programs  affecting  quality  of 
environment,  youth,  and  rural  economic 

ington, D.C. — For  outstanding  leader- 
ship and  dedication  to  the  promotion  of 
soil  conservation  and  natural  resources 
development  in  the  interests  of  agricul- 
tural producers  and  the  American 

M.  L.  UPCHURCH,  ERS.  Washington. 
D.C. — For  singular  professional  achieve- 
ment and  remarkable  leadership  in 
administering  a  broad  program  of  eco- 
nomic research,  lending  invaluable  as- 
sistance to  the  Department  and  the 
public  in  understanding  and  making  de- 
cisions on  agricultural  and  roral  affairs. 

Management  and  General  Administration 
CARL  B.  BARNES,  OP,  Washington, 
D.C. — For  dynamic  direction  of  person- 
nel programs  and  for  imagination  and 
drive  in  developing  new  management 
concepts  resulting  in  improved  commu- 
nications, organization,  and  more  effi- 
cient manpower  resource  utilization. 

Science,  Engineering,  and  Technology 
CRAIG  C.  CHANDLER,  FS.  Arling- 
ton, Va. — For  eminent  leadership  and 
direction  of  cooperative  research  on  the 
forest  fire  aspects  of  national  defense. 
Washington,  D.C. — For  unequaled  ef- 
forts in  the  development  and  adminis- 
tration of  effective  scientific  research  on 
behalf  of  U.S.  agriculture  and  the  Amer- 
ican consumer. 

GUSTAV  A.  WIEBE,  ARS,  Beltsville, 
Md.- — For  wise  and  farsighted  applica- 
tion of  scientific  advances  to  crop  im- 
provement and  plant  genetics  through 
inspirational  leadership  and  distin- 
guished personal  accomplishments  in 
barley  research. 

ville,  Md. — For  notable  research  achieve- 
ments in  plant  pathology  and  plant 
breeding,  and  for  effective  national  and 
international  research  leadership  i:i  the 
improvement  of  vegetable  legumes. 

Group  Achievement 
ACTION  PANEL,  Bernalillo,  N.  Mex. — 
For  effective  community  development 
services  performed  for  and  with  the  peo- 
ple of  Sandoval  County,  N.  Mex. 


Program  Administration 
JOHN  O.  BARNES,  FHA,  Temple, 
Tex. — For  exemplary  leadership  of  the 
Farmers  Home  Administration  in  Texas 
during  a  critical  period  when  the  State 
Director  was  disabled. 

HUBERT  P.  BECKERS,  SCS,  Billings, 
Mont. — For  excellence  in  providing 
leadership  and  direction  to  personnel; 
providing  motivation  for  cooperation  of 
concerned  organizations;  utilizing  all 
available  resources  to  accomplish  con- 
servation objectives  and  flood  restora- 
tion in  his  area. 

GLENN  G.  BIERMAN,  P&SA,  Wash- 
ington,  D.C. — For  superlative  leadership, 
skill,  and  vision  in  the  direction  and  ad- 
ministration of  the  Packers  and  Stock- 
yards Act. 

WILLIAM  M.  BOST,  CES,  State  Col- 
lege, Miss.— For  complete  unification  of 
the  staff,  goals,  and  pi-ograms  of  the 
Mississippi  Cooperative  Extension  Serv- 
ice to  provide  total  service  for  betterment 
of  the  total  population  of  the  State. 

ville, Ga. — For  exceptional  service  to  low- 
income  rural  families  of  Jefferson 
County,  Ga.,  in  helping  them  to  become 
owners  of  decent,  safe,  sanitary,  and 
attractive  homes. 

JAMES  H.  CARR,  FHA,  Monticello, 
Miss. — For  providing  unusually  effective 
leadership  and  service  in  attaining  De- 
partment objectives  of  better  living 
standards  and  security  for  rural  fami- 
lies and  rm-al  communities  in  Lawrence 
County,  Miss. 

Salt  Lake  City,  Utah — For  extraordinary 
leadership  and  judgment  in  developing 
and  administering  agency  programs  in 
Utah;  for  personal  dedication  to  soil  and 
water  conservation  and  to  the  advance- 
ment of  the  rural  community. 

SALLY  K.  EBLING,  CES,  Cleveland, 
Ohio— For  unusual  ability  in  analyzing 
the  problems  of  the  people  of  Cuyahoga 
County,  Ohio,  and  outstanding  skill  in 
solving  these  problems  through  creative, 
imaginative,  informative,  and  effective 
home  economics  educational  programs. 

gon, Vietnam — For  exceptional  energy, 
enthusiasm,  technical  competence,  ana- 
lytical ability,  persistence,  and  diplo- 
macy i:i  developing  and  winning  ac- 
ceptance of  programs  to  increase  food 
production  in  Vietnam. 

Iowa— For  imaginative  leadership  and 
exceptional  initiative  in  building  respon- 
sive 4-H  and  youth  programs;  for  vision 
in  planning  new  dimensions;  and  for 
courage  in  awakening  forces  for  change. 

Washington,  D.C. — For  remarkable  abil- 
ity in  conducting  a  continuing  effective 
standardization  program  affecting  the 
processed  foods  industry  and  consumers; 
and  for  outstanding  contributions  to  the 
U.S.  committees  responsible  for  inter- 
national processed  foods  standards. 

lantic, Iowa — For  unusual  success  in  us- 
ing the  supervised  credit  programs  of 
the  Department  to  reduce  rural  poverty 
and  for  effective  training  of  Assistant 
County  Supervisors  in  Iowa. 

WILLIAM  E.  HENRY,  FHA,  Clinton, 
N.C. — For  meritorious  service  to  agri- 
culture and  rural  family  life  through 
unusually  effective  administration  of  su- 
pervised credit,  technical  assistance,  and 
outreach  programs  in  Sampson  County, 

JOHN  L.  HOOVER,  ASCS,  Washing- 
ton, D.C. — For  outstanding  skill  and 
leadership  in  automating  farm  produc- 
tion adjustment  programs  resulting  in 
significant  savings  of  time  and  money 
and  in  better  service  to  farmers. 

WILLIAM  D.  HURST,  FS,  Albuquer- 
que, N.  Mex. — For  superior  leadership 
and  skill  in  administering  a  complex 
resource  management  program  in  fur- 
thering the  Department's  role  of  de- 
veloping human  resoui'ces  and  contrib- 
uting to  the  economy  of  the  rural  South- 

NED  W.  JESTES,  SCS,  Burnsville, 
N.C. — For  noteworthy  achievement  in 
planning  and  applying  soil  and  water 
conservation,  and  for  success  in  develop- 
ing conservation  leadership  in  rural 
communities  of  Yancey  County. 

AVARD  B.  LINFORD,  SCS,  Bozeman, 
Mont. — For  dynamic  leadership  and  ini- 
tiative in  formulating,  coordinating,  and 
managing  an  effective  soil  and  water 
conservation  program  in  Montana. 

ARNOLD  D.  LUERS,  CES,  Crown 
Point,  Ind. — For  exceptional  leadership 
in  applying  Extension  education  prin- 
ciples, programs,  and  resources  toward 
solving  complex  social  and  economic 
problems  in  a  highly  industrial  urban 

field,  Ohio — For  decisive  leadership  and 
initiative  in  developing  and  can-ying  out 

the  urban  interpretation  and  application 
of  soil  survey  data  and  its  relationship 
to  soil  and  water  conservation  in  north- 
eastern Ohio. 

RALPH  M.  MILLS,  REA,  Washington, 
D.C. — For  unique  ability  to  solve  diffi- 
cult problems  resulting  in  an  unusual 
record  of  success  in  providing  valuable 
service  to  rural  areas  of  Alaska,  Okla- 
homa, and  other  communities. 

coln, Nebr. — For  exceptional  creativity 
in  developing  an  outstanding  agricultur- 
al statistics  program  in  the  State  of 
Nebraska;  and  for  leadership  in  recog- 
nizing and  meeting  new  data  require- 
ments and  in  fostering  a  greater  public 
awareness  of  the  use  of  agricultural  data. 
ington, D.C. — For  distinctive  service  in 
directing  the  Department's  responsibil- 
ities in  the  conduct  of  important  litiga- 
tion relating  to  Commodity  Credit  Cor- 
poration and  Food  Assistance  Programs 
through  effective  and  efficient  manage- 
ment of  legal  resources. 

Vicksburg,  Miss.  —  For  significant 
achievement  in  recognizing  the  need  for 
improved  housing  and  nutrition  among 
disadvantaged  people  of  Vicksburg  and 
Warren  Counties  and  in  instituting 
highly  successful  self-help  programs  to 
achieve  these  goals. 

EINAR  L.  ROGET,  SCS,  Little  Rock, 
Ark. — For  dynamic  leadership  and  vision 
in  directing  an  exemplary  progam  of  soil 
and  water  conservation  in  New  Mexico. 
ington, D.C. — For  superior  leadership  in 
developing  and  instituting  new  methods 
of  apportioning  the  national  wheat  al- 
lotment which  have  substantially  re- 
duced government  costs. 

Greensburg,  Pa. — For  strong  leadership, 
coupled  with  unusual  diplomacy,  in  or- 
ganizing and  helping  urban  and  rural 
leaders  to  improve  their  area's  economic, 
social,  and  educational  facilities  for  the 
betterment  of  all  in  Westmoreland 
County,  Pa. 

FRED  W.  TRAEGER,  FAS.  Manila. 
The  Philippines — For  effectively  repre- 
senting American  agricultural  interests 
abroad  and  developing  markets  for  U.S. 
agricultural  exports,  and  for  agricul- 
tural reporting. 

JACK  E.  WARNER,  C&MS,  San  Fran- 
cisco, Calif. — For  exceptional  technical 
proficiency  and  public  relations  skill  in 
the  performance  of  regular  and  special 
assignments  greatly  facilitating  the  ef- 
fective administration  of  the  Federal 
meat  grading  service. 

Hyattsville,  Md. —  For  unusual  initiative 
and  effectiveness  in  working  with  varied 
groups  to  modernize  the  United  States 

Grain  Standards  Act  for  more  efficient 
administration  and  great  benefit  to 
American  agriculture. 

Management  and  General  Administration 

TONY  M.  BALDAUF,  P&O,  Washing- 
ton, D.C. — For  responsive  leadership,  ex- 
ceptional professional  competence,  keen 
analytical  ability,  and  dedication  in  de- 
veloping and  directing  an  effective 
contracting  and  supply  management 

ington, D.C. — For  exemplary  professional 
competence,  productivity,  and  dedication 
greatly  contributing  to  the  effective  exe- 
cution of  position  classification  and  or- 
ganization responsibilities  to  offices  and 
agencies  serviced  by  OMS. 

DONALD  W.  SMITH.  FS.  Washington, 
D.C. — For  substantial  achievement  in 
making  Forest  Service  management  sys- 
tems responsive  to  today's  fast  changing 
needs  through  development  of  unique, 
farsighted  workload  analyses  and  plan- 
ning methods. 

LESLIE  SURGINER,  RE  A.  Washing- 
ton, D.C. — For  exceptional  vision  and 
dynamic  leadership  In  developing  and  ad- 
ministering management  programs  for 
borrower  development  which  directly 
contribute  to  the  success  of  the  telephone 
and  electric  service  in  rural  America. 

JEROME  A.  MILES,  B&F,  Washing- 
ton, D.C. — For  dedicated  leadership  and 
professional  competence  as  exemplified 
by  his  successful  development,  coordina- 
tion, and  execution  of  the  budgetary  and 
financial  operations  of  the  Department. 

Science,  Engineering,  and  Technology 

LeROY  O.  ANDERSON,  FS,  Madison, 
Wis. — For  creative  technical  accomplish- 
ments and  contributions  related  to  the 
effective  use  of  forest  products  in  housing, 
particularly  as  identified  with  the  needs 
of  rural  America. 

JOHN  G.  BOWNE,  ARS,  Denver. 
Colo. — For  scientific  leadership  in  ad- 
vancing research  on  bluetongue  disease 
of  sheep  and  cattle. 

ville,  Md. — For  original  research  on  plant 
viruses,  leading  to  identification  of  a 
radically  new  type  of  virus  and  a  greater 
understanding  of  plant  virus-host  inter- 
action at  the  molecular  level. 

JAMES  R.  DONALD.  ERS,  Washing- 
ton, Z).C.— For  important  contributions 
to  American  agriculture  in  the  field  of 
cotton  and  wool  demand  and  price  analy- 
sis, and  in  developing  significant  and 
authoritative  statistical  series  for  cotton, 
wool,  and  other  fibers  widely  used  and 
accepted  by  all  segments  of  the  fibers 

WILLIAM  B.  ENNIS,  Jr.,  ARS,  Belts- 
ville,  Md.— For  unusually  keen  perception 
and  depth  of  understanding  of  weed, 
nematode,  and  plant  disease  problems  as 

RAY  lOANES,  left.  Foreign 
Agricultural  Service  Ad- 
ministrator, winner  of  a 
1969  Career  Service  Award 
of  the  National  Civil  Serv- 
ice League,  is  congratu- 
lated by  two  earlier  win- 
ners. Center  is  Ralph  S. 
Roberts,  former  Assistant 
Secretary  for  Administra- 
tion, now  Deputy  Assistant 
Secretary  of  State  for 
Budget,  1961  winner. 
Right  is  Edward  P.  Cliff, 
Chief  of  the  Forest  Service, 
1968  winner.  Four  other 
employees  have  received 
earlier  awards:  Richard 
Cotton,  1956;  Richard  E. 
McArdle,  1958;  Lyie  T. 
Alexander,  1959;  and  Hor- 
ace D.  Godfrey,   1967. 

they  relate  to  farmers  and  industry,  and 
tlieir  solution  through  outstanding,  com- 
plex research  by  scientists  under  his 

Washington,  D.C. — For  notable  leader- 
ship and  professional  competence  in  es- 
tablishing and  maintaining  high  stand- 
ards of  research  evaluation  and  effective 
coordination  within  the  USDA-State  co- 
operative research  programs. 

JOSEPH  NAGHSKI,  ARS,  Wyndmoor, 
Pa. — For  significant  contributions  to 
agriculture,  consumers,  and  industry 
through  inspiring  leadership  resulting  in 
more  serviceable  leathers  and  enhanced 
utilization  of  hides  and  skins. 

A.  PERRY  PLUMMER,  FS.  Ephraim, 
Utah — For  outstanding  diligence  and 
skill  in  developing  a  strong  research 
program  on  game  range  improvement  in 
cooperation  with  Utah  Division  of  Fish 
and  Game  and  for  obtaining  widespread 
application  of  results. 

ELROY  M.  POKLE,  C&MS,  Denver, 
Colo. — For  developing  and  implementing 
objective  grade  standards  for  domestic 
and  foreign  wool,  resulting  in  more  or- 
derly marketing  and  better  trade  rela- 
tionships between  all  segments  of  the 
national  and  international  wool  and  mo- 
hair industries. 

Peoria,  III. — For  significant  achieve- 
ments in  application  of  basic  research  to 
practical  problems  in  emulsion  tech- 
nology, particularly  linseed  oil  paints. 

WALTON  R.  SMITH,  FS,  Asheville, 
N.C. — For  exceptional  leadership  in  de- 
veloping, implementing,  and  bringing  to 
fruition  research  in  marketing  and  uti- 
lization of  forest  resom-ces  that  will  fur- 
ther the  attainment  of  the  Department's 
technological  and  sociological  goals. 

GUY  E.  SPRINGER,  SCS,  Traverse 
City.  Mich. — For  meritorious  leadership 
and  initiative  in  environmental  engineer- 
ing by  developing  new  techniques  for  land 
reform  and  air  drainage  in  cherry  or- 

chards, a  significant  advancement  in 
fruit  production. 

moor, Pa. — For  d^Tiamic  leadership  in 
planning  and  performing  complex  studies 
designed  to  clarify  relationships  between 
smoking  and  health. 

Washington,  DC. — For  combining  out- 
standing professional  and  administrative 
skills,  exceptionally  imaginative  leader- 
ship, and  imusual  dedication  in  directing 
an  economic  research  program  that  is 
highly  relevant  to  emerging  questions 
and  issues. 

JAMES  VERMEER,  ERS,  Washington. 
D.C. — For  meritorious  service  to  the  De- 
partment and  to  the  Nation  through 
timely  and  effective  economic  evaluations 
of  present  and  proposed  government 
farm  production  control  and  price  sup- 
port programs. 

ROBERT  E.  WESTER,  ARS,  Belts- 
ville,  Md. — For  superior  accomplish- 
ments in  lima  bean  breeding,  culminating 
in  the  development  of  improved,  disease- 
resistant  varieties  that  have  greatly  con- 
tributed to  the  lima  bean  industry. 

LEWIS  L.  YARLETT,  SCS,  Gaines- 
ville, Fla. — For  professional  creativity 
and  leadership  in  increasing  the  under- 
standing and  development  of  rangeland 
resources,  resulting  in  increased  income 
to  livestock  producers  in  Florida,  the 
southern  United  States,  and  Central 

Achievement  by  Support  Personnel 
PAUL    L.    CLARK,    FS.    Malad    City. 
Idaho — For  extraordinary  services  in  ad- 
ministering the  range  resource  on  the 
Curlew  National  Grasslands. 

San  Francisco,  Calif. — For  excellence  In 
providing  centralized  reproduction  and 
distribution  services  to  program  offices 
of  the  Consumer  and  Marketing  Service 
in  the  San  Francisco  area. 

Arlington,  Va. — For  extremely  competent 

performance  of  duties  far  exceeding  nor- 
mal  grade  requirements,   and   for  out- 
standing contributions  in  developing  a^ 
new  approach  to  detecting  compliance -- 
irregularities    under    the    Food    Stamp 
Program.  -  ,  .     r  ^ 

MOLLIE  J.  ILER,  IADS,  Washington, 
D.C. — For  substantial  contribution  to 
USDA  overseas  activities  while  serving 
as  administrative  assistant  in  attache 
posts  abroad,  and  as  secretary  to  the 
administrator  of  the  International  Agri- 
cultural Development  Service. 

MARY  C.  KEEGAN,  SCS,  Temple, 
Tex. — For  superior  secretarial  assistance 
which  resulted  in  exceptional  efficiency 
in  the  office  of  the  Texas  State  Conser- 
vationist and  contributed  materially 
to  effective  conservation  operations 
throughout  the  State. 

PEGGY  M.  OSUGA,  C&MS,  Denver. 
Colo. — For  noteworthy  contributions  to 
the  Livestock  Market  News  and  Meat 
Grading  Programs  in  Colorado  through 
continued  excellence  in  supervising  the 
clerical  and  administrative  functions  of 
the  Livestock  Consolidated  Office  in 

Angeles,  Calif. — For  exceptional  initia- 
tive and  sustained  superior  performance 
in  improving  effectiveness  of  the  Food 
Stamp  Program  with  special  recognition 
for  ability  to  establish  and  maintain 
good  communications  with  Spanish- 
speaking  residents. 

Heroic  Action 
WILLIAM  J.  BADEN,  FS,  Bakersfield, 
Calif. — For  courageous  action  in  rescu- 
ing a  dying  pilot  from  a  crashed  and 
burning  helicopter. 

Thiet,  Vietnam — For  extreme  bravery, 
though  wounded  and  under  constant 
enemy  fire,  in  providing  covering  fire  to 
help  rescue  a  nine-man  Free  World 
medical  team  during  the  Tet  Offensive 
in  South  Vietnam. 

ton, Colo. — For  unusual  corn-age  and 
competence,  without  consideration  for 
his  own  life,  in  rescuing  and  reviving  a 
farm  owner  who  was  overcome  by  insec- 
ticide fumes  while  fumigating  a  grain 

phis, Tenn. — For  courageous  action  in 
reporting  and  cooperating  with  officials 
to  expose  a  bribery  conspiracy  which 
prevented  untold  monetary  loss  to  the 
Government  and  led  to  the  conviction 
of  the  conspirators. 

Group  Achievement 

Tex.— ;-For  technical  assistance  to  local 
people,  resulting  in  an  effective  soil, 
water,  and  plant  conservation  program 
which  significantly  improved  economic 
conditions  of  farm  families  and  rural 

JlC^i^ApEL,..  Carlsbad,  N.  Mex. — For 
*  in'raMplB^erVices  rendered  to  residents 
of  Eddy  County  in  planning  and  imple- 
menting social  and  economic  develop- 
ment projects. 

Barbara,  Calif. — For  courageous  group 
action  in  rescuing  an  injm-ed  pilot  from 
a  crashed  helicopter  in  the  path  of  a 

SEARCH GROUP,  ARS,  New  Orleans, 
La. — For  bi-illiant  research  leading  to 
the  discovery  of  a  new,  durable  flame  re- 
tardant,  and  to  its  application  to  light- 
weight cottons  to  produce  flame  retard- 
ant  fabrics  with  100  percent  tensile 
strength  retention  and  excellent  hand. 

Piedras,  Puerto  Rico — For  raising  agri- 
cultural productivity  of  steep  lands  in 
Puerto  Rico;  developing  agricultural 
management  systems  for  intensive  crop 
production  in  the  humid  tropics;  and 
contributing  leadership  to  Latin  Amer- 
ican agricultural  agencies. 

TION PANEL,  Bushnell,  Fla. — For  pro- 
viding exemplary  leadership  to  the  peo- 
ple of  Sumter  County,  Fla.,  in  identifying 
rural  problems  and  in  making  the  serv- 
ices of  all  agencies  more  effective  in 
solving  these  problems. 


The  William  A.  Jump  Memorial 
Award  is  presented  annually  to  Federal 
employees  under  age  37  in  recognition 
of  outstanding  service  in  the  field  of  pub- 
lic administration.  The  Award  is  given 
in  memory  of  William  A.  Jump,  who  for 
many  years  was  the  distinguished  Budg- 
et and  Finance  Officer  of  the  Depart- 
ment of  Agriculture.  This  year's  winners 

CLAYTON  E.  McMANAWAY,  Jr.,  co- 
ordinator of  planning,  civil  operations, 
and  revolutionary  development  support, 
Vietnam,  Agency  for  International  De- 
velopment— For  outstanding  contribu- 
tions in  Vietnam  to  the  success  of  Op- 
eration Recovery  following  the  Viet  Cong 
Tet  Offensive,  to  the  Accelerated  Paci- 
fication Campaign,  and  to  the  establish- 
ment of  the  Central  Pacification  and  De- 
velopment Council. 

DAVID  A.  SWANKIN,  director.  Bu- 
reau of  Labor  Staridards,  Wage  and 
Labor  Standards  Administration,  De- 
partment of  Labor — For  exceptional 
performance  in  improving  occupational 
safety  and  health  standards  of  wage 
earners  and  in  organizing  work  to  pro- 
tect consumer  interests. 

Attache  to  Turkey  Named 

Dr.  Harry  R.  Varney  was  recently 
named  as  agricultural  attache  on  the 
staff  of  the  U.S.  Embassy  in  Ankara, 
Turkey.  He  replaces  Joseph  R.  Williams 
who  returned  to  Washington,  D.C,  for 

Varney,  who  joined  the  Foreign  Agri- 
cultural Service  in  1957,  has  served  as 
attache  to  Indonesia,  Sweden,  Pakistan, 
and  the  Republic  of  South  Africa. 

WINN  F.  FINNER  (left),  As- 
sociate Administrator,  Con- 
sumer and  Marketing  Serv- 
ice, and  E.  R.  Draheim, 
Office  of  Personnel,  discuss 
the  1969  National  Savings 
Bond  Campaign  with  tele- 
vision star,  Eva  Gabor. 
Miss  Gabor,  Honorary 
Chairman,  was  in  Wash- 
ington, D.C,  to  attend  a 
kick-off  rally.  Draheim  is 
"technical  assistant"  to 
Secretary  Hardin  for 
USDA's  participation  in  the 
campaign  which  got  under- 
way in  April.  Since  then, 
412  new  bond  buyers 
have  joined  USDA's  pay- 
roll savings  bond  plan. 


JUNE  5,   1969 

Vol.  XXVIll  No,   12 

USDA  is  published  fortnightly  for  distribution  to  employees  only,  by  direction  of  the  Secre- 
tary of  Agriculture,  as  containing  administrative  information  required  for  the  proper  transac- 
tion of  the  public  business.  Retirees  who  write  to  the  Editor  requesting  it  may  continue  to 
get  USDA.  Please  write  instead  of  phoning  whenever  possible;  for  rush  orders,  call  Ext.  2058. 
Mrs.  Lillie  Vincent,  Editor  of  USDA,  INF,  Department  of  Agriculture,  Washington,  D.C.  20250. 

c43 — 350-138         U.S.  covebnment  pbintino  office 

my     Cop.3  DC  BRANCH 





VOL.  XXVIII  NO.  14 
JULY    3,    1969 

USDA  Clubs  Promote 
Getting  To  Know  You 

In  1920,  Edwin  T.  Meredith,  then  Sec- 
retary of  Agriculture,  made  a  dismaying 
discovery  when  he  visited  USDA  offices 
during  a  cross-country  trip.  He  found 
that  employees  of  some  offices  were  not 
acquainted  with  the  employees  of  other 
USDA  offices  in  the  same  city.  Some  had 
but  casual  knowledge  of  other  Depart- 
ment agencies:  some  did  not  even  know 
their  agency  was  a  part  of  the  Depart- 
ment of  Agriculture. 

Secretary  Meredith,  determined  to  al- 
leviate this  situation,  suggested  that  De- 
partment employees  form  local  organi- 
zations in  field  centers  for  the  purpose 
of  getting  to  know  each  other  and  to 
leam  of  each  others  work  and  the  work 
of  the  Department. 

Thus  was  born  the  USDA  Club  pro- 

The  first  USDA  Club  was  formed  in 
San  Francisco  in  1920.  Others  blossomed 
in  Denver,  Albuquerque,  New  York  City, 
and  Portland,  Oreg.,  until  by  1926  there 
were  29  clubs  in  22  States. 

In  the  following  years,  USDA  Clubs 
had  their  ups  and  downs.  In  1939,  only 
six  clubs  were  active.  Intensive  organiz- 
ing activity  brought  the  number  of  clubs 
to  a  peak  of  87  shortly  after  World  War 
II.  This  number  dropped  to  20  in  1961. 
Through  the  Interest  of  Joseph  Robert- 
son, Assistant  Secretary  for  Administra- 
tion, and  Carl  B.  Barnes,  Office  of  Per- 
sonnel Director,  the  number  doubled  to 
the  present  41  active  clubs. 

All  USDA  personnel  working  in  the 
club  areas  are  eligible  for  membership. 
This  includes  those  with  collaborator  or 
agent  appointments  and  those  employed 
part-time.  Persons  not  employed  by  the 
Department  may  also  be  members  at  the 
invitation  of  the  club.  In  Dallas,  for  in- 
stance, the  USDA  Club  membership  is  a 
cross  section  of  community  leaders  in 
agriculture  and  home  economics — 
bankers,  farmers,  educators,  commercial 
firms,  public  seiwice  companies,  lawyers, 
and  USDA  personnel. 

The  character  of  USDA  Clubs  reflects 
the  varied  interests  and  work  assign- 
ments of  USDA  employees.  This  variety 

USDA  CLUB  INSIGNIA  shows  the  seal  of  the 
Department  of  Agriculture  surrounded  by  six 
bars  denoting  the  six  objectives  of  the  program. 

is  evident  in  the  Atlanta  club  where  the 
400  members  represent  10  USDA 

Under  general  supervision  of  the  Of- 
fice of  Personnel,  the  programs,  activi- 
ties, and  organization  of  the  clubs  are 
tailored  to  the  needs  of  individual  club 
locality.  Several  clubs  conduct  employee 
welfare-type  activities — group  trips, 
buyers  clubs,  and  recreational  facilities. 

The  Jackson,  Miss.,  club  has  sponsored 
pre-retirement  planning  sessions  for 
members.  A  number  of  clubs.  Including 
those  in  Minneapolis  and  Kansas  City, 
hold  ceremonies  for  annual  employee 
awards  presentations.  Many  clubs  issue 
directories  of  local  USDA  and  USDA 
Club  activities,  facilitating  proper  han- 
dling of  public  inquiries  and  promoting 
liaison  between  Department  employees. 

Monthly  club  meetings  often  include 
speakers  from  the  Washington  or  re- 
gional offices,  project  or  research  lead- 
ers, and  local  agency  heads.  In  fact, 
USDA  Club  officials  are  authorized  to 
contact  Department  officials  at  all  levels 
to  arrange  for  their  services  as  speakers 
or  other  assistance  in  carrying  out  club 

Often,  too,  farmers  and  others  in  the 
public  are  invited  to  speak  at  club  meet- 
ings to  present  ways  in  which  they  feel 
the  Department  might  better  ser\-e  them. 

Within  this  flexible  and  varied  pro- 
gram, USDA  Club  objectives  remain  the 
same  as  intended  by  Secretary  Meredith. 
Formally  stated,  these  are :  (1  >  To  stim- 


Secretary  Hardin  recently  announced 
the  appointment  of  Dr.  Roy  Lee  Lov- 
vorn  as  Administrator  of  the  Coopera- 
tive State  Research  Service.  As  Adminis- 
trator, Dr.  LovA'orn  will  oversee  Federal 
grant  programs  for  agricultural  research 
in  50  States  and  Puerto  Rico. 

Dr.  Lowom  has  been  Director  of  Re- 
search for  the  School  of  Agriculture  and 
Life  Sciences  at  North  Carolina  State 
University,  Raleigh.  Earlier  he  served 
as  a  county  agent  in  Missouri,  as  an 
agronomist  with  the  Soil  Conservation 
Service,  and  then  as  professor  and  Di- 
rector of  Instruction  in  the  School  of 
Agriculture  at  North  Carolina  State.  He 
served  for  a  time  as  head  of  weed  In- 
vestigations for  the  Agricultural  Re- 
search Service  in  Beltsville,  Md.  He  also 
has  been  a  consultant  on  agricultural 
research  to  the  Governments  of  Brazil, 
Peru,  and  India. 

Dr.  Lovvorn  was  born  at  Woodland, 
Ala.  He  earned  his  B.S.  degree  in  agron- 
omy at  Auburn  University,  his  M.S.  at 
the  University  of  Missouri,  and  his  Ph.  D. 
in  agronomy  from  the  University  of 
Wisconsin  in  1942. 

In  1959.  Dr.  Lovvorn  was  honored  by 
The  Progressive  Farmer  magazine  as 
"Man  of  the  Year  in  Service  to  Agricul- 
ture," and  in  1968  he  received  the  "Dis- 
tinguished Service  to  Agriculture"  award 
of  Gamma  Sigma  Delta,  agricultural 
honorary  society. 

He  is  a  Fellow  of  the  American  Associ- 
ation for  the  Advancement  of  Science, 
the  American  Society  of  Agronomy  and 
past  president  of  Gamma  Sigma  Delta. 

ulate  and  increase  knowledge  of  the  work 
of  the  Department  among  the  employ- 
ees; (2)  To  assist  through  personal  con- 
tact the  interpretation  of  the  Depart- 
ment's services  to  the  public;  (3)  To 
provide  a  channel  for  the  Department's 
many  activities  to  be  informally  corre- 
lated for  the  best  possible  sen-ice  to  the 
public:  (4)  To  stimulate  training  and 
education  among  employees:  ^5^  To  de- 
velop personal  acquaintances  among 
employees;  (6)  To  promote  employee 

Pesticide  Effects  Studied 

Persistent  pesticides  and  their  effects 
on  man,  agriculture,  and  the  environ- 
ment is  the  subject  of  a  report  recently 
released  by  Secretary  Hardin.  The  re- 
port was  prepared  at  the  request  of 
USDA  by  a  committee  of  the  National 
Academy  of  Sciences-National  Research 

In  general,  the  report  pointed  to  ade- 
quate protection  of  man's  food  and 
health  under  the  present  systems  of 
controls.  However,  the  report  recom- 
mended expanded  research  leading  to 
the  development  of  new  pesticidal  chem- 
icals and  techniques  for  using  them,  and 
the  strengthening  of  the  regulation  and 
monitoring  of  persistent  pesticides  to 
provide  long-range  protection  for  wild- 
life and  the  overall  environment. 

"The  committee's  appraisal  of  the  sit- 
uation relating  to  persistent  pesticides 
appears  to  be  reasonable  and  balanced," 
Secretary  Hardin  said.  "Its  conclusions 
and  recommendations  imply  some 
changes  in  Department  programs  that 
will  require  some  additional  time  for 
full  evaluation." 

The  NAS-NRC  committee  of  15  sci- 
entists conducted  an  18-month  study 
under  a  1967  contract  by  the  Agricul- 
tural Research  Sei-vice.  The  committee 
heard  83  principal  witnesses  from  scien- 
tific and  conservation  organizations,  in- 
dustry, universities,  and  government 

Farrington  Named  ASCS 
Deputy  Administrator 

Carl  C.  Farrington,  Minneapolis, 
Minn.,  has  been  named  Deputy  Adminis- 
trator for  Commodity  Operations  of  the 
Agricultural  Stabilization  and  Conserva- 
tion Service. 

Farrington  brings  to  ASCS  many  years 
of  experience  in  all  phases  of  commodity 
operations,  including  nearly  20  years 
with  USDA.  He  was  an  assistant  admin- 
istrator in  charge  of  the  Commodity 
Credit  Corporation  and  a  CCC  vice- 
president  when  he  left  in  1948  to 
manage  the  Grain  Division  of  Archer- 
Daniels-Midland    Co.,    Minneapolis. 

In  returning  to  the  Department, 
Farrington  will  be  responsible  for  pro- 
curement and  sales  and  inventory  man- 
agement operations  carried  out  by  the 
ASCS.  The  major  part  of  these  opera- 
tions involve  inventories  acquired  by  the 
CCC  in  its  price-support  operations. 

construction  supervisor 

for  the  self-help  housing 
development  at  Batchelor, 
La.,  discusses  the  project 
with  (left  to  right)  Nimrod 
Andrews,  county  super- 
visor for  the  Farmers  Home 
Administration;  Jim  Binder, 
president  of  the  Batchelor 
Self-Help  Homes  Associa- 
tion; and  members  of  one 
of  eight  families  who  built 
their  own  homes  with  as- 
sistance from  the  FHA. 


Eight  low-income  rural  families  of 
Batchelor,  La.,  combined  their  muscle 
power  with  loan  funds  from  the  Farm- 
ers Home  Administration  to  construct 
attractive  and  comfortable  homes  for 

■While  FHA  county  supervisor  Nimrod 
Andrews  completed  loan  dockets  on  the 
families,  Bemiie  Richard,  an  experienced 
builder  from  New  Roads,  La.,  instructed 
the  families  in  basic  carpentry  and  other 
skills  in  homebuilding.  Richard  also 
served  as  construction  supervisor  as  the 
Batchelor  families  did  most  of  the  con- 
struction on  their  homes — and  saved 
more  than  $3,000  each.  FHA  advanced 
loans  of  $6,400  to  each  family  to  buy  ma- 
terials and  pay  contracted  costs  on  the 
brick  veneer,  ranch-style  homes,  valued 
up  to  $10,300. 

Each  family  will  have  33  years  to  re- 
pay the  loans  at  $34  monthly,  just 
slightly  more  than  some  rents  on  the 
weatherbeaten  shacks  from  which  they 
moved.  For  many  of  the  children,  the 


USDA's  July  list.  Featured  are  fresh 
peaches.  Other  plentifuls  include:  Rice, 
suvnner  vegetables,  and  ivatermelons. 

Research  Center  Dedicated 

The  new  U.S.  Meat  Animal  Research 
Center  at  Clay  Center,  Nebr.,  was  re- 
cently  dedicated   by   Secretary   Hardin. 

■Work  at  the  Center  will  be  conducted 
by  the  Agricultural  Research  Service 
and  the  Nebraska  Agricultural  Experi- 
ment Station,  and  will  cover  animal 
science,  livestock  engineering,  meat 
technology,  and  forage  and  range  re- 
search on  beef  cattle,  sheep,  and  hogs. 

The  research  program  is  being  de- 
veloped with  the  aid  of  an  advisoiT  com- 
mittee composed  of  Federal,  State,  and 
industry  representatives.  The  program 
will  complement  and  enlarge  research 
conducted  by  Federal  and  State  agencies. 

The  35,000-acre  Center,  which  was 
authorized  in  June  1964,  has  been 
stocked  with  foundation  herds  of  3,500 
beef  cattle  and  2,500  sheep.  Foundation 
herds  of  hogs  will  be  added  as  soon  as 
housing  is  available. 

new  homes  mean  they  will  enjoy  the 
comfort  of  an  inside  bathroom  and 
water  for  the  first  time  as  well  as  a 
snug  home. 

To  mark  completion  of  the  housing 
project,  FHA  Administrator  James  V. 
S7nith  recently  traveled  to  the  east- 
central  Louisiana  community  for  dedi- 
cation of  the  new  homes.  He  presented 
a  large  symbolic  key  to  Jim  Binder, 
president  of  the  Batchelor  Self-Help 
Homes  Association,  and  used  the  oc- 
casion to  give  a  gold-painted  shovel  to 
another  group  of  self-help  families  who 
were  scheduled  to  break  ground  the  fol- 
lowing day  on  their  development  at 
■Valverda,  La. 

Secretary  of  Agriculture 
Is  Member  of  New  Council 

President  Nixon  recently  appointed  a 
special  Cabinet-level  council  to  develop 
ways  of  halting  "the  declining  quality 
of  the  American  environment." 

The  eight-member  group,  called  the 
Committee  on  Environmental  Quality, 
was  charged  with  developing  programs 
and  technology  for  preventing  man  from 
fouling  his  surroundings. 

The  Council  will  be  composed  of  the 
■Vice  President  and  the  Secretaries  of 
Agriculture;  Commerce;  Health,  Educa- 
tion, and  'Welfare;  Housing  and  Urban 
Development;  Interior;  and  Transpor- 
tation. The  President  will  preside  over 
its  meetings. 

Dr.  Lee  A.  Dubridge,  the  President's 
chief  adviser  on  science  and  technology, 
will  serve  as  executive  director.  He  said 
the  priority  of  the  Council  will  be  given 
to  problems  such  as  air  pollution,  dis- 
posal of  solid  wastes,  and  to  studies  to 
determine  if  DDT  and  other  insecticides 
have  intolerable  side-effects.  Later  stud- 
ies would  concentrate  on  improving  or 
finding  a  substitute  for  the  internal 
combustion  engine  for  automobiles  to 
eliminate  smog-generating  exhausts. 



Campfires  are  twinkling  again  in  the 
same  natural  setting  where  100  years 
ago  Major  John  Wesley  Powell  and  his 
men  braved  the  unknown  canyons  and 
rapids  of  two  of  the  West's  mightiest 
rivers — the  Green  and  the  Colorado. 

This  summer  visitors  to  the  Flaming 
Gorge  National  Recreation  Area  can  re- 
trace history  along  part  of  the  explorers' 
route.  At  the  popular  recreation  spot 
on  the  Ashley  National  Forest  in  eastern 
Utah,  Forest  Service  personnel  have 
identified  and  marked  campsites  used 
by  Powell  and  his  nine-man  crew.  Ex- 
hibits describing  the  harrowing  journey 
are  on  display  at  visitors  centers;  camp- 
fire  programs  feature  the  Disney  movie. 
"Ten  Who  Dared,"  based  on  Powell's 

Within  the  boundaries  of  the  recrea- 
tion area  are  colorful  and  stately 
canyons  described  in  Powell's  journal 
and  still  bearing  the  names  he  gave 
them — Flaming  Gorge,  Horseshoe.  Red, 
and  Kingfisher. 

It  was  on  May  24,  1869,  that  Powell,  a 
noted  geologist  and  Civil  War  hero,  left 
with  his  men  from  Green  River  City, 
Wyo.  They  headed  down  the  turbulent 
Green   River   aboard   four   sturdy,   spe- 


DR.  ERLING  D.  SOLBERG,  a  pioneer 
re>^earclier  in  rural  land  planning  and 
zoning,  was  recently  awarded  a  Citation 
of  Merit  by  the  American  Scenic  and  His- 
torii-  Preservation  Society. 

In  making  the  presentation,  the  .Society 
noted  that  Dr.  .Solberg  "lias  done  more 
than  anyone  else  in  the  codification  of 
County,  Town,  and  Rural  zoning  ordi- 
nances and  statutes  in  order  that  our  land 
heritage  can  best  be  preserved  in  conjunc- 
tion with  urban  development.'* 

Dr.  Solberg,  who  retired  in  1968  after 
30  years  with  the  Economic  Research 
Service  and  its  predecessor  agencies,  has 
long  been  one  of  the  .\ation''s  most  widely 
known  authorities  on  rural  land  zoning 
regulations,  forest  crop  laws,  and  land- 
use  controls. 

.4  prolific  writer.  Dr.  Solberg  had  more 
than  60  publications  to  his  credit  at  the 
time  of  his  retirement.  For  the  past  vear, 
he  has  worked  as  a  re-employed  annui- 
tant to  complete  a  major  manuscript  he 
started  several  years  ago. 

FLOYD  IVERSON,  regional  forester  of 
the  Forest  Service's  Intermountain  Region 
in  Ogden,  Utah,  is  the  winner  of  a  1969 
American    Motors    (Conservation    .Award. 

The  awards  are  presented  annually  to 
10  professional  and  10  non-professional 
con«er>aiioni«ts  for  dedicated  efforts  in 
the   field   of  renewable  natural   resources. 

Iver^on,  along  with  the  other  winners, 
recei>ed  a  bronze  medallion  from  .Ameri- 
can Motors'  hoard  chairman,  Roy  I). 
Chapin.  Jr.,  at  a  recent  ceremonv  in 
\\a>liinglon,   D.C. 

Iverson  also  received  a  S500  hono- 
rarium accompanying  the  award. 

cially  constructed  boats.  The  party's 
goals  were  to  explore,  survey,  and  map 
the  miknown  country  along  the  Green 
and  Colorado. 

Three  months  later — on  August  29, 
1869 — the  epic,  1,000-mile  river  journey 
ended  when  the  men  emerged  from  the 
Grand  Canyon  of  the  Colorado  in 
northern  Arizona.  The  story  of  this 
perilous  trip  through  spectacular,  mile- 
deep  canyons,  raging  rapids,  and  hostile 
Indian  country,  is  one  of  America's  most 
exciting  true  adventure  tales. 

In  1881  Powell  became  director  of  the 
U.S.  Geological  Survey.  He  later  served 
as  head  of  the  Reclamation  Bureau  of 

fionoring  John  Wesley 
Powell  will  be  issued  Au- 
gust 1  at  Page,  Ariz,  near 
the  lake  that  bea  s  his 
name.  Design  of  the  stamp 
was  unveiled  on  May  24  at 
Green  River,  Wyo.,  whsre 
Powell's  3-month  journey 
began  100  years  before. 
The  stamp  was  designed 
by  Rudolph  Wendelin, 
USDA  artist  assigned  to  the 
Forest  Service  in  Washing- 
ton, D.C.  This  is  the  fourth 
postage  stamp  designed  by 
Wendelin,  well-known  for 
his  work  as  the  Smokey 
Bear  artist. 

the  Interior  Department  and  as  director 
of  the  Bureau  of  Ethnology  at  the 
Smithsonian  Institution. 

Powell's  daring  journey  and  his  later 
work  and  writings  led  to  further 
explorations  that  helped  build  the 
foundation  for  land  reform  and  land 
conservation  programs.  By  encouraging 
establishment  of  forest  preserves  in  the 
public  domain,  he  was  a  pioneer  in 
promoting  the  National  Forest  System. 

Thanks  to  the  courage  and  foresight 
of  the  remarkable  Major  Powell,  Ameri- 
cans of  1969  are  enjoying  the  same 
magnificent  vistas  of  river  and  canyon 
he  saw  a  century  ago. 

THE  VIVID  SCENERY  and  swift  waters  of  the  Red  Canyon  Gorge  of  the  Green  River  in  Utah  lay  on  the 
route  of  the  Powell  expedition.  In  some  places.  Powell's  men  manuevered  their  boats  through  river 
currents  of  up  to  20  miles  an  hour. 


USDA  Goes  to  Camp 

In  the  kitchen  of  a  summer  camp  near 
Annapohs,  Md.,  the  camp  cook  prepares 
a  meal  for  400  young  appetites  whetted 
by  fresh  air,  swimming,  and  hiking.  In- 
cluded in  the  tasty,  filling,  and  nutri- 
tious meal  are  cheese,  peanut  butter, 
chopped  meat,  and  rice.  These  foods,  as 
well  as  the  flour,  corn  meal,  butter,  and 
several  other  foods  in  the  kitchen  larder, 
were  donated  to  the  camp  by  USDA. 

This  year  USDA  will  help  thousands 
of  non-profit  summer  camps  for  chil- 
dren to  improve  the  nutrition  of  their 
feeding  operations  with  about  $2,600,000 
worth  of  food. 

With  some  1,500,000  children  expected 
to  attend  6,900  camps  this  y6ar,  the 
Commodity  Distribution  Division  of  the 
Consumer  and  Marketing  Service  has 
been  alerting  camp  directors  and  man- 
agers of  USDA  services  focusing  on  im- 
proved feeding  and  child  nutrition. 

Besides  the  foods  already  mentioned, 
dry  beans,  bulgur,  corn  grits,  lard ''short- 
ening, nonfat  dry  milk,  rolled  oats,  and 
rolled  wheat  are  available  from  C&MS. 



Carl  B.  Barnes, 
USDA's  Director 
of  Personnel,  re- 
ceived the  Warn- 
er W.  Stockberg- 
er  Achievement 
Award  in  recent 
ceremonies  held 
in  Washington, 

The  award,  the 
highest  in  the 
field  of  personnel 
administration,  is  presented  annually  by 
the  Society  for  Personnel  Administra- 
tion to  the  person  judged  to  have  made 
the  greatest  contribution  in  the  field  of 
personnel  management.  The  award  is 
named  for  Warner  W .  Stockberger,  a 
pioneer  in  personnel  administration  in 
the  Federal  Government  and  first  USDA 
personnel  director. 

The  Stockberger  Award  cited  Barnes 
for  "his  exceptional  accomplishments  in 
personnel  management  that  have  made 
the  Department  of  Agriculture  an 
outstanding  model  in  the  field  and 
have  significantly  influenced  personnel 
practices  throughout  the  Federal 


JULY   3,    1969  Vol,  XXVIII   No,    14 


SWtMMING   RANKS  AS  the  favorite  summer  camp  activity.   However,  cooks  at  summer  camps  for 
children  will  agree:  Mealtime  is  a  close  second. 

The  donated  foods  are  delivered  free  at 
central  locations  in  the  States. 

All    camps    receiving    Federal    foods 


Every  business  day,  in-boxes  of  De- 
partment employees  are  flooded  with 
letters  asking  questions  as:  "What  agri- 
cultural information  is  available  on  the 
countries  on  the  Balkan  Peninsula?"  Or 
"What  are  some  leading  farm  maga- 
zines?" Or  "What  are  some  recipes  for 
making  corn  whisky  and  how  many 
'stills'  were  smashed  last  year?" 

Answering  questions  is  an  essential 
USDA  function  in  serving  John  Q.  Pub- 
lic. But  sometimes  a  question  requires 
doing  research. 

Just  as  a  carpenter  works  better  wlien 
he  knows  the  names  of  his  tools,  you  can 
work  better  if  you  know  the  names  of 
reference  tools. 

Robert  L.  Birch,  an  agricultural  li- 
brarian and  USDA  Graduate  School  in- 
structor, recently  compiled  a  list  of 
first-step  references  that  make  info- 
digging  easier. 

Listed  below  are  a  few  of  these  com- 
monplace tools. 

<i>  Subject  Guide  to  Books  in  Print. 
This  bibliography  lists  books  now  on  the 
U.S.  market  by  subject  and  title. 

(2)  Encyclopedia  of  Ainerican  Asso- 
ciations. This  listing  gives  a  description 
and  location,  using  a  key  word  of  the 
title,  of  associations  for  or  against  al- 
most anything. 

(3)  Facts  on  File.  Gives  highly  con- 
densed bone-up  material  on  almost  any- 
thing that  has  been  in  the  headlines; 
includes  an  index.  For  Instance,  "Nixon 
farm  statement"  is  under  the  heading 

must  comply  with  the  Civil  Rights  Act 
of  1964  in  that  no  child  may  be  denied 
admission  because  of  race,  color,  or  na- 
tional origin. 

To  help  their  food  service  personnel, 
summer  camps  may  use  USDA  booklets 
or  fact  sheets  for  donated  foods,  giving 
recipes,  storage  information,  and  tips 
for  buying  and  using  foods  that  are  in 
plentiful  supply. 

(4)  Current  Biography.  A  brief  profile 
on  anyone  who  has  been  in  the  news  but 
has  not  yet  been  enshrined  in  "Who's 
Who,"  including  their  office  and  resi- 
dence address. 

(5)  New  York  Times  Index.  An  index 
to  articles  in  the  New  York  Times  on 
any  person  or  subject  covered.  Also  gives 
approximate  date  same  story  was  car- 
ried in  other  newspapers. 

(6)  Agricultural  Statistics.  Includes 
detailed  tables  and  statistics  on  crops, 
exports,  food  costs,  etc. 

(7)  Yearbook  of  Agriculture.  Each 
year  a  different  topic  is  explored.  The 
1962  volume,  "After  A  Hundred  Years," 
is  a  history  of  the  Department  and  a 
round-up  of  its  programs. 

(S)  Bibliography  of  Agriculture.  An 
index  to  agricultural  literature  from 
all  over  the  world.  Th^e  "B-of-A"  also 
includes  a  checklist  of  new  Depart- 
ment and  State  experiment  station 

(9)  Literature  of  Agricultural  Re- 
search. Probably  the  best  guide  to  ag 
research  literature. 

So  the  next  time  you  are  asked  a 
question,  find  the  answer  quickly  and 
pleasantly.  If  your  office  doesn't  have 
many  reference  books  handy  or  if  you 
aren't  near  USDA's  National  Agricul- 
tural Library,  check  the  reference  sec- 
tion of  your  local  library. 

USDA  is  published  fortnightly  for  distribution  to  employees  only,  by  direction  of  the  Secre- 
tary of  Agriculture,  as  containing  administrative  information  required  for  the  proper  transac- 
tion of  the  public  business.  Retirees  who  write  to  the  Editor  requesting  it  may  continue  to 
zet  USDA.  Please  write  iT}stead  of  phoning  whenever  possible:  for  rush  orders,  call  Ext.  2058, 
Mrs.  LUlie  Vincent.  Editor  of  USDA,  INF,  Department  of  Agriculture,  Washington.  D.C.  20250. 





VOL.  XXVIII  NO.  15 
JULY    17,   1969 


Thousands  of  needy  youngsters  taking 
part  in  summer  recreation  programs  are 
finding  that  summertime  is  better  than 
ever  this  year.  It  is  better  because  of  a 
new  USDA  food  service  program  which 
offers  an  added  attraction  to  the  young- 
sters' recreation  and  fun — tasty  and 
nutritious  meals  and  between-meal 

The  Special  Food  Service  Program  for 
Children  is  a  3-year  pilot  program  au- 
thorized by  a  1968  amendment  to  the 
National  School  Lunch  Act.  Its  goal  is 
to  improve  the  nutrition  of  pre-scTiool 
and  school-age  children  by  helping  pro- 
vide snacks  and  up  to  three  meals  a 
day  to  youngsters  in  out-of-school 

Under  the  new  program,  which  is  ad- 
ministered by  the  Consumer  and  Mar- 
keting Service  cooperatively  with  State 
agencies,  foods  for  use  in  meal  prepara- 
tion as  well  as  cash  reimbursements  for 
the  meals  are  provided  by  USDA.  Maxi- 
mum reimbursement  is  15  cents  for  each 
breakfast,  30  cents  for  each  lunch  or 
supper,  and  10  cents  for  between-meal 

Major  metropolitan  areas,  smaller 
cities,  and  communities  across  the  coun- 
try are  operating  summer  recreation 
programs.  In  as  many  of  these  as  possi- 
ble, USDA's  Special  Food  Service  Pro- 
gram tor  children  is  helping  provide  the 
youngsters  from  low-income  families 
with  nutritious  food.  Public  and  non- 
profit private  participants  eligible  for 
the  program  include  summer  day  camps, 
school-sponsored  recreation  programs, 
and  similar  recreation  programs. 

The  program  is  not,  however,  limited 
to  summer  or  recreation  programs.  Day- 
care centers,  settlement  houses,  and 
recreation  centers  that  provide  day-care 
for  children  in  low-income  areas  or 
from  areas  with  many  working  mothers 
may  also  apply. 





SAN  DIEGO,  TEX.,  launched  the  first  Special 
Food  Service  Program  for  Children  in  the 
Southwest  on  June  2.  Approximately  500 
youngsters  receive  free  breakfast  and  lunch  at 
the  school  cafeteria  during  a  summer  recreation 

Todav,  the  livestock  and  meat  industry 
produces  12  billion  MORE  POL.NDS  OF 
ME.AT  than  20  years  ago.  This  provides 
an  additional  29  pounds  of  meat  per  per- 
son to  a  population  that  has  increased  by 
53  million  people. 


One  thousand  high  school  juniors, 
from  26  States,  visited  Washington, 
D.C.,  recently  as  guests  of  their  home 
community  rural  electric  cooperatives. 

These  young  people  were  chosen  to 
take  the  Amiual  Rural  Electrification 
Administration  Youth  Tour  through 
competitive  examinations  conducted  by 
their  local  electric  cooperatives  in  con- 
junction with  area  high  schools. 

The  State  groups  visited  USDA  and 
the  Rural  Electrification  Administra- 
tion. They  were  shown  special  displays 
in  the  USDA  Administration  Building 
Patio,  taken  on  a  short  tour,  and  enter- 
tained with  a  slide  presentation,  "A 
Look  Into  the  Future." 

In  addition  the  groups  visited  many 
of  their  congressmen  and  senators,  the 
White  House,  and  scenic  and  historic 
sites  in  the  Washington  area. 

REA  Administrator  David  A.  Hamil 
greeted  several  of  the  groups  in  his  office 
and  was  a  guest  speaker  at  one  of  their 

Adamson  Named 
Deputy  Assistant  Secretary 

Secretary  Hardin  recently  announced 
appointment  of  Elin?i  A.  Adamson,  a 
member  of  Nebraska's  unicameral  leg- 
islature since  1961  and  its  former  speak- 
er, as  Deputy  Assistant  Secretary  for 
Marketing  and  Consumer  Services. 

Adamson  is  president  and  part  owner 
of  a  23,000-acre  cattle  ranch  near  Valen- 
tine, Nebr.,  where  he  was  born  and 
reared.  He  attended  Nebraska  State 
Teachers  College  at  Chadron  and  the 
University  of  Colorado  before  receiving 
his  A.B.  degree  in  political  science  and 
economics  from  the  University  of 
Nebraska  in  1940. 

He  is  president  of  the  Nebraska  Stock 
Growers  Association  and  a  member 
of  the  American  National  Cattlemen's 

Secretary  Appoints  Two 
As  FHA  State  Directors 

Secretary  Hardin  recently  appointed 
Douglas  W.  Young,  a  mortgage  credit 
specialist,  as  State  director  of  the  Farm- 
ers Home  Administration  for  California. 

At  the  same  time,  the  Secretary  ap- 
pointed Kenneth  L.  Bowen  as  FHA  State 
director  for  Nebraska. 

In  his  new  position.  Young  also  will  be 
responsible  for  FHA  activity  in  Nevada 
and  Hawaii.  Throughout  the  three 
States  the  agency  administers  a  program 
of  loans  and  grants  for  family  farms 
as  well  as  for  housing  and  community 
facilities  in  rural  areas. 

Before  joining  a  Bakersfield  broker- 
age firm  in  1966,  Young  worked  for  8 
years  as  appraiser,  field  representative, 
and  assistant  office  manager  of  the  Fed- 
eral Land  Bank  and  Production  Credit 

Bowen,  as  new  Nebraska  FHA  State 
dn-ector,  will  administer  loan  programs 
for  family  farm  operations  and  for  hous- 
ing and  community  facilities  which  last 
year  totaled  nearly  $30  million. 

Since  1967,  Bowen  has  been  executive 
secretary  and  treasurer  of  the  League 
of  Nebraska  Municipalities. 


Shelter  is  still  one  of  mankind's  three 
basic  needs,  and  the  new  Forest  Service 
how-to-do-it  manual,  "Low-Cost  Wood 
Homes  for  Rural  America,"  gives  all  the 
answers  for  constructing  an  inexpensive 

Step  by  step,  from  initial  selection  of 
the  site  to  refinements  of  interior  finish, 
construction  of  a  low-cost  house  is  de- 
tailed in  this  new  handbook  for  the 
prospective  homeowner. 

The  booklet  was  prepared  by  LeRoy 
Anderson,  wood  structural  engineer  at 
the  Forest  Products  Laboratory  at 
Madison,  Wis.,  and  helped  earn  for  its 
author  a  USDA  Superior  Service  Award 
recently.  The  booklet's  introduction 
states  its  dedication  to  "making  eco- 
nomical, improved  housing  more  readily 
available  to  the  rural  families  of 
America."  This  guideline  is  followed 

A  glossary  of  housing  terms  is  included 
for  the  layman  who  has  difficulty  telling 
the  professional  lumber  and  hardware 
merchants  what  he  wants. 

"Low-Cost  Wood  Homes  for  Rural 
America — Construction  Manual"  (Agri- 
culture Handbook  No.  364)  is  for  sale  by 
the  Superintendent  of  Documents,  U.S. 
Government  Printing  Office,  Washing- 
ton, D.C.  20402.  The  price  is  $1. 

USDA  Food  for  Flood  Victims 

Thousands  of  people  in  seven  Cali- 
fornia counties  recently  benefited  from 
trSDA-donated  food,  prepared  and 
served  to  them  by  local  disaster-relief 
agencies  and  volunteers.  These  people 
were  the  victims  of  extensive  floods  this 
past  winter  and  spring  which  left  them 
displaced,  homeless,  and  without  food 
and  facilities  for  feeding  themselves. 

As  soon  as  the  California  crisis  sub- 
sided, disaster  moved  eastward.  Near- 
record  snowpack  began  to  melt  in  the 
Rockies  and  the  Midwest  with  predic- 
tions of  a  Midwest  flood  crisis  much 
more  extensive  than  the  one  in 

USDA  workers  prepared  to  face  it  by 
storing  USDA  food  throughout  the 
threatened  areas — at  several  locations 
in  Minnesota,  Wisconsin,  North  Dakota, 
Iowa,  Nebraska,  Illinois,  and  Missouri. 

The  first  need  came  in  Sioux  City, 
Iowa.  There  USDA  food  was  requested 
to  feed  200  high  school  volunteers  who 
worked  to  sandbag  the  Missouri  River. 
The  most  critical  site  was  Minot,  N.  Dak., 
where  the  floods  left  more  than  1,600 
persons  homeless. 

An  estimated  140,000  pounds  of  USDA 
food  was  provided  during  the  Midwest 
flood  crisis. 

GENERAL  SCHEDULE  -   5  U.S.C.  5332(a) 












$  3889 



$  4279 

$  4408 

$  4538 

$  4668 

$  4798 

$  4928 

$  5057 






































761  8 




7  111 



































1  1186 


1  1808 







1  1620 






1  1233 

1  1607 

1  1981 
















1651  1 




















































Generol  Schedole-Efleclive  July  13,  1969            | 



USDA-OK.ce  o 

(  Personne 


July  Brings  Pay  Increase  and  Program  Revisions 

A  pay  increase  for  employees  and 
major  revisions  in  three  Government- 
wide  programs  all  became  effective  this 

The  pay  increase  is  the  last  of  three 
salary  adjustments  authorized  by  the 
Federal  Salary  Act  of  1967.  Previous  in- 
creases under  this  Act  were  in  October 
1967  and  July  1968.  The  increase  affects 
about  2  million  full-time  employees 
with  rates  of  increase  ranging  from  3 
percent  to  10.8  percent.  The  overall  in- 
crease for  employees  in  the  General 
Schedule  averages  9.1  percent. 

For  most  USDA  employees,  the  salary 

increase  became  effective  as  of  July  13, 
the  first  full  pay  period  after  July  1. 

The  program  revisions  affect  the  Merit 
Promotion  Policy,  the  Federal  Incentive 
Awards  Program  and  discrimination 
complaints  procedures,. 

Emphasis  of  the  new  Merit  Promotion 
Policy  is  placed  on  giving  all  employees 
the  chance  to  receive  full  consideration 
for  promotion;  using  the  most  effective 
rating  methods  to  identify  highly  quali- 
fied candidates  for  promotion;  selecting 
from  among  the  best  qualified;  and 
keeping  employees  well  informed  about 
the  program  and  their  own  promotional 

Significant  revision  of  the  Govern- 
mentwide  Incentive  Awards  Program 
streamlines  and  clarifies  the  program; 
establishes  higher  minimums  for  cash 
awards;  and  helps  achieve  consistency 
among  agencies  in  its  administration. 

New  procedures  for  processing  com- 
plaints of  discrimination  on  grounds  of 
race,  color,  religion,  sex,  or  national 
origin  have  as  basic  objectives:  To  pro- 
vide maximum  opportunity  for  informal 
resolution  of  problems- which  might  re- 
sult in  complaints;  to  guarantee  a  fair 
and  impartial  hearing  by  a  trained  ap- 
peals examiner  when  a  hearing  is  re- 
quired; and  to  speed  up  the  entire  com- 
plaint process. 

ED  JONES  directs  USDA's  consumer  food  pro- 
grams in  the  Sioux  City,  Iowa,  area.  When  last 
April's  floods  displaced  persons  there,  relief 
agencies  called  for  USDA  commodities  to  feed 
them.  Using  his  own  truck,  Jones  helped  dis- 
tribute approximately  6,000  pounds  of  this  food 
throughout  the  disaster  period. 

Farmers  borrowed  less  mortfiiiSt'  nioney 
from  major  lending  groups  in  1968  than 
in  1967;  and  unless  current  liigli  interest 
and  compelition  from  urban  borrowers 
rela.x,  the  downtrend  will  continue  this 
year.  Volume  of  new  farm  mortgage 
money  loaned  by  19  life  insurance  firms, 
Federal  land  banks,  and  tlie  Farmers 
Home  .Administration  dipped  to  S1.555 
billion  in  1968  and  was  21  percent  under 
the  high  mark  of  1965,  the  ECONOMIC 
RESE.ARCH  .SERVICE  reports. 

Vegetable  Co-ops  Work 
For  Arkansas  Farmers 

In  the  Mississippi  River  country  of 
eastern  Arkansas  where  cotton  was  king 
and  the  soybean  was  its  queen,  more 
than  700  Negro  farmers  are  on  the  road 
to  economic  independence. 

In  an  effort  to  become  active  partici- 
pants in  the  affluent  society,  farmers  in 
St.  Francis  and  Lee  counties  are  turning 
to  the  vegetable  co-op.  In  many  cases, 
they  are  using  one  of  the  Souths  oldest 
crops,  okra,  as  a  wedge  to  raise  their 
annual  income  above  the  $3,000  level. 
Okra  is  a  green,  pod-shaped  vegetable 
best  known  for  the  flavor  it  brings  to 
gumbo  soup. 

Most  co-op  members  are  owner-opera- 
tors of  small  farm  tracts.  Some  are 
workers  on  large  farms  and  are  allowed 
to  produce  vegetables  to  increase  the 
family's  income. 

The  progress  achieved  is  seen  in  the 
operation  of  the  St.  Francis  County 
Vegetable  Growers  Cooperative  Associa- 
tion, a  200-member  organization  that 
received  a  $12,000  economic  opportunity 
cooperative  loan  from  the  Farmers  Home 
Administration  in  1965.  Before  then, 
most  farmers  in  St.  Francis  County  had 
used  their  land  to  grow  cotton,  rice,  soy- 
beans, corn,  and  subsistance  livestock. 
Ninety  percent  were  in  the  low-income 

In  1961,  a  few  farmers  signed  con- 
tracts to  produce  okra,  cucumbers,  and 
peas  for  supplementary  income.  How- 
ever, the  local  market  for  these  crops  re- 
mained small. 

In  1965,  several  farmers  discussed 
with  a  Technical  Action  Panel  (TAP) 
representative  the  idea  of  organizing 
and  purchasing  a  marketing  facility. 
Following  a  favorable  recommendation 
from  the  County  Technical  Action  Com- 
mittee, the  St.  Francis  County  Vegetable 
Growers  Cooperative  Association  became 
a  reality. 

TAP'S  are  composed  of  representatives 
of  the  USDA  and  other  Federal  and 
State  agencies  whose  programs  benefit 
rural  people. 

In  its  first  year,  the  co-op  increased 
production  of  vegetables  by  300,000 
pounds,  upped  its  gross  income  by  about 
$13,000,  and  processed  over  1,000,000 
pounds  of  okra  in  a  new  market  shed  at 
Forrest  City,  Ark.  Records  for  January 
1968  show  that  the  Association  paid  out 
more  than  $123,000  to  okra  growers 
alone  the  year  before. 

County  FHA  supervisor  John  F.  Knox 
says,  "The  co-op  has  affected  children 
in  this  area  to  the  point  where  they  no 
longer  have  to  stay  out  of  school  to  pick 
cotton.  They  can  stay  in  school  9  months 
out  of  the  year  now." 

A  SNOW  SURVEY  CREW  travels  by  "snowcat"  to 
snowfall  at  an  SCS  snow  course  in  the  Sierras. 

measure  the  depth  and  moisture  content  of  a  new 

SCS  Cooperates  in   Project  Sky  Water 

"Everybody  talks  about  the  weather, 
but  nobody  does  anything  about  it."  The 
Soil  Conservation  Service  is  cooperating 
in  a  project  which  someday  may  change 
this  old  complaint. 

SCS  recently  installed  15  new  snow 
courses  in  the  Jemez  and  San  Pedro 
Mountains  in  northern  New  Mexico,  one 
of  several  locations  in  the  West  where 
weather  modification  experiments  are 
being  conducted  by  the  Bureau  of  Rec- 

The  Lee  County  Vegetable  Growers 
Cooperative  Association,  an  interracial 
organization  with  a  $40,000  FHA  loan, 
has  brought  a  strange  sight  to  merchants 
around  Marinna,  Ark.  People  who  had 
traditionally  asked  for  summer  credit 
are  now  paying  cash  for  the  necessities 
of  life. 

The  people  of  Lee  County,  where  more 
than  half  the  families  had  incomes  be- 
low $2,000  in  1964,  also  called  on  the 
Extension  Service,  TAP,  and  the  Soil 
Conservation  Service  for  assistance  in 
solving  a  multitude  of  problems.  One  of 
the  greatest  was  inadequate  marketing 
facilities.  In  operation  since  February 
1967,  the  co-op  is  now  grading  and 
shipping  okra,  peas,  and  cucumbers  to 
market  and  has  a  contract  with  a  na- 
tional food  concern.  In  1968  receipts  for 
the  Association  from  okra  came  to  more 
than  $110,000.  The  cucumbers  and  peas 
added  another  $56,000. 

In  addition  to  having  learned  organi- 
zation techniques,  the  co-ops  are  pay- 
ing off  their  loans  and  covering  routine 
costs  through  fees  paid  by  each  farmer 
out  of  money  he  earns  growing  vege- 
tables. Twenty-five  receiving  stations 
now  dot  the  landscape  in  an  area  where 
former  have-nots  are  building  bridges  to 
a  better  tomorrow  in  Arkansas. 

lamation.  Site  of  the  new  snow  courses 
and  similar  SCS  facilities  near  Steam- 
boat Springs,  Colo.,  and  Mount  Hood, 
Oreg.,  are  in  target  areas  of  "Project 
Sky  Water.  '  The  primary  concern  of 
this  project  is  the  study  of  man's 
endeavors  to  increase  precipitation 

SCS  cooperates  in  the  project  by 
gathering  snow  and  rain  data  for  use  by 
the  Bureau  of  Reclamation  in  assessing 
the  productivity  of  cloud-seeding. 

The  snow  courses  are  permanently  es- 
tablished areas  located  in  high  moun- 
tain meadows  not  subject  to  freak  drifts. 
After  each  snowfall  in  "Sky  Water" 
areas,  SCS  snow  surveyors  go  into  the 
high  mountains  to  measure  the  depth 
and  water  content  of  the  snow.  These 
men  will  take  hundreds  of  snow  read- 
ings from  early  December  until  the 
spring  thaw,  as  well  as  readings  from 
rain  gauges  at  the  sites  during  the 

The  teams  keeping  watch  on  the  "Sky 
Water"  snow  courses  are  part  of  a  corps 
of  several  hundred  SCS  employees  and 
cooperators  who  measure  and  report  on 
more  than  1,500  snow  courses  in  the 
Western  States  and  Alaska. 

The  resulting  information,  released 
to  storage  regulation  agencies,  irrigators, 
and  other  water  users  weeks  to  months 
in  advance  of  actual  runoff  from  the 
melting  snow,  permits  advance  planning 
for  use  of  available  supplies  and  fore- 
warns of  impending  floods. 

The  Progressive  Fanner  magazine  re- 
eenllv  gave  its  annual  "W  onian  of  the 
Year"  award  to  MRS.  GILBERT  ENG- 
EISH,  a  member  of  the  State  ad\i>or> 
committee  of  llie  Farmers  Home  Ailmiii- 
i>lration  in  Nortli  Carolina.  Mrs.  Fngli>h 
received  the  award  for  lier  long  and 
dedicated  service  to  rural  people. 


Indiana  Student  Wins 
Top  Science  Fair  Prize 

Jack  Farr  II,  Mooresville,  Ind.,  re- 
cently won  the  USDA-OPEDA  first  prize 
at  the  20th  International  Science  Fair 
in  Fort  Worth,  Tex.  His  high  school 
project  was  entitled,  "Chemotype  Anal- 
ysis of  Drosphila  Melanogaster." 

Farr  was  presented  with  a  certificate 
of  merit  signed  by  Secretary  Hardin,  a 
$75  savings  bond,  and  a  summer  job  offer 
with  the  Agricultural  Research  Service. 
Dr.  Lewis  P.  McCann,  immediate  past 
president  of  the  Organization  of  Pro- 
fessional Employees  of  USDA,  made  the 

Arthur  L.  Haas  III,  Shaw,  Miss.,  won 
the  USDA  second  prize  of  a  certificate, 
a  $50  bond,  and  a  summer  job  offer. 

Cheryl  M.  Engleman,  Hazleton,  N. 
Dak.,  won  the  third  prize  of  a  certificate, 
a  $25  bond,  and  a  job  offer. 

Judges  for  the  special  awards  by 
USDA-OPEDA  were  Dr.  Stanley  P.  Row- 
land, ARS,  New  Orleans,  La.;  Dr. 
Richard  L.  Ridgeway,  ARS,  College  Sta- 
tion, Tex.;  Dr.  McCann,  ARS,  Washing- 
ton, D.C.;  Dr.  John  C.  Moser,  Forest 
Service,  Alexandria,  La.;  and  Jasper 
Franklin,  FS,  New  Orleans,  La. 

About  400  finalists  from  high  schools 
throughout  the  United  States  and  seven 
foreign  countries  exhibited  science  proj- 
ect at  the  fair,  which  is  the  "World 
Series"  of  science  fairs. 

Ten  other  finalists  received  certificates 
and  summer  job  offers  with  ARS  or  the 
Forest  Service:  Jmie  Elizabeth  Bliss, 
Mobile,  Ala.;  William  M.  Brooks,  Sunny- 
vale, Calif.;  La  Velton  Jaylord  Daniel, 
Avera,  Ga.;  Glenn  W.  Hanes,  Lanham, 
Md.;  Larry  L.  Lockrem,  Circle,  Mont.; 
William  Thomas  Mason  III,  Jackson- 
ville, Fla.;  Sherry  Lynn  Oliver,  Bed- 
ford, Va.;  Marshall  Scott  Poole,  Amarillo, 
Tex.;  Thomas  Raymon  Popplewell,  Mis- 
sion, Tex.;  and  Ron  Sanches,  Newman, 

Hardin  Dedicates  Research  Labs 

Secretary  Hardin  recently  dedicated 
the  South  Plains  Cotton  Ginning  Re- 
search Laboratory  at  Lubbock,  Tex.,  and 
a  new  wing  of  the  Southwestern  Great 
Plains  Research  Center  at  Bushland. 
Both  facilities  are  operated  by  the  Agri- 
cultural Research  Service. 

Research  at  the  Bushland  facility  is 
primarily  concerned  with  soil  and  water 
conservation.  At  Lubbock  research  will 
be  aimed  at  increasing  efficiency  and 
reducing  gin  operating  costs  in  the 
handling  of  High  Plains  cotton. 


JACK  FARR  II,  Mooresville,  Ind.,  stands  before 
his  exhibit  which  took  the  top  USDA  prize  at 
the  20th  International  Science  Fair,  held  re- 
cently in  Fort  Worth,  Tex. 

"After-Hours"  Courses  Available 

More  than  30  college  level  courses  will 
be  offered  to  employees  in  Washington, 
D.C.,  this  summer  through  the  Federal 
After-Hours  Education  Program.  The 
courses,  available  to  civilian  and  mili- 
tary personnel  and  other  interested  in- 
dividuals, will  be  held  in  eight  downtown 
Federal  buildings. 

The  "After-Hours"  program,  coordi- 
nated by  the  Civil  Service  Commission's 
Bureau  of  Training  in  cooperation  with 
George  Washington  University,  offers 
opportunity  to  enroll  in  undergraduate 
and  graduate  courses  leading  to  a 
Bachelor  of  Science  or  Master  of  Science 
Degree.  Individuals  may  also  enroll  as 
non-degree  students. 

Registration  for  the  7V2  week  session 
will  be  conducted  in  Conference  Room 
D,  Department  of  Commerce  lobby,  14th 
and  Constitution  Avenue  NW.  from  10 
a.m.  to  3:30  p.m.  on  July  22.  Classes  will 
begin  the  week  of  July  28.  Tuition  rates 
are  $47  per  semester  hour. 

Your  training  officer  or  employee  de- 
velopment officer  has  a  listing  of  the 
various  courses  offered.  Under  the  Gov- 
ernment Employees  Training  Act  of 
1958,  agencies  are  authorized  to  pay  the 
major  cost  of  tuition  if  the  course  is 
designed  to  help  an  employee  improve 
in  his  job. 

For  further  information  contact 
Robert  W.  Stewart,  Jr.,  field  representa- 
tive for  George  Washington  University 
(phone  676-7018  or  676-7028)  or  Ed 
Pinney,  CSC  coordinator  for  the  "After- 
Hours"  program  (phone  632-5647  or 
Government  Code  101-25647). 

More  Areas  Designated 
For  Food  Stamp  Program 

Forty-two  areas  in  17  States  were  re- 
cently added  to  USDA's  Food  Stamp 
Program.  These  areas,  38  counties  and 
4  independent  cities,  will  make  food 
stamps  available  to  their  low-income 
families  as  soon  as  possible. 

Of  the  42  areas,  30  do  not  have  any 
USDA  family  food-aid  program  for 
needy  families,  and  8  make  USDA  family 
food  donations  available  on  a  partial  or 
limited  basis.  In  the  remaining  4,  USDA 
is  presently  operating  a  family  food 
donations  program. 

When  the  42  areas  are  operating — 
along  with  other  areas  in  the  process  of 
starting  programs — well  over  3  million 
people  in  43  States  and  the  District  of 
Columbia  will  be  benefiting  from  food 
stamps.  Added  to  those  receiving  USDA 
family  food  donations,  this  means  that 
considerably  more  than  7  million  needy 
persons  will  soon  be  benefiting  from 
USDA's  family  food-help  programs. 

Presently,  2,717  of  the  Nation's  3,129 
counties  and  independent  cities  are  or 
soon  will  be  offering  USDA  food  stamps 
or  donated  foods  to  their  needy  families. 

The  Food  Stamp  Program  enables 
eligible  low-i:icome  families  to  increase 
their  food-purchasing  power  by  invest- 
ing their  own  food  money  in  Federal 
food  coupons  ("food  stamps")  worth 
more  than  they  paid.  The  coupons  are 
spent  like  cash  at  retail  food  outlets  au- 
thorized under  the  program. 


.ALFRED  L.  EVERETT,  a  USDA  niicro- 
scopist,  was  recently  named  winner  of  a 
SI. 000  prize  from  tlie  American  Leather 
Chemist-s  .Association.  The  prize  is  for  a 
paper  he  submitted  early  this  year  estab- 
lishing the  cause  of  cockle,  a  sheepskin 
defect  that  costs  the  leather  and  allied 
industries   millions   of  dollars  a   year. 

Everett  works  at  USDA's  Eastern  utili- 
zation research  laboratory,  Wyndmoor, 
Pa.  With  the  cooperation  of  Dr.  Irwin  H. 
Roberts,  a  veterinarian  of  the  Agricultural 
Researcli  Service  in  Albuquerque,  N. 
Mex.,  Everett  discovered  tliat  wingless 
parasitic  flies  known  as  keds,  or  sheep 
ticks,  were  responsible  for  the  skin  defect. 

G.  EARLE  HAMERSTRAND,  a  chemist 
at  the  Agricultural  Researcli  Service 
Northern  utilization  research  laboratory, 
Peoria,  III.,  has  been  named  School  of 
Applied  Arts  Scholar  for  1969  by  the 
Graduate  Studies  Council  at  Western 
Michigan  University,  Kalamazoo. 

Hamerstrand  is  on  a  year's  leave  of 
absence  from  his  ARS  position.  He  re- 
ceived straight  A's  in  41  hours  of  gradu- 
ate study  in  pulp  and  paper  engineering. 


JULY   17,   1969  Vol.  XXVIII   No.   15 

USDA  is  published  fortnightly  for  distribution  to  employees  only,  by  direction  of  the  Secre- 
tary of  Agriculture,  as  containing  administrative  information  required  for  the  proper  transac- 
tion of  the  public  business.  Retirees  who  write  to  the  Editor  requesting  it  may  continue  to 
get  USDA.  Please  write  instead  of  phoning  whenever  possible;  for  rush  orders,  call  Ext.  2058, 
Mrs.  Lillie  Vincent,  Editor  of  USDA,  INF,  Department  of  Agriculture,  Washington,  D.C.  20250. 

c-t:i— 355-30G 


M^^U      "^P-^  ^^  BRANCH 


VOL.  XXVIII  NO.  16 
JULY   31,    19  69 

MRS.  GENEVIEVE  THOMAS  and  Congressman  Lawrence  Hogan  inspect  one  of  the  panels  of  the 
MUST  exhibit  depicting  her  at  work.  A  MUST  participant,  Mrs.  Thomas  has  full  use  of  all  fingers  on 
one  hand  and  one  finger  on  the  other.  She  is  also  confined  to  a  wheelchair.  Since  ARS  redesigned 
a  job  for  her  under  MUST,  she  "now  has  a  reason  for  living." 

Project  MUST  Highlights  Maximum  Use  of  Skills 

An  exhibit  promoting  better  use  of 
USDA  employees  was  opened  the  begin- 
ning of  this  month  in  the  Administra- 
tion Building  Patio  in  Washington,  D.C., 
by  Representative  Lawrence  Hogan  of 
Maryland's  5th  District. 

The  exhibit's  theme,  MUST— Maxi- 
mum Utilization  of  Skills  and  Training — 
highlights  MUST'S  use  in  the  Agricul- 
tural Research  Service. 

At  the  exhibit's  opening,  Francis  R. 
Mangham,  ARS  Deputy  Administrator 
for  Administrative  Management,  intro- 
duced 32  High  Ability  students.  Under 
the  High  Ability  Program,  sponsored  by 
the  National  Science  Foundation 
through  a  grant  to  American  University, 
students  with  high  potential  in  science 
or  engineering  are  provided  work  experi- 
ence in  agricultural  research  labora- 

Each  High  Ability  student  was  also 
greeted  personally  by  Congressman 

Under  Secretary  J.  Phil  Campbell  told 
an  audience  attending  opening  day  cere- 
monies that  the  MUST  and  High  Ability 
Programs  were  combined  for  the  exhibit 
because  they  share  similar  goals. 

"MUST,"  he  said,  "asks  that  we  make 
conscious  efforts  to  use  all  the  skills  of 
all  our  employees;  that  we  build  and 
sharpen  these  skills  through  planned 
training  and  development."  He  termed 
the  MUST  exhibit  "evidence  of  what  can 
be  done." 

A  side  benefit  of  project  MUST  is 
meaningful  use  of  handicapped  persons. 
A  case  in  point  is  Mrs.  Genevieve  R. 

Mrs.  Thomas  holds  a  B.S.  degree  in 
mathematics  and  for  8  years  worked  as 
a  scientific  aide.  Then  she  developed 
multiple  sclerosis.  After  17  years  of  un- 
employment, she  found  work  with  ARS, 
under  project  MUST,  as  a  mathematics 
aide.  The  position  with  the  Human  Nu- 
trition  Research  Division   in   Beltsville, 

Attaches  Confer  on 
Latin  American  Trade 

The  Department  recently  called  a  con- 
ference in  Washington,  D.C.,  of  USDA 
agricultural  attaches  stationed  in  Latin 
America.  According  to  Secretary  Hardin, 
the  purpose  of  the  conference  was  to 
support  the  Administration's  review  of 
inter-American  economic  relations. 

During  the  official  4-day  conference, 
June  24-27,  the  attaches  joined  USDA 
and  other  Government  officials,  includ- 
ing Members  of  Congress,  in  making  a 
commodity-by-commodity  review  of  the 
present  and  future  of  U.S.  agricultural 
trade  with  Latin  America. 

The  attaches  remained  in  Washington 
for  3  additional  days  for  consultation 
with  U.S.  businessmen  and  organizations 
interested  in  doing  business  with  Latin 

Secretary  Hardin  said,  in  his  address 
at  the  opening  session  of  the  conference, 
"This  will  be  the  most  comprehensive 
look  the  Department  has  taken  in  sev- 
eral years  at  our  agricultural  relations 
with  Latin  America.  We  believe  it  will 
make  a  major  contribution  to  the  study 
the  Administration  is  currently  making 
of  our  economic  and  trade  relationships 
within  the  Americas." 

Trade  between  the  United  States  and 
Latin  America  amounted  to  nearly  $10 
billion  in  fiscal  year  1968. 

JOHN  P.  ORCUTT  >vas  recently  named 
Assistant  to  the  Secretary  for  Federal-State 

.Since  1965,  Orcutt  has  been  Commis- 
sioner of  .\f;riciiltiire  for  Colorado,  head- 
quartered in  Denver.  In  liis  new  capacity 
he  will  serve  as  Secretary  Hardin's  major 
liaison  willi  the  State  Departments  of 
.Afiricidture  and  as  consnltant  on  other 
matters  involving  Federal-State  coopera- 

Orcntt  is  a  former  Colorado  State 
Senator  and  State  Representative. 

Md.,  was  redesigned  to  fit  Mrs.  Thomas' 
qualifications  because  ARS  needed  her 

Mrs.  Thomas'  outlook  on  life  has  im- 
proved 100  percent  since  her  reemploy- 
ment and,  as  she  says,  she  "now  has  a 
reason  for  living." 

The  exhibit  was  displayed  in  the  Patio 
until  July  11. 

FOR  CO-OP  MONTH  1969 

"Cooperatives:  Progress  Through  Peo- 
ple" will  be  the  theme  of  the  1969  Co-op 
Month  across  the  Nation  this  October, 
according  to  the  Washington,  D.C., 
steering  committee  for  this  year's 

The  committee  is  made  up  of  repre- 
sentatives of  participating  cooperative 
organizations  and  government  agencies. 
Under  Secretary  J.  Phil  Campbell  is 

This  year  there  will  be  an  opening 
day  event,  a  2-day  conference  for  rural 
cooperative  leaders,  and  a  crafts 
exhibition,  all  in  Washington,  D.C. 

In  addition,  six  national  events 
throughout  the  country  will  feature  co- 
operatives that  provide  housing,  con- 
sumer goods,  health  services,  and  special 
services  for  low-income  people,  credit 
unions,  and  cooperatives  overseas. 

State  and  local  observances  also  will 
be  held. 

This  is  the  sixth  year  the  Federal  Gov- 
ernment, national  cooperative  organiza- 
tions, and  the  Food  and  Agriculture 
Organization  of  the  United  Nations  have 
sponsored  a  Co-op  Month.  State  and 
local  observances  have  been  held  in  a 
number  of  areas  for  the  past  two  dec- 
ades— expanding  each  year  until  47 
States  had  official  observances  last  year. 

Executive  director  for  the  Washing- 
ton, D.C,  event  is  David  W.  Angevine, 
Administrator  of  the  Farmer  Coopera- 
tive Service. 

Soil  Erosion  Remains  A  Problem 

Remarkable  progress  has  been  made  in 
soil  and  water  conservation  in  the  United 
States  in  the  last  25  years.  But  the 
country  continues  to  suffer  heavy  soil 
erosion  losses.  About  120  million  acres 
of  land  are  in  danger  of  being  washed 
away,  with  only  about  one-third  of  our 
land  adequately  safeguarded. 

And  sediment  causes  costly  damage  to 
our  major  water  storage  reservoirs.  The 
amount  of  erosion-produced  sediment 
dredged  annually  from  our  rivers  and 
harbors  exceeds  the  volume  of  earth  dug 
for  the  Panama  Canal. 

Increased  farm  production  resulting 
from  tremendous  advances  in  science 
and  technology  tends  to  obscure  the  fact 
that,  to  meet  food  and  fiber  needs  of  a 
few  years  hence,  this  country  will  need 
the  production  equivalents  of  about  200 
million  acres,  beised  on  current  yields. 
Since  we  do  not  have  the  additional 
acres  of  cropland,  this  production  must 
come  largely  from  increased  yields  on 
existing  land. 

bicycle  owner  on  bicycle 
safety  and  courtesy.  Such 
activities  are  important  to 
leadership  development, 
the  long  range  goal  of  the 
new  nationwide  4-H  bicycle 


Safety  and  fun  are  primary  goals  of 
a  new  nationwide  bicycle  program  re- 
cently initiated  for  4-H  youth.  It  is 
designed  for  boys  and  girls  9  to  19,  with 
emphasis  on  elementary  school  age. 

The  program  is  one  of  the  many  4-H 
activities  ideally  suited  for  youngsters  in 
both  urban  and  rural  areas.  Already  an 
estimated  125,000  4-H'ers  have  bicycle 
projects,  and  the  number  is  rapidly  in- 
creasing. From  coast  to  coast,  "biking" 
is  one  of  the  fastest  growing  fun  and  lei- 
sure time  activities  in  the  entire  4-H 
program.  For  many,  the  project  will  be- 
come advance  preparation  for  operating 
and  caring  for  small  engines  or  for 
safe-driving  of  a  car  or  other  motor 

The  program  is  sponsored  by  a  tire 
and  rubber  company  of  Akron,  Ohio, 
through  the  Cooperative  Extension  Serv- 
ice. Support  for  it  was  arranged  by  the 

National  4-H  Service  Committee,  Chi- 
cago. 4-H  officials  worked  with  the 
sponsor  for  more  than  a  year  to  set  up 
the  educational  pattern.  Guidebooks  and 
other  instructional  materials  are  being 
written  especially  for  it. 

Through  the  program,  the  4-H'ers 
learn  safety  and  traffic  rules,  bicycle 
courtesy,  and  proper  bicycle  mainte- 
nance and  mechanical  checks.  A  lot  of 
fun  is  built  into  the  program,  too,  with 
exhibitions  or  riding  skill,  games,  and 
contests  planned.  Leadership  develop- 
ment is  the  long-range  goal. 

A  series  of  annual  incentive  awards 
will  be  provided  by  the  sponsor.  These 
include:  Individual  certificates  for  all 
participants;  a  $50  U.S.  Savings  Bond 
for  each  top  State  winner;  an  expense - 
paid  trip  to  the  National  4-H  Congress 
for  each  of  six  sectional  winners;  and 
four  national  $600  scholarships. 

FOR  THE  SECOND  year,  the  citizens  of  rural  St.  Marys  County,  Md.,  have  been  given  the 
opportunity  for  a  free  eye  examination.  Organizations  that  have  cooperated  in  bringing  about  this 
service  are  the  Lions  International  Clubs  of  St.  Marys  County,  George  Washington  University  Hospital, 
Red  Cross  Volunteers,  The  Society  for  the  Prevention  of  Blindness,  St.  Marys  County  Public  Health 
Service,  the  St.  Marys  Medical  Association,  and  the  Federated  Women's  Clubs  of  Maryland.  The 
Department's  RURAL  COMMUNITY  DEVELOPMENT  SERVICE  was  interested  in  the  success  of  the 
project  both  years  because  big  hospital  eye  clinic  services  are  unique  to  this  area.  During  the  2-day 
clinic  920  people  were  examined  for  a  variety  of  eye  difficulties  and  46  were  referred  for  some  form 
of  treatment.  The  number  of  people  examined  increased  over  last  year's  691  even  though  the 
clinic  this  year  was  a  half-day  shorter.  Thirty-eight  were  referred  last  year. 


Lassie  Helps  Blind 
See   the  Forest 

Blind  visitx)rs  at  the  San  Bernardino 
National  Forest  in  southern  California 
can  thank  Lassie,  the  television  canine 
star,  for  being  able  to  "see"  the  great 

Producers  of  the  Lassie  television 
show  recently  presented  a  Braille  trail 
to  the  Forest  Service,  the  second  such 
trail  on  a  National  Forest. 

The  Whispering  Pine  Nature  Trail 
west  of  Los  Angeles  is  the  result  of  a 
story  plot  about  blind  children  scheduled 
for  one  of  next  fall's  Lassie  shows.  A 
necessary  element  of  the  story  was  a 
Braille  trail.  At  the  invitation  of  the 
Forest  Service,  producers  of  the  show 
agreed  to  help  build  the  trail  in  the  Na- 
tional Forest  instead  of  constructing  it 
on  the  studio  lot  in  Los  Angeles. 

Construction  work  was  done  by  Forest 
Service  personnel,  but  all  other  expenses 
were  paid  by  the  producers  and  the  Del 
Rosa  Junior  Women's  Club. 

The  trail  was  tested  when  the  televi- 
sion show  was  filmed  since  all  the 
children  in  the  show  were  blind. 

The  trail,  which  is  above  the  6.000- 
foot  elevation  in  the  Sierras,  is  about 
two-thirds  of  a  mile  long.  A  nylon  hand 
cord  along  the  length  of  the  trail  guides 
the  blind  to  23  interpretive  stops  de- 
signed to  emphasize  the  smells,  sounds, 
and  feel  of  the  forest.  Each  stop  has  two 
signs:  One  printed  so  sighted  people  can 
read  it;  the  other  in  Braille  so  the  blind 
visitors  can  read  it. 

The   first    such    trail    in    the    United 

LASSIE  AND  JED  ALLAN,  "Ranger  Scott  Turner" 
on  the  Lassie  TV  show,  join  blind  youngsters  at 
one  of  the  interpretive  stops  along  the  new 
Whispering  Pine  Nature  Trail  on  the  San 
Bernardino   National   Forest  in  California. 

States  for  the  blind  was  established  by 
the  Forest  Service  in  October  1967  in  the 
White  River  National  Forest  near  Aspen, 
Colo.  Another  is  being  built  by  the  New 
Mexico  Federation  of  Women's  Clubs  in 
the  Lincoln  National  Forest  in  New 
Mexico.  Still  another — a  "touch  and  see 
trail" — was  dedicated  last  year  in  Wash- 
ington, D.C.,  at  the  National  Arboretum 
operated  by  the  Agricultural  Research 

The  Forest  Service  also  has  a  nature 
trail  for  the  physically  handicapped 
visitors  in  the  George  Washington 
National  Forest  near  Massanutten,  Va. 

A  SPOT  CHECK  ON  THE  NEWS.  Thanks  to  the  Radio  Service  of  the  Office  of  Information,  radio 
broadcasters  now  can  get  a  run-down  on  USDA  news  items  without  coming  to  the  Department.  A 
new  program  service  called  the  Radio  Spot  News  Service  enables  broadcasters  to  select  news  items 
simply  by  picking  up  the  telephone.  The  special  phone  hookup  for  use  by  radio  stations  across  the 
Nation  also  permits  broadcasters  to  record  the  news  items  which  often  feature  voices  of  top  Depart- 
ment officials.  The  news  items  on  the  line  are  changed  every  business  day.  (Above)  USDA  radio 
staffer  Larry  K.  Collins,  left,  and  chief  Jack  Towers,  right,  interview  Secretary  Hardin  for  the  Radio 
Spot  News  Service. 

Forest  Service  Employee 
Authors  Book  on  Trees 

Stanley  Jepsen  (below;  of  che  Forest 
Service  Information  and  Edu  ation  Di- 
vision in  Washington,  D.C.,  is  author  of 
a  newly  published  book,  "T'ees  and 
Forests"  (A,  S.  Barnes  &  Co.) . 

All  about  the  kingdom  of  tiees,  the 
new  volume  is  the  result  of  two  of 
Jepsen's  principal  hobbies — botany  and 

Tlie  handsome  hard-cover  book  in- 
cludes a  wide  range  of  photographic 
illustrations  among  its  150  pages.  It 
covers  the  full  life-cycle  of  the  forest 
tree,  with  chapters  on  the  origin  of  trees; 
care  of  trees;  tree  planting,  transplant- 
ing, and  harvesting;  and  the  production 
of  lumber  and  forest  products. 

Jepsen's  book  could  serve  as  a  useful 
reference  for  forestry  students,  as  well 

as  a  guide  for  tree  farmers  or  anyone 
interested  in  forest  trees. 

Before  joining  the  Forest  Service  in 
1964,  Jepsen  was  education  director  for 
American  Forest  Products  Industries.  He 
taught  high  school  in  California  and 
served  for  a  number  of  years  as  associate 
editor  of  forest  industry  publications  in 
the  West.  He  attended  the  University  of 
Idaho,  where  he  earned  B.S.  and  M.S. 
degrees  in  forestry. 

Secretary  Hardin  recently  called  on  the 
entire  swine  industry  to  unite  in  the 
"stamping  out'"  efforts  against  hoii  chol- 
era. The  nationwide  HOG  CHOLERA 
by  the  industry  in  cooperation  witli  tlie 
States  and  the  .Animal  Healtli  Division  of 
the  Agricultural  Research  Service  got  un- 
derway in  late  1962.  Target  date  for 
completion  of  the  program  and  a  "hog 
cholera  free"  United  States  is  l')72.  The 
program  is  divided  into  four  phases,  with 
the  first  two  devoted  to  control  nioa>ures 
and  the  final  two  aimed  at  eradicating  the 
disease.  Only  six  States  remain  in  tlu'  con- 
trol phases:  Hawaii.  Maine.  ^Mississippi, 
New  Hampshire.  New  York,  and  Texas.  Of 
the  -14  .*^tates  ami  Puerto  Rico  in  the 
■'slamping  out"  phases.  12  ha\c  already 
been  declared  "hog  cholera  free." 



New  members  of  State  Agricultural 
Stabilization  and  Conservation  Commit- 
tees for  11  States  were  recently  appointed 
by  Secretary  Hardin.  They  are: 

ALABAMA— Clyde  P,  Maliaffev  of  Mel- 
vin;  A.  G.  Mitchell,  Jr.,  of  Fyffe;  Jim  T, 
Norman  of  Goshen ;  Travis  H.  Vickery  of 
Hackleburg;  and  Laurence  G.  Davis  of 

ARKANSAS — Aylmer  L.  Lower,  Texar- 
kana;  Lattie  J.  Churchill,  Dover;  Harlan 
H.  Holleman,  Wynne;  Chauncey  L.  Den- 
ton, Jr.,  Tyronza;  John  Cammon,  Jr., 
Marion;  Frederick  L.  Daum,  Pleasant 
Grove;  and  Claude  C.  Kennedy,  Jr., 

CONNECTICUT— Warren  E.  Thrall, 
Windsor;  and  Thomas  J.  Lachance, 

KENTUCKY— Jack  Welch,  Owenion: 
Douglas  C.  Evans,  Tomkinsvilie:  and  Paul 
L.  Fuqua,  Hardinsburg. 

LOUISIANA — Bruce  N.  Lvnn,  Gilliam; 
Erie  M.  Barham,  Oak  Ridge;  J.  Malcolm 
Duhe,  New  Iberia;  William  N.  Prather, 
Branch;  and  Earl  A.  Roque,  Natclicz. 

MAINE— Basil  S.  Fox,  Washburn;  Rex 
L.  Varnue,  Dover  Foxcroft;  and  William 
H.  Allen,  Hebron. 

MARYLAND— Raymond  F.  Jaeger, 
Randallstown;  John  K.  Meyers,  Sharps- 
burg;   and   Homer  O.   Sclimidt,   Federals- 

MISSISSIPPI— Waldemar  L.  Prichard, 
Inverness;  Isaac  D.  Franklin,  Artesia; 
John  C.  Sides,  Jr.,  Coffecville;  and 
Richard  T.  Watson,  Woodville. 

NEW  YORK— John  A.  McTarnaghan. 
Dansville;  Harvey  H.  Smith,  Auburn;  and 
H.   Foster  Shimel,  LaFargeville. 

PENNSYLVANIA— John  M.  Phillips, 
North  East;  Willard  H.  Kimmel,  Shelocta; 
and  Richard  L.  Smith,  Springville. 

RHODE   ISLAND— George  I.  Kenyon, 
Jr.,  Exeter;   Charles  M.   Borders,  Foster; 
and  William  M.  Silvia,  Middletown. 

Secretary  Hardin  recently  appointed 
nine  new  State  directors  of  the  Farmers 
Home  Administration.  They  are: 

ARKANSAS— Robert  L.  Hankins,  with 
headquarters  in  Little  Rock 

GEORGIA — Robert  B.  Lee,  at  Atlanta 

KANSAS — E.  Morgan  Williams,  To- 

KENTUCKY— John  H.  Burris,  Lexing- 

MICHIGAN— Alfred  O.  LaPorte,  East 

MISSOURI — Mendel  R.  Cline,  Colum- 

MONTANA— Norman  C.  Wheeler, 

NEW  ENGLAND— James  H.  Christie, 
Orono,  Maine 

OHIO — Lester  M.  Stone,  Columbus 


USDA's  August  list.  Featured  are 
onions  and  wheat  products.  Other  plenti- 
fuls  include:  Peanuts  and  peanut  prod- 
ucts, cabbage,  carrots,  celery,  cucumbers, 
lettuce  and  tomatoes,  fresh  pears, 
nectarines,  limes,  and  watermelons. 

ice  met  recently  in  Washington, 
and  hear  it  like  it  is."  One  of  t 
revisions,  which  went  into  effect 
Area  Office;  John  W.  Bolish,  Was 
Field  Office;  Bob  Johnson,  Washi 
modify  Office;  Don  Egr,  Kansa 
Commodity  Office;  Carl  Barnes 
Washington,  D.C. 

OFFICERS  of  the  Agricultural  Stabilization  and  Conservation  Serv- 
D.C.,  with  Carl  Barnes,  Director  of  Personnel,  for  a  session  of  "tell 
he  main  topics  of  discussion  was  the  new  Merit  Promotion  Policy 
July  1.  Seated,  left  to  right,  are  Pedro  A.  Claverol,  ASCS  Caribbean 
hington,  D.C;  Dan  Deets  and  Bob  Travis,  Kansas  City  Management 
ngton,  D.C.;  Carl  Strauss  and  James  Leachman,  New  Orleans  Com- 
s  City  Management  Field  Office;  Doris  Nicklasson,  Minneapolis 
Arlene    Lee,    Minneapolis    Commodity    Office;    and    Frank   Abbott, 

Agri  Briefs 

Small  farmers  and  farmers  in  weak 
financial  positions  are  the  usual  bor- 
rowers under  the  Farmers  Home  .Admin- 
istration's FARM  OPER.\TING  LOAN 
PROGRAM;  similar  loans  from  commer- 
cial banks  and  production  credit  associa- 
tions go  to  larger  farmers  and  those  in 
stronger  financial  positions,  according  to 
a  recent  report  by  the  Economic  Research 

The  FH.\  limits  loans  to  farmers  who 
are  unable  to  obtain  suitable  credit  else- 
where. Factors  restricting  credit  are  small 
farm  size,  inadequate  capital  base,  and 
limited  farm  experience,  .\lmost  three- 
fourths  of  the  farmers  with  outstanding 
operating  loans  from  FH.A  in  1966  had 
net  worths  of  less  tlian  S10,000.  Often 
such  farmers  can  gel  enougli  commercial 
credit  to  cover  annual  operating  expenses, 
but  not  enough  to  cover  the  improvements 
and  adjustments  needed  to  remain 

*  *  *  *         ■      * 

.\  2-year  research  contract  to  find  means 
of  imparting  magnetic  properties  to  cot- 
ton was  recently  awarded  to  tlie  Gulf 
South  Researcii  Institute,  New  Orleans, 

The  contract  was  awarded  in  an  effort 
to  develop  new  and  improved  methods  of 
turning  cotton  fibers  into  yarns  and 
fabrics.  Cotton  will  be  chemically  and 
physically  treated  witli  metal  compounds 
that  will  cause  the  fibers  to  be  attracted 
by  magnetic  forces. 

The  research  is  sponsored  by  tlie  ARS 
Southern  utilization  research  laboratory 
in  New  Orleans,  with  .Albert  Baril,  Jr.,  as 
ARS  technical  representative. 


Georgia's  Coastal  Plain  Experiment 
Station  at  Tifton  recently  observed  its 
50tli  anniversary.  As  if  that  was  not  rea- 
son     enough      for      celebration,      animal 

RICHARD  D.  LANE  (left),  director  of  the  Forest 
Service's  Northeastern  Forest  Experiment  Sta- 
tion, Upper  Darby,  Pa.,  accepts  the  National 
Safety  Council's  Annual  Safety  Contest  Third 
Place  Award  in  behalf  of  his  safety-conscious 
personnel.  The  Northeastern  station  was  rated  in 
Group  A,  Forestry  Division,  Wood  Products  Sec- 
tion for  organizations  with  more  than  633,112 
man-hours  per  year.  Gerald  LaVoy,  Northeastern 
station  personnel  officer,  made  the  presentation. 

scientists  and  agronomists  at  the  station 
this  year  won  tlie  SEARS-ROEBUCK 
developing  a  new  hybrid  of  Coastal  Ber- 
mudagrass.  Tlie  station  is  under  the 
direction  of  Dr.  Frank  P.  King,  and  the 
staff  includes  40  university  scientists  and 
49  USDA  people. 

properties  has  been  isolated  from  a  plant 
extract  in  laboratory  studies  by  chemists 
J.  David  Warthen,  Jr.,  Martin  Jacobson, 
and  physicist  Ernest  L.  Gooden  of  the 
Agricultural  Research  Service.  Test-tube 
experiments  with  the  extract  showed 
significant  inhibition  of  human  cancer 
cells  in  cell  culture. 


JULY  31,   1969 

Vol.  XXVIll   No.   16 

USDA  is  published  fortnightly  for  distribution  to  employees  only,  by  direction  of  the  Secre- 
tary of  Agriculture,  as  containing  administrative  information  required  for  the  proper  transac- 
tion of  the  public  business.  Retirees  who  write  to  the  Editor  requesting  it  may  continue  to 
get  USDA.  Please  write  instead  of  ■phoning  whenever  possible:  for  rush  orders,  call  Ext.  2058, 
Mrs.  Llllie  Vincent,  Editor  of  USDA,  INF,  Department  of  Agriculture,  Washington,  D.C.  20250. 

c43 — 355-30  u.s    government  printing  office 

^S^U    ^^"-^  ^^  BRANCH 

^  ,iV 


VOL.  XXVIII  m.  17 
AUGUST   14,    1969 


What  will  a  little  moon  dust  do  to  your 
tomato  plants?  Probably  nothing.  But 
to  find  out,  Forest  Service  plant  pa- 
thologists, Dr.  Charles  Walkirishaw,  Jr., 
and  Dr.  John  A.  Vozzo,  are  performing 
tests  to  determine  any  effects  lunar  ma- 
terials might  have  on  earth's  plant  life. 

In  similar  tests,  Clarence  A.  Benscho- 
ter.  an  entomologist  with  the  Agricul- 
tural Research  Service,  is  screening  the 
effects  of  lunar  materials  on  insects. 

The  three  USDA  scientists  are  work- 
ing at  the  Lunar  Receiving  Laboratory 
(LRD ,  a  part  of  the  National  Aeronau- 
tics and  Space  Administration's  Manned 
Spacecraft  Center  near  Houston,  Tex. 
They  are  among  the  more  than  100 
scientists  who  are  investigating  the  rock 
and  dust  samples  brought  back  by  the 
moon-visiting  astronauts. 

The  botanical  tests  being  conducted 
by  the  Forest  Service  scientists  involve 
four  types  of  investigations.  The  first  is 
the  exposure  of  algae  to  powdered  moon 
rock.  In  the  second,  seeds  are  directly 
exposed  during  germination  to  the 
lunar  material,  and  a  third  test  will 
analyze  any  microbes  that  may  attack 
growing  plants.  The  fourth  test  exposes 
masses  of  growing  plant  cells  to  the 
moon  materials  for  detection  of  any  tox- 
ins or  pathogens  that  might  invade  cells. 

A  variety  of  plants  are  used  in  the 
tests  including  tomato,  potato,  tobacco, 
cabbage,  onion,  bean,  slash  pine  and 

Three  common  insects — the  housefly, 
cockroach,  and  wax  moth — were  chosen 
for  the  experiments  being  made  by  Ben- 
schoter.  In  a  variety  of  tests,  the  ARS 
scientist  will  check  for  any  toxic  effects 
that  the  moon  soil  might  have  on  in- 
sects as  well  as  for  any  pathogens  or 
other  substance  that  might  upset  their 
normal  physiology.  Insect  specimens  ex- 
posed to  the  lunar  materials  for  a  few 
days  were  sent  to  ARS  laboratories  at 
Beltsville,  Md.,  where  Dr.  A.  M.  Heimpel 
made  preliminary  histological  examina- 
tions. These  examinations  will  be  fol- 
lowed by  more  intensive  studies  by 
Heimpel  of  insects  exposed  to  lunar  ma- 
terials over  a  30-day  period. 

BEHIND  THE  "BIOLOGICAL  BARRIER"  at  the  Lunar  Receiving  Laboratory  at  NASA's  Manned  Space- 
craft Center,  Houston,  Tex.,  Forest  Service  scientist.  Dr.  Charles  H.  Walkinshaw,  Jr.,  (left)  and  a 
technician  prepare  tests  to  find  effects  of  lunar  materials  on  earth's  plant  life.  Scientists  from  the 
Agricultural  Research  Service  are  testing  the  effects  of  moon  rock  on  insects. 

The  possibility  that  any  kind  of  life 
exists  on  the  moon  is  extremely  remote. 
But  there  is  the  slim  chance  that  some 
form  of  life  there — if  only  rudimentary 
bacterium  or  virus — could  be  hostile  to 
earth  life  or  so  different  to  anything  on 
earth  that  neither  plants,  animals,  nor 
humans  would  have  resistance  to  its 

Because  of  this  risk,  elaborate  pre- 
cautions were  taken  to  prevent  lunar 
materials  from  being  released  into  the 
earth's  atmosphere  before  vital  tests 
could  be  made.  Astronauts  Armstrong 
and  Aldrin  left  their  boots  and  gloves 
on  the  moon's  surface;  from  their  re- 
covery in  the  Pacific  Ocean  until  their 
arrival  at  the  LRL  for  a  16-day  quaran- 
tine period,  the  astronauts  were  isolated 
in  specially-equipped  trailers. 

Tlie  quarters  for  the  Apollo  crew  and 
the  complex  of  laboratories  at  the  LRL 
are  separated  from  the  rest  of  the  world 

by  what  is  known  as  a  "biological  bar- 
rier." Nothing — not  even  the  air  the  as- 
tronauts breathe — is  allowed  to  escape 
into  the  atmosphere  without  being  puri- 

Tests  of  the  limar  samples  began  at 
the  Lunar  Receiving  Laboratoi-y  even 
before  the  astronauts'  arrival  at  Hous- 
ton. The  two  sealed  containers  carrying 
the  samples  were  retrieved  from  the 
space  capsule  and  immediately  flown  to 
the  moon  lab.  At  the  LRL,  the  outsides 
of  the  suitcase-sized  containers  were 
sterilized  by  ultra-violet  light  and  an 
acid  bath  and  placed  into  a  vacuum 
chamber.  Scientists,  with  arms  and 
hands  encased  in  gloves  of  a  modified 
space  suit,  opened  the  containers  and 
removed  the  samples. 

Some  of  the  samples  were  then  dis- 
tributed to  the  USDA  scientists  and  their 
colleagues  to  find  out  what  in  the  world 
the  moon  is  made  of. 

poured  into  the  office  of 
James  V.  Smith,  Adminis- 
trator of  the  Farmers  Home 
Administration,  when  he 
recently  asked  employees 
to  submit  suggestions  for 
improving  operations  of 
the  agency.  Aided  by 
Jeanie  Miles,  Miss  Farmers 
Home  Administration  of 
1969,  Smith  reviews  some 
of  the  ideas  as  well  as 
some  suggestions  of  slo- 
gans and  symbols  to  char- 
acterize the  work  of  FHA. 
Smith  expressed  delight 
that  the  "direct  line"  to  the 
41  State  and  1,700  county 
FHA  offices  produced  such 
thoughtful  and  imaginative 

Staff  Changes  Made  in  Consumer  Protection 

Two  top  personnel  changes  in  USDA 
consumer  protection  services  were  an- 
nounced recently  by  Richard  E.  Lyng, 
assistant  secretary  in  charge  of  market- 
ing and  consumer  services. 

Dr.  Gilbert  H.  Wise  of  the  Agricul- 
tural Research  Service  was  named  dep- 
uty administrator  of  the  Consumer  and 
Marketing  Service  in  charge  of  con- 
sumer protection.  He  has  served  as  as- 
sociate director  of  the  Animal  Health 
Division,  ARS,  since  1967. 

Dr.  Robert  K.  Somers  was  named  spe- 
cial assistant  to  the  administrator  of  the 
Consumer  and  Marketing  Service.  He  is 
currently  deputy  administrator  for  con- 
sumer protection. 

A  native  of  Grand  Rapids,  Mich.,  Dr. 
Wise  joined  USDA  in  1949  as  a  field 
veterinarian  in  Michigan.  He  served  in 
New  Jersey,  Ohio,  and  California  before 
becoming  senior  veterinarian  on  the 
swine  diseases  staff  of  the  Animal  Health 
Division  in  Washington,  D.C.,  in  1961. 

Dr.  Somers,  a  native  of  Saginaw, 
Mich.,  began  his  USDA  career  with  the 
Bureau  of  Animal  Industry  in  Animal 
Disease  Control  and  Meat  Inspection  in 
Michigan,  Minnesota,  and  Iowa.  He  was 
transferred  to  Washington,  D.C.,  as 
assistant  chief  of  the  inspection  pro- 
cedures section  of  the  Meat  Inspection 


The  Civil  Service  Commission  recently 
announced  that  annuitants  enrolled  in 
the  Federal  Employees  Health  Benefits 
Program  can  participate  in  the  Novem- 
ber 10-28,  1969,  open  season  scheduled 
for  active  employees. 

During  open  season,  eligible  employees 
who  are  not  enrolled  in  a  health  bene- 
fits plan  under  the  program  are  permit- 
ted to  enroll.  Employees  and  annuitants 
who  are  already  enrolled  in  a  plan  are 
able  to  change  to  another  plan  or  to 
another  option  of  the  plan  they  are  in. 
In  addition,  those  enrolled  for  self-only 
may  change  to  a  family-type  enrollment 
in  the  same  or  a  different  plan  or  option. 
Changes  made  during  the  open  season 
become  effective  at  the  beginning  of  the 
first  pay  period  in  1970. 

Open  seasons  are  required  to  be  held 

at  least  once  every  3  years  for  employees 
but  not  for  annuitants.  An  earlier  de- 
cision by  the  Commission  excluded  an- 
nuitants from  the  November  1969  open 

All  annuitants  will  be  notified  by  mail 
of  the  changes  in  the  program. 

Functions  of  ASCS 
Are  Realigned 

The  Agricultural  Stabilization  and 
Conservation  Service  recently  announced 
a  realignment  of  functions  within  the 
agency,  returning  it  to  a  modified  com- 
modity division  type  of  operation  in  the 
Washington  offices. 

In  announcing  the  change,  ASCS  Ad- 
ministrator Kenneth  E.  Frick  said,  "The 
organizational  change  is  a  redistribution 
and  redirection  of  resources  to  make  our 
operation  as  effective  as  possible." 

The  shift  involves  the  formation  of 
new  divisions  in  Washington.  In  broad 
terms,  these  new  divisions  assume  or  re- 
group the  duties  of  several  ASCS  di- 
visions, branches,  and  groups  which  have 
been  phased  out. 

The  new  divisions  are:  Cotton,  Grain, 
Livestock  and  Dairy,  Oilseeds  and  Spe- 
cial Crops,  Sugar,  Tobacco.  Ti-ansporta- 
tion  and  Warehousing.  Commodity  Pro- 
grams, Compliance  and  Appeals.  Con- 
servation and  Land  Use.  Defense  and 
Disaster  Programs,  and  Direct  Payments 

Divisions  phased  out  by  the  realign- 
ment include:  Commodity  Operations. 
Farmers  Programs,  Producer  Associa- 
tions, Bin  Storage,  Program  and  Policy 
Appraisal,  and  Aerial  Photography. 

In  addition  the  new  divisions  incor- 
porate the  functions  of  the  following: 
Policy  Staffs,  Automatic  Data  Process- 
ing Staffs,  Disaster  and  Defense  Serv- 
ices Staff,  and  ASCS  activities  in  Rural 
Areas  Development  and  Technical  Ac- 
tion Panels. 

State  and  county  ASCS  offices  are  not 
affected  by  the  realignment.  Adminis- 
trator Frick,  in  announcing  the  changes, 
affirmed  strong  support  of  the  farmer- 
elected  ASC  county  committee  system. 

Conservation  Is  Topic  of  Youth  Conference 



OIL'.S  W  ELL — The  crew  drilling;    • 

a   waste  disposal  well   for  a  new  ni-    S 

trogen    plant    owned    by    a    farmer    0 

cooperative    in    Dodge    Citv,    Kans.,    • 

had  unexpected  results.  They  struck    J 


oil.                                                                         S 


Montana  young  people  recently 
learned  how  to  become  involved  in  the 
world  around  them — literally.  Vehicle 
for  this  was  the  second  annual  Montana 
Youth  Conference  on  Conservation  held 
in  Helena,  Mont. 

More  than  150  Montana  high  school 
and  college  students  attended  the  con- 
ference which  was  sponsored  by  the 
Montana  Conservation  Council  in  co- 
operation with  the  Montana  Federation 
of  Garden  Clubs  and  the  Montana  Fed- 
eration of  Women's  Clubs. 

Forest  Service  and  Soil  Conservation 
Service  personnel  took  part  in  the  con- 
ference program  and  furnished  exhibits. 
Lillian  Hornick,  who  is  in  charge  of  edu- 
cation and  women's  activities  for  the 

Forest  Sei"vice's  Northern  Region  at  Mis-  ' 
soula,  was  conference  coordinator. 
Speakers  included  Robert  S.  Morgan, 
Helena  National  Forest  supervisor;  Ger- 
ald J.  Coutant,  FS  landscape  architect; 
and  H.  F.  Uhlrich,  SCS. 

Participants  also  included  represent-- 
atives  from  the  Department  of  the  In- 
terior; State  agencies;  private  organiza- 
tions; and  conservation  educators  from 
Montana  colleges  and  high  schools. 

An  impressive  list  of  topics  was  on 
the  agenda,  including:  Quality  environ- 
ment with  emphasis  on  air  and  water; 
conservation  education;  soil,  water,  and 
range  conservation;  forests  and  wildlife; 
recreation;  beautification;  ecological  re- 
sponsibility; public  lands;  careers  in  con- 
servatioh;  and  community  action. 

A  Land  of  New  Lakes 

Swimming  rates  as  tlie  number  two 
outdoor  sport  of  Americans,  according 
to  the  Soil  Conservation  Service.  And  a 
lot  of  it  goes  on  in  the  more  than  5,000 
man-made  lakes  built  in  the  last  15  years 
by  local  communities  with  the  help  of 

The  5,000-mark  was  passed  during  the 
fiscal  year  ended  Juiie  30  as  several 
hundred  new  lakes  were  added  to  the 
total  of  some  4,900  watershed  lakes  and 
reservoirs  already  on  the  land. 

Although  only  1  percent  of  the  lakes 
was  originally  designed  with  recreation 
in  mind,  almost  99  percent  of  them  are 
now  used  to  some  degree  for  outdoor  fun. 
Some  of  the  lakes — which  vary  in  size 
from  less  than  10  acres  to  1,800  acres — 
have  become  the  nucleus  for  new  or  en- 
larged public  parks.  Many  have  pro- 
vided communities  with  their  first  and 
only  chance  for  water  sports. 

The  basic  purpose  of  almost  all  the 
lakes  is  flood  prevention,  but  recreation 
is  an  official  second  purpose  at  50  lakes 
where  local  watershed  project  sponsors 
are  paying  at  least  half  of  the  added 
costs.  These  50  lakes  provide  an  esti- 
mated 4  million  user  days  of  water-based 
fun  annually. 

At  recreation  lakes  where  SCS  does 
not  help  pay  recreation  costs,  facilities 
range  from  jump-in  swimming  to  elab- 
orate diving,  boating,  fishing,  camping, 
hunting,  or  water-skiing  installations. 
These  facilities  are  built  by  State  and 
local  governments  or  by  private  organi- 
zations or  individuals. 

The  5,000  new  lakes  help  both  rural 
and  city  dwellers  keep  their  cool.  A  reser- 
voir near  Cavalier,  N.  Dak.,  provides  the 
only  swimming  water  within  65  miles 
and  has  sparkplugged  the  building  of  a 
370-acre  State  park.  Lake  Needwood,  in 
Upper  Rock  Creek  Park  near  Washing- 
ton, D.C.,  opened  last  summer  with  fa- 
cilities for  fishing,  boating,  and  camping. 

But  come  fall,  when  the  splashing  dies 
down,  the  5,000  lakes  will  quietly  go  back 
to  their  job  of  year-round  flood  pro- 

The  triumphs  of  home  and  comniiinity 
gardeners — and  their  contribution  to  a 
more  livable  .America — will  be  recognized 
WEEK  1970.  This  second  annual  ob- 
servance will  be  held  in  the  Department 
March  20-26.  The  week  will  herald  a 
series  of  "Growing  With  America"  gar- 
dening events  throughout  the  Nation  in 
the  following  spring  months. 

The  goal  of  the  events  will  be  to  ac- 
cent the  benefits  that  people  of  all  ages 
and  economic  levels  can  find  in  well-kept 
lawns,  in  flower,  fruit,  and  vegetable  gar- 
dens, and  in  city  parks.  The  events  will  be 
supported  by  joint  efforts  of  industry, 
government,  garden  clubs,  and  other  civic 

ff^     -•r^* 

BACK  IN  THE  "Dust  Bowl  Days,"  a  common  sight  In  the  Great  Plains  States  was  a  farm  lot 
smothered  under  a  blanket  of  dust.  The  above  photograph,  taken  from  USDA's  historical  photo  file, 
was  made  at  a  North  Dakota  farm  in  1936,  2  years  after  the  Soil  Conservation  Service  and  the  Great 
Plains  Agricultural  Council  began  keeping  records  of  wind  erosion  damage. 

Wind  Erosion  Lowest  Ever  in  the  Plains 

Wind  erosion  damage  in  the  Great 
Plains  this  year  is  the  lowest  ever  re- 
corded in  35  years  of  annual  repoi"ts, 
according  to  the  Soil  Conservation 

A  total  995,150  damaged  acres  was 
listed  in  the  final  1969  "blow  season" 
report,  a  decrease  of  more  than  15  per- 
cent from   the  previous  season. 

Texas  and  North  Dakota  reported  the 
greatest  amount  of  total  acres  damaged, 
while  Kansas  had  the  least.  The  esti- 
mates were  from  204  counties  in  the  10 
Great  Plains  States;  Colorado,  Kansas, 
Montana,  Nebraska,  North  and  South 
Dakota,  New  Mexico,  Wyoming,  Okla- 
homa, and  Texas. 

SCS  Administrator  Kenneth  E.  Grant 
said  major  reasons  for  the  reduced  dam- 
age this  year  were  better  moisture  con- 
ditions, fewer  extremely  high  winds,  and 


His  Imperial  Majesty  HaVe  Selassie  I, 
Emperor  of  Ethiopia,  was  briefed  on 
recent  developments  in  animal  husband- 
ry research  conducted  by  USDA  during 
his  visit  to  the  Agricultural  Research 
Center,  Beltsville,  Md.,  July  10. 

J.  Phil  Campbell,  Under  Secretary  of 
Agriculture,  and  Dr.  Ned  D.  Bayley,  Di- 
rector of  Science  and  Education,  accom- 
panied the  Emperor. 

Upon  arrival  at  the  Center,  the  Em- 
peror was  greeted  by  Dr.  George  W.  Irv- 
ing, Jr.,  Administrator  of  the  Agricul- 
tural Research  Service. 

Dr.  Robert  R.  Oltjen,  Dr.  Frank  N. 
Dickinsoii,  Dr.  Clair  E.  Terrill,  and  Dr. 
Carl  W.  Hess,  all  of  the  ARS  Animal 
Husbandry  Research  Division,  explained 
research  developments  in  breeding  and 
management  and  showed  the  Emperor 
examples  of  outstanding  livestock  and 
poultry  breeding  lines. 

greater  use  of  soil  and  water  conserva- 
tion practices. 

SCS  administers  a  Great  Plains  con- 
servation program  which  assists  farmers 
and  ranchers  in  applying  large-scale 
conservation  practices  and  converting 
unsuitable  cropland  to  permanent  grass 
cover.  Ninety-five  percent  of  wind  ero- 
sion damage  reported  this  year  was  on 

FHA  Helps  Create 
New  Texas  Town 

In  a  first-of-its-kind  venture  in  the 
United  States,  the  Farmers  Home  Ad- 
ministration and  the  U.S.  Plywood- 
Champion  Papers,  Inc.,  have  joined 
forces  to  create  a  whole  new  "town"  for 
company  employees. 

When  USP-CP  bought  a  200,000-acre 
timber  holding  of  a  Texas  lumber  firm 
in  1968,  it  immediately  started  to  find 
new  housing  for  employees  who  were  re- 
siding in  company-owned  houses  in 
Camden,  Tex. 

In  coordination  with  FHA,  the  com- 
pany developed  home  sites  on  a  117- 
acre  tract  of  timberland  adjoining  the 
small  rural  town  of  Corrigan,  a  few  miles 
from  Camden. 

The  USP-CP  furnished  $400,000  to  pay 
for  laying  out  the  one-half-acre  home 
sites,  surfacing  streets,  installing  water 
and  sewer  systems,  and  other  community 
facilities.  The  company  also  negotiated 
with  telephone,  electric,  and  gas  com- 
panies for  installing  utility  and  phone 
service  to  the  new  "town." 

FHA  participation  included  assistance 
in  developing  plans  for  the  10  diiferent 
home  models  that  were  approved  for  fi- 
nancing and  providing  loans  averaging 
about  $8,000  to  $10,000  each  to  the 


WILLIAM  C.  CROW,  director  of  the 
Transportation  and  Facilities  Research 
Division,  Agricultural  Research  Service, 
was  recently  awarded  an  honorarj"  Doc- 
tor of  Laws  degree  by  Maryville  College, 
Maryville,  Tenn. 

Crow  was  cited  for  his  career-long  con- 
tributions to  improve  the  efficiency  of 
getting  food  from  the  farm  to  the  con- 
sumer nationally  and  internationally. 

Crow  received  his  bachelor's  degree 
from  Maryville  College  in  1924,  and  his 
master's  from  the  University  of  Chicago 
in  1929. 

His  entire  USDA  career,  starting  in 
1935,  has  been  in  marketing — marketing 
research,  service,  and  regulatory  work  on 
all  commodities  at  all  levels  from  farm  to 
consumer — coupled  with  extensive  coop- 
eration with  State  Departments  of  Agri- 
culture, State  Experiment  Stations  and 
Extension  Services,  farm,  and  industry 

He  holds  numerous  honors  and  awards 
and  has  written  more  than  50  publica- 
tions and  directed  the  writing  of  more 
than  1,000  publications  and  journal  ar- 
ticles issued  by  his  division. 


MRS.  RITA  K.  STRAUSS,  secretary  to 
the  director.  Forest  Service  Division  of 
Fire  Control,  recently  was  elected  record- 
ing secretary  of  Federally  Employed 
Women,  Inc. 

FEW  is  an  organization  established  in 
1968  to  promote  opportunity  and  equality 
for  women  in  Government. 

Mrs.  Strauss  has  worked  for  the  Gov- 
ernment for  15  years,  with  the  Internal 
Revenue  Service,  the  National  Aeronau- 
tics and  Space  Administration,  and  USDA. 

DR.  CHARLES  R.  RUSSELL,  head  of 
Nonstarch  Products  Investigations  at  ARS' 
Northern  utilization  laboratory,  Peoria, 
111.,  recently  received  the  Distinguished 
Alumni  Award  from  Monmouth  College, 
Monmouth,  111. 

The  award  recognizes  Dr.  Russell's 
achievements  and  contributions  to  society 
through  leadership,  interest  in  fellow 
man,  and  the  assumption  of  personal  re- 
sponsibilities   as    an    educated    individual. 

Dr.  Russell  received  his  B.S.  degree 
from  Monmouth  College  in  1940. 


Secretary  Hardin  has  urged  all  USDA 
agencies  to  maintain,  on  a  year-round 
basis,  an  active,  positive  Employ  the 
Handicapped  Program. 

In  making  the  request,  he  said  that 
each  agency  can  demonstrate  its  par- 
ticipation in  this  effort  "by  continually 
identifying  positions  in  which  handi- 
capped persons  can  show  their  capabil- 

The  Secretary  noted  that  President 
Nixon,  in  his  policy  statement  on  Fed- 
eral employment,  asked  agencies  and 
departments  to  commit  themselves  "to 

FOREST  SERVICE  CHIEF  Edward  P.  Cliff  (left),  Sen.  Clinton  P.  Anderson  of  New  Mexico,  and  South- 
western Regional  Forester  William  D.  Hurst  pause  by  the  entrance  of  the  new  Gila  Visitors  Center  on 
the  Gila  National  Forest,  New  Mexico. 

New  Visitor  Center  is  Joint  Project 

The  ghosts  of  Pueblo  Indians  who 
lived  in  the  prehistoric  days  of  south- 
western New  Mexico  recently  had  com- 
pany in  abundance.  The  occasion  was 
the  gathering  of  more  than  300  persons 
for  the  dedication  of  the  Gila  Visitor 

The  new  facility,  constructed  by  the 
Interior  Department's  National  Park 
Service  on  Gila  National  Forest  land,  is 
operated  by  both  the  Forest  Service  and 
the  Park  Service.  The  center's  interpre- 
tive exhibits  were  planned  and  financed 
jointly  by  the  two  agencies. 

The  center,  located  north  of  Silver 
City,  N.  Mex.,  is  surrounded  by  the  Gila 
Wilderness  Area,  established  in  1924  as 
the  Nation's  first  Wilderness.  Nearby  is 

remove  any  remaining  employment  bar- 
riers to  the  Federal  employment  of  three 
groups  of  handicapped  people:  The 
physically  impaired  who  are  not  occu- 
pationally  handicapped  when  assigned 
to  the  right  jobs;  the  mentally  restored 
whose  only  handicap  is  that  they  once 
suffered  an  emotional  illness;  and  the 
mentally  retarded  who  can  demonstrate 
ability  to  perform  the  simple  and  rou- 
tine tasks  that  need  doing  in  all  organi- 
zations, regardless  of  size." 

the  Gila  Cliff  Dwellings  National  Monu- 
ment, administered  by  the  Park  Service. 
Forest  Service  Chief  Edward  P.  Cliff 
joined  other  officials  of  the  Forest  Serv- 
ice and  the  Park  Service  in  dedicating 
the  new  center  and  in  honoring  Sen. 
Clinton  P.  Anderson,  former  Secretary 
of  Agriculture,  for  his  long-time  support 
of  the  Wilderness  concept. 

Litter-olly,  man  slinks!" 


AUGUST   14,    1969         Vol.  XXVIII   No.    17 

VSDA  Is  published  fortnightly  for  distribution  to  employees  only,  by  direction  of  the  Secre- 
tary of  Agriculture,  as  containing  administrative  information  required  for  the  proper  transac- 
tion of  the  public  business.  Retirees  who  write  to  the  Editor  requesting  it  may  continue  to 
c^et  VSDA.  Please  write  instead  of  phoning  whenever  possible:  for  rush  orders.  calli-xt.^uoB, 
Mrs   Llllie  Vincent,  Editor  of  USDA,  INF,  Department  of  Agriculture,  Washington,  D.C.  M^iH). 

c43 — 358-527  u.s    government  mintins  OFFICE 

h  w 


'fJtvj      tJ\j      L/i  1  n  1 1  \-(  I  I 



VOL.  XXVill  NO.  18 
AUGUST  28,   1969 

Hekman  To  Head  New 
Food  and  Nutrition  Service 

Edward  J.  Hekman,  a  former  food 
company  executive  with  experience  in 
public  service  organizations,  was  re- 
cently named  by  Secretary  Hardin  to 
head  the  new  Food  and  Nutrition  Serv- 
ice. Hekman  is  presently  serving  as  vice- 
president  of  Valparaiso  University,  Val- 
paraiso, Ind. 

A  native  of  Grand  Rapids,  Mich., 
Hekman  has  held  various  positions  with 
the  United  Biscuit  Co.  In  1960,  he  be- 
came president  of  the  company  and  di- 
rected reorganization  of  a  group  of 
biscuit  plants  into  a  company  with  the 
single  trade  name  of  Keebler.  In  1968, 
he  resigned  from  that  job  to  assume  the 
post  at  Valparaiso. 

Hekman  has  served  as  a  trustee  and 
director  of  the  Nutrition  Foundation 
which  was  founded  by  the  food  industry 
in  the  1940's  for  research  and  education 
in  the  field  of  human  nutrition;  as  di- 
rector of  the  Grocery  Manufacturers  of 
America;  and  as  vice-president  of  the 
National  Association  of  Manufacturers. 
He  also  has  served  as  an  officer  or  direc- 
tor of  several  public  service  organiza- 
tions such  as  the  Boy  Scouts  of  Amer- 
ica, Y.M.C.A.,  and  Lutheran  Child 

Plans  to  create  a  Food  and  Nutrition 
Service  within  the  Department  of  Agri- 
culture were  announced  earlier  by  Sec- 
retary Hardin.  The  new  agency,  estab- 
lished in  accordance  with  a  directive  of 
President  Nixon,  will  be  exclusively  con- 
cerned with  the  administration  of  Fed- 
eral food  programs. 

The  Secretary  pointed  out  that  the 
work  of  the  Food  and  Nutrition  Service 
will  be  "very  closely  coordinated  with 
the  work  of  other  Department  agencies 
which  can  contribute  and  are  contrib- 
uting to  our  efforts  to  end  malnutrition, 
particularly  through  nutrition  research 
and  education  programs  for  low-income 

The  new  service  also  will  work  closely 
with  other  Federal  departments  and 
agencies.  This  will  be  done  through  the 
sub-Cabinet  working  committee  of  the 
Urban  Affairs  Council. 

OLIVER  J.  HODGE,  a  management  analyst  with 
the  Office  of  Management  Services,  Washington, 
D.C.,  recently  received  a  certificate  of  merit  for 
designing  a  post  card  (fees  paid)  for  Depart- 
ment-wide use.  The  new  card  will  be  the  only 
one  centrally  stocked,  once  the  supply  of  in- 
dividual agency  post  cards  is  exhausted,  result- 
ing In  a  savings  of  time,  money,  and  space. 
Hodge  also  received  $125  for  his  suggestion 
and  was  selected  as  July  USDA  Cost  Reducer 
of  the  Month.  Since  1959  Hodge  has  received 
a  $150  Performance  Award,  a  Quality  Step  In- 
crease, and  four  other  cash  awards  for  sug- 

National  Finance  Office 
Planned  for  Forest  Service 

Plans  for  a  National  Finance  Office 
for  the  Forest  Service  were  announced 
recently  by  Secretary  Hardin.  Establish- 
ment of  this  office,  to  be  located  at  Fort 
Collins,  Colo.,  will  lead  to  the  consolida- 
tion of  the  accounting  operations  of  the 
150  Forest  Service  field  offices  into  one 
central  office. 

"Over  75  percent  of  the  Forest  Service 
work  is  performed  in  the  Rocky  Moun- 
tain and  Pacific  States,  with  about  25 
percent  of  the  activities  and  the  national 
headquarters  office  in  the  East,"  the 
Secretary  said.  A  location  in  the  Rocky 
Mountain  area  was  thus  strongly  in- 
dicated with  the  Fort  Collins  location 
best  meeting  all  requirements.  It  is  ac- 
cessible to  national  transportation  and 

EO  Loan  Borrowers 
Show  Family  Living  Gains 

A  recent  report  by  the  Farmers  Home 
Administration  shows  that  borrowers 
with  the  economic  opportunity  loan  pro- 
gram for  3  years  recorded  greater  gains 
than  those  with  the  program  only  a  year 
or  two.  Greater  gains,  yet,  were  made 
by  families  who  received  loans  to  de- 
velop small,  nonagricultural  businesses 
than  by  those  who  improved  small  farm- 
ing operations. 

The  report  was  based  on  a  survey  FHA 
made  last  winter  of  borrowers  in  the  50 
States  and  Puerto  Rico. 

Borrowers  with  nonagricultural  loans 
increased  their  net  income  on  the  aver- 
age of  $1,350;  those  with  agricultural 
loans  an  average  of  $1,100. 

Nonagricultural  borrowers  showed  net 
income  of  $3,840  compared  to  $2,950  net 
income  of  agricultural  borrowers. 

Rural  families  who  received  combined 
agricultural  and  nonagricultural  EO 
loans  averaged  $1,370  more  in  net  in- 
come in  1968  than  in  the  year  before  re- 
ceiving the  loan.  Their  net  income  of 
$3,490  was  less  than  that  of  nonagricul- 
tural borrowers  but  greater  than  that  of 
agricultural  borrowers. 

Other  parts  of  the  survey  revealed: 

— that  farmers  on  the  program  3  years 
had  on  the  average  $310  more  in  net 
worth  than  those  with  just  a  year's  ex- 

— that  about  25  percent  of  the  loans 
were  made  to  Negro  borrowers  with  most 
of  the  funds  going  to  finance  agricul- 
tural enterprises. 

— that  borrowers  on  the  program  only 
a  year  were  able  to  have  public  assist- 
ance payments  reduced  as  much  as  $190 
on  the  average. 

communications  facilities  and  is  in  ac- 
cordance with  the  Departmental  policy 
of  locating  facilities  in  lower  population 
density  areas. 

The  transition  will  take  several  years 
and  will  be  accomplished  with  a  mini- 
mum disruption  of  personnel  and  field 
operations,  the  Secretary  said. 

When  fully  implemented,  the  ofiBce 
will  employ  about  350  people. 



THREE  EXECUTIVE  INTERNS  of  USDA  were  among  the  guests  of  Secretary  Hardin  at  a  recent 
breakfast.  Pictured  (left  to  right)  are  Dr.  Caro  Luhrs,  White  House  Fellow  assigned  to  USDA;  Jon 
Massey,  guest  of  the  Secretary;  Donald  E.  Brock,  Assistant  to  the  Secretary;  Harold  Gross,  Office  of 
Personnel;  Dr.  A.  B.  Park,  Agricultural  Research  Service;  Secretary  Hardin;  Intern  Fred  Lumsden; 
Mary  Kady,  Office  of  Personnel;  Intern  Anita  Karcz;  and  Intern  Mark  Riddle. 

Executive  Interns  Learn  and  Contribute 

Three  young  college  students,  all 
headed  into  their  senior  year,  have  been 
hard  at  work  this  summer  learning  the 
functions  of  USDA  firsthand  and  using 
impressive  talents  to  perform  meaning- 
ful jobs  of  their  own. 

The  three,  Anita  Karcz,  Mark  Riddle. 
and  Fred  Lmnsden,  are  known  as  Execu- 
tive Interns.  They  are  among  75  students 
participating  in  a  program  initiated  this 
summer  to  place  outstanding  college  and 
graduate  students  in  important  offices 
throughout  the  Federal  Government. 
Executive  Interns  were  selected  from 
the  more  than  6,000  students  who  took 
Civil  Service  examinations  and  were 
judged  eligible  for  summer  employment 
in  Washington,  D.C. 

In  addition  to  the  test  scores,  the 
Interns  were  selected  on  the  basis  of 
their  school  records,  their  fields  of*  in- 
terest, and  their  potential  for  leadership. 

Jobs  for  the  Interns  were  created  by 
the  Cabinet  Secretaries  after  consulta- 
tion with  the  White  House  Fellows,  a 
group  of  19  young  men  and  women  who 
are  spending  a  year  working  with  top 
officials  in  the  government. 

Executive  Intern  Anita  Karcz  is  from 
Fairview,  Mass.  She  is  a  chemistry  major 
at  the  University  of  Massachusetts 
where  she  is  active  in  the  student  judi- 
cial system  and  a  campus  spiritual  or- 
ganization. At  USDA,  she  is  working  in 
pesticide  investigations  under  the  super- 
vision of  Dr.  Philip  C.  Kearney,  Agricul- 
tural Research  Service. 

Mark  Riddle,  whose  home  is  Tell  City, 
Ind.,  has  worked  this  summer  for  the 
Office  of  Personnel  under  the  direction 
of  Harold  Gross.  His  assignment  was  to 
coordinate  the  Department's  summer 
aide  program  and  set  up  an  evaluation 
for  future  aide  programs.  In  addition, 


Riddle  worked  on  establishing  a  pro- 
gram for  college  students  employed  dur- 
ing the  summer  at  USDA. 

A  political  science  and  chemistry 
major  at  the  University  of  Indiana,  Rid- 
dle plans  to  attend  graduate  school  and 
later  enter  the  teaching  field. 

Intern  Fred  Lumsden,  a  physics  major 
at  the  University  of  Missouri,  is  from 
Sikeston,  Mo.  This  summer  he  has 
worked  under  the  direction  of  Dr.  A.  B. 
Park  of  ARS  to  compute  the  orbit  for 
the  Earth  Resources  Satellite.  This  sat- 
ellite is  scheduled  for  launch  in  1972. 
Lumsden's  computations  will  furnish 
the  satellite  with  an  orbit  that  will  best 
serve  agriculture. 

Besides  being  involved  in  their  work, 
the  Interns  attended  special  seminars 
where  they  had  the  opportunity  to  talk 
with  Cabinet  and  Congressional  leaders 
as  well  as  with  other  top  Government 


Steady  progress  is  being  made  in  the 
Federal-State  partnership  effort  to  ex- 
tend strict  inspection  for  wholesomeness 
to  almost  all  poultry  and  poultry  food 
products  sold  in  the  United  States. 

The  Wholesome  Poulti-y  Products  Act 
calls  for  a  nationally  uniform  system  of 
poultry  inspection  by  August  1971.  To 
achieve  this,  each  State  is  given  until 
August  1970 — or  an  additional  year  If 
significant  progress  is  being  made — to 
build  a  poultry  inspection  system  that 
measures  up  to  the  Federal  program 
operated  by  the  Consumer  and  Market- 
ing Service. 

Between  August  1968 — when  the  new 
Fedei-al  law  was  enacted — and  June  1969, 
a  number  of  steps  were  taken  to  assure 
that  strict  inspection  standards  will 
cover  the  13  percent  of  U.S.  poultry  sup- 
ply not  covered  by  Federal  inspection 
because  of  its  movement  only  within 
State  lines. 

A  sum-up  shows  that : 

*Federal-State  teams  completed  sur- 
veys to  evaluate  inspection  needs  of  non- 
federally  inspected  poultry  processing 
operations  in  49  States  and  Puerto  Rico. 

'Seven  States — California,  New  Jer- 
sey, Wisconsin,  Missouri,  Delaware,  Vir- 
ginia, and  Florida — were  granted  Fed- 
eral assistance  through  cooperative 
agreements  for  developing  strict  inspec- 
tion programs. 

*More  than  600,000  pounds  of  poultry 
products,  found  in  marketing  channels 
to  be  in  violation  of  the  law,  were  de- 
tained in  85  separate  actions. 

*  Twenty-two  poultry  plants  were 
identified  by  USDA  in  cooperation  with 
State  officials,  as  constituting  a  danger 
to  public  health,  with  follow-up  action 
by  States  to  see  that  conditions  were 

Atlanta  Youth  Center,  At- 
lanta, Ga.,  recently  spent 
10  days  at  camps  at  Alla- 
toona  and  Waco,  Ga., 
thanks  to  USDA  and  Co- 
operative Extension  Serv- 
ice employees — members 
of  the  USDA  Club  in  At- 
lanta. Bonuses  for  each  of 
the  boys  were  Atlanta 
Braves  baseball  hats,  balls, 
and  bats  presented  by  Jay 
Meehan  (left),  of  the  Con- 
sumer and  Marketing  Serv- 
ice and  chairman  of  the 
USDA  Club's  activities 
committee.  Also  pictured 
from  left  are  Curtis  John- 
son; Allan  Cosby;  Helen 
Brickley,  Forest  Service 
and  chairman  of  the  club's 
welfare    committee;    Grady 

Burdette;  Dan  Driggers,  Farmers  Home  Administration  and  vice-president  of  the  Atlanta  USDA  Club; 
and  (in  the  rear)  Terry  Allan,  Atlanta  Youth  Council.  The  Atlanta  USDA  Club,  one  of  the  most  active 
In  the  country,  currently  has  nearly  500  members. 

Osprey  Protection  Planned 

The  Forest  Service  recently  an- 
nounced plans  to  establish  the  first  man- 
agement area  to  preserve  a  breeding 
ground  for  the  American  osprey,  a  fish 
hawk  which  is  losing  its  battle  for 

The  bird,  resembling  a  bald  eagle,  has 
a  wing  span  of  4^2  to  6  feet.  Its  most 
spectacular  habit  is  that  of  catching  fish, 
plummeting  claws  first  into  the  water 
to  capture  its  prey. 

The  new  management  program,  in 
cooperation  with  the  Oregon  Game 
Commission  and  the  Bureau  of  Recla- 
mation, involves  a  favored  nesting  area 
of  the  ospreys  at  Crane  Prairie  Reservoir 
in  the  Deschutes  National  Forest  in 

In  a  survey  of  the  area  last  year,  the 
Forest  Service  found  50  nests,  27  of 
which  were  being  used  by  nesting  birds. 
Forest  Service  Chief  Edward  P.  Cliff  said 
this  is  definitely  the  largest  concentra- 
tion of  active  nests  in  the  Pacific  North- 
west and  perhaps  one  of  the  largest  in 
the  Nation. 

The  birds  arrive  each  spring  at  Crane 
Prairie,  lay  two  to  four  eggs  in  nests 
precariously  perched  on  dead  snags,  and 
raise  their  young  during  the  summer.  In 
September,  they  wing  south  for  the  win- 
ter— probably  to  Central  and  South 

This  is  one  of  a  growing  number  of 
management  programs  in  National 
Forests  designed  to  provide  added  habi- 
tat protection  to  rare,  endangered,  or 
unique  wildlife  species.  Among  the  most 
notable  are  the  bald  eagle,  Kirtland's 
warbler,  and  California  condor  pro- 

Of  the  approximately  150  species  of 
wildlife  listed  as  rare  or  endangered, 
one-third  live  in  or  near  National  For- 
ests. The  Forest  Service  has  either  drawn 
up  plans  for,  or  is  giving  special  habitat 
management  emphasis  to  26  of  these. 

Midwinter  Outlook  Conference  Set 

The  National  Agricultural  Outlook 
Conference,  held  annually  by  USDA  in 
Washington,  D.C.,  is  scheduled  for 
February  16-18,  1970.  This  midwinter 
time  was  selected  again  because  of  the 
general  success  of  the  1969  conference. 

Midwinter  scheduling  allows  for  more 
timely  analysis  and  discussion  of  cus- 
tomary start-of-the-year  State  of  the 
Union,  Budget,  and  Economic  messages 
and  their  implications  for  agriculture. 
Prior  conferences  had  been  held  in  the 
fall  of  each  year. 

Traditional  topics — such  as  develop- 
ments in  commodities,  food,  and  family 
living — will  continue  to  receive  compre- 
hensive coverage  at  the  conference. 

was  beseiged  by  newsmen 
during  the  historic  moon 
exploration  flight.  A  retired 
employee  of  the  Auglaize 
(Ohio)  County  Agricultural 
Stabilization  and  Conserva- 
tion Service  Office,  she 
continued  to  answer  ques- 
tions politely  and  concisely 
before  batteries  of  micro- 
phones and  cameras  as 
newsmen  sought  her  reac- 
tion to  the  historic  voyage. 


The  mother  of  astronaut  Neil  A.  Arm- 
strong could  take  a  professional  interest 
in  his  lunar  surface  sampling  technique. 
Soil  samples  were  a  basic,  if  unspectac- 
ular, step  in  her  work  as  conservation 
programs  clerk  until  Mrs.  Viola  Arm- 
strong retired  from  the  Auglaize  County 
Agricultural  Stabilization  and  Conser- 
vation Service  Office  in  Wapakoneta, 

Her  first  retirement  check  arrived  the 
day  following  the  astronaut's  moon  walk 
along  with  letters  and  telegrams  that 
required  3  hours  for  opening. 

The  reactions  of  Mrs.  Armstrong  and 
her  husband,  Stepheri,  were  recorded 
during  each  major  activity  phase  of  the 
flight  of  the  Columbia  and  Eagle.  The 
three  television  networks  pooled  cover- 
age of  the  astronaut's  parents  with  a 
transmitting  antenna  towering  80  feet 
above  the  driveway  of  their  attractive 
home  at  912  Neil  Armstrong  Drive, 
Wapakoneta.  Over  70  newsmen  were  on 
hand  during  the  moon  walk  phase  of  the 

The  quiet  composure  of  Mrs.  Arm- 
strong throughout  the  ordeal  was  no 
surprise  to  her  former  associates  in  the 
Auglaize  office  where  she  worked  for 
more  than  7  years. 

She  was  highly  regarded  as  adept  in 
working  with  farmers  and  others  who 
visited  the  office.  There,  Mrs.  Armstrong 
shared  counter  duties  with  Mrs.  Betty 
Wehrle,  in  receiving  all  comers. 

Thomas  Byrne,  county  ASC  committee 
chairman,  recalls,  "Viola  certainly  met 
the  public  well;  farmers  got  prompt, 
courteous,  and  complete  service  from 
her.  Always." 

Don  Steiner,  office  manager,  remarks 
on  how  well  she  separated  life  as  mother 

of  the  first  civilian  astronaut  from  her 
office  duties:  "Of  course  there  were  times 
when  we  knew  she  was  concerned.  Only 
once,  however,  did  she  betray  anxiety. 
That  was  during  Neil's  1966  space  flight 
when  something  went  wrong."'  [A 
thruster  fired  unexpectedly  and  threw 
the  spacecraft  into  wide  gyrations.] 

Wapakoneta  advertised  itself  as 
"home  of  the  first  civilian  astronaut," 
but  few  people  connected  the  unassum- 
ing and  efficient  ASCS  clerk  with  the 
daring  Neil  Armstrong.  In  time,  however, 
everything  and  everyone  connected  with 
astronaut  Armstrong  became  a  source  of 
curiosity.  The  pressure  of  continuing 
and  mounting  public  attention  was  cited 
as  a  factor  in  Mrs.  Armstrong's  decision 
to  resign. 

Now,  ASC  committeeman  Willis  Mil- 
ler, whose  farm  is  adjacent  to  Wapa- 
koneta "s  Neil  Armstrong  Airport,  reports 
visitors  are  taking  samples  from  those 

The  Stephen  K.  Armstrongs  have  two 
other  children.  Son  Dean  is  a  Purdue 
graduate  employed  as  an  engineer  in 
Indiana.  Daughter  June,  trained  as  a 
registered  nurse,  now  lives  in  Wisconsin 
with  her  doctor  husband. 

Son  Neil  had  his  eyes  on  the  stars  from 
the  age  of  6  when  he  first  flew  as  a 
passenger  in  an  airplane.  At  14,  his 
parents  vetoed  his  decision  to  order  a 
war  surplus  plane.  Licensed  as  a  pilot  at 
16,  he  flew  Navy  fighters  in  Korean 
combat,  returned  to  civilian  life  and  was 
a  test  pilot  for  the  rocket-powered  X-15 
before  his  selection  as  an  astronaut. 

Today,  Mrs.  Armstrong  admits  to 
friends  that  she  is  concerned  for  her 
son's  safety  during  his  space  adventures, 
but  declares  she  is  happy  that  Neil  Is 
doing  what  he  wants  to  do. 




VOYA  RAYKOVIC  "bones-up"  on  some  of  the  latest  developments  in  animal  diseases  research  at  ARS' 
Veterinary  Biologies  Division,  Ames,  Iowa. 


The  employee  training  program  of 
USDA  may  mean  different  things  to 
different  workers.  But  to  Voya  Raykovic, 
the  program  means  overcoming  a 
double  handicap — being  totally  deaf 
since  birth  and  in  a  country  where  the 
native  language  is  not  his  own. 

Raykovic,  a  native  of  Yugoslavia,  is 
a  microbiologist  for  the  Agricultural  Re- 
search Service  in  Ames,  Iowa.  When  he's 
not  solving  technical  problems  that 
occur  in  Government  check  tests  on  the 
quality  of  animal  vaccines,  he  attends 
Iowa  State  University,  concentrating  on 
fast  lip  reading  to  understand  English 
better  and  to  reduce  his  accent. 
Raykovic's  instructor  reports  that 
"Raykovic  is  probably  as  good  a  lip 
reader  as  one  will  encounter.  What  he 
has  been  able  to  accomplish  is  remark- 

Unusual  language  feats,  however,  seem 

commonplace  for  Raykovic.  After  grad- 
uating from  the  University  of  Belgrade 
in  1950,  he  set  out  to  learn  German  just 
so  he  could  study  further  in  Hanover, 
Germany.  Later,  he  turned  his  linguis- 
tic talent  to  Swedish  in  order  to  work  at 
a  hospital  in  Goteborg.  He  decided  to 
master  English  when  he  moved  to  the 
United  States  in  1959.  Besides  German, 
Swedish,  and  English,  Raykovic  under- 
stands Russian,  Italian,  Spanish  French, 
and  Serbian,  his  native  tongue. 

But  his  accomplishments  don't  end  at 
linguistics.  He  is  a  skier  par  excellence, 
and  in  the  1953  Olympics  contest  for  the 
deaf  at  Oslo,  Norway,  he  took  second 
place  in  slalom  racing. 

Raykovic's  wife  also  is  deaf,  but  their 
two  daughters  have  no  hearing 

Raykovic  came  to  work  for  USDA  in 


Two  new  construction  techniques  be- 
ing developed  by  Agricultural  Research 
Service  scientists  may  cut  costs  of  build- 
ing concrete  structures  and  aid  in 
developing  low-cost  housing. 

Engineers  Joseph  W .  Simons  and  B. 
Carl  Haynes,  Jr.,  of  Athens,  Ga.,  are 
developing  thin  sections  of  concrete — 
reinforced  with  short  steel  fibers — for 
slab-on-grade  floor  construction.  (Slab- 
on-grade  simply  means  pouring  concrete 

on  a  compacted  earth  or  gravel  base.) 

These  precast  sections  are  laid  on  the 
compacted  base  and  topped  with  more 
concrete  thus  saving  on-site  labor.  Add- 
ing 2  percent  of  steel  fibers  (by  volume) 
to  the  mix  has  doubled  slab  strength  as 
compared  to  non-reinforced  concrete. 

This  method  could  reduce  the  amount 
of   concrete  needed,   and   cut  handling 
equipment   and   transportation   costs. 
Another  method  showing  promise  is 


Secretary  Hardin  recently  designated 
nine  more  areas  in  seven  States  for  the 
Food  Stamp  Program.  These  areas  will 
be  operating  a  USDA  family  food  pro- 
gram for  the  first  time. 

So  far,  2,733  of  the  Nation's  3,129 
counties  and  independent  cities  are  or 
soon  will  be  offering  food  coupons  (food 
stamps)  or  donated  foods  to  their 
needy  families. 

The  Food  Stamp  Program  enables 
eligible  low-income  families  to  increase 
their  food-purchasing  power  by  invest- 
ing their  own  food  money  in  Federal  food 
coupons  worth  more  than  they  paid.  The 
coupons  are  spent  like  cash  at  retail  food 
stores,  enabling  families  to  purchase  a 
more  adequate  diet. 

Families  in  the  newly  designated  areas 
will  begin  receiving  food  stamps  after 
State  officials  have  taken  the  steps 
needed  for  effective  and  efficient  opera- 

These  steps  include  training  welfare 
case  workers  in  the  community  on  Food 
Stamp  Program  objectives  and  proce- 
dures, arranging  for  coupon  issuance, 
and  certifying  families  as  eligible  for  the 
program.  At  the  same  time,  Consumer 
and  Marketing  Service  personnel  will 
meet  with  retail  grocers  and  food  whole- 
salers to  assure  their  understanding  of 
the  food  industry  role  before  being 
authorized  to  accept  and  redeem  the 
food  coupons. 

The  new  areas  by  States  are:  IOWA, 
Fayette  County;  KANSAS,  Reno 
County;  MICHIGAN,  Midland  County: 
MINNESOTA,  Freeborn  County;  MON- 
TANA, Chouteau,  Prairie,  and  Custer 
Counties;  NEBRASKA,  Burt  County; 
and  NEW  YORK,  Chenango  County. 

"The  development  of  sound,  " 
effective,  and  acceptable  farm  pro- 
grams for  the  1970's  will  require 
increased  understanding  on  llie  part 
of  American  consumers  of  agricul- 
ture's problems,  needs,  and  contri- 
bution to  the  national  economy." 

— Secretary  Hardin 
August  4,  1969 
Gridley,  111. 


surface  bonding  of  stacked  concrete 
blocks,  eliminating  the  use  of  mortar. 
The  bonding  mix  contains  y2-inch 
lengths  of  chopped  fiberglass  filaments 
and  can  be  applied  as  fast  as  paint. 
Initial  tests  with  the  mix  indicate  that 
joints  are  several  times  stronger  than 
those  where  regular  mortar  is  used. 


AUGUST  28,   1969         Vol,  XXVIII   No.   18 


USDA  is  published  fortnightly  for  distribution  to  employees  only,  by  direction  of  the  Secre- 
tary of  Agriculture,  as  containing  administrative  information  required  for  the  proper  transac- 
tion of  the  public  business.  Retirees  who  write  to  the  Editor  requesting  it  may  continue  to 
get  USDA.  Please  write  instead  of  phoning  whenever  possible;  for  rush  orders,  call  Ext.  2058, 
Mrs.  Llllie  Vincent,  Editor  of  USDA.  INF,  Department  of  Agriculture,  Washington,  D.C.  20250. 


j  uup.o    ukj    Dnnixon 


VOL.  XXVIII  NO,  19 
SEPT.    11.    1969 


Within  a  short  time  after  the  awesome 
force  of  Camille  ripped  through  Missis- 
sippi and  Louisiana,  USDA  personnel 
were  supplying  food,  materials,  and 
other  assistance  to  the  hurricane's  thou- 
sands of  victims.  Similar  response  oc- 
curred in  Virginia  where  Camille,  trans- 
formed into  a  massive  rainstorm, 
unleashed  torrential  rains  on  the  James 
River  Basin  a  few  days  later. 

Field  forces  of  USDA  in  the  three 
States  performed  valiant  work  beyond 
their  normal  call  of  duty.  In  many  local- 
ities, USDA  people  who  live  in  or  nearby 
the  stricken  communities  were  first  to 
reach  homes  of  storm  victims  with  help 
and  reassurance. 

Upon  realization  of  the  intensity  with 
which  Camille  had  ravaged  the  Gulf 
Coast,  Secretary  Hardin  dispatched  a 
task  force,  headed  by  Executive  Assis- 
tant E.  F.  Behrens,  for  an  on-the-site 
inspection  of  major  categories  of  needs 
that  agencies  of  the  USDA  could  meet. 

These  were:  d)  The  needs  of  refugees 
and  storm-stranded  residents  for  food. 
(2)  The  needs  to  assess  damages  to  agri- 
cultural lands,  animals,  crops,  and  fa- 
cilities, (3)  The  needs  for  assistance  in 
salvaging  as  much  downed  timber  as  pos- 
sible: to  reduce  insect  infestations  that 
would  spread  to  and  destroy  remaining 
healthy  stands:  and  the  need  to  guard 
against  the  high  risk  of  forest  fires,  (4) 
The  needs  for  spraying  areas  where  large 
accumulations  of  dead  animals  and  de- 
bris could  lead  to  the  proliferation  of 
flies  and  mosquitos  and  the  need  to  fight 
fire  ants  which  were  spread  throughout 
the  area  by  the  storm. 

James  Farrar,  officer  in  charge  of  Food 
and  Nutrition  Service,  McComb,  Miss., 
rushed  to  hard-hit  Bay  St.  Louis  imme- 
diately following  the  storm.  He  arranged 
for  foods  to  be  brought  in  to  meet  esti- 
mated needs  of  the  community.  The  next 
day  he  found  3,000  families  without  food 
in  D'Iberville,  across  the  bay  from  Bi- 
loxi.  Hp  again  got  word  out  and  food  was 
helicoptered  in  from  Jackson. 

Mollis  Henry,  assistant  to  FNS  com- 
modity district  supervisor,  Johji  Hughes. 
and  several  assistants  went  to  Gulfport 


NATIONAL  GUARD  TROOPS  unload  USDA  food  for  distribution  to  emergency  feeding  stations  and 
outlets  in  North  Biloxi,  Miss.  More  than  5.3  million  pounds  of  USDA  food  was  made  available  to 
feed  survivors  of  Camille's  visit  to  Mississippi,   Louisiana,   and  Virginia. 

as  soon  as  an  automobile  could  get 
through.  They  worked  around  the  clock 
to  set  up  and  maintain  food  distribution 
operations  throughout  the  critical  emer- 
gency period.  Meanwhile,  Hughes  and 
his  staff  were  busy  in  Jackson  coordinat- 
ing distribution  of  emergency  foods 
throughout  the  stricken  areas  along 
the  coast. 

Approximately  250,000  pounds  of  food 
were  sent  into  Shreveport,  La.,  for  dis- 
tribution to  hurricane  victims,  mainly 
in  Plaquemines  and  Washington  Par- 
ishes. John  J.  Slaughter,  FNS  Regional 
Director  at  Dallas,  Tex.,  reported  that 
his  office  had  a  team  of  men  in  the  area 
during  the  storm  to  set  up  emergency 
food  operations. 

Truckloads  of  USDA  food  were  rushed 
to  Virginia  immediately  after  the  still- 
dangerous  Camille  had  dumped  from  10 
to  a  reported  27  inches  of  rain  on  some 
areas.  FNS  personnel  were  on  the  scene 
to  distribute  the  foods. 

An  immediate  allocation  of  $300,000 
was  made  to  the  Mississippi  Agi-icultural 

Stabilization  and  Conservation  State 
Committee  for  clearing  debris-strewn 
land  and  building  new  fences.  Funds 
were  later  made  available  to  the  Vir- 
ginia ASC  State  Committee  for  similar 
use.  In  both  States,  ASCS  extended 
emergency  grazing  privileges  on  reserve 
cropland  taken  out  of  production.  Offi- 
cials said  that  more  ASCS  funds  may  be 
made  available  later  for  a  broader  range 
of  necessary  practices  and  programs. 

Preliminary  estimates  from  a  Forest 
Service  aerial  survey  of  coastal  Missis- 
sioni  and  westprn  Virginia  indicate  that 
more  than  450.000  acres  of  timberland 
are  heavily  damaged  with  an  additional 
750,000  acres  classified  as  lightly  to  mod- 
erately damaged.  In  hard-hit  DeSoto 
National  Forest  in  Mississippi  a  survey 
team  reported  timber  covering  6.000  to 
8,000  acres  was  down  or  badly  damaged 
with  heavy  damage  to  roads,  bridges, 
buildings,  and  other  facilities. 

At  Gulfport.  where  damages  to  the 
Forest  Service  research  buildings  are 
icontmucd  on  page  2t 

(seated)  is  proud  of  the 
December  1968  issue  of 
"News  for  Farmer  Coopera- 
tives." It  won  third  place 
and  a  plaque  for  best  use 
of  photographs  in  a  general 
circulation  magazine  in  the 
Cooperative  Editorial  Asso- 
ciation's Annual  competi- 
tion at  the  University  of 
Chicago.  Illinois.  Visual  spe- 
cialists (from  left)  Clarence 
Johnson,  Helen  Spurzem, 
and  Osceola  Madden  also 
get  credit.  All  are  Division 
of  Information  staff  mem- 
bers, Office  of  Management 
Services,  in  Washington, 

Kirby  Named  Associate 
Administrator  of  FES 

(continued  from  page  one) 
estimated  upward  of  $100,000,  a  forest 
seed  orchard  was  a  near  victim  of  the 
hurricane.  The  seeds,  which  must  be  kept 
under  refrigeration  to  germinate,  were 
saved  when  a  portable  generator  was 
brought  in  from  a  Texas  Job  Corps 
Center  to  provide  power  during  a  48-hour 

About  100  campers  spending  the  night 
beside  Sherando  Lake  in  Virginia's 
George  Washington  National  Forest 
were  saved  from  possible  drowning  and 
injury  when  Max  Downey  braved  Ca- 
mille's  deluge  to  warn  them  of  flash 
flooding.  Downey,  area  administrator  of 
the  Forest  Service  campground,  arrived 
at  the  lake  about  2  a.m.,  aroused  the 
sleeping  campers,  and  helped  them  to 
higher  ground.  He  carried  several  of  the 
campers  on  his  back  across  flooded 
ground  as  Sherando's  normal  6  acres 
rapidly  grew  to  almost  50  acres. 

Thirty-three  Mississippi  and  25  Vir- 
ginia counties  have  been  designated  eli- 
gible for  Farmers  Home  Administration 
emergency  loans  to  restore  farm  opera- 
tions, and  the  agency's  housing  loan  pro- 
gram will  also  be  called  into  use  in  the 
disaster  areas.  In  Mississippi  alone,  Ca- 
mille's  tidal  waves  and  200-m.p,h  winds 
destroyed  an  estimated  366  farm,  build- 
ings and  caused  major  damage  to 
another  400. 

The  Rural  Electrification  Administra- 
tion made  $2.3  million  in  emergency 
loans  funds  immediately  available  to 
four  cooperative  rural  electric  systems 
in  Mississippi  to  speed  temporary  power 
to  service  areas  blacked  out  by  Camille. 
Another  $6.3  million  in  REA  loans  were 
approved  to  enable  three  of  these  coop- 
eratives to  install  permanent  lines  and 
equipment  to  replace  those  destroyed  by 
the  storm.  Temporary  service  to  most  of 
the  consumers  was  restored  through 
around-the-clock  efforts  of  the  coopera- 
tives' crews  with  help  from  neighboring 
States  and  areas. 

The  wife  of  a  USDA  employee  who  had 

the  only  workable  telephone  in  her  area 
became  virtually  a  one-woman  commun- 
ications network  for  the  Agricultural  Re- 
search Service  emergency  activities  in 
Camille's  aftermath. 

Mrs.  George  Dumal  of  Gulfport  made 
the  living  room  of  her  home  a  communi- 
cations center  for  the  ARS  Southern 
Regional  Plant  Pest  Control  Division 
Headquarters  for  the  7  days  Headquar- 
ters telephones  were  out  of  commission. 
Using  the  family  telephone  and  a  two- 
way  radio  supplied  by  USDA.  she  served 
as  the  main  link  with  officials  in  Wash- 
ington, D.C,  disaster  headquarters,  and 
emerg°ncy  workers  at  the  scene.  Mrs. 
Dumal 's  husband  is  administrative  offi- 
cer at  the  PPC  Regional  office. 

The  improvised  communications  sys- 
tem enabled  PPC  to  carry  out  many 
emergency  measures.  One  of  the  most 
important  was  the  spray  program 
against  massive  numbers  of  flies,  mos- 
quitoes, and  other  disease-carrying  pests 
attracted  to  the  flood  area.  The  spraying 
operations  also  included  aerial  applica- 
tion of  Mirex  bait  to  75,000  acres  of  Gulf 
Coast  land  to  protect  people  from  the 
painful  stings  of  imported  flre  ants  scat- 
tered about  by  the  winds  and  rains.  The 
bait  was  donated  by  the  manufacturer. 

These  items  barely  touch  on  the  many 
instances  of  single  and  combined  action 
of  USDA  personnel  to  bring  aid  to  Ca- 
mille's victims.  Many  of  the  actions 
saved  lives:  many  were  acts  of  heroism. 
In  the  words  of  James  V.  Smith,  FHA 
Administrator,  "...  perhaps  the  most 
effective  response  by  people  of  USDA 
agencies  was  their  immediate  mobiliza- 
tion to  go  into  the  rural  disaster  areas  by 
helicopter  where  roads  and  bridges  were 
demolished,  make  contact  with  the  peo- 
ple, and  let  them  know  that  the  world 
was  aware  of  their  tragedy." 

?^,  4Cik 

E.    L.    KIRBY 

Edwin  L.  Kirby, 

Columbus,    Ohio, 

was     recently 

named   Associate 

Administrator  of 

the   Federal   Ex- 
tension Service. 
In  announcing 

the  appointment, 

Secretary  Hardin 

said    that    Kirby 

is  uniquely  quali- 
fied  to    serve   in 

the    USDA    post. 

The  new  Associate  Administrator  has 
been  associate  director  of  the  Coopera- 
tive Extension  Service,  Ohio  State  Uni- 
versity, since  1964.  Earlier  he  served  as 
assistant  director  of  the  Ohio  Extension 
Service,  Extension  district  supervisor, 
assistant  State  4-H  Club  leader,  associ- 
ate county  agent,  and  a  high  school  vo- 
cational agricultural  teacher. 

Kirby  is  a  member  of  the  Extension 
Committee  on  Organization  and  Policy 
I ECOP » .  He  served  as  chairman  of  the 
ECOP  Legislative  Committee  and  as 
chairman  of  the  North  Central  Extension 
Directors.  He  was  a  recent  chairman  of 
the  National  Task  Force  on  Cooperative 
Extension  In-Service  Training,  and  a 
member  of  the  Advisory  Board  for  the 
National  Project  on  Agricultural  Com- 

Kirby  holds  degrees  from  Ohio  State 
University  and  Cornell  University.  He 
also  has  done  gi-aduate  work  at  the  Uni- 
versities of  Maryland  and  Wisconsin  and 
at  Ohio  State  University. 

DR.  WILLIAM  E.  SHAKLEE  (left),  president  of 
the  Organization  of  Professional  Employees  of 
the  Department  of  Agriculture,  and  Carl  B. 
Barnes,  USDA  director  of  personnel,  conclude 
the  signing  of  a  recent  agreement  between 
USDA  and  OPEDA  providing  for  the  voluntary 
withholding  of  dues  for  employees  who  are 
OPEDA  members. 


Soil  Conservation  Service 
Helps  Branch  Out' 

At  the  entrance  to  an  8,800-acre  ranch 
in  Loraine.  Tex.,  is  a  plaque  telling  how 
Daniel  Webster  "80  John"  Wallace 
(1860-1939),  born  of  slave  parents,  be- 
came a  cowboy  at  age  15  and  rode  with 
a  trailherd  from  Old  Mexico  to  Kansas. 
The  marker  was  put  there  by  the  Texas 
State  Historical  Survey  Committee  be- 
cause "80  John"  Wallace  helped  pioneer 
the  Old  West. 

The  history  surrounding  Wallace's  life 
abounds  with  tales  of  cattle  barons,  the 
Chisholm  Trail,  the  fast  gun,  and  life 
among  the  Comanches. 

Wallace  went  to  work  for  a  rancher  in 
Colorado  City,  Tex.,  in  1877.  picking  up 
the  name  "80  John"  because  the  ranch- 
er's cattle  had  number  "80"  burned  on 
their  sides. 

He  acted  on  the  advice  of  his  boss  and 
began  buying  up  rangeland  at  $1.50  an 
acre.  In  1891,  he  started  his  own  ranch 
on  which  oil  was  later  discovered. 

At  the  time  of  his  death,  Wallace 
owned  more  than  9,000  acres  of  land,  600 
head  of  cattle,  an  eight-room  house,  and 
bam  lots  and  corrals. 

Today,  Travis  S.  Branch,  Wallace's 
son-in-law.  is  boss  of  the  historic  ranch. 
Branch,  an  outstanding  cooperator  in 
USDA's  Great  Plains  Conservation  Pro- 
gram, knows  well  the  worth  of  efficient 
management  of  land,  grass,  water,  and 
cattle.  And  he  has  benefited  from  suc- 
cessful conservation  practices  which 
ranchers  have  been  applying  for  years. 

The  Great  Plains  Conservation  Pro- 
gram, administered  by  the  Soil  Conser- 
vation Service,  provides  technical  aid 
and  cost-sharing  to  farmers  and  ranch- 
ers for  installing  conservation  measures 
to  improve  the  land. 

Under  the  terms  of  two  contracts  with 
SCS,  Branch  has  formulated  plans  for 
water  and  fencing  to  get  the  best  use 
of  his  grassland.  He  has  developed  irri- 
gated pasture  for  a  dependable  forage 
supply;  terraced  the  sloping  cropland  on 
which  he  rotates  cotton,  grain,  and 
sorghum;  and  managed  the  residues 
from  crops  to  control  wind  erosion. 

The  result  has  been  a  profitable  ranch- 
ing operation,  with  all  resources  pro- 
tected against  the  hazards  that  cattle- 
men in  the  area  have  grown  to  expect. 

Branch  is  concerned,  but  mildly  so, 
about  finding  full-time  help  to  work  the 
"80  John."  Says  Branch,  "I  don't  believe 
the  younger  generation  is  cut  out  for 
this  kind  of  life.  I'm  not  a  youngster  any 
more  and  I  can't  move  about  as  fast  as  I 
could  even  a  year  ago,  but  I  can  think 
of  nothing  I  would  rather  do  than  live 
and  work  out  here  in  the  open.  A  ranch- 

Sor  ^s 

Conservation     / 



TRAVIS  S.  BRANCH,  manager  of  the  "80  John" 
Wallace  ranch  at  Loraine,  Tex.,  inspects  a  sign 
that  signifies  his  membership  in  the  Mitchell 
County  Soil  and  Water  Conservation  District. 
Branch  also  participates  in  the  Soil  Conserva- 
tion Service's  Great  Plains  Conservation  Pro- 




can  be  made  into  products  useful  to  man. 
For  example,  sugar  cane  stalks  are  made 
into  v*alIboard,  and  oat  liulls  are  trans- 
formed into  valuable  chemicals.  Why  isn't 
this  sort  of  thing  done  more'? 

USD.A  scientists  have  made  good  paper 
from  straw  and  have  found  ways  to  make 
useful  products  out  of  corn  cobs.  But  such 
wastes  accumulate  in  small  quantities  at 
farms  and  feed  mills.  It  does  not  pay  to 
transport  them  to  central  points  for  proc- 
essing. Sugar  cane  stalks  and  oat  hulls  can 
be  used  because  they  accumulate  in  large 
quantities  at  certain  factories. 

Timber  sales  from  National  Forests  in 
the  13  Southern  States  FOR  THE  FIRST 
TIME  totaled  more  than  1  billion  board 
feet  for  a  single  year.  Thus  the  South 
joins  four  other  Forest  .Service  regions  as 
producers  of  a  billion  or  more  board  feet 
of  timber.  (\  board  foot  is  1  foot  square 
and  1  inch  deep.) 

The  new  record  chalked  up  by  the  South 
is  a  particular  success  because  that  region 
is  comparatively  new  as  a  timber  produc- 
tion area. 

SWEET  SORGHUM  may  become  a  sup- 
plementary source  of  sugar  of  a 
new  method  of  removing  starch  from 
sorghum  juice. 

Research  leading  to  the  discovery  was 
conducted  by  chemist  B.  .4sliby  Smith  at 
an  Agricultural  Research  Service  labora- 
tory in  Weslaco,  Tex. 

Sweet  sorghum  is  an  easily  managed 
crop  that  requires  little  labor  and  water. 
Yield  is  about  20  tons  of  stalks  per  acre 
and  raw  sugar  content  ranges  from  180 
to  230  pounds  per  ton. 

er's    life    may    be    rugged,    but   it's   re- 

Were  he  alive  today,  "80  John"  Wal- 
lace would  probably  nod  his  approval. 


If  a  yard  is  the  length  of  an  arm, 
whose  arm  should  be  used  a.s  the  stand- 

Despite  the  fact  that  Jefferson,  Adams, 
Franklin,  and  Lincoln  all  advocated  the 
metric  system  of  measurement,  the 
United  States  has  not  yet  officially 
adopted  it — even  though  it  is  legal  here 
and  more  than  90  percent  of  the  world 
has  adopted  it. 

In  1960  virtually  the  only  countries  n^t 
officially  on  the  metric  system  were  the 
English-speaking  nations.  Since  then, 
the  British  Government  has  ordered  a 
changeover  to  be  completed  before  1975. 
A  Canadian  commission  expects  to  report 
favorably  this  year. 

A  1967  study  estimated  that  a  20-year 
conversion  period  would  cost  about  $11 
billion.  But  it  has  also  been  estimated 
that  not  changing  costs  the  United 
States  $10  to  $25  billion  annually  in 
world  trade.  Each  year's  delay  boosts 
conversion  costs  by  about  7  percent. 

As  a  result  of  congressional  action  in 
1968,  a  3-year  feasibility  study  is  under- 
way in  the  United  States.  Many  major 
manufacturers,  the  military  services,  all 
the  sciences,  international  sports — 
among  others — have  already  moved  into 
metric  designations. 

FHA  Interest  Rates 
Changed  for  Investors 

Interest  yields  up  to  8.50  percent  on 
government  insured  notes  issued  by  the 
Farmers  Home  Administration  were  re- 
cently announced  by  Dr.  Marshall 
Burkes,  assistant  administrator  for  in- 
sured loans. 

The  new  rates,  effective  August  18,  re- 
turn 8.50  percent  to  investors  on  FHA 
insured  notes  held  for  periods  of  10 
through  25  years.  Insured  notes  held  3, 
4,  or  5  years  yield  8.25  percent  interest 
and  those  held  1  or  2  years  return  8 

FHA  insured  notes  previously  returned 
a  flat  8  percent  to  investors  for  terms 
ranging  from  1  through  25  years. 

Dr.  Burkes  also  announced  that  the 
notes  are  available  in  blocks  of  $10,000 
or  more.  The  new  minimum  purchase 
order  was  raised  from  $5,000  because  few 
notes  of  that  denomination  were  avail- 
able. There  is  no  maximum  limit  on  the 
amount  of  an  investment. 

The  agency's  insured  loan  volume  ap- 
proximated $1  billion  in  the  fiscal  year 
ended  June  30  and  is  budgeted  at  $1.7 
billion  this  fiscal  year.  The  notes  cover 
loans  advanced  by  FHA  for  housing. 
farming,  and  community  facility  proj- 
ects, including  water  and  wast*  disposal 
systems  in  rural  areas. 


MISS  VIRGINIA  L.  RODRIGUEZ  (right),  a  Family  Service  Specialist  in  Espanola,  N.  Max.,  visits  one 
of  the  families  receiving  Farmers  Home  Administration  assistance. 

Family  Service  Specialists  Lend  A  Helping  Hand 

"As  I  walked  into  the  house  I  saw  that 
there  were  very  large  holes  in  the  roof, 
and  no  panes  or  screens  in  the  windows. 
An  open  well  stood  in  the  yard  with 
water  which  was  unsafe  for  drinking. 

"An  elderly  widow  who  had  a  stroke 
last  year  cannot  care  properly  for  the 
three  children  and  six  grandchildren 
living  with  her.  The  children  run  around 
the  house  filthy  and  dirty,  letting  in 
plenty  of  flies.  A  5-week-old  baby  is  so 
tiny  that  she  doesn't  have  enough  energy 
to  cry  very  loudly." 

This  was  the  scene  that  greeted  Mrs. 
Ruby  Brown  as  a  newly  hired  Family 
Service  Specialist  with  the  Farmers 
Home  Administration.  It  is  a  typical 
scene  for  the  i-ural  poor. 

Mrs.  Brown  helped  the  family  receive 
an  FHA  rural  housing  loan  for  a  new 
seven-room  house,  complete  with  run- 
ning water,  bathroom  and  proper  light- 
ing, and  sufficient  screening  against  in- 
sects. She  also  accompanied  the  family 
on  their  first  visit  to  the  local  health 

FHA  has  69  such  specialists  trained  in 
home  economics  and  the  social  services 
who  work  in  112  low-income  counties  in 
21  States  and  Puerto  Rico.  Their  work 
is  based  on  home  visits  to  loan  borrowers' 
families.  There,  the  specialist  shows 
homemakers  how  to  make  and  repair  the 

family's  clothing  as  well  as  how  to  pre- 
pare nutritious  meals  using  USDA  com- 
modity foods.  The  specialist  also  en- 
courages homemakers  to  take  advantage 
of  programs  such  as  the  Food  Stamp 
Program  to  make  the  best  use  of  family 

The  Family  Service  Specialist  makes 
sure,  too,  that  the  family  has  the  proper 
health  care.  She  urges  them  to  visit  their 
local  health  center  and  aids  them  in 
understanding  the  importance  of  good 
health  practices. 

The  specialist  helps  families  to  im- 
prove their  general  living  conditions.  She 
suggests  loans  they  may  apply  for  from 
FHA,  and  helps  the  homemaker  make 
curtains,  refinisli  used  furniture,  and 
buy  inexpensive,  but  adequate,  equip- 

She  also  encourages  unemployed  heads 
of  households  to  visit  local  job  employ- 
ment centers.  In  1968,  374  people  were 
referred  to  job  centers  and  all  found 

All  in  all,  the  work  of  the  Family  Serv- 
ice Specialist  is  very  rewarding — she  can 
see  the  results  of  her  efforts  in  helping 
the  rural  poor  pull  themselves  up  out  of 

It  takes  1  ACRE  OF  HEALTHY  FOR- 
EST 20  years  to  grow  the  lumber  for  a 
five-room  house. 


Secretary  Hardin  recently  named  FRED 
W.  BENSON  and  ELMO  A.  CARLSON  to 
the  Federal  Crop  Insurance  Corporation's 
Board  of  Directors.  They  join  three  USDA 
officials  previously  appointed  to  the  five- 
man  board — Assistant  Secretary  Clarence 
D.  Palniby,  chairman;  Carroll  G.  Brunt- 
haver,  associate  administrator.  Agricul- 
tural Stabilization  and  Conservation  Serv- 
ice; and  Richard  H.  Aslakson,  manager, 
Federal  Crop  Insurance  Corporation. 

The  board  serves  as  the  policy-making 
body  for  FCIC,  which  pays  indemnities  to 
Federally  insured  farmers  whose  crops  are 
damaged  by  weather,  insects,  or  disease. 

Benson  is  vice-president  of  a  crop  in- 
surance firm  in  Iowa;  president  of  the 
Crop  Insurance  Research  Bureau;  vice- 
chairman  of  the  National  Crop  Insurance 
Council;  president  of  the  Iowa  Association 
of  Mutual  Insurance  Associations;  and  a 
director  and  former  president  of  the  Na- 
tional Association  of  Mutual  Insurance 

Carlson  is  vice-president  and  director 
of  a  bank  in  Cliappell,  Nebr. ;  partner  in 
a  local  insurance  firm;  and  owner-opera- 
tor of  a  beef  cattle  feeding  operation  and 
wheat  farm. 

Two  USDA  employees,  DONALD  E. 
PERCIVAL  of  Milwaukee,  Wis.,  and 
HENRY  S.  RODRIGUEZ  of  Washington, 
D.C.,  were  among  the  25  employees  from 
17  Federal  agencies  and  the  District  of 
Columbia  Government  selected  to  partici- 
pate in  the  1969—70  Congressional  Fellow- 
>hip  Program. 

Percival  is  with  the  Forest  .Service''s 
Office  of  Personnel  in  Region  IX.  Rod- 
riguez is  chief  of  the  Private  .'school  Oper- 
ations Branch,  School  Lunch  Division, 
Food  and  Nutrition  Service. 

Tlie  Fellowship  Program,  which  runs 
from  mid-November  1969  until  Septem- 
ber 1970,  offers  promising  young  Federal 
executives  the  opportunity  to  acquire  a 
tliorough  understanding  of  congressional 
operations.  They  assume  full-time  assign- 
ments in  congressional  offices  or  with  com- 
mittees and  attend  weekly  seminars  with 
Members  of  Congress  and  other  Govern- 
ment officials. 

CLARENCE  L.  MILLER  of  Shelbyville, 
Ky.,  and  a  former  .Assistant  Secretary  of 
.Agriculture  was  recently  named  as  agricul- 
tural attache  on  the  staff  of  the  U.S.  Em- 
bassy in  Madrid,  Spain. 

Miller  ran  a  family  farm  near  Shelby- 
ville fr»)m  1940  until  1953  when  he  was 
named  chairman  of  the  Kentucky  Produc- 
tion and  Marketing  .Administration  State 
Committee  of  USDA.  He  later  came  to 
Wasliington,  D.C.,  where  he  worked  with 
the  Commodity  Stabilization  .Service  (now 
the  .Agricultural  Stabilization  and  Conser- 
vation .Service)  until  1958  when  he  was 
appointed  .Assistant  Secretary  for  Market- 
ing and  Foreign  Agriculture. 

Miller  returned  to  Kentucky  in  1962  to 
operate  his  farm  and  serve  as  a  marketing 


SEPTEMBER   11,   1969  Vol,  XXVIII   No.   19 

USDA  is  published  fortnightly  for  distribution  to  employees  only,  by  direction  of  the  Secre- 
tary of  Agriculture,  as  containing  administrative  information  required  for  the  proper  transac- 
tion of  the  public  business.  Retirees  who  write  to  the  Editor  requesting  it  may  continue  to 
get  USDA.  Please  write  instead  of  phoninq  ivhenever  possible;  for  rush  orders,  call  Ext.  2058, 
Mrs.  Lillie  Vincent,  Editor  of  USDA,  INF,  Department  of  Agriculture,  Washington,  D.C.  20250. 

c43^361-235  U.S.  government  rulNTlNG  OFFICE 


^  «wp,s;  uu  ert/\ivc« 




VOL.  XXVII!  NO.  20 
L   SEPT.  25,    '969 

Armored  Trucks  Increase 
Food  Stamp  Sales 

More  residents  of  Los  Angeles  County 
public  housing  projects  are  now  able 
to  participate  in  the  Food  and  Nutri- 
tion Service's  Food  Stamp  Program 
largely  because  of  a  new  service — the 
use  of  armored  trucks  for  issuing  food 
stamps  to  participants  in  their  own 

The  new  service,  a  cooperative  effort 
of  businessmen,  public  officials,  and  pri- 
vate social  service  agencies,  provides 
both  check  cashing  and  food  stamp  pur- 
chasing, making  it  easier  for  more  low- 
income  families  to  buy  the  stamps. 

United  California  Bank  experimented 
with  an  armored  truck  unit  at  one  hous- 
ing project  to  relieve  congestion  at  a 
branch  bank  on  the  days  when  welfare 
and  pay  checks  arrive  and  most  food 
stamps  purchases  are  made.  The  experi- 
ment was  an  immediate  success  and  the 
Los  Angeles  Department  of  Public  Serv- 
ices took  over  the  operation,  expanding 
to  seven  housing  projects  on  a  scheduled 

At  one  housing  project,  the  neighbor- 
hood YWCA  Center  took  over  promo- 
tion of  the  truck  sales.  A  group  of 
women  delivered  flyers  in  Spanish  and 
English  to  each  of  the  project's  412  fam- 
ilies, explained  the  new  service,  and 
urged  eligible  persons  to  participate  in 
the  Food  Stamp  Program. 

On  the  days  the  truck  visits  the  hous- 
ing project,  Spanish  interpreters,  pro- 
vided by  the  YWCA  Center,  stand  by 
as  armored  truck  guards  check  identi- 
fication, cash  checks,  and  issue  food 

Sally  Detra,  YWCA  director  at  the 
housing  project,  says,  "Truck  sales  have 
been  a  complete  success.  The  conveni- 
ence is  increasing  participation  in  the 
Food  Stamp  Program  among  project 
residents  because  they  no  longer  need 
spend  half  a  day  going  to  the  bank." 

.Average  CON.SU.MPTION  OF  MUS- 
T.ARD  in  llie  United  StaU-s  amount's  to 
about  one-iialf  pound  per  person — or 
about  five  limes  what  it  was  in  1920. 
Montana  is  the  mustard  seed-produiinj; 
king  among  the  .States. 

EVAN  MERRILL,  SCS  hydraulic  engineer  from  Boise,  Idaho,  shows  Boy  Scouts  at  the  Jamboree 
how  the  action  of  falling  raindrops  can  cause  erosion  on  bare  soil,  but  not  on  soil  protected  by 
grass  or  mulch.  This  demonstration  was  part  of  the  conservation  instruction  area  at  the  Jamboree 
where  Scouts  learned   basic  principles  of  resource  use  and  management. 

USDA  Exhibits  Are  Jamboree  Attractions 

Exhibits  and  demonstrations  devel- 
oped by  Department  agencies  were 
among  the  major  attractions  at  the  7th 
National  Scout  Jamboree  held  at  Far- 
ragut  State  Park,  Idaho,  in  July.  More 
than  30,000  Boy  Scouts  and  Explorers 
attended  the  Jamboree. 

"Conservation — Today's  Frontier"  was 
the  theme  of  the  Soil  Conservation  Serv- 
ice exhibit  which  included  two  model 
watersheds.  One  showed  a  typical  West- 
ern watershed  and  its  natural  resources 
before  the  settlers,  loggers,  and  hunters 
arrived  on  the  scene.  The  second  de- 
picted conservation  practices  on  the 
same  watershed  today  when  the  needs 
of  both  agriculture  and  urban  areas  are 
being  met  through  good  resource  use 
and  management. 

Typical  soil  profiles  from  various 
parts  of  the  country  were  also  on  dis- 
play, together  with  a  full-color  mural 
showing  how  snow  surveys  determine 
the  available  seasonal  water  supply  from 
high-country  snowpacks  for  use  on 
farms  and  in  towns  in  the  valleys  below. 

Forest  Service  personnel  explained 
firefighting  equipment  used  by  smoke- 
jumpers,  and  manned   a  full-scale  fire 

tower  to  show  Scouts  the  importance  of 
protecting  the  Nation's  forests. 

A  slide-tape  program  prepared  by  the 
Agricultural  Research  Service  told  how 
remote  sensing  devices  are  used  in  re- 
searching vegetation  management  proj- 
ects. Each  Scout  received  a  copy  of  the 
ARS  magazine.  Agricultural  Research, 
with  a  story  and  full-color  photographs 
giving  further  details  on  remote  sensing 
research  methods.  Also  in  use  as  an 
instructional  feature  was  an  electrical 
question  and  answer  board  on  plant  pest 
control  which  could  be  operated  indi- 
vidually by  the  Scouts. 

The  USDA  exhibits  were  also  viewed 
by  the  several  thousand  visitors  to  the 

At  the  close  of  the  Jamboree.  Scouts 
prepared  a  "Commitment  to  Action" 
statement  calling  for  youth  involvement 
in  today's  major  problems.  Conservation 
placed  second  on  the  list  with  emphasis 
on  air  and  water  pollution,  soil  erosion, 
diminishing  wildlife,  plants,  and  trees. 

The  statement  commits  each  Scout  to 
work  toward  intelligent  use  of  natural 
resources  in  home  communities. 

ARTHUR  W.  GREELEY,  Associate  Chief  of  the  Forest  Service,  and  Jackie  Benmgton.  America's  Junior 
Miss  for  1969,  discuss  the  book,  "The  National  Forests  of  America,"  presented  to  Miss  Benington 
as  a  remembrance  of  her  visit  to  Forest  Service  National  Headquarters.  Miss  Benington,  a  native  of 
Huntington  Beach,  Calif.,  was  selected  as  the  Nation's  .ideal  high  school  senior  girl  at  the  12th 
Annual  Junior  Miss  Pageant  in  Mobile,  Ala.  While  in  Washington,  D.C.,  she  stopped  at  USDA  to 
lend  a  hand  in  the  antilitter  campaign  and  to  promote  National  Forest  vacations. 


Dramatic  proof  that  small  watershed 
projects  administered  by  the  Soil  Con- 
servation Service  are  highly  effective  in 
preventing  floods  came  out  of  a  record 
thunderstorm  recently  in  north  central 

Two  adjoining  watersheds — Salt  Lick 
Creek  and  Jennings  Creek — were  both 
deluged  by  eight  to  nine  inches  of  rain 
in  6  hours.  Two  lives  were  lost  and  sev- 
eral million  dollars  in  damages  occurred 
in  the  unprotected  Salt  Lick  Creek 
watershed.  In  the  protected  Jennings 
Creek  watershed,  damages  were  limited 
to  an  estimated  $200,000. 

The  nearly  completed  Jennings  Creek 
project  prevented  an  estimated  $1  mil- 
lion in  damages — almost  one-third  of 
the  project's  total  cost.  This  savings  is 
based  on  damages  suffered  in  storms 
before  the  watershed  project  was  built. 
Ten  earthen  dams,  of  the  12  dams 
planned,  held  back  the  flood's  crest,  re- 
leasing water  more  slowly  for  hours  after 
the  storm. 

Most  of  the  damage  along  the  Salt 
Lick  Creek  was  suffered  by  the  resort 
community  of  Red  Boiling  Springs  in 
Macon  County.  About  35  homes  and  15 
businesses  were  torn  from  their  founda- 
tions and  at  least  120  automobiles  were 
swept  away  in  the  flash  flood.  Two  young 

girls  were  pulled  from  their  mother's 
grasp  and  drowned. 

Less  severe  storms  frequently  bring 
flooding  to  the  Salt  Lick  Creek  water- 
shed and  residents  had  considered  a 
small  watershed  project  under  Public 
Law  566.  It  was  turned  down,  however, 
when  community  leaders  could  not  raise 
the  local  share  of  the  project  cost. 

Soon  after  the  recent  floods,  the 
Red  Boiling  Springs  City  Council  passed 
a  resolution  requesting  SCS  assistance 
for  a  project  in  the  Salt  Lick  Creek 

Meanwhile,  several  USDA  agencies 
are  joining  in  the  restoration  of  stream 
channels,  agricultural  lands,  and  other 
flooded  areas  in  four  counties. 

SCS  district  conservationists,  Arthur 
Fuqua,  Bill  Medley.  Marion  Swipson, 
and  Bob  Wylie  are  directing  technical 

The  Agricultural  Stabilization  and 
Conservation  Service  will  provide  80  per- 
cent cost-sharing  on  $250,000  in  assist- 
ance to  the  four  counties.  ASCS  farmer 
field  men  in  the  area  are  Levi  Dickerson 
and  Joh?i  Collier. 

Charles  Keisling,  Farmers  Home  Ad- 
ministration county  supervisor  at  Red 
Boiling  Springs,  is  taking  applications 
for  FHA  housing  loans. 


Thirty-nine  States  and  Puerto  Rico 
are  receiving  record  returns  this  year  as 
their  shares  of  receipts  from  products 
and  services  of  the  187  million  acres  of 
National  Forests  administered  by  the 
Forest  Service. 

Secretary  Hardin  announced  that  the 
returns  total  $78,151,846  for  the  1968- 
69  fiscal  year.  Last  year  the  refund  total 
was  $52  million. 

The  money  represents  approximately 
one-fourth  of  the  total  funds  received 
from  timber  harvests,  grazing  fees,  rec- 
reation, power,  and  other  land-use  fees 
collected  from  National  Forests. 

The  so-called  "25  percent  fund"  is 
distributed  annually  through  State 
Treasurers  to  counties  in  which  National 
Forests  are  located.  The  money  must  be 
spent  by  the  counties  for  schools  and 

Guidelines  Are  Issued 
On  Training  Agreements 

Federal  agencies  have  been  told  by 
the  Civil  Service  Commission  that  train- 
ing agreements  using  written  tests  must 
be  modified  to  conform  to  the  new  merit 
promotion  policy  or  they  will  be  can- 
celed. The  revised  Federal  Merit  Promo- 
tion Policy  became  effective  July  1. 

Training  agreements  are  developed  by 
agencies  and  approved  by  the  Commis- 
sion as  a  means  of  providing  intensive 
and  specialized  training  for  employees 
who  lack  the  experience  needed  to  per- 
form a  new  job.  The  agreements  enable 
agencies  to  bring  employees  into  a  new 
field  of  work  and  to  train  them  fully  in  a 
minimum  of  time.  Many  agreements 
provide  for  promotion  of  the  employee 
either  during  or  at  the  completion  of  the 
training  period. 

The  new  policy  provides  that  for  pro- 
motions, transfers,  or  other  placement 
actions,  a  written  test  may  not  be  used 
as  a  screening  device.  Nor  may  a  written 
test  be  used  as  the  sole  means  of  evalu- 
ating candidates.  A  written  test,  how- 
ever, may  be  used  for  in-service  place- 
ment only  when  it  is  required  by  Com- 
mission standards  or  when  the  test  and 
testing  procedures  meet  Commission 

The  Commission  emphasized  that  its 
approval  in  the  past  of  a  test  or  test- 
ing procedure  in  a  training  agreement 
does  not  constitute  its  approval  for  use 
after  June  30,  1969. 

NITROCELLULOSE,  derived  mainly 
from  wood  pulp,  is  a  major  ingredient 
of  some  solid  fuel  propellants  for 
rockets.  ' 

A  Stream  In  Profile 

A  unique  visitor  information  facility 
was  recently  completed  and  dedicated  in 
the  Eldorado  National  Forest  in  Califor- 
nia. Located  on  the  South  Shore  of  Lake 
Tahoe,  the  Forest  Service's  Rainbow 
Pool-Taylor  Creek  Stream  Profile 
Chamber  is  the  only  one  of  its  kind  open 
to  the  public. 

The  Chamber  is  built  parallel  to  Tay- 
lor Creek,  half-in  and  half-out  of  the 
ground  so  that  visitors  may  look  into 
the  "profile"  of  a  live  mountain  stream. 
A  33-foot  expanse  of  windows  with  21/2- 
inch-thick  glass  allows  viewers  to  see 
numerous  types  of  aquatic  life  in  their 
natural  habitat.  Inside  the  Chamber,  ex- 
hibits and  displays  help  visitors  identify 
the  fish  and  understand  other  features 
of  life  in  the  stream. 

Of  particular  interest  are  the  Kokanee 
Salmon.  During  the  fall  spawning  season 
tens  of  thousands  of  these  fish,  turned 
a  brilliant  red,  invade  Taylor  Creek  in 
an  instinctive  run  upstream  to  lay  their 
eggs  and  then  to  die.  The  Stream  Profile 
Chamber  provides  a  spectacular  view  of 
the  spawning  run.  Various  types  of  trout 
are  also  a  popular  sight. 

Taylor  Creek  is  itself  unique.  Al- 
though some  63  tributaries  empty  into 
Lake  Tahoe,  almost  90  percent  of  the 
stream  spawning  by  various  species  of 
fish  in  the  Tahoe  Basin  takes  place  in 
Taylor  Creek.  This  is  partially  because 
of  Forest  Service  management  of  the 
stream  flow:  Water  is  stored  behind  a 
dam,  and  released  as  needed  to  main- 
tain the  optimum  flow  to  suit  the  needs 
for  spawning. 

New  Discovery  By 

A  team  of  USDA  and  Oregon  Agri- 
cultural Experiment  Station  scientists 
has  discovered  a  mycoplasma  in  plants 
closely  related  to  similar  micro- 
organisms found  in  animals.  It  is  the 
first  such  organism  to  be  isolated  and 
grown  in  artificial  media. 

Dr.  Richard  O.  Harnvtoji,  Agricultural 
Research  Service  plant  pathologist,  dis- 
covered the  new  mycoplasma  and  de- 
veloped techniques  for  isolating  and 
purifying  it. 

Dr.  Thomas  C.  Allen,  Oregon  State 
University  plant  pathologist,  and  Dr. 
James  O.  Stevens,  OSU  veterinarian,  de- 
veloped new  methods  for  characterizing 
and  producing  the  mycoplasma  and  for 
establishing  its  close  relationship  witli 
others  infectious  to  animals. 

Mycoplasmas  are  associated  with  a 
number  of  human  diseases  including 
leukemia,  arthritis,  and  pneumonia. 


This  year  marks  the  iSOtli  anni- 
versary of  the  ollicial  L'..S.  .Stand- 
ards for  Grades  of  Hiilter.  These 
slan«hirds  <leterniiiie  tlie  (|uality  of 
tlie  proiluet  and  are  an  important 
sli(»p|)er*s  aid. 

Last  year  ahout  65  percent  of  all 
hutler  sold  in  this  country  \»as  olli- 
eiall_%  j-ratled  by  the  Dairy  l)i\i»ion 
of  the  Consnnier  and  Market  in;: 
.Ser\  ice. 


Farmers  in  3.061  counties  throughout 
the  Nation  will  vote  during  the  last  half 
of  September  for  more  than  131.000  Ag- 
ricultural Stabilization  and  Conserva- 
tion county  and  community  committee- 
men and  alternates. 

These  farmer-elected  committees  are 
the  local  administrators  of  Agricultural 
Stabilization  and  Conservation  Service 
farm  programs,  such  as  acreage  allot- 
ments, marketing  quotas,  and  crop  price 

A  minimum  of  3,061  regular  ASC 
county  committeemen  will  be  elected, 
plus  6,122  alternates  to  serve  when  reg- 
ular members  cannot  attend  or  a  va- 
cancy occurs.  One  regular  member  of 
each  ASC  county  committee  is  elected 
annually  to  serve  a  3-year  term.  Farmei-s 
in  counties  where  vacancies  have  oc- 
curred will  elect  additional  committee- 
men to  serve  out  the  vacancies.  Alter- 
nates are  elected  for  1-year  terms. 

A  total  of  121,965  community  com- 
mitteemen and  alternates  will  also  be 
elected.  Of  these,  73,179  will  be  regular 
members,  48,786  will  be  alternates.  All 
community  committeemen  and  alter- 
nates are  elected  for  1-year  terms. 

The  unique  system  of  elected  ASC 
committeemen  provides  direct  represen- 
tation of  farmers  in  administration  of 
farm  programs  and  helps  keep  ASCS 
close  to  the  "grassroots." 

VISITORS  TO  THE  Ro  ibow 
Pool  Taylor  Creek  Stream 
Profile  Chamber  learn 
about  life  in  a  mountai. 
strean.  As  they  listen  to  c  • 
alogue  through  earphones, 
they  can  view  trout,  sal- 
mon, and  other  aquatic  life 
through  windows  built  be- 
low the  stream  level  The 
creek  bed  can  be  seen 
sloping  from  right  to  center 
in   the   photograph. 


DR.  IVAN  A.  W  OLFF,  A^iricultnral  Re- 
search .Ser\ice  scientist,  recently  was 
named  director  of  the  Eastern  Utilization 
Research  anti  Development  Diviyion  in 
I'hiladelphia.  Pa.  The  ELRDD  is  one  of 
live  AR.S  centers  where  research  is  carried 
on  to  find  new  and  improved  uses  for 
a^iricultural  jjrodiicts. 

For  the  past  28  years,  Dr.  \S  olfl" 
lias  conducted  chemical  research  for 
AR.S  at  the  IVoria,  III.,  laboratory.  His 
early  research  letl  to  the  preparation 
of  cellophane-like  films  from  special 

Since  19.16,  he  has  been  in  char;;e  of 
stndies  to  exploit  the  indnslrial  potential 
of  many  plants. 

The  appointment  of  CL.\RE.\(^E  A. 
ANDER.SON,  Salt  Lake  City,  Utah,  as 
■Stale  director  of  the  Farmers  Home  .Ad- 
ministration for  Utah  was  recently  au- 
in)unced   by   .Secretary   Hardin. 

-Anderson  served  as  FHA's  Utah  State 
director  from  1951  to  1961  when  he  be- 
came a  credit  examiner  for  a  Salt  Lake 
Uily  banking;  institution. 

.Secretary  Hardin  rect-ntly  announced 
the  following;  appointments  of  a^iricid- 
tural   attaches    and    olllcers: 

NMLLLAM  VON  SEGGERN,  former  au- 
ricultiiral  altaciic  to  .Ankara.  Turkey,  and 
consultant  to  the  A;;ency  for  Intern;ilional 
Development  in  W  ashin;;ton.  D.C..  and 
Djakarta,  Indonesia,  as  a;;ricultural  at- 
taclx'  to  Thailand : 

JAMES  C.  FRINK.  assistant  a;;ricnl- 
lural  attache  to  Tok><>.  Japan.  «ince  1964, 
as  agricultural  attache   to  (Greece: 

HARLAN  J,  1)1  KKS.  head  of  the  coni- 
niodity  analysis  Ijrandi  of  the  Li>estock 
and  Meat  Products  Division  of  the  For- 
ei;:n  Agriculture  .Serxice  since  1966,  as 
a^iricullural  atla<hc  to  Denmark.  Dirks 
will  ha\e  reportini;  responsibility  lor  both 
D«'nmark   and   Nor\»a>: 

RADO  J.  KINZIU  HER.  a::ricultural  al- 
tac-Iie  in;os.  Nigeria,  since  19<>,5.  as 
aiiriciiitiiral  ollicer  at  the  American  (Con- 
sulate, Handiuru,  (ierniau>.  x\here  he  xiill 
be  assistant  to  the  auricidtiiral  attache  in 



A  color  slide  set  now  available  from 
the  USDA  Office  of  Information  tells 
how  research,  particularly  that  of  the 
Department  of  Agriculture,  is  helping 
to  keep^ --America  beautiful.  It  explains 
h'AV  Agricultural  Research  Service  sci- 
entists are  developing  new  plants  capa- 
ble of  living  with  today's  difficult  grow- 
ing conditions  (such  as  auto  fumes  and 
heavy  ravement)  ;  how  the  scientists  are 
bringing  ornamentals  into  the  country 
for  propagation  and  distribution;  and 
how  ARS  personnel  are  guarding  the 
Nation's  borders  against  agricultural 

The  slide  set,  "Science  and  America's 
Beauty,"  is  one  of  a  series  of  three  pro- 

duced by  ARS  on  agricultural  science. 

These  presentations  are  helpful  to 
USDA  people  and  others  who  have  been 
asked  to  talk  about  Department  activ- 
ities before  State,  county,  or  even  com- 
munity groups.  The  sets  can  be  ordered 
from  the  Office  of  Information,  U.S.  De- 
partment of  Agriculture,  Washington, 
D.C.  20250.  They  cost  $8  apiece  and  each 
is  accompanied  by  two  copies  of  the 
illustrated  narrative  guide  or  lecture 

All  three  are  also  available  as  film- 
strips  for  $5.50  each  from  the  Photo  Lab. 
Inc.,  3825  Georgia  Avenue  NW.,  Wash- 
ington, D.C. 20011. 

The  slide  set  series  are  described  at 

Nutrition  Aides  Work  With  Homemakers 

Giving  a  cooking  demonstration  for 
a  homemaker  who  had  no  skillet  or  serv- 
ing dish  was  a  recent  project  of  a  nu- 
trition aide  working  with  the  Extension 
Service.  The  aide  reported  that  a  skillet 
and  a  dish  were  borrowed  from  the 
homemaker's  neighbor,  and  "The  cook- 
ing turned  out  pretty  good  except  the 
food  didn't  brown  because  the  home- 
maker's  oven  would  only  heat  up  to  225 

The  nutrition  aide  is  one  of  nearly 
5,000  such  aides  in  Extension's  expanded 
food  and  nutrition  education  program. 
Extension  began  hiring  and  training  the 
nonprofessional  aides  in  January  1969, 
recruiting  them  from  the  neighborhoods 
in  which  they  would  work.  By  July  1 
they  were  reaching  almost  200,000  low- 
income  families  in  selected  areas  of  the 
50  States,  Puerto  Rico,  the  Virgin  Is- 
lands, and  the  District  of  Columbia. 

An  important  part  of  the  nutrition 
aides'  work  is  helping  families  stretch 
their  food  dollar.  One  aide  reported  a 
family  with  whom  she  worked  bought 
expensive  specialty  foods  at  the  first  of 
the  month  and  were  hungry  enough  to 
beg  by  the  third  week.  She  helped  them 
make  a  food  shopping  list,  accompanied 
them  to  the  store,  and  helped  select  the 
staple  foods  first.  She  later  reported  that 
the  father  of  the  family  was  elated  when 
he  discovered  that  they  had  plenty  to 
eat  at  the  end  of  the  month. 

Another  important  job  of  the  aides 
is  to  help  families  make  the  best  use 
of  the  foods  they  receive  through  the 
USDA  Commodity  Distribution  Pro- 
gram. One  mother  was  in  despair  be- 
cause her  baby  did  not  like  the  powdered 
milk.  An  aide  discovered  the  mother  was 

trying  to  feed  the  child  the  milk  still 
in  powdered  form. 

Aides  in  one  urban  area  put  a  new 
twist  to  the  old  method  of  cooking 
school.  The  aides  visit  homemakers  to 
invite  them  to  attend  cooking  demon- 
strations dealing  entirely  with  foods  re- 
ceived through  the  Commodity  Distribu- 
tion Program.  The  homemakers  watch 
foods  prepared  and  then  take  the  recipes 
home  to  try. 

Through  home  visits  and  personal 
contact  with  homemakers,  the  nutrition 
aides  are  bringing  food  and  nutrition 
education  where  it  is  most  needed.  A 
typical  comment  that  the  aides  hear  is, 
"How  wonderful  that  someone  cares 
enough  to  send  you  to  our  door." 


GEORGE  H.  FOSTER,  a  firain  investi- 
jjiations  leader  for  llie  .Af:rii-iilliiral  Re- 
*car<-h  .Service".-*  Transportation  and 
Facilities  Research  Division,  Purdue  Uni- 
versity, Lafayette,  Ind.,  was  recently 
honored  by  the  .American  Society  of  -Agri- 
cultural Engineers  as  an  AS.AE  Paper 
-Vward  winner. 

Foster's  paper,  co-authort'd  by  Thonia.s 
L.  Thompson  and  l{.  .'\I.  Peart,  was  one 
of  eight  selected  by  .A.S.AE  for  awards. 
Over  300  papers  were  evaluated. 

DR.  H.  M.  CATHEY,  leader  of  orna- 
mental investigations  for  the  .Agricultural 
Research  .Service,  was  recently  i>resented 
the  1969  Norman  Jay  C^olnian  -Award  by 
the  -American  -Association  of  Nurserymen. 
The  annual  award,  whi<-ii  is  named  for 
the  first  .Secretary  of  -Agriculture,  is  given 
for  "outstantling  contributions  to  horti- 
cultural researcii." 

frames.  Tells  what  agricultural  science  is  doing 
to  Keep  America  Beautiful — from  plant  explora- 
tion around  the  world  to  scientific  research  at 

frames.  Of  increasing  interest,  this  program 
shows  how  science  is  helping  to  produce  more 
food  in  the  world. 

VIRONMENT, C-140,  49  frames.  Science  is 
finding  new  ways  to  cope  with  problems  de- 
veloping out  of  increased  population  and  in- 
dustrialization. Pollution  of  air  and  water  and 
new  ways  to  protect  land  for  both  conservation 
and  beautification  are  among  subjects  dis- 


In  July,  R.  L.  Beukenkamp,  Foreign 
Agricultural  Service  coordinator, 
coached  the  Washington-Lee  High 
School  rowing  crew  (four  with  coxswain) 
to  victory  in  the  U.S.  Youth  Champion- 
ship in  Buffalo,  N.Y.  His  son,  Felix,  is  a 
member  of  the  crew. 

The  Arlington,  Va.,  crew  also  competed 
last  month  in  the  Youth  World  Regatta 
in  Naples,  Italy,  finishing  sixth. 


SEPTEMBER  25,    19G9   Voi.  XXVIII   No.   20 


USDA  is  pubUshed  fortnightly  for  distribution  to  employees  only,  by  direction  of  the  Secre- 
tary of  Agriculture,  as  containing  administrative  information  required  for  the  proper  transac- 
tion of  the  public  business.  Retirees  who  write  to  the  Editor  requesting  it  may  continue  to 
get  USDA.  Please  write  instead  of  phoning  whenever  possible:  for  rush  orders,  call  Ext.  2058, 
Mrs.  Lillie  Vincent,  Editor  of  USDA.  INF,  Department  of  Agriculture.  Washington,  D.C.  20250. 

c43 — 303-123  U.S.  government  printing  orFlcc 

UUjJ.O     WW 


VOL,  XXVIII  NO.  21 
OCTOBER  9.  1969 

Handcrafts  Featured 
At  Co-op  Month  Event 

Fascinated  visitors  are  crowding  tlie 
exhibit  area  to  watch  Richard  Schnacke 
whittle  a  whimmy  diddle  and  James 
Kilraine  decorate  pysanki  eggs. 

Schnacke,  from  Proctor,  W.  Va.,  and 
Kilraine,  from  Branchdale,  Pa.,  are 
among  the  craftsmen  featured  at  the 
1969  Co-op  Month  Crafts  Exhibition  in 
the  Patio  of  the  USDA  Administration 
Building,  Washington,  D.C.,  during  the 
October  Co-op  Month  celebration. 

The  two  men,  along  with  the  weavers, 
tinsmiths,  rug  makers,  potters,  wood- 
carvers,  glassblowers,  quilters  and  other 
craftsmen  participating  in  the  month- 
long  exhibition,  are  preserving  handcraft 
skills  that  are  part  of  the  American  heri- 
tage. All  the  articles  on  display  are  the 
work  of  members  of  craft  guilds  or  co- 
operatives representing  30  States. 

A  WHIMMY  DIDDLE,  g  tay 
popular  with  children  for 
more  than  100  years,  is 
one  of  the  articles  made  by 
Richard  Schnacke,  a  folk 
toy  maker  from  West  Vir- 
ginia, at  the  3d  Annual 
Co-op  Month  Craft  Exhibi-  -,._^_-^  _, 
tion.  The  propeller  at  trte-'--'— =-*  '"5^^*'^ 
end    of   the    notched    stick  .-!■•. 

whirls  around  when  a 
second  stick  is  run  along 
the  notches. 

Each  year  these  exhibits  have  drawn 
tourists,  crafts  "buffs,"  scout  troops, 
women's  clubs.  Last  year  65,000  visitors 
toured  the  crafts  and  cooperative 

The  workers  at  the  exhibition  are 
sponsored  on  the  Washington  trip  by 
farming  supply,  processing,  marketing, 
and  rural  electric  cooperatives  in  their 
home  areas. 

In  addition  to  the  crafts,  graphic  dis- 
plays tell  Patio  visitors  the  story  of  co- 
operatives. How  much  these  associations 
have  done  to  improve  the  quality  of  life 
for  rural  Americans  is  recounted  through 
stories  of  the  people  who  make  coopera- 
tive progress  so  successful. 

Cooperatives  of  all  types,  now  serving 
one-third  of  the  families  in  America, 
observe  October  as  their  special  month. 
Governors  in  most  States  have  issued 
proclamations  and  nationwide  celebra- 
tions are  scheduled  throughout  the 

JAMES  KILRAINE,  Branchdale,  Pa.,  displays  his  skill  at  decorating  pysanki  eggs  at  the  Co-op  Month 
Crafts  Exhibition  in  Washington,  D.C.  Looking  on  is  Marta  Procinsky,  Hyattsville,  Md.,  wearing  a  cos- 
tume from  the  Ukraine,  where  the  art  of  pysanki  eggs  originated.  The  eggs  are  usually  decorated  for 
the  season  of  Lent.  Also  on  the  table  are  Ukrainian  ceramics  made  by  Kilraine. 

FHA  Holds  Major  Meetings 

Solutions  to  the  credit  problems  of 
small  rural  communities  and  family 
farmers  were  discussed  at  two  major 
program  meetings  held  by  the  Farmers 
Home  Administration  in  mid-September. 

James  V.  Smith,  FHA  Administrator, 
presided  over  the  two  2-day  workshop 
sessions,  held  in  Minneapolis  and  Okla- 
homa City. 

Participants  were  key  FHA  personnel 
including  the  newly  appointed  State 

During  the  12  months  ending  June  30, 
FHA  advanced  $1.4  billion  in  loans  and 
grants  for  farm  ownership  and  operating 
expenses,  construction  of  rural  housing, 
and  development  of  rural  community 
facilities,  including  water  and  sewer 

MORE  TH.AN  80  percent  of  the  USD.4 
staff  buy  U.S.  Savings  Bonds. 

School  Lunch  Week 
Set  For  Oct.  12-18 

Since  1946  when  the  National  School 
Lunch  Act  was  enacted,  millions  of 
school-age  children  have  received  nu- 
tritious lunches  each  day. 

In  recognition  of  the  program's  vital 
role,  Congress,  in  1962,  designated  the 
7-day  period  beginning  with  the  second 
Sunday  in  October  each  year  as  National 
School  Lunch  Week.  This  year  it  is  Oc- 
tober 12-18. 

Through  Federal-State-local  coopera- 
tion, the  National  School  Lunch  Program 
has  become  the  largest  single  food  serv- 
ice industry  in  the  Nation — more  than  a 
billion-dollar-a-year  operation. 

Last  year  the  lunch  program  helped 
provide  noon  meals  to  about  19.9  million 
children  in  nearly  76,000  schools.  Almost 
3.4  billion  meals  were  served.  About  15 
percent  of  these  were  free  or  greatly 
reduced  in  price  for  children  whose 
parents  could  not  afford  the  regular  low 

Although  the  school  lunch  program 
will  be  featured  in  special  ceremonies 
and  activities  during  National  School 
Lunch  Week,  emphasis  will  also  be  placed 
on  other  child  nutrition  programs  such 
as  the  School  Breakfast  Prog»am.  the 
Special  Food  Service  Program  for  pre- 
school youngsters,  and  the  Special  Milk 
Program.  All  these  programs  are  admin- 
istered by  the  Food  and  Nutrition 

This  year  more  money  and  manpower 
than  ever  before  are  being  put  into  the 
programs — with  emphasis  on  reaching 
more  children  from  low-income  families. 
USDA  has  set  a  target  of  reaching  6.6 
million  neeily  -children  with  free  or  re- 
duced price  lunches.  This  is  the  esti- 
mated number  of  children  from  low- 
income  areas  considered  in  need  of  better 
nutrition  through  school  programs. 


DR.  ROBERT  J.  ANDERSON,  asso<  iale 
admini:;trator  of  the  Agricultural  Re- 
search Service,  was  recently  named  re- 
cipient of  the  -American  Veterinary  Medi- 
cal Association's  first  public  service  award. 
The  award  recognizes  outstanding  service 
or  contributions  to  public  health  and  regu- 
latory veterinary  medicine. 

Anderson,  a  USD.\  veterinarian  since 
1935,  was  cited  for  his  work  in  the  success- 
ful campaign  to  eradicate  foot-and-mouth 
disease  in  Mexico  and  to  update  interna- 
tional quarantine  procedures  against  this 
and  other  animal  diseases.  He  was  instru- 
mental in  modernizing  the  national  bru- 
cellosis, tuberculosis,  scabies,  and  tick 
programs  and  lias  been  responsible  for 
advancing  salmonella  control  programs 
and  interagency  review  of  pesticide  usage. 

As  chairman  of  Secretary  Hardin's  com- 

AFTER  ADMINISTERING  the  oath  of  office  to  five  members  of  the  Advisory  Board  of  the  Commodity 
Credit  Corporation,  Secretary  Hardin  and  other  top  USDA  officials  look  over  a  Presidential  Commis- 
sion. Board  members,  whose  appointments  were  announced  by  President  Nixon  in  August,  are  from 
le.'t:  Robert  D.  Livingston,  Sacramento,  Calif.;  Dr.  Robert  R.  Spitzer,  Burlington,  Wis.;  John  Gammon, 
Marion,  Ark.;  Rufus  Adams,  Jackson,  Ga.;  and  Milton  L.  Morrison.  Salina,  Kans.  Livingston  was  re- 
appointed, having  been  first  appointed  in  1968.  With  Secretary  Hardin  are  Undersecretary  J.  Phil 
Campbell  and  Assistant  Secretary  Clarence  D.  Palmby.  CCC  approves  and  finances  price  support  and 
related  activities.  The  Advisory  Board  meets  at  least  every  90  days  to  study  general  policies  of  the 

Scientific  Report:  Moon  Is  Moon,  That  s  All 

Moon  dust  doesn't  hurt  earth  plants. 
It  may  even  help  them. 

Dr.  Charles  H.  Walkinshaw,  plant 
pathologist  with  the  Southern  Forest 
Experiment  Station,  New  Orleans,  La., 
reported  this  and  other  findings  of  the 
first  comprehensive  botanical  tests  avail- 
able from  the  Apollo  11  mission. 

Dr.  Walkinshaw  is  the  Forest  Service 
leader  of  a  team  of  scientists  evaluating 
effects  of  lunar  materials  on  more  than 
30  species  of  plants.  The  work  is  done  at 
the  quarantine  facilities  of  the  Lunar 
Receiving  Laboratory  of  NASA's  manned 
spacecraft  center,  Houston,  Tex. 

Four  sets  of  each  species  of  plants  were 
used  for  the  tests.  The  first  set  received 
no  treatment.  The  second  was  treated 
with  sterilized  earth  materials,  the  third 
with  sterilized  lunar  rock,  and  the  fourth 
with  unsterilized  lunar  rock. 

Some  plants,  tobacco  for  example, 
grew  best  and  were  greenest  when 
sprinkled  with  unsterilized  lunar  rock 
powder.  Uniformly,  plants  treated  with 

sterilized  lunar  rock  did  less  well  than 
those  treated  with  unsterilized  rock. 

Dr.  Walkinshaw  said  fern  was  es- 
pecially interesting  because  its  spores 
grew  best  on  lunar  material.  Lettuce  also 
grew  vigorously  in  the  presence  of  moon 
rock.  The  growth  of  algae  and  longleaf 
pine,  however,  was  inhibited  initially. 

Seedlings  of  higher  plants,  such  as 
tomato,  bean,  and  wheat,  survived  well 
after  treatment  with  lunar  materials.  In 
fact,  some  grew  better  and  were  healthier 
than  untreated  seedlings.  Microbes  were 
not  detected  in  the  pulverized  moon  rock 
used  on  the  plants. 

"Plants  cannot  grow  in  moon  dust 
alone  because  it  lacks  sufficient  nutrients. 
However,  with  the  proper  nutrients 
added,  it  would  serve  as  a  good  medium," 
Dr.  Walkinshaw  reported.  The  moon  soil 
has  a  high  titanium  content,  is  low  in 
potassium  and  sodium,  and  appears  to 
lack  organic  matter.  "It  is  unlike  any- 
thing else  we  knew  about.  Moon  is  moon, 
that's  all." 

mittee  on  hog  cholera  since  its  inception, 

.Anderson  has  guided  the  program  to  where 

the  disease  should  be  eradicated  by  1972. 

LLOYD  L.  HARROLD,  Soil  and  Water 

Conservation  Research  Division,  .Agricul- 
tural Research  .Service,  Coshocton.  Ohio, 
was  recently  elected  a  Fellow  in  the  Ameri- 
can Society  of  Agricultural  Engineers. 


Early  one  Sunday  morning  last  April, 
the  Soil  Conservation  Service  technician 
from  Kealakekua,  Hawaii,  drove  to  re- 
mote Hookena  Beach  for  a  quiet  day  of 
spearfishing  and  swimming  with  his  two 

Instead,  Kwong  Sin  Paik  spent  his 
"quiet  day"  in  a  battle  with  heavy  surf 
to  rescue  two  boys  from  drowning. 

Paik  and  his  daughters  were  just  arriv- 
ing at  the  beach  when  a  runner  appeared, 
shouting  that  three  fishermen  had  been 
swept  offshore  by  a  large  wave  up  the 
beach  at  Lae  Alamo  Point.  No  telephones 
were  nearby  so  Paik  sent  his  daughters 
for  help  while  he  and  the  runner  drove 
to  the  Point,  a  volcanic  bluff  rising  20 
feet  above  crashing  breakers  and  half- 
submerged  rocks.  In  recent  years,  nine 
persons  have  perished  off  the  Point. 

The  final  half-mile  to  the  scenic  but 
treacherous  site  is  inaccessible  by  car 
and  rugged  lava  beds  make  walking 
painfully  difficult.  When  Paik  could 
drive  no  nearer,  he  ran  barefoot  across 
these  lava  beds  to  reach  the  Point. 

Bystanders  had  gathered  onshore,  but 
none  had  braved  the  big  waves  which 
had  carried  Thomas  Okuna,  his  9-year- 
old  son  Neal,  and  another  man,  Lorenzo 
Pahec,  offshore.  Near  the  big  rocks,  Paik 
could  see  the  boy  bobbing  face  down  in 
the  surf  and  presumed  he  was  dead. 

"Then,"  Paik  related,  "and  this  is  the 
strange  part— I  thought  I  heard  a  sound. 
I  don't  know  if  I  really  heard  it  or 
not  .  .  .  but  I  suddenly  decided  that  the 
boy  might  be  alive." 

Paik  had  brought  along  an  auto  inner- 
tube  that  he  used  for  fishing.  Accom- 
panied by  16-year-old  Joseph  Kanada, 
he  leaped  into  the  surf  to  get  the  Okuna 
boy.  They  reached  young  Neal,  placed 
him  across  the  makeshift  preserver,  and 
moved  him  away  from  the  dangerous 
rocks.  Paik  administered  artificial  res- 
piration until  the  boy  began  coughing. 

Paik  left  the  two  boys  clinging  to  the 
innertube  to  search  for  the  two  men. 
By  noon,  it  was  apparent  the  boys 
could  not  last  much  longer,  and  as  yet 
no  boat  had  been  launched  to  pick  them 
up.  So  pushing  the  unconscious  boy 
lying  across  the  innertube  and  towing 
the  exhausted  Joseph,  Paik  began  a  tor- 
turous swim  against  strong  outward  cur- 
rents. Two  hours  later,  when  a  boat 
finally  arrived,  the  trio  had  traveled 
almost  a  mile — nearly  to  Hookena  Beach 
where  the  episode  began. 

Assured  that  both  boys  were  safe,  Paik 
swam  back  to  the  Point  with  three  others 
to  look  for  Neal's  father.  (Pahec  had 
managed  to  scramble  ashore  unhurt.) 
Paik  led  the  unsuccessful  search  for  4 
hours  until  halted  by  dusk.  Next  day. 

technician  from  Kealake- 
kua, Hawaii,  visits  Lae 
Mamo  Point,  scene  of  a 
dramatic  rescue  which 
earned  him  the  Carnegie 
Hero  Medal. 

scuba  divers  found  the  body  in  a  lava 
cave  that  had  been  covered  by  Sunday's 
high  tides. 

On  September  22,  Paik  received  the 
Carnegie  Hero  Award — a  bronze  medal 
and  $750 — for  his  actions.  The  Andrew 
Carnegie  Hero  Award,  founded  by  the 
famed  industrialist  and  philanthropist 
in  1904,  honors  persons  who  voluntarily 
risk  their  lives  to  an  extraordinary  de- 
gree in  saving,  or  attempting  to  save, 
another  person,  or  sacrifice  themselves 
in  a  heroic  manner  for  the  benefit  of 

Among  those  praising  Paik's  actions 
was  SCS  Administrator  Kenneth  E. 
Grant,  who  wrote  him:  "I  want  to  con- 

gratulate you  on  your  actions  under  ex- 
tremely difficult  circumstances  in  this 
rescue  effort  ...  It  is  certainly  in  the 
finest  tradition  that  you  willingly  placed 
your  own  life  in  extreme  jeopardy  in 
bringing  off  the  successful  rescue  of 
these  two  individuals." 

An  SCS  supervisor  said  Paik,  who  is 
47,  was  in  excellent  physical  condition 
and  was  not  bothered  at  all  by  the  exer- 
tions of  the  rescue.  "He  came  to  work 
Monday  morning,  and  said  nothing  of 
the  previous  day's  adventure.  It  was  not 
found  out  by  his  coworkers  until  the 
newspapers  came  out." 

It  was  Paik's  third  successful  rescue  of 
drowning  victims. 


Potato-Cheese  Bake,  Chicken  With 
Tomatoes,  and  Peanut  Butter  Quick 
Bread  were  acclaimed  the  most  popular 
dishes  at  a  recent  "Taste  In"  for  low- 
income  homemakers  in  New  York  City. 
The  dishes,  as  well  as  15  other  mouth- 
watering selections  available  for  tasting, 
were  all  made  from  foods  provided 
through  USDA's  Commodity  Distribu- 
tion Program. 

The  "Taste  In"  was  planned  by  the 
health  guides  from  Riverside  Health 
Center  in  Manhattan. 

The  health  guides,  themselves  home- 
makers  in  the  community,  are  hired  and 
trained  by  the  New  York  City  Health 
Department  to  provide  a  link  between 
the  community  health  services  and  prob- 
lem households.  Through  home  visits 
and  group  meetings,  they  give  counsel- 
ing on  food,  nutrition,  consumer  buying, 
health  and  health-related  services,  and 
other  subjects  related  to  daily  life  prob- 
lems of  the  needy.  Some  88  guides  are 
assigned  to  health  centers  in  11  of  the 
city's  neediest  districts. 

With  more  than  350,000  people  in  New 
York  City  receiving  food  aid  under  the 

Commodity  Distribution  Program,  one  of 
the  guides'  important  tasks  is  helping 
low-income  homemakers  learn  to  use 
donated  foods  to  the  best  advantage. 

The  "Taste  In"  was  an  outgrowth  of 
cooking  demonstrations  given  by  the 
guides  for  individual  homemakers  and 
before  groups  at  community  schools  and 
the  health  centers.  The  success  of  the 
"Taste  In"  has  encouraged  similar  pro- 
grams at  other  city  health  centers  and 
around  the  country. 

The  health  guides  have  also  compiled 
an  attractive  booklet  of  recipes  called 
"Tasty  Dishes  Using  USDA  Foods." 

Meanwhile  .  .  .  Back  At  The  Ranch 

The  University  of  Arizona  Agricul- 
tural Extension  Service  recently  re- 
leased the  results  of  an  informal  sur- 
vey of  500  4-H  youngsters  that  showed: 
Most  do  not  live  on  farms  anymore:  none 
had  ever  driven  a  binder  or  hoed  corn: 
only  13  of  the  group  had  pitched  hay; 
and  only  two  had  plowed  with  horses. 


seated,  Administrator  of 
the  Agricultural  Stabiliza- 
tion and  Conservation  Serv- 
ice, discusses  the  1969 
ASC  Community  Commit- 
tee elections  with  four  of 
the  six  Negro  farmers  re- 
cently named  by  Secretary 
Hardin  to  serve  as  ASC 
State  Committeemen.  They 
are,  from  left:  George  W. 
Spears,  Mound  Bayou, 
Miss.;  Claude  C.  Kennedy, 
Jr.,  Marianna,  Ark.;  Law- 
rence G.  Davis,  Decatur, 
Ala.;  and  Earl  A.  Roque, 
Natchez,  La.  Not  shown  are 
Marconi  C.  Smith,  Sander- 
ville,  Ga.,  and  Reuben  B. 
Jones,      Circleville,      Ohio. 

JR.,  Agricultural  Research 
Service  Administrator,  pre- 
sents the  ARS  Adminis- 
trator's Safety  Award  to 
Mrs.  Edna  Atkinson,  Safety 
Representative  of  the  Con- 
sumer and  Food  Econom- 
ics Research  Division,  as 
Dr.  Faith  Clark,  looks  on. 
Dr.  Irving  so  honored  17 
divisions  primarily  respon- 
sible for  making  1968  a 
record  year  for  safety  for 
ARS  employees.  The 
awards  were  in  conjunction 
with  a  2-day  seminar  for 
safety  representatives  of 
all  ARS  divisions  and 
major  installations. 

A  Forest  In  A  Nut  Shell 

Visitors  to  a  National  Forest  in  New 
Mexico  receive  an  unusual  welcome. 
They  are  greeted  by  a  bilingual  beaver. 

The  talented  little  fellow  invites  the 
visitors  to  tour  the  Beaver  National 
Forest  and  tells  them  about  the  forest 
resources.  He  explains  how  the  Forest 
Service  administers  the  National  Forests 
under  Multiple  Use  Management  and 
calls  attention  to  the  displays  demon- 
strating these  uses.  He  speaks  both  Eng- 
lish and  Spanish. 

The  chatty  beaver  is,  of  course,  man- 
made,  and  so  is  the  lV4-acre  Beaver 
National  Forest,  the  smallest  forest 
maintained  by  the  Forest  Service. 

Displays  at  the  tiny  forest  demon- 
strate graphically  with  living  plants  and 
models  of  people  and  animals,  the  use 
being  made  of  National  Forest  resources. 
Visitors  see  two  loggers  cutting  timber; 
a  family  camping  and  fishing  along  a 
live  stream;  cattle  and  sheep  grazing. 
The  most  prominent  feature  is  a  fire 
tower  manned  by  a  model  lookout. 

Nearby  an  expertly  designed  exhibit 
operated  by  the  Soil  Conservation  Serv- 
ice shows  the  effects  of  good  and  bad 
land  management. 

The  forest,  which  is  built  to  half- 
scale,  and  the  SCS  exhibit  dominate  the 
outdoor  area  of  the  Ghost  Ranch  Mu- 
seum near  Abiquiu,  N.  Mex.  The  mu- 
seum, built  in  1959  by  the  Charles 
Lathrop  Pack  Forestry  Foundation,  is  a 
nonprofit,  educational  exposition  of  nat- 
ural history  and  resource  conservation 
in  the  Southwest.  Exhibits  include  live 
animals  and  plants  of  the  area  and 
fossil  specimens  from  nearby  quarries. 

A  geological  display  features  tele- 
scopes focused  on  different  strata  of  the 
colorful  cliffs  which  serve  as  the  mu- 
seum's backdrop. 

The  attraction  has  proved  popular 
with  northern  New  Mexico  visitors.  The 
talking  beaver  has  welcomed  more  than 
a  million  people  to  his  "National  Forest 
in  a  nutshell." 

Can  You  Top  These? 

Although  not  actually  in  compe- 
tition with  each  other,  two  em- 
ployees of  the  Forest  Service 
Washington  Office  are  working  on 
what  may  well  be  a  Department 
record  for  earned  sick  leave  hours. 

As  of  September  6,  1969,  Arlene 
M.  Martin  had  2,298  hours  of 
earned  sick  leave  to  her  credit  and 
lona  I.  Shaw  had  2,259  hours. 

Miss  Martin,  secretary  to  the 
Director  of  Personnel,  Forest  Serv- 
ice, is  an  lowan  with  26  years  of 
Federal  Service.  She  has  been  in 
the  Division  of  Personnel  Manage- 
ment since  1947  and  worked  in  the 
Branch  of  Classification  until  1961. 

Miss  Shaw,  who  is  from  Mis- 
souri, is  statistical  assistant  in  the 
Division  of  Timber  Management. 
She  first  joined  the  Forest  Service 
in  1935  as  a  file  clerk  on  the  Mark 
Twain  National  Forest.  She  be- 
came secretary  to  the  Supervisor 
and  later  Resource  Clerk.  In  1953 
she  went  to  the  Shawnee  National 
Forest,  Illinois,  where  she  was  pay- 
roll and  personnel  clerk  until  her 
promotion  to  Washington.  Except 
for  occasional  dental  work,  she  has 
had  only  two  doctor  bills  in  her 
entire  life. 

The  editor  of  USDA  would  be 
happy  to  hear  from  anyone  in  the 
Department  who  can  top  these 
ladies'  hours  of  sick  leave  credit. 

ROY  LENNARTSON,  left.  Consumer  and  Mar- 
keting Service  Administrator,  congratulates 
Eddie  Kimbrell  of  the  C&MS  Livestock  Division, 
Washington,  D.C.,  on  receiving  a  Career  Edu- 
cation Award  from  the  National  Institute  of 
Public  Affairs.  Kimbrell  recently  returned  from 
a  year's  study  in  public  administration  and 
economics  at  Stanford  University. 

The    U.S.    produces    75    percent    of 



OCTOBER  9,   1969 


Vol,  XXVIII   No,  21 

USDA  is  published  fortnightly  for  distribution  to  employees  only,  by  direction  of  the  Secre- 
tary of  Agriculture,  as  containing  administrative  information  required  for  the  proper  transac- 
tion of  the  public  business.  Retirees  who  write  to  the  Editor  requesting  it  may  continue  to 
get  USDA.  Please  write  instead  of  phoning  whenever  possible;  for  rush  orders,  call  Ext.  2058. 
Mrs.  Lillie  Vincent,  Editor  of  USDA,  INF,  Department  of  Agriculture,  Washington,  D.C.  20250. 

c43— 364-115 



"-'    >Jn/i/VL,M 




VOL.  XXVIII  NO.  22 
OCTOBER  23,  1969 

Farm-City  Week 
Is  November  21-28 

President  Nixon  recently  designated 
the  week  of  November  21  through  No- 
vember 28,  1969,  as  National  Farm-City 

In  so  doing,  he  urged  all  Americans  to 
participate  in  the  observance  as  a  means 
of  better  understanding  the  significant 
interdependence  of  urban  and  rural 

The  President  pointed  out  that  as  our 
society  becomes  more  complex,  it  also 
grows  more  interdependent.  For 
example,  agriculture  serves  as  a  $50 
billion  customer  to  our  economy.  The 
marketing  and  processing  of  food  and 
fiber  provide  almost  5  million  non-farm 
jobs  and  a  $25  billion  annual  payroll.  At 
the  same  time,  technological  changes  on 
the  farm  have  so  increased  agricultural 
efficiency  that  record  production  has 
been  achieved  by  fewer  people.  Many 
rural  residents  have  therefore  migrated 
to  the  cities.  While  some  have  become 
productive  contributors  to  urban  society, 
many  others  have  been  unable  to  find 
new  economic  roles. 

President  Nixon  particularly  urged 
the  Department  of  Agriculture,  the 
land-grant  colleges  and  universities,  the 
Cooperative  Extension  Service,  and 
appropriate  organizations  to  carry  out 
programs  to  mark  National  Farm-City 

The  programs  should  emphasize: 

— The  development  of  better  under- 
standing and  effective  working  relation- 
ships between  farm  and  non-farm 
residents ; 

— The  scientific  and  technological 
advances  in  agriculture  and  their 
significance  for  the  lives  of  both  rural 
and  urban  dwellers; 

— The  need  to  plan  more  effectively 
how  to  use  our  land,  conserve  our 
natural  resources,  and  protect  the 
quality  of  our  environment; 

— The  im.portance  of  maintaining  and 
enhancing  the  social  and  economic 
health  of  farms  and  rural  commimities. 

— The  urgency  of  providing  oppor- 
tunities for  disadvantaged  people  in 
both  rural  and  urban  areas  to  partic- 
ipate more  fully  in  the  economic  life  of 
the  Nation. 


THE  FARM  POND  illustrates  the  multiple  benefits  offered  by  ACP  practices.  The  pond  provides  water 
for  livestock  and  wildlife;  helps  control  erosion,  stream  siltation,  and  flooding;  is  used  for  fishing 
and  boating;  and  adds  beauty. 

ACP  For  1970  Offers  Multiple  Benefits 

The  Agricultural  Conservation  Pro- 
gram for  1970  will  help  protect  the 
nation's  agricultural  resources  and  will 
contribute  directly  to  improving  the 
environment  of  all  Americans — rural, 
suburban,  and  urban. 

In  announcing  the  1970  ACP,  Secre- 
tary Hardin  emphasized  public  benefits 
as  well  as  conservation  assistance  to 

Major  features  of  the  1970  ACP 
demonstrate  this  concern,  according  to 
officials  of  Agricultural  Stabilization  and 
Conservation  Service,  the  agency  which 
administers  the  ACP.  These  features 

— Encouragement  of  enduring  con- 
servation practices. 

— Addition  of  basic  authority  for 
pollution  control  through  conservation 

— Maintenance  of  reserve  funds  by 
State  ASC  Committees  for  special  proj- 
ects with  total-community  benefits,  for 
beautification-conservation,  and  for  pol- 
lution control  through  conservation. 

— Provisions  encouraging  participa- 
tion by  low-income  farmers. 

Under  the  ACP  the  Federal  Govern- 

ment encourages  conservation  by 
sharing  with  farmers  and  ranchers  part 
of  the  cost  of  conservation  measures  on 
agricultural  lands.  Farmer  requests  for 
ACP  cost-sharing  are  made  to  the 
county  ASC  committees. 

A  principal  consideration  in  weighing 
requests  is  the  conservation  benefits 
which  will  accrue  in  the  public  interest. 
Farmers  and  ranchers  may  choose  con- 
servation practices  such  as  installation 
or  improvement  of  perennial  grass  lands, 
construction  of  farm  ponds  and  grassed 
waterways,  placement  of  trees  and 
shrubs  on  eroding  land,  or  stabilization 
of  streambanks. 

These  and  the  many  other  approved 
ACP  practices  directly  benefit  the  public. 
Ponds  and  reservoirs  help  prevent  flood- 
ing and  silting,  provide  wildlife  habitat, 
often  have  public  recreational  benefits. 
Trees  and  shrubs  which  beautify  the 
countryside,  also  keep  both  air  and  water 
cleaner  by  preventing  wind  and  water 
erosion  of  the  soil. 

Three  out  of  everv  5  acre*  of  COM- 
MERCI.AL  FOREST  L.\>D  in  Uie  United 
Slates  are  owned  by  private  citizens. 

MICHAEL  MASON  (right), 
programer  at  USDA's  Data 
Processing  Center,  Wash- 
ington, D.C.,  explains  the 
functions  of  a  computer 
disc  storage  device  to  a 
group  of  summer  aids. 
Looking  on  are:  (left  to 
right)  Mark  Riddle,  USDA 
Executive  Intern;  Bill  Henry, 
aid  co-ordinator  for  the 
Office  of  Management  Serv- 
ices; and  aids,  Leroy 
DeEastern,  Diane  McCully, 
Carroll  Warfield,  and  Mary 

REA  Loan  Covers 
A    Power  Desert ' 

A  loan  to  make  electricity  available 
in  the  last  great  "power  desert"  in  the 
continental  United  States,  was  recently 
approved  by  the  Rural  Electrification 
Administration.  The  location  is  a  12,800 
square  mile  area  of  east  central  Nevada 
and  west  central  Utah. 

The  $15.1  million  loan  will  enable  a 
new  rural  electric  cooperative,  Mt. 
Wheeler  Power,  Inc.,  Baker,  Nev.,  to 
bring  initial  central  station  electric 
service  to  1,161  farms  and  ranches  in 
the  vast  area. 

"This  is  rural  electrification  at  its 
best,  bringing  electric  service  to  widely 
scattered  farms,  ranches  and  rural 
homes,"  Secretary  Hardin  said  of  the 

About  90  percent  of  the  service  area 
of  the  new  electric  cooperative  is  in  four 
counties  in  east  central  Nevada;  about 
10  percent  is  in  three  counties  in  west 
central  Utah.  Consumer  density  in  the 
new  service  area  will  average  about  one 
consumer  to  the  mile  of  line.  The  av- 
erage of  all  rural  systems  financed  by 
REA  is  about  3.6  consumers  to  the  mile 
of  line. 

Under  the  loan  provisions,  Mt. 
Wheeler  Power  will  acquire  facilities  of 
the  Ely  Light  and  Power  Co.,  Ely,  Nev., 
which  include  196  miles  of  distribution 
line  serving  3,358  consumers  and  10 
miles  of  transmission  line.  These  lines 
will  be  extended  to  provide  service  to  93 
new  rural  consumers.  More  than  1,051 
miles  of  distribution  lines  will  be  built  to 
serve  some  1,068  new  consumers. 

Upon  completion  of  facilities,  the  Mt. 
Wheeler  cooperative  will  be  serving 
4,519  consumers  over  1,593  miles  of  line. 

LA  VELTON  DANIEL  works  on  a  project  at  the 
ARS  Stored-Product  Insects  Research  and 
Development  Laboratory,  Savannah,  Ga.,  where 
he  was  employed  during  the  summer. 


La  Velton  Daniel  of  Avera,  Ga., 
USDA's  Special  Merit  Award  recipient 
at  the  20th  International  Science  Fair, 
recently  completed  a  pleasant  and  prof- 
itable summer.  Daniel  accepted  summer 
employment  with  the  Agricultural  Re- 
search Service's  Stored-Product  Insects 
Research  and  Development  Laboratory 
in  Savannah,  Ga. 

Daniel  became  acquainted  with  the 
varied  research  projects  conducted  in 
stored-product  entomology.  His  assign- 
ment in  the  biology  section  provided  the 
opportunity  to  learn  insect-rearing 
methods  and  techniques  for  sampling 
insect  population.  This  training  pro- 
vided the  background  necessary  to 
participate  in  several  special  research 
problems  under  the  supervision  of  Drs. 
P.  T.  M.  Lum  and  R.  T.  Arbogast. 

An  honor  high  school  graduate  with 
an  exceptional  musical  talent  and  an 
avid    interest    in    biology,    Daniel    has 

USDA  Summer  Aids  Held 
A  Variety  of  Jobs 

Clerk-typist,  research  horticulturist, 
library  aide,  accounting  assistant,  sur- 
vey rodman — these  were  but  a  few  of 
the  jobs  handled  by  high  school  and 
college-age  students  employed  during 
the  past  summer  at  USDA. 

The  students,  from  ages  16  to  21,  were 
participants  in  the  Government-wide 
Summer  Aid  Program.  Almost  3,000 
young  people  worked  in  USDA  offices, 
laboratories,  and  other  sites  across  the 
Nation.  Some  500  were  located  in  the 
Washington,  D.C.,  area. 

Summer  jobs  at  USDA  introduces 
many  young  people  to  the  world  of  work 
and  awakens  their  interests  in  new 
fields.  The  jobs  encourage  them  to  con- 
tinue their  education,  and  provides  them 
with  some  of  the  money  needed  to  go  to 
school  in  the  fall  or  to  follow  goals  they 
have  set  for  themselves. 

Haunting  Statistics 

Are  small  towns  becoming  ghost 
towns?  No.  In  fact,  many  of  them  are 
growing  faster  than  the  national  rate 
in  terms  of  population,  according  to  the 
Economic   Research  Service. 

Nearly  three-fourths  of  the  nonmetro- 
politan  communities  with  2,500  to 
25,000  people  in  1950  racked  up  gains  by 
1960.  Their  overall  rate  of  population 
growth  was  21  percent,  higher  than  the 
Nation's  rate. 

Towns  with  2,500  to  5,000  residents 
grew  by  18  percent  on  the  average, 
equal  to  the  national  rate. 

Only  in  towns  with  less  than  500  resi- 
dents were  population  losses  more  com- 
mon than  population  gains.  Roughly 
three-fifths  of  those  places  saw  their 
numbers  dwindle  during  1950-60.  Even 
so,  they  registered  a  small  aggregate 
growth  because  the  gainers  gained  more 
people  than  the  losers  lost. 

Hungarians  Study  U.S.  Farming 

A  seven-member  delegation  of  Hun- 
garian agricultural  experts,  led  by  Dep- 
uty Minister  of  Agricultural  Istvan 
Gergely,  recently  spent  a  month  in  the 
United  States  to  observe  U.S.  agricul- 
tural methods. 

After  meeting  with  Assistant  Secre- 
tary Clarence  Pahnhy  and  other  Gov- 
ernment officials,  the  Hungarian  group 
visited  eight  States. 

chosen  to  make  science  his  vocation  and 
music  an  avocation.  He  entered  Hamp- 
ton Institute  in  Hampton,  Va.,  as  a 
biology  major. 

White  House  Conference 
To  Study  Nutrition  Needs 

The  White  House  Conference  on 
Food,  Nutrition,  and  Health,  called  by 
the  President,  will  take  a  hard  look  at 
the  nutritional  needs  of  the  American 
people.  The  Conference  will  take  a  spe- 
cial look  at  hunger  and  malnutrition 
among  the  poor. 

More  than  2.500  of  the  Nation's  lead- 
ing food  and  nutrition  experts,  as  well 
as  other  Americans,  will  be  invited  to 
the  Conference  in  Washington,  D.C., 
Dec.  2-4.  Educators,  scientists,  medical 
and  health  professionals,  representatives 
of  agriculture  and  the  food  industry,  and 
spokesmen  for  consumer  and  social  ac- 
tion groups  will  join  Federal,  State,  and 
local  government  officials  at  the  meet- 

In  advance  of  the  Conference,  these 
experts  have  begun  work  as  members  of 
panels  on  food  and  nutrition  studies. 
The  panels  will  report  their  recommen- 
dations to  the  full  Conference  in  De- 

Students  vs  Experts 

On  Nov.  3.  college  students  from 
around  the  Nation  will  match  wits  with 
experts  from  industry  and  Government. 
The  meeting  of  the  groups  will  differ 
greatly  from  some  of  the  more  recent 
campus  confrontations.  This  event  is 
the  Collegiate  Dairy  Products  Evalua- 
tion Contest  in  New  Orleans.  La. 

The  students,  most  of  whom  carry 
majors  in  dairy  and  food  science  fields, 
and  the  experts  will  judge  samples  of 
five  dairy  products — butter,  Cheddar 
cheese,  ice  cream,  cottage  cheese,  and 
milk.  The  students  who  come  closest  to 
matching  the  decisions  of  the  experts 
are  declared  winners. 

In  addition  to  individual  prizes,  team 
awards  are  granted,  usually  in  the  form 
of  fellowships  to  colleges  represented  by 
the  winning  teams. 

The  annual  affair,  first  held  in  1916, 
is  sponsored  by  the  American  Dairy  Sci- 
ence Association  and  the  Dairy  and 
Food  Industries  Supply  Association.  Its 
aim  is  to  attract  promising  college  stu- 
dents to  careers  in  the  dairy  and  food 

Contest  rules  provide  for  supervision 
by  the  Department  of  Agriculture.  Cur- 
rently, the  contest  superintendent  is 
Harold  E.  Meister,  Deputy  Director  of 
the  Dairy  Division,  Consumer  and  Mar- 
keting Service. 

USDA  has  recognized  the  value  of  the 
contest  as  a  means  of  improving  the 
quality  of  dairy  products  and  of  main- 
taining a  close  liaison  with  agricultural 

home  improvement  work- 
shop held  in  Washington, 
D.C.,  construct  a  smokeless 
mud  stove.  While  this  is  a 
crude  piece  of  equipment 
by  most  standards,  in  many 
developing  countries,  the 
stove  is  indeed  a  home 


How  would  you  like  a  refrigerator 
with  an  inside  temperature  only  10  de- 
grees cooler  than  the  temperature  in 
your  house? 

The  average  American  housewife 
would  say  "no  thanks".  But  to  home- 
makers  in  many  developing  countries, 
who  have  no  refrigeration — and  prob- 
ably no  electricity — such  a  device  would 
be  a  marvelous  thing. 

It's  really  quite  simple  to  make  one — 
you  construct  a  frame  from  scrap  lum- 
ber, put  in  a  couple  of  shelves,  and  cover 
the  whole  thing  with  burlap,  leaving  the 
ends  of  the  cloth  long  enough  to  dangle 
into  pans  of  water.  The  burlap,  acting  as 
a  wick,  soon  becomes  wet  all  over.  Evap- 
oration causes  the  interior  temperature 
of  the  "refrigerator"  to  drop  several 

On  the  grounds  of  the  National  4-H 
Center  in  Washington,  D.C.,  17  women 
from  12  countries  recently  spent  3  weeks 
learning  to  make  this  and  many  other 
home  improvement  items. 

The  course  was  planned  and  con- 
ducted by  the  Federal  Extension  Service 
in  cooperation  with  the  Foreign  Agricul- 
tural Service.  It  was  financed  by  five 
other  Government  agencies  and  private 
organizations  who  sponsored  the  par- 

Most  of  the  women  were  in  this  coun- 
try to  study  home  economics  and  related 
fields  at  U.S.  colleges  and  universities. 
Their  experiences  in  Washington  were 
designed  to  help  them  adapt  this  aca- 
demic information  to  conditions  in  their 
home  countries,  where  each  is  employed 
in  a  position  related  to  programs  for 
improving  family  living. 

In  most  of  the  countries,  women  of 
their  class  are  not  accustomed  to  work- 
ing with  their  hands  in  this  way.  But  in 
their  enthusiasm  to  learn,  this  was  a 
forgotten  matter. 

Their  unfamiliarity  with  tools  was  ap- 
parent. Mrs.  Jessie  Taylor,  the  instruc- 
tor, rushed  to  the  aid  of  one  partiripant 

who  was  busily  sawing  a  board  with  a 
hacksaw.  But  most  had  listened  care- 
fully to  classroom  instruction  and  pro- 
ceeded, if  not  skillfully,  at  least  with  the 
proper  tools. 

Mrs.  Taylor  understood  the  women's 
problems  well.  After  working  as  a  county 
Extension  home  agent  in  Arkansas  for 
18  years,  she  was  a  home  economics  ad- 
viser with  the  Agency  for  International 
Development  in  Nepal,  Pakistan,  and 
Nigeria  for  10  years. 

A  participant  from  India,  with  the 
help  of  a  woman  from  The  Netherlands, 
had  a  struggle  but  finally  succeeded  in 
splitting  a  large  sheet  of  asbestos  for 
the  oven  they  were  building.  The  large 
wooden  box,  lined  with  the  asbestos  for 
heat  retention  and  then  with  sheet 
metal  for  reflection,  was  designed  for 
use  with  any  kind  of  traditional  heat 
source,  such  as  charcoal  or  kerosene. 

Two  other  participants  constructed  a 
dishwashing  table — a  wooden  frame 
fitted  with  closely  spaced  dowels  on 
which  to  place  the  dishes  for  draining. 
The  builders  observed  that  in  their 
country,  bamboo  would  take  the  place  of 
the  wooden  dowels. 

After  classroom  training  in  giving 
demonstrations  and  in  making  and 
using  visual  aids,  each  woman  prepared 
and  presented  a  demonstration  appro- 
priate to  the  needs  of  her  country. 

Mrs.  Sarojani  K.  Dastur  of  India,  for 
example,  demonstrated  the  use  of  a 
high-protein  multipurpose  food  (MPF) 
developed  by  Indian  researchers  as  a 
diet  supplement. 

Not  all  of  the  problems  of  their  coun- 
tries can  be  solved  by  17  women;  but  the 
training  course  helped  them  adapt  their 
U.S.  college  coursework  to  the  situation 
back  home.  They  will  be  doing  their  best 
to  bring  their  countries  higher  standards 
of  health,  nutrition,  and  home  manage- 



People  who  want  to  plan  a  new 
kitchen,  bathroom,  or  family  workroom, 
buy  a  house,  or  have  other  interests  in 
house  construction  will  be  interested  in 
knowing  about  a  series  of  color  slide  sets 
and  filmstrips  the  Department  of  Agri- 
culture has  available. 

The  presentations,  which  were  pro- 
duced by  the  Federal  Extension  Serv- 
ice, can  be  bought  as  a  group  or  singly, 
and  each  comes  with  two  copies  of  a 
narrative  guide. 

The  slide  sets  can  be  purchased  from 
Photography  Division,  Office  of  Infor- 
mation, U.S.  Department  of  Agricul- 
ture, Washington,  D.C.  20250,  for  $8 
each.  Order  filmstrips  from  Photo  Lab, 
Inc.,  3825  Georgia  Avenue  NW.,  Wash- 
ington, D.C.  20011.  The  exception  to 
these  prices  is  "HEATING  AND  COOL- 
ING YOUR  HOME,"  which  costs  $9  as 
a  slide  set  and  $6.50  as  a  filmstrip. 

Here's  what  the  shows  are  about: 

HOME  KITCHENS,  47  frames,  tells 
how  kitchens  can  be  planned  for  attrac- 
tiveness, efficiency,  and  satisfaction. 

ROOM, 43  frames,  gives  the  results  of 
tests  made  with  different  homemakers 
and  puts  the  information  to  work  as  a 
challenge  to  the  home  which  has  sev- 
eral living  areas  but  little  working  space 
for  ironing,  sewing,  and  other  house- 

USDA  SLIDE  SETS  and  Filmstrips  tell  how  to  make  a  house  a  home. 

33  frames,  is  intended  to  familiarize 
prospective  homeowners  and  builders 
with  the  importance  of  adequate  foun- 
dations in  light  house  construction. 

frames,  shows  how  damage  from  high 
winds  of  cyclones,  hurricanes,  or  tor- 
nadoes can  be  minimized  by  improved 
construction  methods. 

FOR  YOUR  HOME,  42  frames,  dis- 
cusses a  wide  variety  of  materials  along 
with  some  features  of  installation, 
design,  and  cost  that  will  interest  home- 
owners and  builders. 

Sourdough  Horizons  Expand 

The  long  wait  may  be  nearly  over  for 
lovers  of  sourdough  French  bread.  Bi- 
ologist L.  Kline  and  microbiologist  T.  F. 
Sugihara,  both  with  the  Agricultural 
Research  Service's  Western  utilization 
research  laboratory,  Albany,  Calif.,  are 
"zeroing  in"  on  just  what  it  is  that  gives 
the  bread  its  unique  character. 

Countless  attempts  have  been  made  to 
bake  the  popular  bread  in  parts  of  the 
world  other  than  in  the  San  Francisco 
Bay  area.  But  for  more  than  100  years, 
this  location  has  been  the  only  place  the 
"real  McCoy"  was  made.  In  fact,  the 
bread  is  so  popular  with  San  Francisco 
visitors,  many  rate  it  ahead  of  the 
Golden  Gate  Bridge  as  a  tourist  attrac- 

According  to  the  researchers,  it  is 
more  than  how  the  San  Francisco  bak- 
ers handle  the  dough  that  makes  sour- 

dough unique.  Two  types  of  microor- 
ganisms appear  to  be  responsible  for 
sourdough — and  they  both  hold  sur- 
prises for  microbiologists. 

Yeast  ordinarily  used  to  cause  breads 
to  rise  cannot  tolerate  acetic  acid.  Sour- 
dough bread  is  highly  acidic,  however, 
and  at  least  half  of  the  acid  is  acetic 
acid.  But  sourdough  yeasts  live  under 
these  conditions. 

Even  more  unusual  than  the  yeast  are 
the  acid-producing  bacteria.  They  ap- 
pear to  have  a  combination  of  special 
nutritional  and  environmental  require- 
ments for  growth  and  do  not  seem  to 
fit  into  any  known  taxonomic  group. 

If  ARS  research  is  successful,  the 
tasty  sourdough  French  bread  could  be- 
come available  anywhere  bakers  want 
to  produce  it.  And  the  Golden  Gate 
Bridge  can  reclaim  its  preeminence. 

frames,  acquaints  present  and  future 
homemakers  with  a  fundamental  knowl- 
edge of  electricity  as  it  pertains  to 
normal  household  use,  stressing  ade- 
quate wiring,  fusing,  and  circuits. 

CARE,  49  frames,  stresses  three  major 
considerations  in  housing:  The  family's 
physical  housing  needs,  economic  fac- 
tors, and  esthetics  of  housing. 

HOME,  52  frames,  familiarizes  prospec- 
tive homeowners  and  builders  with  types 
of  heating  and  cooling  systems  available 
and  some  advantages  and  disadvantages 
of  each. 

FOR  YOUR  HOME,  43  frames,  helps 
you  choose  the  right  siding  for  your 
home  to  give  it  protection,  charm,  and 
other  qualities,  according  to  your  neigh- 
borhood and  pocketbook. 

HOME,  46  frames,  gives  good  ideas 
about  planning  bathrooms,  including 
layouts,  design,  and  equipment. 

OCTOBER- 1969 



OCTOBER  23,   1969        Vol,  XXVIII   No.  22 

USDA  is  published  fortnightly  for  distribution  to  employees  only,  by  direction  of  the  Secre- 
tary of  Agriculture,  as  containing  administrative  information  required  for  the  proper  transac- 
tion of  the  public  business.  Retirees  who  write  to  the  Editor  requesting  it  may  continue  to 
get  USDA.  Please  write  instead  of  phoning  whenever  possible;  for  rush  orders,  call  Ext.  2058, 
Mrs.  Lillie  Vincent,  Editor  of  USDA,  INF,  Department  of  Agriculture,  Washington,  D.C.  20250. 

c43— 365-569  U.S.  covernment  printing  office 




0  1970 


X^|irf,T^^F_    NOVEMBER  6,  1969 

Civil  Rights  Training  Program  Initiated 

Secretary  Hardin  recently  assembled 
USDA  agency  administrators  and  their 
deputies  to  initiate  his  civil  rights  train- 
ing program.  It  was  the  first  time  in 
memory  that  agency  heads  and  their 
deputies  met  together  for  an  entire  day 
to  focus  on  one  topic. 

The  Secretary  outlined  iiis  civil  rights 
policy  during  this  first  in  a  series  of 
civil  rights  training  sessions  to  be  held 
throughout  the  Department.  Those  as- 
sembled participated  in  a  question-and- 
answer  period  and  heard  talks  by 
Howard  University  Professor  Emeritus 
Rayford  W.  Logan  on  "Discrimination — 
Causes  and  Effect,"  and  by  Clemont  E. 
Vontress  of  George  Washington  Uni- 
versity on  "Understanding  and  Com- 
municating with  Minority  Groups." 

Several  USDA  officials,  Dr.  Logan,  Dr. 
Vontress,  C.  E.  Bishop  of  the  University 
of  North  Carolina,  and  E.  W.  Owens  of 
the  University  of  Minnesota  were  panel 
members  for  a  discussion  on  "Action 
Programs  in  Civil  Rights  for  USDA." 
Assistant  Secretary  for  Administration 
Joseph  M.  Robertson  summarized  the 
day's  program. 

New  Pesticide  Research  Tool 

At  the  Forest  Service  Pacific  South- 
west Forest  and  Range  Experiment  Sta- 
tion, Berkeley,  Calif.,  research  entomolo- 
gist Dick  Roberts  and  biologist  Marion 
Page  have  developed  a  3-D  picture  tech- 
nique to  aid  in  insecticide  research. 

Their  technique,  combining  a  laser 
and  a  camera  system,  is  part  of  a  project 
to  develop  new,  non-persistent  insecti- 
cides and  safer  methods  of  application. 
Using  laser  holography  the  researchers 
can  measure  tiny  spray  drops  as  they 
fall,  size  them  in  a  3 -dimensional  man- 
ner, and  study  their  rate  of  descent, 
impingement  on  the  insect,  and  even- 
tual evaporation. 

"The  technique  has  opened  up  a  whole 
new  world  to  us;  we  can  now  watch 
activities  we  could  only  guess  at  before," 
Robert  says. 

He  added  that  this  information  also 
is  vital  in  designing  selective  insecticides 
that  are  toxic  to  one  insect  and  not  to 
others  or  to  the  ecology  in  general. 

(standing)  opens  his  civil 
rights  training  program  for 
USDA  agency  administra- 
tors and  their  deputies  and 
points  out  that  President 
Nixon's  equal  oppoitunjty 
policy  will  be  carried  out  in 
all  USDA  programs  and 

SOS/70:  An  international  Signature 

More  than  3,000  food  scientists  and 
technologists  from  50  countries  will  meet 
in  Washington,  D.C.,  during  August 
1970  to  tackle  the  problem  of  making 
new  and  better  foods  available  now  and 
for  generations  ahead. 

These  experts  attending  the  Third  In- 
ternational Congress  of  Food  Science 
and  Technology  will  seek  to  speed  efforts 
to  solve  world  food  needs  by  creating 
nutritious  and  acceptable  additions  to 
the    traditional    families    of    foodstuffs. 

"Science  of  Survival"  is  the  theme  of 
the  Congress,  which  has  adopted  "SOS/ 
70"  as  the  "signature"  of  the  meeting. 

The  Congress  is  co-sponsored  by  the 
Department  of  Agriculture,  the  Inter- 
national Committee  of  Food  Science  and 
Technology,  and  the  Institute  of  Food 
Technologists,  the  host  organization  for 
the  conference.  It  is  supported  by  con- 
tributions from  American  industry, 
foundations,  and  interested  Crovernment 

In  announcing  the  conference,  Secre- 
tary Hardin  said,  "Much  of  the  addi- 
tional food  supply  required  to  solve  our 
needs  for  the  future  must  come  from 
the  innovative  effort  of  those  in  the 
relatively  new  field  of  food  science  and 

He  added  that  it  is  a  hopeful  sign 
that  men  and  women  who  have  devel- 
oped this  new  field  of  applied  science 
are  seeking  to  unify  the  efforts  of  gov- 
ernment, industry,  and  the  academic 
area,  and  to  involve  those  from  lesser 

developed  nations  who  can  make  im- 
portant contributions  to  the  expansion 
of  food  resources. 

The  international  conference  will 
complement  a  scheduled  White  House 
Conference  on  Food,  Nutrition,  and 
Health  planned  in  December.  The  White 
House  Conference  will  be  concerned  with 
immediate  domestic  food  needs  and  Crov- 
ernment policies.  The  International  Con- 
gress will  be  concerned  with  worldwide 
research  and  development  in  food  and 

Previous  meetings  of  the  world  science 
groups  were  held  in  London  in  1962  and 
in  Warsaw  in  1966. 

ARS  Dedicates  New 
Research  Laboratory 

Dr.  George  W.  Irving,  Jr.,  Administra- 
tor of  the  Agricultural  Research  Service, 
recently  participated  in  the  dedication 
of  a  new  ARS  Poultry  Research  Labora- 
tory at  Georgetown,  Del. 

The  $500,000  facihty  will  be  used  to 
conduct  research  cooperatively  between 
ARS  and  the  Delaware  Agricultural  Ex- 
periment Station.  Research  will  center 
on  poultry  and  poultry  products,  with 
special  attention  given  to  factors  affect- 
ing poultry  meat  and  eggshell  qualiiy. 

The  facility,  authorized  by  Congress 
in  1966,  consists  of  an  office-laboratory 
and  two  poultry  houses.  When  fully 
staffed,  there  will  be  five  ARS  scientists 
and  supporting  personnel. 

TRAINEES  AT  THE  WORLD  CENSUS  TRAINING  CENTER  work  on  a  problem  under  the  supervision 
of  Floyd  O'Quinn,  Ed  Lippert,  and  Emerson  Brooks  (left  to  right,  standing).  The  trainees  represent 
eight  world  regions.  They  are:  (left  to  right,  seated)  Jan  Stelmach,  Poland;  Eric  Straughn.  West  Indies; 
Mansour  Duhbidan,  Saudi  Arabia;  Hyeong  Ho  Park,  Korea;  Mrs.  Layra  Aslanian,  Brazil;  Abdus  Hanafee, 
Pakistan;   Miss  Gulden   GiJder,   Turkey;  and   L.   C.   Chibwe,  Zambia. 

"The  National  Arboretum" 
Is  A  Prizewinner 

USDA's  Motion  Picture  Service  re- 
cently received  an  award  for  a  motion 
picture  of  a  beautiful  garden  in  the  heart 
of  Washington,  D.C. 

In  nationwide  competition,  "The  Na- 
tional Arboretum" — both  the  title  of  the 
movie  and  the  name  of  the  garden — 
won  a  Chris  Certificate  Award  at  the 
17th  Annual  Columbus  Film  Festival, 
Columbus,  Ohio. 

The  film  was  produced  by  the  Motion 
Picture  Service  for  the  Agricultural  Re- 
search Service,  which  administers  the 
National  Arboretum. 

The  color  film  compresses  the  four 
seasons  into  a  13 -minute  tour  of  the 
400 -acre  Arboretum  where,  in  natural 
settings,  trees,  shrubs,  and  flowers  col- 
lected from  around  the  world  grow 
alongside  hybrids  produced  by  ARS  sci- 

Scenes  in  the  film  include  hillsides 
covered  with  more  than  70,000  azaleas, 
all  in  bloom;  the  prized  Gotelli  collection 
of  low- growing  evergreens;  and  Fern 
Valley  wearing  colors  of  the  four  sea- 

In  other  scenes  viewers  look  into  the 
heart  of  a  flower  and  watch  a  scientist 
create  a  new  ornamental. 

One  sequence,  filmed  in  the  Far  East, 
shows  a  USDA  scientist  collecting 
plants  for  developing  new  ornamentals. 

Copies  of  the  16mm.  film  may  be  pur- 
chased from  the  Motion  Picture  Serv- 
ice, Office  of  Information,  USDA,  Wash- 
ington, D.C.  20250.  The  cost  is  $67. 
Prints  may  also  be  obtained  on  loan  from 
State  film  libraries. 

thousands  of  blossoming  plants  at  the  National 
Arboretum,  attracts  a  visitor  in  a  scene  from 
the  prizewinning  film  entitled — naturally — "The 
National    Arboretum." 

Health  Benefits  Open  Season 
Scheduled  For  November 

Ronicmber — open  season  for  the 
Federal  Health  Benefits  Program 
has  been  selieihiled  for  November 
10-28,  1969. 

During  this  period  eligible  em- 
ployees who  are  not  enrolled  in  a 
healtli  benefits  plan  will  be  permit- 
ted to  enroll.  Employees  and  annui- 
tants who  are  already  enrolled  may 
change  to  another  plan  or  option. 

Detailed  information  on  the  open 
season  is  being  sent  to  all  eligible 
employees  and  annuitants.  If  this 
material  is  not  received  by  employ- 
ees by  November  10,  they  shoidd 
contact   their  administrative   officer. 

Annuitants  who  do  not  receive  the 
materials  by  November  15,  should 
contact  the  Bureau  of  Retirement, 
Civil  Service  Commission,  Washing- 
ton, D.C.      20451 


At  a  special  Training  Center  located 
at  USDA  in  Washington,  D.C,  34  agri- 
cultural economists  and  statisticians 
from  24  countries  recently  began  a  year- 
long study  program  in  preparation  for 
an  enormous  task— the  upcoming  World 
Agricultural  Census. 

Sponsored  by  the  United  Nation's 
Food  and  Agriculture  Organization,  the 
Census  will  compile  data  from  farm 
surveys  conducted  by  more  than  100 
nations.  The  data  from  these  surveys, 
such  as  the  U.S.  Census  of  Agriculture 
scheduled  for  January  1970,  is  vitally 
needed  for  the  fight  against  hunger. 

When  the  experts  studying  at  USDA 
complete  their  training  and  return  home 
next  year,  they  will  set  up  training  pro- 
grams and  help  conduct  census  surveys 
in  their  own  countries. 

Tlie  Training  Center,  a  joint  effort 
of  USDA,  the  Census  Bureau,  and  the 
Agency  for  International  Development, 
is  directed  by  Floyd  O'Quinn  of  the  Cen- 
sus Bureau.  He  is  assisted  by  Ed  Lippert 
of  USDA's  Statistical  Reporting  Service. 
Emerson  Brooks,  also  of  SRS,  serves  as 
USDA  liaison  with  the  Center. 

The  current  group  of  trainees  bring 
the  number  of  participants  in  the  train- 
ing program  to  135  people  from  56 

Training  at  the  Center  is  challenging: 
All  courses  are  on  the  graduate  level. 

For  the  first  9  months,  participants 
take  17  courses  in  census  methods,  sta- 
tistics and  economics,  and  data  process- 
ing. Instructors  are  from  SRS,  the  Cen- 
sus Bureau,  other  Federal  agencies,  and 
area  universities. 

When  the  courses  are  over  in  May, 
participants  spend  6  weeks  studying 
plans  for  a  census  in  the  mythical  na- 
tion of  Agrostan.  Complete  with  its  own 
geography,  agriculture,  and  population, 
Agrostan  is  designed  to  present  the  cen- 
sus planners  with  many  of  the  conditions 
they  will  encounter  in  their  home  coun- 
tries. USDA  specialists  head  panel  dis- 
cussion for  this  workshop. 

The  last  month  of  the  program  is 
spent  in  the  field.  Participants  visit  a 
farm  community  to  conduct  a  practice 
farm  census  which  they  design  them-  . 
selves.  Local  USDA  offices  and  Land 
Grant  colleges  lend  a  hand.  Last  year's 
site  was  Berks  County,  Pa. 

HAILSTORMS  cause  an  average  of 
S284  million  in  crop  damage  annually  in 
this  country,  according  to  tlie  Economic 
Research  Service.  Hardest  hit  regions  in 
terms  of  dollar  losses  are  the  Northern 
Plains  and  Corn  Belt  with  large  acreages 
of  wheat,  corn  and  soybeans.  States  suffer- 
ing greatest  dollar  drain  from  hail  are 
North  Dakota,  Nebraska,  Kansas,  Iowa, 
and  Minnesota. 

NAL  Moves  Into 
New  Building 

The  National  Agricultural  Library  re- 
cently completed  the  move  into  its  new 
building  on  the  grounds  of  the  Agricul- 
tural Research  Center,  Beltsville,  Md. 
The  Library  was  formerly  located  in  the 
USDA  office  building  at  14th  and  Inde- 
pendence Ave.,  Washington,  D.C. 

A  15-story  tower  of  pre-cast  concrete 
and  rock-faced  brick,  houses  the  NAL's 
collection  of  L3  million  volumes  on  agri- 
culture and  supporting  sciences — botany, 
chemistry,  animal  industry,  veterinary 
medicine,  biology,  agricultural  engineer- 
ing, rural  sociology,  forestry,  entomology. 
law,  food  and  nutrition,  soils  and  fertiliz- 
ers as  well  as  marketing,  transporta- 
tion and  other  economic  aspects  of 

Bookstacks  are  located  in  the  tower 
building  from  the  fifth  through  the 
thirteenth  floor.  A  vertical  book  conveyor 
permits  rapid  delivery  of  books  from  the 
shelf  to  the  scientist. 

An  adjoining  two-story  wing  provides 
space  for  technical  personnel  to  develop 
scientific  management  of  literature  re- 
sources and  to  expand  specialized  serv- 
ices to  research  people. 

Free  interlibrary  loan  service  is  pro- 
vided to  any  library  in  the  United  States 
and  photoduplication  services  make 
available  at  cost  any  material  in  the  col- 
lection. A  teletypewriter  with  answer- 
back code  has  been  installed  to  improve 
services   to  out-of-town  patrons. 

SCSA  Elects  USDA'ers 

Three  USDA  employees  were  named 
officers  in  the  Soil  Conservation  Society 
of  America  at  the  Society's  recent  annual 
meeting  in  Ft.  Collins,  Colo. 

Robert  W.  Eikleberry,  Lincoln,  Nebr., 
soil  coorelator  for  the  Midwest  for  the 
Soil  Conservation  Service,  was  named 
president  of  the  13,000-member  Society. 

J.  R.  Johnston  was  elected  as  vice 
president  and  Emer  L.  Roget  was  elected 
president-elect,  a  preparatory  position 
to  the  1971  presidency.  Johnston  is  chief 
of  the  Agricultural  Research  Service's 
Southwest  Great  Plains  Research  Sta- 
tion, Bushland,  Tex.  Roget  is  Arkansas 
SCS  State  Conservationist. 

In  addition,  several  USDA  employees 
were  named  Fellows  of  the  Soil  Conser- 
vation Society  of  America,  the  highest 
award  the  SCSA  confers  on  its  members. 
These  include:  Kenneth  E.  Grant,  Wash- 
ington, D.C,  SCS  Administrator;  Chester 
E.  Evans,  Ft.  Collins,  Colo.,  chief  of  the 
ARS  Northern  Plains  Branch,  Soil  and 
Water  Research  Division;  Cecil  H.  Wad- 
leigh,  Beltsville,   Md.,   director  of  ARS 

A  TOWER  OF  BOOKS,  the 
new  home  of  the  National 
Agricultural  Library,  is  re- 
flected in  a  pool  on  the 
grounds  of  the  Agricultural 
Research  Service,  Beltsville, 
Md.  The  NAL,  the  largest 
agricultural  library  in  the 
world,  houses  1.3  million 
volumes  and  offers  a  variety 
of  services  to  support  the 
diversified  interests  of  USDA 
employees  and  the  agricul- 
tural-biological community. 

MRS.  RICHARD  M.  NIXON  joins  Secretary  and  Mrs.  Hardin  and  Congressman  Roger  H.  Zion  of 
Indiana  in  admiring  Indiana  handcrafts  on  display  at  the  October  Co-op  Month  Crafts  Exhibit  held  in 
the  Patio  of  the  USDA  Administration  Building,  Washington,  D.C.  The  First  Lady,  who  was  guest  of 
honor  at  opening  ceremonies  for  the  month-long  exhibit,  toured  the  displays  and  watched  craftsmen 
demonstrate  their  skills.  A  quilt,  especially  designed  and  made  by  three  sisters  from  eastern  Kentucky, 
was  presented  to  Mrs.  Nixon.  Thousands  of  people  visited  the  exhibit  which  featured  craftsmen  and 
crafts  from  32  States. 

Soil  and  Water  Conservation  Research 
Division;  Douglas  Craig,  Atlanta,  Ga., 
director  of  the  Southeastern  area  of 
State  and  Private  Forestry,  Forest  Serv- 
ice; Leslie  B.  Sachow,  Fargo,  N.D.,  ACP 
specialist  with  the  Agricultural  Stabiliza- 
tion and  Conservation  Service;  William 
W.  Russell,  Wisconsin  SCS  State  Con- 

servationist; Lyall  H.  Mitchell,  Fairfield. 
Iowa,  retired  SCS  area  conservationist; 
Avard  B.  Linford,  Montana  SCS  State 
Conservationist;  Edtvard  R.  Keil,  Mary- 
land SCS  State  Conservationist;  Harold 
W.  Cooper.  Wyoming  SCS  State  Conser- 
vationist; and  J.  R.  Johnston,  SCSA  vice 


Moon  Rock  Is  No 

Earthly  insects  apparently  suffer  no 
ill  effects  from  eating  moon  dust — not 
even  indigestion. 

This  opinion  is  based  on  the  results  of 
preliminary  tests  conducted  by  Agricul- 
tural Research  Service  scientists  at  the 
Lunar  Receiving  Laboratory,  Houston, 
Tex.,  and  at  ARS  laboratories,  Beltsville, 
Md.  The  scientists,  entomologist  Clarence 
A.  Benschoter  and  insect  pathologist 
Dr.  Arthur  M.  Heimpel,  examined  colo- 
nies of  cockroaches,  hoiose  flies,  and 
greater  wax  moths  that  were  fed  portions 
of  lunar  rock  brought  back  to  earth  by 
the  Apollo  11  astronauts. 

The  scientists  found  no  evidence  of 
adverse  effects  on  the  insects'  behavior, 
appearance,  internal  organs,  or  cellular 
tissue.  Neither  were  there  any  indications 
of  infection  by  biological  organisms  that 
might  have  been  found  on  the  moon. 

Tests  are  continuing  with  colonies  of 
insects  to  confirm  the  preliminary  re- 
sults. Similar  tests  are  planned  for  lunar 
samples  obtained  from  other  parts  of  the 
moon  in  future  space  explorations. 

BERNICE  McGEARY  (second  from  right),  nutritionist  with  the  Agricultural  Research  Service,  Beltsville, 
Md.,  demonstrates  how  recipes  using  foods  distributed  through  the  Consumer  and  Marketing  Service's 
Commodity  Foods  Program  are  tested.  Her  audience  is  four  Japanese  food  editors  and  their  interpreter. 
The  editors,  who  represent  newspapers  with  a  combined  readership  of  12  million,  recently  visited 
USDA  offices  and  facilities  in  Washington,  D.C.,  and  other  areas  during  a  3-week  tour  of  the  U.S. 
The  trip  was  sponsored  by  food  industry  associations  in  cooperation  with  the  Foreign  Agricultural 


DR.  HELEN  .S.WITSKY,  AR.S  Crops 
Research  Division,  Salinas,  Calif.,  recently 
received  a  special  award  of  merit  from 
the  siijrar  industry  and  the  sujjarbeet  grow- 
ers of  The  Netherlands. 

The  award  recognized  contributions  to 
sugarbeet  production  made  by  Dr.  Savit- 
sky  and  her  late  husband.  Dr.  V.  F.  -Sa- 

A.  W.  COOPER,  Director  of  the  AR.S 
National  Tillage  Machinery  Laboratory, 
Auburn,  .-Via.,  recently  was  awarded  the 
1969  John  Deere  Gold  Medal  by  the  Amer- 
ican Society  of  .Agricidtural  Engineers  for 
his  contributions  in  the  application  of 
science  and  art  to  the  soil. 

The  ASAE  also  elected  J.  M.  LEVEN. 
East  Lansing,  Mich.,  and  E.  BUFORD 
WILLIAMSON,  Stoneville,  Miss.,  both 
members  of  .ARS'  Agricultural  Engineer- 
ing Research  Division,  as  ASAE  Fellows. 

DR.  CLAIR  E.  TERRILL,  Animal  Hus- 
bandry Research  Division  of  ARS,  Belts- 
ville, Md.,  was  recently  elected  an  Honor- 
ary Fellow  of  the  .American  Society  of 
Animal  Science.  Dr.  Terrill  is  chief  of 
the  -Sheep  and  Fur  Animal  Research 
Branch,  a  position  he  has  held  since  1955. 

Recently  two  ARS  scientists  were  hon- 
ored by  the  Poultry  Science  Association. 
DR.  HENRY  L.  MARKS,  research  gene- 

ticist and  coordinator  of  the  Southern  Re- 
gional Poultry  Breeding  Proje<'l  at  .Athens, 
Ca.,  recei\ed  tlie  .Association's  Research 
.Award.  This  .SoOO  award  is  given  to  a 
mendier  of  the  .Association  who,  in  the 
pre<'eding  year,  has  publisiied  outstanding 
research  papers.  The  recipient  must  be 
less  than  40  years  of  age. 

PAUL  A.  ZUMBRO,  assistant  chief  of 
the  Poultry  Research  Branch,  .Animal  Hus- 
bandry Research  Division,  was  elected  a 
Fellow  of  the  Poultry  Science  .Association. 
Ziimbro,  who  has  been  with  USDA  since 
1935,  was  cited  for  his  "tremendous  in- 
fluence in  upgrading  and  improving  tlie 
quality  of  chicks  and  poults  produced  in 
the  United  States  .  .  ." 

L.  J.  KUSHMAN,  Raleigh,  N.C.,  leader 
of  ARS  Root  Crop  and  Small  Fruit  Inves- 
tigations, recently  received  the  National 
Canners  .Association  .Award  in  Raw  Prod- 
ucts Research.  The  award  was  presented 
at  the  .American  Society  for  Horticulture 
Science  meeting  in  Pullman,  Wash. 

J.  W.  DICKENS,  ARS  Market  Quality 
Research  Division  leader,  Virginia-Caro- 
lina Field  Crops  Quality  Investigations, 
Raleigh,  N.C.,  has  been  recently  elected 
president-elect  of  the  .American  Peanut 
Research  and  Education  .Association. 

Quality  Research  Division  leader.  Peanut 
Quality  Investigations,  Dawson,  Ga.,  was 
appointed  chairman  of  the  .Association's 
Quality  Committee. 

.Northern  Utilization  Laboratory,  Peoria, 
111.,  was  named  recipient  of  the  1969 
.American  Oil  Chemists  Society  .Award  in 
Lipid  Chemistry.  The  award,  which  carries 
a  .S2,500  honorarium,  was  presented  for 
outstanding  achievements.  Dr.  Dutton  is 
in  charge  of  investigations  on  chemical 
and  physical  properties  of  oilseeds  at  the 
Peoria  laboratory. 

An  official  of  the  Consumer  and  Mar- 
keting Service,  DR.  H.  M.  STEINMETZ, 
has  been  elected  vice-president  of  the 
World  Association  of  Veterinary  Food- 

His  election  for  a  4-year  term  came  at 
the  -Association's  5th  International  Sym- 
posium in  Opatija,  Yugoslavia,  in  Septem- 
ber. More  than  360  participants  from  36 
countries  attended  the  symposium  to  ex- 
change information  and  results  of  re- 
search on  hygiene  of  meat,  poultry,  and 
dairy  products. 

Dr.  Steinmetz,  who  is  .Assistant  Deputy 
.Administrator  for  Consumer  Protection, 
C&MS,  also  became  a  member  of  the 
seven-man  executive  board  with  repre- 
sentatives of  Germany,  Denmark,  The 
Netherlands,  Switzerland,  and  New  Zea- 

DR.  D.  E.  ZINTER,  veterinary  para- 
sitologist with  C&MS,  spoke  at  the  sym- 
posium. DR.  CLARENCE  H.  PALS,  now 
retired  from  his  post  of  meat  inspection 
director  with  C&MS,  was  the  U.S.  dele- 
gate to  the  meeting. 


NOVEMBER  6,  1969       Vol,  XXVIIl   No.  23 

USDA  is  published  fortnightly  for  distribution  to  employees  only,  by  direction  of  the  Secre- 
tary of  Agriculture,  as  containing  administrative  information  required  for  the  proper  transac- 
tion of  the  public  business.  Retirees  who  write  to  the  Editor  requesting  it  may  continue  to 
get  USDA.  Please  write  instead  of  phoning  whenever  possible;  for  rush  orders,  call  Ext.  2058, 
Mrs.  Lillie  Vincent,  Editor  of  USDA,  INF.  Department  of  Agriculture,  Washington,  D.C.  20250. 

c43 — 16—80657-1 


I  .    ^  / 

*^^.  ^ 


:;:TiCr:.u  asrigulturai  vzi:o:i 

,^-^-^^_,^^^^,-        ;  VOL  XXVIII  NO.  25 

^.t5IJ*X.W<iI2r^  DECEMBER  4,  1969 


Major  Changes  Made 
In  Retirement  System 

Recently  enacted  amendments  to  the 
Civil  Service  Retirement  Law  make  some 
significant  changes  in  the  Federal  retire- 
ment system.  Among  other  things,  the 
amendments,  signed  by  President  Nixon 
on  Oct.  20,  1969,  improve  the  financing 
of  the  retirement  system  and  liberalize 
eligibility  for  and  amount  of  benefits. 

Major  changes  include: 

1.  Employee  and  agency  retirement 
contributions  will  increase  from  6I2 
to  7  percent  of  the  basic  pay  for  each 
employee  imder  the  retirement  sys- 
tem. For  USDA  employees,  this  in- 
crease begins  the  pay  period  start- 
ing Jan.  11,  1970. 

2.  Retirement  annuities  will  be  com- 
puted on  the  basis  of  the  "high-3" 
average  salary  rather  than  the 
"high-5"  average  salary. 

3.  Sick  leave  accumulated  at  the  time 
of  retirement  will  be  used  in  com- 
puting the  annuity.  However,  the 
days  of  unused  sick  leave  thus 
added  are  used  only  in  counting  the 
number  of  years  and  months  of  serv- 
ice for  annuity  computations;  they 
cannot  be  credited  for  retirement 
eligibility  or  for  computing  the  em- 
ployee's high-3  average  salary. 

4.  If  an  employee  dies  after  at  least 
18  months  of  creditable  civilian  serv- 
ice, the  widow,  dependent  widower, 
and  or  children  are  now  entitled  to 
survivor  annuity.  Formerly,  the 
minimum  service  requirement  was  5 
years.  All  other  eligibility  require- 
ments remain  the  same.  The  amend- 
ments also  provide  for  increases  in 
survivor  annuities  in  the  various 

5.  Formerly,  the  survivor  annuity  of 
a  widow  terminated  upon  remar- 
riage. The  new  law  permits  continu- 
ance of  the  annuity,  regardless  of 
when  the  employee  retired  or  died, 
if  the  widow  remarries  after  attain- 
ing age  60  and  the  remarriage  oc- 
curred  on   or   after  July    18.    1966. 

A  HIGHLIGHT  OF  4-H  WEEK  (Oct.  5-11)  for  a  group  of  1969  4-H  Reporters-to-the-Nation  was 
presenting  Secretary  Hardin  with  a  copy  of  "The  President's  Book,"  a  pictorial  report  of  4-H  aims 
and  achievements.  The  Secretary  accompanied  the  4-H'ers  to  the  White  House  where  a  specially 
engraved  volume  of  the  Report  was  presented  to  Mrs.  Richard  M.  Nixon  for  the  President  on  behalf 
of  the  3V2  million  4-H'ers  in  50  States.  Puerto  Rico,  the  Virgin  Islands.  Guam,  and  the  District  of 
Columbia.  During  National  4-H  Congress  in  Chicago,  Nov.  3-Dec.  4,  a  new  "crop"  of  Rep>orters-to- 
the-Nation  will  be  chosen  from  among  the  1,650  Congress  delegates.  The  young  men  and  women, 
up  to  12  in  number,  will  serve  in  1970  to  report  on  4— H  and  explain  new  trends  and  developments 
to  national  organizations  and  to  the  public.  Like  those  pictured  here,  they  will  represent  a  variety 
of  educational  experiences  in  4— H  work,  background,  and  geographic  locations. 

Where  such  a  remarriage  has  al- 
ready occurred  and  the  annuity  has 
been  terminated,  it  will  be  resumed 
commencing  Oct.  20,  1969. 

6.  Cost-of-living  increases  in  annuities 
are  still  figured  as  before — the  per- 
centage of  increase  is  equivalent  to 
the  percentage  rise  in  the  cost  of 
living  as  determined  by  the  Con- 
sumer Price  Index.  However,  the 
1969  amendments  add  1  percent  to 
whatever  percentage  of  increase  is 
developed  in  the  future  by  the  CPI. 
For  example,  if  a  3  percent  increase 
is  developed  by  the  CPI,  annuities 
would   increase   4   percent. 

THE  N.\TION"S  farm  labor  force  esti- 
mated at  5.150.000  during  October. 
That's  down  S*/.-  from  a  year  ago.  Farm 
operators  and  family  workers  totaled 
3.825.000,  tlown  S^V:  liired  workers, 
1.325,000,  down  4'7r   frtini  a  \ear  ago. 


Organizational  changes  in  plant  pest 
control  programs  were  announced  by  Dr. 
George  W.  Irving,  Jr.,  Administrator  of 
the  Agricultural  Research  Service. 

All  ARS  plant  pest  control  operations 
will  be  conducted  by  the  Plant  Protec- 
tion Division,  formerly  the  Plant  Pest 
Control  Division.  Donald  R.  Shepherd 
continues  as  director  of  the  newly  named 

Dr.  Irving  says  this  reorganization  will 
permit  more  efficient  use  of  Division  per- 
sonnel and  more  effective  coordination 
of  work  aimed  at  safeguarding  environ- 
mental quality. 

The  new  name,  he  says,  more  properly 
describes  the  Division's  overall  responsi- 
bilities. It  emphasizes  the  positive  aspects 
of  protecting  American  agriculture  from 
plant  pests  rather  than  controlling  and 
eradicating  these  pests  after  infestation 
and  destruction  have  occurred. 


Criteria  to  establish  trails  under  the 
National  Trails  System  were  announced 
recently  by  Secretary  Hardin  and  Secre- 
tary of  the  Interior  Walter  J.  Hickel. 

Basic  procedures  for  setting  up  these 
trails  were  spelled  out  in  Public  Law 
90-543,  approved  Oct.  1968.  In  that  Act, 
Congress  designated  the  Appalachian 
Trail  and  the  Pacific  Crest  Trail  as  the 
first  components  of  the  new  National 
Trails  System. 

The  Pacific  Crest  Trail  is  administered 
by  the  Forest  Service  and  the  Appalach- 
ian Trail  by  the  National  Park  Service  of 
the  Department  of  the  Interior.  Fourteen 
other  trail  routes  were  designated  by 
Congress  for  study  and  possible  future 
inclusion  in  the  system. 

The  nationwide  system  will  consist  of 
two  general  trail  classifications :  National 
Scenic  Trails  and  National  Recreation 

National  Scenic  Trails,  usually  several 
hundred  miles  in  length,  are  established 
by  Congress.  National  Recreation  Trails 
may  be  established  by  the  Secretary  of 
the  Interior  where  lands  administered 
by  him  are  involved  or  by  the  Secretary 
of  Agriculture  with  the  consent  of  the 
Federal  agency.  State,  or  political  sub- 
divisions having  jurisdiction  over  these 
lands.  Trails  within  park,  forest,  and 
other  recreation  areas  administered  by 
either  Department  may  also  be  estab- 
lished by  the  appropriate  Secretary. 

Criteria  adopted  by  Interior  and  Agri- 
culture call  for  National  Scenic  Trails  to 
have  superior  scenic,  historical,  natural 
or  cultural  qualities  with  maximum  out- 
door recreation  potential.  The  guidelines 
specify  that  these  trails,  as  far  as  practi- 
cable, should  avoid  highways,  transmis- 
sion lines,  fences  and  other  commercial 
or  industrial  developments;  provide  ade- 
quate public  access;  and  follow  principal 
historic  routes. 

National  Recreation  Trails  should  pro- 
vide a  variety  of  outdoor  recreation  uses 
to  serve  an  urban  area.  The  length  of  a 
trail  may  be  short — perhaps  a  half 
mile — or  long  enough  to  have  urban- 
rural  characteristics,  but  it  must  be  con- 
tinuous and  available  to  large  numbers 
of  people.  These  trails  may  be  designed 
solely  for  hikers,  horsemen,  or  bicyclists, 
but,  where  practicable,  should  serve  mul- 
tiple uses. 

The  criteria  for  national  scenic  and 
recreation  trails  were  developed  by  an 
interagency  task  force  of  USDA  and 
Interior  officials.  Members  included 
Richard  F.  Droege,  Associate  Deputy 
Chief,  Forest  Service,  and  Webb  Ken- 
nedy, Assistant  Director  of  Division  of 
Engineering,  Forest  Service. 


WASHINGTON.   D.C.     20250 



October  14,  1969 

A  Department  o£  Agriculture  employee  died  today.   In  an 
accident.   A  job-related  accident. 

How  did  it  happen?  It  doesn't  matter  ...  the  details. 
The  accident  could  have  been  prevented.   What  now?   A 
report  studied  ...  and  filed.   A  name  into  a  computer... 
a  life  lost.   And  that's  that.   What  a  shame. 

It  takes  work  to  stop  accidents.   Your  work  and  my  work. 
Think  and  act  to  prevent  accidents  ...  to  promote  safety. 
It  may  take  a  second,  but  it's  worth  it. 

Director  of  Personnel 

Unions  Help  Train  Youths 
At  FS  Centers 

A  50-week  training  program  con- 
ducted by  the  Brotherhood  of  Painters, 
Decorators,  and  Paperhangers,  AFL- 
CIO,  was  recently  opened  to  qualified 
Job  Corpsmen  at  the  Forest  Service's 
Civilian  Conservation  Centers  near  Cot- 
tonwood, Idaho,  Curlew,  Wash.,  and 
Trapper  Creek,  Mont. 

With  the  addition  of  these  three  sites, 
the  union  now  conducts  classes  at  14 
centers  with  average  class  enrollment 
of  12  to  15  youths. 

For  the  past  several  years,  the  Forest 
Service  has  made  arrangements  with 
unions  to  offer  training  courses  in  a  con- 
tinuing effort  to  involve  the  private 
sector  in  assisting  disadvantaged  youth. 

The  Brotherhood  of  Painters,  Decora- 
tors, and  Paperhangers  is  the  third 
national  union  to  provide  such  training 
services  at  Job  Corps  Centers  adminis- 
tered by  the  Forest  Service. 

At  two  centers  the  International 
Union  of  Operating  Engineers  conducts 
classes  for  a  total  of  80  Corpsmen.  At 
six  centers  270  Corpsmen  are  enrolled 
in  courses  conducted  by  the  United 
Brotherhood  of  Carpenters  and  Joiners. 

The  Forest  Service  has  responsibility 
for  20  Job  Corps  Centers  across  the 

THOMAS  P.  QUIGLEY  (left),  reports  manage- 
ment officer  with  the  Agricultural  Research 
Service,  Washington,  D.C,  receives  the  Federal 
Paperwork  Management  Award  from  Harold  A. 
Moulds,  International  President  of  the  Associa- 
tion of  Records  Executives  -and  Administrators. 
Quigley  was  one  of  six  Federal  employees  to 
receive  top  honors  from  the  Association,  mark- 
ing the  fifth  straight  year  a  USDA  employee  has 
won  this  award.  Quigley  was  honored  for  his 
work  with  ARS'  Reports  Management  Program 
which  has  achieved  savings  of  more  than 
88,000  man-hours  valued  at  more  than 
$395,000  since  its  inception  by  Quigley.  The 
program  has  significantly  reduced  the  time  gap 
between  laboratory  development  and  practical 
application  of  Federal  research. 


Broiler-fryers,  fresh  pears,  apples,  pota- 
toes, sweelpotatoes,  canned  peaches, 
canned  pears,  canned  tomatoes  and 
tomato  products,  dry  beans,  split  peas, 
and  lentils. 


C&MS  Employee  Is 
Host  With  The  Most 

Sheldon  S.  (Bud)  Reese  believes  in 
going  an  extra  mile  to  fulfill  his  duties. 

Reese  who  is  Officer  in  Charge  of  the 
livestock  market  news  office  for  the 
Consumer  and  Marketing  Service  in 
Sioux  City.  Iowa,  was  recently  asked  by 
his  Washington,  D.C.,  office  to  arrange 
for  2  or  3  days  of  demonstrations  and 
training  in  market  news  for  six  Brazil- 
ian marketing  officials.  The  six  were  in 
the  United  States  for  a  2-month  study 
of  agricultural  marketing. 

Reese  arranged  for  the  men,  most  of 
whom  could  speak  little  or  no  English, 
to  stay  in  local  homes  for  a  better  op- 
portunity to  get  acquainted  with  the 
domestic  and  social  side  of  Americans. 

Host  families  met  the  men  at  the  air- 
port, took  them  to  their  homes,  ar- 
ranged for  them  to  reach  a  common 
meeting  place  each  morning,  came  for 
them  in  the  afternoon,  and  took  them  to 
the  airport  at  the  end  of  their  stay  in 
Sioux  City. 

The  Brazilians  were  made  honorary 
citizens  of  Sioux  City  by  a  delegation 
from  the  Mayor's  office  and  were  treated 
to  an  American-style  barbecue  dinner 
and  a  high  school  football  game. 

The  objective  of  their  training  on  the 
Sioux  City  market  was  equally  as  well 
arranged.  On  the  first  day,  half  of  the 
Brazilians  accompanied  buyers;  the 
other  half  went  with  sellers  or  commis- 
sion men.  On  the  second  day,  the 
routine  was  reversed.  The  function  and 
services  of  all  agencies  on  the  market 
were  thoroughly  explained  and  demon- 
strated including  trips  to  packing 
houses  and  a  television  studio  to  see 
a  market  news  information  telecast. 

While  the  project  was  considerable 
work  for  Reese  and  his  associates,  Lance 
Hooks,  C&MS  technical  leader  of  the 
Brazilian  group,  reported  the  visit  was 
a  complete  success.  The  Brazilians  en- 
joyed every  minute  of  it. 


Detroit,  Mich.,  the  Nation's  fifth 
largest  city,  is  now  part  of  a  soil  con- 
servation district. 

A  working  agreement  recently  signed 
with  the  newly  formed  Wayne  Soil  Con- 
servation District  authorizes  technical 
and  financial  aid  for  the  district  from 
USDA,  State,  and  local  sources. 

Wayne  County,  whose  boundaries 
coincide  with  the  new  district,  is  one  of 
the  Nation's  fastest  growing  areas. 
About  1,000  farms  still  operate  in  the 
area.  But  rapid  urban  growth  has 
created  complex  erosion  and  flooding 
problems;  a  decrease  in  land  used  for 
agriculture:  and  an  increase  in  idle  land 
held  for  development. 

ARNOLD  H.  BEAN,  retired 
SCS  employee,  and  his  wife 
watched  the  moon  trip  of 
their  astronaut  son,  Alan 
Bean,  on  three  television 
sets  in  the  living  room  of 
their  Fort  Worth  home. 


When  Astronaut  Alari  Bean  and  Com- 
pany blasted  off  for  the  moon  on  No- 
vember 14,  two  people  in  Forth  Worth, 
Tex.,  were  watching  on  three  color  tele- 
vision sets.  They  were  Alan's  parents, 
Arnold  H.  Bean,  a  retired  Soil  Conser- 
vation Service  employee,  and  his  wife, 

And  from  take-off  to  splashdown,  a 
host  of  Arnold's  former  SCS  co-workers 
and  dozens  of  Alan's  schoolmates  were 
watching,  too.  Fort  Worth  citizens  are 
naturally  proud  of  the  hometown  boy 
who  was  the  fourth  human  to  leave  his 
footprints  on  the  moon. 

Most  watched  on  only  one  television 
set,  but  the  Beans  wanted  to  see  all  ac- 
counts and  scenes  carried  by  the  three 
major  networks. 

Alan,  who  was  born  in  Wheeler,  Tex., 
in  1932,  was  only  2  years  old  when  his 
father  went  to  work  for  the  Soil  Erosion 
Service  as  a  soil  scientist.  He  was  only 
4  years  old  when  Arnold  transferred  to 
the  Fort  Worth  regional  office  in  1936. 

Bean  soon  transferred  to  river  basin 
study  teams  and  worked  on  several  proj- 
ects in  Texas,  Oklahoma,  and  Arkansas. 
He  was  living  in  Temple,  Tex.,  when  he 
joined  the  Army  in  1943.  His  family  re- 
mained in  Temple  until  his  discharge 
in  1946,  at  which  time  he  returned  to 
Fort  Worth.  He  served  in  the  Engineer- 
ing and  Watershed  Planning  Division 
until  his  transfer  to  similar  work  in 
Lincoln,  Nebr.,  when  the  four  SCS  Re- 
gional Technical  Service  Centers  were 
formed  in  1964. 

Arnold  retired  at  the  end  of  1965  after 
his  wife  had  a  major  heart  operation, 
and  required  his  continuing  care.  They 
returned  to  their  home  in  Fort  Worth. 

"Alan  was  the  apple  of  his  father's 

eye,"  said  Mrs.  Catherine  Hartman  who 
was  secretary  to  Bean  when  he  moved 
to  Fort  Worth  in  1936. 

"He  was  always  popular  aroimd  the 
office,"  said  Mrs.  Margaret  Mitchell  who 
also  served  as  Bean's  secretary. 

Both  ladies  are  still  with  the  Fort 
Worth  unit.  Both  watched  Alan's  devel- 
opment. And  few  could  be  more  amazed 
that  this  youth  is  now  slated  to  go  down 
in  history  as  one  of  the  greatest  ex- 
plorers of  all  time. 

He  was  a  straight-A  student  when  he 
wanted  to  be,  his  father  said.  He  was 
making  progress  with  his  piano  lessons, 
but  preferred  to  join  the  boys  in  the 
neighborhood  playing  baseball  or  foot- 
ball. His  sister,  Mrs.  Paula  Peden  of 
Fort  Worth,  maintains  he  could  have 
been  a  good  musician. 

Arnold  and  Frances  Bean  have  known 
all  of  the  astronauts  and  have  a  closet 
full  of  mementos  to  show  for  it,  includ- 
ing medals  carried  into  space  by  each 
of  the  manned  flights.  Their  prized  pos- 
session is  the  small  model  of  the  In- 
trepid which  carried  Alan  and  Pete  Con- 
rad from  the  Yankee  Clipper  to  the 
moon  and  back  to  the  space  ship  again. 

Were  they  afraid  of  an  accident  on 
the  trip  to  and  from  the  moon? 

Arnold  and  Frances  said  they  were 
not.  Plans  were  too  well  made  and  the 
training  was  too  thorough.  But  Frances 
added,  "We  were  glad  to  know  that 
friends  were  sweating  the  flight  out  with 

Alan  is  the  second  moon-walking 
astronaut  with  USDA  connections.  Neil 
Armstrong,  the  first  astronaut  to  walk 
on  the  moon,  is  the  son  of  ASCS  retiree. 
Mrs.  Viola  Armstrong,  of  Wapakoneta. 

Charting  Agriculture 

The  story  of  U.S.  agriculture — from 
farm  inputs  to  world  trade — is  told  in 
charts  and  tables  in  a  new  USDA 

The  Handbook  of  Agricultural  Charts, 
1969  has  158  charts,  many  with  support- 
ing tables,  depicting  the  general  econ- 
omy, farm  commodities,  foreign  agricul- 
tural trade,  marketing,  farm  population, 
and  family  levels  of  living. 

This  reference  book  for  economists  and 
agribusinessmen  is  the  combined  effort 
of  four  USDA  agencies:  Economic  Re- 
search Service,  Foreign  Agricultural 
Service,  Agricultural  Research  Service, 
and  Statistical  Reporting  Service. 

Single  copies  of  the  Handbook  of  Agri- 
cultural Charts,  1969  are  available  free, 
on  postcard  request,  from  the  Office  of 
Information,  USDA,  Washington,  D.C. 

All  of  the  charts  are  also  available 
individually  or  in  full  series,  in  black  and 
white  photos  or  in  color  slides.  Individual 
photos  are  $1.30  for  an  8x10  print  and 
$1.05  for  a  5x7  print.  Individual  color 
slides  are  30  cents  each  and  sets  of  the 
entire  158  charts  in  color  are  $19.  All 
may  be  ordered  from  the  Photography 
Division,  Office  of  Information,  USDA, 
Washington,  D.C.  20250. 


D.ALE  E.  F.4RRINGER  was  recently 
appointed  by  Secretary  Hardin  to  head 
an  agiricultiiral  economics  group  in  South 
Vietnam.  He  rephices  Edmund  Farstad 
who  returned  to  Washington,  D.C,  as 
director  of  USD.4  technical  assistance 
programs  in  Asia.  Both  men  work  under 
programs  sponsored  by  the  .Agency  for 
International   Development. 

Farringer  ■will  lead  the  three-man 
group  advising  the  Saigon  Government 
and  the  Vietnam  AID  Mission  in  planning 
development    of   Vietnamese    agriculture. 

Farringer  has  worked  in  the  field  of 
foreign  agriculture  since  joining  USDA  in 
1941.  He  served  in  various  posts  of  the 
Foreign  Agricultural  Service  including 
agricultural  attache  to  Uruguay.  Most 
recently  he  was  an  area  officer  in  FAS' 
agricultural  attache  service. 

DR.  WILLIAM  H.  TALLENT  was  re- 
cently named  chief  of  industrial  crops 
research  at  the  Agricultural  Research 
Service's  Northern  Utilization  Research 
Laboratory,  Peoria,  111.  He  succeeds  DR. 
IVAN  A.  WOLFF  who  became  director  of 
the  Eastern  Laboratory,  Wyndmoor,  Pa., 
in  August.  Dr.  Tallent  joined  the 
Northern  Laboratory  in  1964  after  11 
years  research  experience  in  industry  and 
with  the  U.S.  Public  Health  Service. 

THE  GARRETT  COUNTY  (Md.)  Technical  Action  Panel  (TAP)  has  received  a  certificate  of  merit  for 
service  to  rural  Maryland  in  fiscal  1969.  The  County  TAP  was  cited  by  the  State  TAP  for  arranging 
a  consolidated  agricultural  headquarters  near  Oakland  to  provide  "one-stop"  technical  assistance; 
for  organizing  local  and  Federal  support  for  land  treatment  and  watershed  structures,  especially  in 
the  Little  Youghiogheny  project:  and  for  spearheading  economic  development  activities  in  the  county. 
Edward  R.  Keil  (right).  State  Conservationist  for  the  Soil  Conservation  Service,  presents  the  award 
to  William  Poffenbarger  of  Farmers  Home  Administration  (left)  and  James  McHenry  of  Cooperative 
Extension  Service.  Other  members  of  the  TAP  Executive  Committee  are  Bill  Nace  of  SCS,  Elbert  Riley 
of  the  Agricultural  Stabilization  and  Conservation  Service,  and  Paul  Mateer  of  the  Maryland  Depart- 
ment of  Forests  and  Parks. 

THE  20TH  ANNIVERSARY  of  the  Rural  Electrification  Administration's  telephone  loan  program  was 
observed  in  Washington,  D.C,  in  October.  During  a  banquet  sponsored  by  the  U.S.  Independent 
Telephone  Association,  REA  Administrator  David  A.  Hamil  (left)  presented  a  special  Certificate  of 
Appreciation  to  Daniel  B.  Corman,  manager  of  the  REA-financed  South  Central  Rural  Telephone 
Cooperative  Corporation,  Glasglow,  Ky.  Corman.  a  member  of  the  REA  staff  in  the  early  days  of  the 
telephone  program,  has  completed  65  years  in  the  telephone  industry,  and  is  "still  going  strong." 
Another  certificate  was  presented  to  Oria  L.  Moody,  AT&T,  retired,  for  assisting  REA  telephone 
borrowers  to  become  an  intregral  part  of  the  Nation's  telephone  industry.  In  the  20  years  since  the 
telephone  amendment  to  the  Rural  Elecrification  Act  became  law,  REA  has  loaned  more  than  $1.6 
billion  to  636  commercial  companies  and  235  cooperatives.  The  borrowers  are  providing  modern 
dial  telephone  service  to  more  than  2  million  subscribers  over  520,000  miles  of  line  in  46  States. 


DECEMBER  4,  1969 

Vol.  XXVIll  No.  25 

USDA  is  published  fortnightly  for  distribution  to  employees  only,  by  direction  of  the  Secre- 
tary of  Agriculture,  as  containing  administrative  information  required  for  the  proper  transac- 
tion of  the  public  business.  Retirees  who  write  to  the  Editor  requesting  it  may  continue  to 
get  USDA.  Please  write  instead  of  phoning  whenever  possible;  for  rush  orders,  call  Ext.  2058. 
Mrs.  Lillie  Vincent,  Editor  of  USDA,  INF,  Department  of  Agriculture,  Washington,  D.C.  20250. 

c43 — 16— S072B-1 

.A^ijlj  CopTSHDC  BMNCH 

-J-^i  >-^ 




Secretary  Sets  Rural  Development  Policy 

USDA's  role  to  further  rural  develop- 
ment was  recently  outlined  in  a  major 
policy  statement  by  Secretary  Hardin. 
The  role  is  not  only  to  help  solve  prob- 
lems that  plague  rural  areas,  but  also  to 
help  make  rural  America  attractive 
enough  to  stem  the  migration  of  rural 
families,  thus  relieving  the  population 
pressures  growing  daily  in  our  large 

Speaking  before  the  annual  meeting 
of  the  National  Association  of  State  Uni- 
versities and  Land-Grant  Colleges  on 
Nov.  10,  the  Secretary  said,  "It  is  not 
enough  that  we  think  in  terms  of  im- 
proving conditions  and  opportunity  for 
the  people  living  today  in  rural  America. 
.  .  .  We  must  make  it  a  matter  of  urgent 
national  policy  that  we  create  in  and 
around  the  smaller  cities  and  towns 
sufficiently  good  employment  opportuni- 
ties and  living  environments  that  large 
numbers  of  families  will  choose  to  rear 
their  children  there." 

The  Secretary's  statement  followed 
the  Nov.  6  announcement  by  President 
Nixon  of  the  creation  of  a  Cabinet-level 
Rural  Affairs  Council.  Membership  of 
the  Coimcil  includes :  The  President,  the 
Vice  President,  the  Secretaries  of  Agri- 
culture, Health,  Education,  and  Welfare, 
Interior,  Housing  and  Urban  Develop- 
ment, Labor,  and  Commerce,  the  Direc- 
tor of  the  Office  of  Economic  Oppor- 
tunity, the  Director  of  the  Bureau  of  the 
Budget,  and  the  Chairman  of  the 
Council  of  Economic  Advisors.  The 
President  formally  established  the  Rural 
Affairs  Council  by  executive  order  on 
November  13. 

Secretary  Hardin  said  the  role  of  the 
Council,  in  addition  to  bringing  with  it 
"the  dedicated  support  of  the  President." 
will  provide  direction  and  order  in  bring- 
ing the  resources  and  services  of  the 
Federal  establishment  to  bear  on  prob- 
lems of  rural  development. 

The  Secretary  said  the  Department  of 
Agriculture  is  "moving  in  several  ways 
to  meet  the  challenge  that  the  President 
has  put  before  us." 

Every  agency  in  the  Department  has 
been  directed  to  provide  aggressive 
leadership  in  its  area,  assigning  appro- 
priate resources  and  personnel  to  the 
rural  development  effort. 

To  coordinate  these  efforts,  the  Secre- 
tary has  established  the  Departmental 
Rural  Development  Committee.  Under 
the  chairmanship  of  Dr.  Thomas  K. 
Cowden,  Assistant  Secretary  for  Rural 
Development  and  Conservation,  the 
Committee  has  as  its  assignment,  "to 
develop  the  vital  policies,  programs,  and 
priorities  necessary  for  the  Department 
to  carry  out  its  rural  development 

Membership  of  the  Committee  in- 
cludes administrators  and  deputies  of 
the  Farmers  Home  Administration,  the 
Forest  Service,  the  Soil  Conservation 
Service,  the  Rural  Electrification  Admin- 
istration, and  the  Federal  Extension 

Each  member  agency  will  have  specific 
liaison  responsibilities  with  other  Fed- 
eral agencies.  For  example,  the  FHA  will 
assign  key  men  to  coordinate  with  Hous- 
ing and  Urban  Development.  The  De- 
partment will  also  maintain  liaison  with 
national  organizations  to  help  make 
their  programs  and  services  more 
available  to  rural  people  and  their 

While  Federal  Departments  and  agen- 
cies can  provide  assistance  through  their 
programs  and  resources,  the  Secretary 
said,  "initiative  must  invariably  come 
from  the  communities  themselves  .  .  . 
State  and  local  policies  for  urban,  subur- 
ban, and  rural  growth  must  be  decided 
and  promoted  at  the  State  and  local 
levels."  He  added,  "when  local  commun- 
ity leadership  and  private  enterprise 
have  shown  the  initiative  necessary  for 
sound  development.  Government  at  all 
levels  should  be  willing  to  help." 

One  of  the  key  elements  of  USDA's 
rural  development  organization  will  be 
the  USDA  Committee  for  Rural  Develop- 
ment to  be  set  up  in  each  State.  Each 
State  committee,  which  will  elect  its  own 
officers  and  develop  its  own  operating 
procedure,  will  be  convened  by  the 
Director  of  that  State's  Cooperative  Ex- 
tension Service.  Members  will  include 
representatives  of  the  Forest  Service,  the 
Soil  Conservation  Service,  the  Farmers 
Home  Administration,  the  Rural  Electri- 
fication Administration,  and  the  State 
Cooperative  Extension  Service. 

SECRETARY  HARDIN  chats  during  lunch  with 
Martha  Izquierdo,  a  student  at  the  Shenandoah 
Elementary  School,  Miami,  Fla.  Secretary  and 
Mrs.  Hardin  were  guests  for  lunch  at  the  school 
to  kick  off  National  School  Lunch  week  in 

Virgin  Islands  To  Get  Aid 

USDA  recently  signed  a  working 
agreement  with  the  Virgin  Islands  Soil 
and  Water  Conservation  District  to  pro- 
vide technical  assistance  to  farmers  and 
other  landowners  and  operators. 

Under  the  agreement,  agencies  of  the 
Department  will  help  the  district,  which 
covers  the  entire  area  of  the  U.S.  Virgin 
Islands,  to  conserve  and  develop  its 
natural  resources.  The  district  is  eligible 
for  funds,  services,  cost-sharing,  and 
credit  from  Federal.  State,  local,  and 
private  sources  to  help  carry  out  con- 
servation objectives. 

These  committees  will  decide  what 
kind  of  USDA  rural  development  orga- 
nization should  be  established  on  a  local 
basis  and  will  work  closely  with  State  and 
local  people  in  support  of  comprehensive 
planning  and  development. 

In  urging  the  partnership  of  Federal, 
State,  and  local  efforts,  the  Secretary 
said,  "Each  American  has  a  role  to  play 
in  determining  the  destiny  of  his  coun- 
try ...  in  creating  a  fuller  more  attrac- 
tive life  for  everyone  in  both  rural  and 
urban  America  .  .  .  We  can  achieve  this 
better  life  by  joining  together  in  common 
effort  to  reach  our  common  and  realistic 


Thirty-five  USDA  employees  and  an 
agency  received  Special  Merit  Awards 
November  19  for  saving  an  estimated 
$3.6  million  of  the  taxpayers'  money. 
The  awards  were  made  at  the  Depart- 
ment's annual  ceremony  honoring  out- 
standing cost  reduction  achievement. 

In  making  the  award  presentations, 
Secretary  Hardin  said,  "Today  we  honor 
a  select  few  who  have  made  significant 
contributions  to  the  success  of  the  USDA 
Cost  Reduction  Program.  Through  the 
recognition  accorded  these  35  employees, 
we  pay  tribute  to  thousands  of  other  em- 
ployees who,  though  unsung,  have  helped 
to  improve  our  operations  and  to  stretch 
our  resources  this  past  year." 

At  the  end  of  the  1969  fiscal  year, 
USDA  agencies  reported  savings  through 
operations  improvement  of  $41  million. 
In  addition,  improved  management  of 
commodity  price  support  and  other  pro- 
grams are  expected  to  yield  benefits  cur- 
rently valued  at  $225  million. 

Following  is  a  list  of  award  winners: 

Individual  Awards 

TEX. — For  superior  management  of  the 
Great  Plains  Conservation  Program.  He 
conducted  a  special  review  of  all  con- 
tracts which  resulted  in  many  being 
eliminated  and  the  funds  reallocated  to 
other  essential  contract  work.  Savings: 

APOLIS, MINN. — For  developing  a  sol- 
vent wash  for  removing  insect  eggs  from 
plant  leaves.  In  one  day,  ten  times  as 
many  eggs  can  be  gathered  for  research 
than  with  the  previous  hand-picking 
method.  Savings:  $23,400. 

ARLINGTON,  VA. — For  proposing  an 
improved  method  to  record  and  report 
the  results  of  daily  moisture  control 
tests  in  over  450  poultry  slaughtering  and 
eviscerating  plants  under  Federal  inspec- 
tion. Annual  savings:  $81,400. 

TON. D.C. — For  performing  an  in-depth 
analysis  and  field  test  which  resulted  in 
the  development  of  a  farm  and  home 
planning  assistance  program  tailored  to 
the  needs  of  each  individual  and  for  each 
particular  type  of  loan  involved.  More 
efficient  and  effective  use  was  made  of 
FHA  loan  supervisory  time  and  it  was 
possible  to  provide  assistance  to  more 
borrower  families  than  under  the  pre- 
vious method.  Savings:  $152,000. 

GA. — For  reducing  printing  and  publi- 
cations costs  for  the  Georgia  Coopera- 
tive Extension  Service  by  grouping 
orders,  using  a  new  printing  process, 
obtaining  outside  funds  to  purchase  4-H 

material  and  selling  publications.  Sav- 
ings: $32,400. 

OREG. — For  assisting  in  the  develop- 
ment and  testing  of  a  more  compact  trail- 
building  machine  to  reduce  the  cost  of 
building  trails  in  high  mountain  areas. 
Savings:  $258,000  annually. 

ROSSLYN,  VA.— For  developing  a  pro- 
cedure for  systematic  reduction  of  man- 
power usage  in  performing  inspection 
at  meat  processing  plants.  Adequate  and 
uniform  consumer  protection  is  main- 
tained and  the  agency  is  able  to  meet 
steadily  increasing  workloads  without 
increasing  employment  proportionately. 
Savings  validated  to  date  for  1969  were 
$81,000.  This  amount  is  expected  to 
increase  substantially  when  data  about 
more  plants  are  analyzed. 

INGTON, D.C. — For  implementing  a 
system  which  provided  quick  remote 
access  to  data  files  maintained  by  the 
Department  of  Commerce.  Job  comple- 
tion time  was  shortened,  capability  and 
accuracy  increased,  professional  and 
clerical  time  saved  and  need  for  outside 
contracts  eliminated.  First  year  net 
savings:  $51,000. 

PAUL  B.  FOLKS  (Deceased),  ASCS, 
MANHATTAN,  KANS.— For  suggesting 
that  an  annual  report  of  county  office 
debts  be  prepared  by  computer.  For- 
merly, these  reports  were  prepared 
manually  by  2900  county  offices  and  con- 
solidated in  50  states  and  at  national 
headquarters.  Net  savings  per  year  are 

SPOKANE,  WASH.— For  developing  a 
clear  plastic  card  holder  to  be  attached 
to  typewriters,  permitting  quick  and 
accurate  alignment  of  forms  used  in  an 
optical  character  recognition  system. 
The  typist  saves  about  30  seconds  per 
form.  Savings  of  $160,000  were  realized 
in  preparing  seven  million  forms.  The 
manufacturer  has  adopted  the  Hanley 
invention  and  it  will  now  benefit  all  who 
use  these  typewriters  in  optical  scanning 

MD. — For  developing  a  mechanical 
device  which  eliminated  the  need  to 
hand  mix  specimen  materials  in  the  per- 
formance of  tests  for  brucellosis,  a  cattle 
disease.  Savings:  $125,000. 

D.C. — For  implementing  procedures  to 
further  the  delegation  of  loan  approval 
authority  to  field  personnel  of  lower 
administrative  levels.  This  resulted  in 
better  service  to  applicants,  more  equi- 
table distribution  of  workload  and  more 

effective  use  of  all  personnel.  Savings: 

N.Y. — For  suggesting  the  disposition  of 
borrower's  paid-in-full  case  folders  after 
a  one-year  retention  period  instead  of 
three  years.  The  results:  Improved  utili- 
zation of  available  filing  space  in  1,674 
county  offices  and  reduced  purchase  of 
filing  equipment.  Annual  savings: 

CHICAGO,  ILL.— For  suggesting  the  use 
of  automatic  data  processing  equipment 
to  eliminate  copying  worksheets,  check- 
ing and  proofreading  of  statistical  tables 
on  commodity  futures  trading.  Savings: 

TEX. — For  suggesting  that  annual  meet- 
ings, at  which  inspection  personnel 
received  indoctrination  on  conflict  of 
interest  and  personal  conduct,  be  elimi- 
nated. Instead,  each  employee  is  now 
required  to  submit  a  signed  statement 
each  year  vouching  that  he  has  read  and 
understands  current  instructions  on 
these  subjects.  Savings  on  travel,  salaries 
and  overtime  were  $17,000. 

TON, W.  VA. — For  developing  a  compu- 
ter program  (DEFECT)  which  indicates 
the  best  way  to  saw  logs  for  a  particular 
end  use.  Computer  simulates,  expands 
and  projects  the  research  results.  Now, 
only  one  sample  of  raw  lumber  (5,000 
board  feet)  is  used  for  five  sawing  pat- 
terns. The  old  methods  took  five  times  as 
long  and  required  five  times  as  much  raw 
material.  Savings:   $22,200. 

MONT. — For  promoting  the  use  of  pre- 
cooked frozen  meals  to  feed  firefighters 
on  the  fireline  instead  of  setting  up  field 
kitchens.  A  better  diet  is  now  served  at 
lower  cost  per  meal.  Annual  savings: 

OREG. — For  developing  a  method 
whereby  visitors  complete  and  deposit  a 
registration  form  which  provides  accu- 
rate statistics  on  the  usage  of  developed 
recreational  sites.  The  previous  methods, 
using  traffic  counters,  cost  six  times  as 
much.  Annual  savings:  $22,000. 

ILL. — For  developing  a  rapid  and  effi- 
cient chemical  process  for  analyzing 
the  composition  of  corn.  This  method 
replaced  several  hand  operations  and 
doubled  the  output.  Savings:  $18,600 

■Spaniards  exploring  Mexico  in  tlie  early 
1500's  came  across  the  turkey,  which  had 
been  domesticated  by  the  .4ztec  Indians, 
and  exported  the  delicious  bird  to 

Dual  Awards 

TEX. — For  suggesting  a  better  on-site 
screening  method  to  separate  samples  of 
earthfill  materials  being  tested  during 
the  construction  of  f!ood\vater  retarding 
dams.  Annual  savings:    $189,000. 

D.C. — For  performing  two  intensive 
value  analysis  studies  which  resulted  in: 
A  timely  decision  to  purchase  rather 
than  lease  copying  machines  needed  for 
the  Department's  centralized  copier 
service;  and  switching  to  a  less  expensive 
and  equally  effective  brand  of  copying 
machine  toner.  USDA  savings  from  both 
studies:  $79,200. 

MINN. — For  their  suggestion  which  led 
to  new  authority  being  granted  to  USDA 
to  assure  lowest  transportation  costs  to 
the  government  on  shipments  of  butter. 
Purchase  orders  were  amended  to  require 
industry  to  use  mechanically  refrigerated 
rather  than  ice-cooled  equipment.  More 
butter  can  be  packed  in  each  freight  car 
at  lower  cost  per  pound  and  be  better 
protected  in  transit.  Savings:  $218,000. 

UTAH. — For  their  suggestion  to  use  a 
corrosion  meter,  which  they  field-tested. 
to  inspect  the  cooling  system  of  auto- 
motive vehicles.  This  meter  tells  when  it 
is  time  to  flush  and  change  the  coolant 
depending  on  the  amount  of  corrosion, 
if  any,  in  the  system.  Unnecessary 
changes  are  eliminated  and  engine 
repairs  reduced.  First  year  savings  to 
SCS:  $61,000. 

ROY  W.  PLANTZ  and  JAMES  D. 
For  designing  a  mobile,  rapid  defrost  unit 
for  use  in  pierside  inspections  of  imported 
meat.  Savings:    $26,000  annually. 

HENRY  J.  UHLER,  Jr.  and  DON  F. 
For  their  suggestion  to  modify  purchase 
specifications  so  that  canned  pork  and 
canned  beef  could  be  bought  concur- 
rently for  the  National  School  Lunch 
Program.  This  increased  industry  partic- 
ipation and  resulted  in  larger  offerings 
at  lower  prices.  Savings  for  fiscal  year 
1969:  $707,000. 

Unit  Award 

(RICHARD  C.  LARKIN,  Group  Leader; 
C&MS,  WASHINGTON,  D.C— For  devel- 

amines newly  threshed  soy- 
beans on  an  Ohio  farm  in  a 
photograph  taken  from 
Food  For  Us  All.  the  1969 
Yearbook  of  Agriculture. 
This  new  publication  is  the 
70th  volume  to  carry  the 
title  of  Yearbook  of  Agricul- 
ture, an  annual  publication 
of  USDA  since  1894. 

The  1969  Yearbook:  Food  For  Us  All 

Readers  of  the  1969  Yearbook  of  Agri- 
culture can  learn:  How  to  judge  the 
freshness  of  a  coconut;  how  to  plan  and 
prepare  a  church  supper;  about  the 
complexities  of  getting  food  from  farm 
to  market  to  consumer;  how  USDA's 
food  programs  work;  or  a  good  recipe 
for  Bohemian  goulash. 

The  Yearbook,  published  November  5, 
is  concerned  with  a  subject  dear  to  the 
hearts,  health,  and  pocketbooks  of  every- 
one— Food  For  Us  All. 

The  new  publication  is  a  popular 
encyclopedia  of  food  for  the  consumer. 
It  tells  the  story  of  food — in  terms  of  the 
products  from  field  to  table,  nutrients 
from  soil  and  solar  system  to  human 
well-being,  and  economics  from  producer 
to   consumer.   It   focuses   on   the   many 

oping  a  system  employing  linear  pro- 
gramming and  computers  to  determine 
the  least  cost  to  the  Government  on 
purchases  of  cut  up  chicken  from  various 
suppliers  being  shipped  to  numerous 
points.  This  replaced  a  much  slower 
method  using  desk  calculators.  Results: 
Nearly  49  million  pounds  of  cut  up  poul- 
try were  purchased  in  fiscal  year  1969 
at  savings  in  excess  of  $315,000. 

Special  Agency  Award 

SERVICE. — For  an  outstanding  record 
of  achievement  in  reducing  the  agency's 
injury  frequency  rate  for  five  consecutive 
years.  Cumulative  savings  since  1965: 
over  $1.3  million;  Fiscal  year  1969  sav- 
ings: $356,295. 

ways  to  choose  and  to  use  food  for  good 
nutrition  as  well  as  satisfaction  and 

A  total  of  62  persons  wrote  or  co- 
authored  the  Yearbook's  46  chapters. 
Most  are  USDA  specialists  but  they  also 
include  persons  from  other  Federal 
agencies.  State  land-grant  universities, 
and  industry. 

The  400-page  yearbook  is  divided 
into  three  major  sections.  The  first, 
"Food  From  Farm.  To  You,"  is  about  the 
economics  of  food,  from  its  production 
in  the  farmer's  fields  until  it  reaches  the 
consumer  in  the  supermarket  or  restau- 
rant. It  includes  chapters  on  20  years 
of  change  in  the  foods  we  eat,  new  foods, 
and  the  U.S.  and  world  food  outlook. 

The  second  section,  "Buying  and  Cook- 
ing Food,"  takes  major  food  classes  in 
turn — meat,  seafood,  vegetables,  fruits, 
cereals,  etc. — and  discusses  such  things 
as  quality  factors,  best  buys  for  specific 
purposes,  and  cooking  and  storage  tech- 
niques to  preserve  nutritional  values. 

"Food  and  Your  Life,"  the  third  sec- 
tion, is  mainly  about  nutrition,  meal 
planning,  and  family  food  buying. 

More  than  170  illustrations- — including 
a  special  32-page  section  of  color  photo- 
graphs— give  added  interest  and  infor- 
mation to  the  handsome  yearbook. 

Copies  of  the  new  Yearbook  of  Agri- 
culture may  be  purchased  for  $3.50  from 
the  Superintendent  of  Documents, 
Government  Printing  Office,  Washington, 
D.C.  20402.  Limited  number  of  copies  are 
supplied  to  Members  of  Congress  for  free 
distribution.  Copies  are  not  available 
from  USDA. 

A  Loaded  Shell 

An  "empty"  snail  shell,  brought  home 
by  an  Ohio  resident  as  a  souvenir  of  a 
trip  to  Hawaii,  began  crawling  around 
the  house.  The  shell  and  its  snail-in- 
residence  were  given  to  a  Canton,  Ohio, 
woman  who  fed  her  pet  well  and  watched 
it  grow  to  more  than  five  inches  in 

When  the  snail  produced  more  than 
100  offspring,  its  owner  wrote  to  the 
Hawaiian  Malacological  Society  for 
information  on  the  care  and  feeding  of 
her  snail  colony. 

By  airmail  special  delivery,  Mrs.  Ibby 
Harrison,  corresponding  secretary  of  the 
Society,  warned  that  the  pets  were 
undoubtedly  giant  African  snails  and 
should  be  destroyed  at  once. 

Inspector  A.  B.  Drobnik  with  the 
Agricutural  Research  Service's  Plant 
Quarantine  Division  in  Cleveland  visited 
Canton  and  found  the  advice  had  been 
scrupulously  followed. 

Recently  Mrs.  Harrison  was  awarded  a 
certificate  of  appreciation  by  the  Plant 
Quarantine  Division  for  her  prompt  and 
effective  action. 

The  destruction  of  the  snails,  the 
followup  inspection,  and  the  award  all 
made  very  good  sense. 

The  giant  African  snail  is  a  noto- 
riously destructive  pest.  It  combines 
size — some  snails  grow  to  six  inches  in 
length  and  two  inches  in  diameter — with 
a  voracious  appetite  for  all  types  of 
plants  and  an  ability  to  produce  offspring 
in  prolific  and  amazing  numbers. 

One  group  of  snails — progeny  of 
another  "souvenir"  from  Hawaii^ 
recently  received  national  publicity  as 
they  appeared  to  be  eating  their  way 
through  a  suburban  neighborhood  of 
Miami,  Fla. 

Hawaii  is  the  only  State  where  the 
pests  are  established.  Even  though  they 
make  spectacular  souvenirs,  the  snails 
cannot  legally  be  brought  into  mainland 


JOSEPH  R.  HANSON,  an  executive 
long  experienced  in  agricultural  credit 
and  the  milling  industry,  was  recently 
named  .4ssistant  Deputy  Administrator  of 
the  Farmers  Home  .4dministration. 

Hanson,  who  is  a  native  of  Elgin,  Iowa, 
joins  the  agency  after  9  years  as  a  man- 
agerial officer  in  a  milling  firm  and  long 
prior  experience  in  credit  systems  of  the 
FH.4  and  the  Farm  Credit  .Administration. 
Most  recently  he  was  vice  president  of  the 
milling  company  subsidiary  in  Montreal, 



A  USDA  employee  and  an  employee 
of  the  Immigration  and  Naturalization 
Service  recently  shared  honors  for  their 
roles  in  the  seizure  by  the  U.S.  Bureau 
of  Customs  of  drugs  worth  more  than 
$7  million  on  the  illegal  retail  market. 

At  ceremonies  in  Laredo,  Tex.,  Eugene 
J.  Moos,  Plant  Quarantine  Inspector  with 
the  Agricultural  Research  Service,  and 
Jack  L.  Morgan,  Immigration  Inspector, 
received  special  certificates  of  award 
from  Customs  Commissioner  Myles  J. 
Ambrose,  together  with  bonuses  of  $250 
each.  The  men  were  cited  for  their 
"alertness  and  efficiency"  in  the  case 
which  involved  seizure  of  7  pounds  2 
ounces  of  cocaine.  It  was,  according  to 
the  Bureau  of  Customs,  "one  of  the 
largest,  if  not  the  largest  cocaine  seizure 
ever  made  on  the  Mexican  border." 

In  a  report  of  the  incident,  the  Bureau 
of  Customs  stated  that  on  July  30,  1969, 
the  two  inspectors  were  working  at  the 
International  Bridge  at  Laredo  checking 
vehicular  traffic  coming  into  the  United 
States  from  Mexico. 

During  primary  inspection  of  vehicles 
at  the  border  checking  station.  Inspector 
Morgan's  suspicions  were  aroused  by  the 
nervousness  of  an  unlikely  suspect — a 
polite,  well-dressed,  middle-aged  woman 
driving  an  expensive  1969  automobile.  He 
directed  the  driver  to  a  parking  area 
where  Inspector  Moos  was  checking 
vehicles  diverted  from  the  primary 
checking  lanes.  During  a  thorough 
search,  the  USDA  inspector  found  six 
packages  under  the  rear  seat  of  the  car. 
A  field  test  by  a  Customs  Inspector 
revealed  the  packages  contained  cocaine. 

Hijackers  Hamstrung 

Several  employees  of  the  Consumer 
and  Marketing  Service  recently  compli- 
cated the  lives  of  some  hijackers. 

A  shipment  of  961  cases  of  canned 
meat  products  from  Yugoslavia  failed  to 
pass  C&MS  import  inspection  at  New 
Haven,  Conn.,  after  being  trucked  there 
from  port  of  entry  in  Boston.  As  ordered 
by  C&MS  officials,  the  cases  of  "poten- 
tially dangerous"  meat  were  repacked 
in  a  truck  under  seal  for  transfer  back 
to  Boston  and  back  to  Yugoslavia. 

But  hijackers  struck  before  the  truck- 
load  left  New  Haven. 

The  Compliance  and  Evaluation  staff 
of  C&MS's  Consumer  Protection  Pro- 
gram immediately  went  into  action.  Meat 
retailers  and  wholesalers  were  notified 
of  the  theft,  given  details  for  identifying 
the  hijacked  cases,  and  warned  to  check 
for  the  official  USDA  inspection  mark 
before  buying  any  Yugoslavian  canned 
meat  products.  Information  on  the 
hijacking  was  furnished  to  news  media; 
and  C&E  staffers,  in  cooperation  with  the 
Federal  Bureau  of  Investigation  and 
other  Federal  and  State  officials,  began 
a  widespread  and  thorough  search  for 
the  stolen  shipment. 

In  Hartford,  Conn.  C&E  compliance 
officer  Mike  Cassala  worked  with  the 
FBI  in  conducting  a  "compliance  re- 
view" in  area  food  stores.  Compliance 
officers  Max  Spieler  and  James  DeFran- 
cisco  in  New  York  City,  Frank  Nuite  in 
Albany,  and  Dick  Garrity  in  Boston 
made  similar  checks  in  their  areas. 

At  the  C&E  Philadelphia  office,  John 
Gould,  C&E  Officer  in  Charge  for  the 
Northeast,  and  his  secretary,  Rita 
Schiliro,  kept  a  telephone  vigil — includ- 
ing over  the  weekend — in  case  any 
information  was  received  on  the  missing 

A  little  over  a  week  after  the  hijacking, 
the  FBI  reported  all  but  36  cases  of  the 
canned  meat  had  been  located  in 
Wallingford,  Conn. 

According  to  L.  L.  Gast,  C&E  Staff 
Director  in  Washington,  D.C.,  this  is  the 
first  time  the  C&E  staff  has  been  involved 
in  a  case  of  the  hijacking  of  a  "poten- 
tially dangerous"  product. 

The  woman  was  convicted  by  a  jury 
in  Laredo  on  counts  of  smuggling  and- 
possession  of  drugs. 

Customs  officials  noted  that  Moos  had 
been  responsible  for  a  number  of  impor- 
tant Customs  seizures  during  recent 
months,  inoluding  the  seizure  of  five 
pounds  of  marihuana  and  16  grams  of 
heroin  from  five  suspects  who  were  later 


NOVEMBER  20,  1969        Vol.  XXVIII  No.  24 


USDA  Is  published  fortnightly  for  distribution  to  employees  only,  by  direction  of  the  Secre- 
tary of  Agriculture,  as  containing  administrative  information  required  for  the  proper  transac- 
tion of  the  public  business.  Retirees  who  write  to  the  Editor  requesting  It  may  continue  to 
get  USDA.  Please  write  instead  of  phoning  whenever  possible:  for  rush  orders,  call  Ext.  2058, 
Mrs.  Lillie  Vincent.  Editor  of  USDA,  INF,  Department  of  Agriculture,  Washington,  D.C.  20250. 






DECEMBER  18, 1969 


I  am  delighted  to  pass  on  to  the  employees  of  USDA  a  "Thank  You"  from  President 

As  I  have  said  many  times,  we  in  USDA  fully  support  the  President  in  his  deter- 
mination to  make  all  Government  programs  responsive  and  effective  to  the  end  that 
the  public  is  better  served. 

To  accomplish  that  goal,  the  President  and  I  need  your  help.  I  urge  all  employees 
to  maintain  the  outstanding  record  of  the  Department  in  ideas  and  proposals  for 
more  economical  and  efficient  operations.  By  working  together,  we  can  make  USDA 
an  example  for  others  to  follow.  —CLIFFORD  M.  HARDIN 

Secretary  of  Agriculture 


WAS  H  I  N  GTO  N 


October  29,    1969  ^^1\0HN^  ^"'^ 

%Z  -^^^ 



In  the  last  fiscal  year  more  employees  than  ever  before  received 
awards  for  their  superior  w^ork  and  for  their  constructive  sugges- 
tions to  improve  Government  operations.     A  new  record  was  set 
by  the  $195  million  in  benefits  from  employee  ideas  that  saved 
man-hours,    conserved  supplies  and   reduced  costs. 

These  outstanding  results   could  not  have  been  achieved  without 
teamwork  and  extra  effort  by  many  people  at  inany  levels  of  our 
Federal  organizations.      I  am  delighted  to  send  a  hearty  and  very 
personal  "Thank  You!"  to  everyone  in  Government  for  their  con- 
tributions to  this   record. 

In  many  areas  of  importance  to  our  citizens,    the  Government 
must  carry  out  new  functions  and  achieve  new  or  more  demand- 
ing objectives.     It  is  crucial  that  we  search  constantly  for  the 
most  economical,    the  most  efficient,    and  the  most  effective 
procedures  to  carry  out  these  missions. 

I  deeply  appreciate  your  help  in  this  effort.     I  am  confident  that 
we  will  continue  to  improve  this  record  of  achievement. 



a^  sSiS  e>a:*i3;  i^^fiti?. 

Christmas  Message 

As  we  observe  our  first  Christmas 
as  associates  in  the  Department  of 
Agriculture,  please  accept  my  heart- 
felt appreciation  for  your  dedicated 
eflorts  and  accomplishments.  Your 
achievements  have  been  in  keeping 
with  the  great  traditions  of  this 

In  taking  stock  of  the  year  now 
ending,  we  of  the  Department  can 
look  back  with  some  pride  on  our 
accomplishments.  But  let  us  rather 
look  ahead  to  1970  witli  a  renewed 
resolution  to  continue  to  serve  agri- 
culture, and  America,  to  our  best 

The  Nation  has  a  new  awareness 
of  the  problem  of  hunger  and  mal- 
nutrition in  .America.  President 
Nixon  has  made  dramatic  recom- 
mendations designed  to  "put  an  end 
to  hunger  in  the  United  States." 
The  fact  that  we  have  a  major  role 
to  play  in  carrying  out  this  great 
humanitarian  effort  should  bring  a 
great  sense  of  satisfaction  to  all  of 

We  must  continue  to  concern 
ourselves  in  every  possible  way  to 
correct  the  inadequacies  in  farm 
income.  Some  sr  .ins  were  made  in 
1969.  May  they  be  greater  in  1970. 

The  development  of  rural  .Amer- 
ica as  part  of  a  new  national  growth 
policy  offers  unprecedented  oppor- 
tunities to  improve  the  lot  of  those 
who  have,  to  date,  been  by-passed 
by  recent  technological  develop- 

These  programs  and  n'.any  others 
provide  those  of  us  fortunate 
enough  to  be  associated  with  the 
USD.A  with  unusual  responsibilities 
for  improving  the  lot  of  people — 
at  home  and  abroad. 

My  best  wishes  and  those  of  my 
family  go  to  you  and  your  families 
at  this  Yuletide  Season. 







first  "Project  Transition"  em- 
ployee, looks  over  an  IBM 
System  360  Computer.  Thom- 
as will  be  learning  to  program 
such  computers  in  the  months 
ahead  as  part  of  his  new  job 
with  ARS  in  Beltsville,  Md. 

Future  Looks  Good  To  Army  Veteran 

Cooperation  between  USDA  and  the 
U.S.  Army  has  given  an  Army  veteran  a 
leg  up  on  a  promising  career.  The  vet- 
eran, David  K.  Thomas  of  Rockville,  Md., 
went  to  work  in  October  for  the  Agricul- 
tural Research  Service  at  Beltsville,  Md., 
as  the  first  USDA  employee-trainee  par- 
ticipating in  Project  Transition. 

Project  Transition  is  a  program  de- 
signed to  expand  job  skills  of  servicemen 
about  to  be  discharged  from  active  duty. 
The  idea  is  to  ease  the  transition  to  civil- 
ian life  of  men  whose  military  speciality 
has  limited  application  to  nonmilitary 

Training  started  for  Thomas  in  July 
while  he  was  still  in  the  military  at  Ft. 
Meade,  Md.  While  doing  limited  military 
duty — and  still  on  the  Army  payroll — the 
young  man  spent  half  of  his  working  day 
with  ARS  at  Beltsville  learning  basic 
skills  in  programming  and  in  USDA  pro- 
cedures. Following  his  discharge  from  the 
Army  and  now  working  for  ARS,  he  is 
continuing  his  training  to  be  a  program- 
mer under  a  home  study  plan  furnished 
by  USDA.  At  the  same  time,  the  former 
Army  man  has  office  duties  to  perform 
and  is  getting  practical  experience  in  pro- 

Earlier,  another  serviceman,  Sgt.  Roy 
E.  Grunwald  of  Cleveland,  Wis.,  partici- 
pated in  Project  Transition  training  at 
Beltsville  while  still  on  active  duty  with 
the  Army.  However,  unlike  Thomas,  he 
did  not  continue  the  training  after  dis- 
charge from  service. 

Dr.  Frank  Dickinson,  ARS  Dairy  Herd 

Improvement  Investigations  leader  and 

Thomas'  supervisor,  thinks  highly  of  the 

Lorogram   and   of   Thomas'   performance 

tince  being  with  ARS. 

^The  new  USDA  employee  feels  Project 

insition  is  a  great  opportunity  for  men 

fcg  separated  from  the  service  to  learn 

jil  skills,  gain  a  foothold  in  his  future 

ipf  employment,  and  establish  a  good 

Project  Transition  was  initiated  as  a 
pilot  program  in  1967  and  went  into  full 
swing  last  year  at  all  major  military  in- 
stallations in  the  United  States.  It  pro- 
vides for  formal  education  at  schools  and 
universities,  practical  training  in  special- 
ized skills,  and  on-the-job  experience — 
such  as  USDA  is  furnishing. 

ARS  plans  to  expand  its  participation 
with  Thomas  as  the  first  of  what  it  hopes 
will  be  many  veterans  taking  advantage 
of  Project  Transition. 

Yo,  Ho,  Ho,  And  A  Bucket  of  Bugs 

Ladybugs  by  the  gallon  bucket  form 
one  agronomist's  answer  to  a  problem-  of 
producing  a  pest-free  crop  of  pine 

The  pest  in  question  is  the  pine  bark 
aphid,  accidentally  introduced  from  Eu- 
rope some  years  ago.  This  minute  insect 
poses  a  serious  threat  to  tree  nursery 
stock.  Heavy  infestations  make  normally 
lush  seedlings  appear  to  have  been 

Fortunately  for  the  20  million  seedlings 
at  the  H.  W.  Toumey  Nursery  in  the 
Ottawa  National  Forest,  Watersmeet, 
Mich.,  Supervisor  Stuart  Slayton  and  his 
team  of  Forest  Service  technicians  dis- 
covered that  the  common  ladybug  would 
rather  eat  aphids  than  anything  else. 
One  ladybug  will  eagerly  devour  40  to  50 
aphids  each  day,  as  well  as  snacking  on 
various  other  insects,  eggs,  and  larvae. 

Slayton  and  his  associates  have  arrived 
at  a  formula  of  about  one  gallon  of 
healthy  ladybugs  to  3  to  5  acres  of  in- 
fested seedlings. 

"Besides  being  'dirt  cheap',"  Slayton 
points  out,  "this  method  of  eradicating 
destructive  forest  pests  is  safe  and  easy 
and  will  not  upset  the  balance  of  nature." 

FHA  Raises  Minimums 
On  insured  Notes 

Rising  demand  on  the  national  secu- 
rities market  for  Farmers  Home  Admin- 
istration loan  notes  has  prompted  the 
agency  to  establish  new  minimums  on 
the  amount  of  orders  accepted. 

Effective  Dec.  1,  order  minimums  for 
FHA  Insured  Notes  were  fixed  at  $25,000 
for  1-  or  2-year  commitments  of  in- 
vestors' funds  and  $15,000  for  longer-term 
commitments  up  to  25  years.  The  previ- 
ous minimum  order  was  $10,000  in  all 
categories.  There  is  no  maximum  on  the 
amount  of  an  order. 

The  insured  notes  represent  a  $2  bil- 
lion offering  on  the  U.S.  money  market 
this  fiscal  year.  They  cover  loans  ad- 
vanced by  FHA  for  family  farm  owner- 
ship, rural  town-and-country  housing, 
and  rural  community  projects  such  as 
water  and  sewer  systems. 

Sales  of  insured  notes  totaled  $945 
million  in  the  12  months  of  fiscal  1969. 
The  pace  has  increased  this  fiscal  year 
to  the  point  that  sales  totaled  more  than 
$625  million  in  4%  months.  More  than 
$250  million  of  that  amount  was  moved 
in  7  weeks  of  October  and  November  fol- 
lowing the  increase  of  interest  rates  to 
keep  pace  with  prevailing  rates  on  the 
commercial  money  market. 

Current  rates  of  yield  on  FHA  insured 
notes  are:  8%  percent  for  investment 
of  10  through  25  years;  8%  percent  for 
3  through  9  years;  and  8^2  percent  for 
1  or  2  years. 

FHA  Administrator  James  V.  Smith 
said  the  agency's  new  order  minimums 
will  result  in  improved  service  to  in- 
vestors and  generate  more  long-term  fi- 
nancing of  the  rural  improvements  sup- 
ported by  FHA  programs. 

WILBURN  "BILL"  WILLIAMSON  of  Huntsville, 
Tex.,  (left)  is  congratulated  by  Assistant  Secre- 
tary Clarence  D.  Palmby  for  completion  of  a  2- 
year  tour  of  duty  in  Vietnam  as  an  agricultural 
advisor  to  the  Saigon  Government.  V^iiiiamson  is 
one  of  23  Federal  Extension  Service  employees 
in  Vietnam  under  a  joint  USDA/AID  program  to 
help  Vietnamese  farmers  increase  agricultural 
production.  Before  joining  FES,  Williamson  was 
a  farmer  field  man  and  county  office  manager 
in  Texas  for  the  Agricultural  Stabilization  and 
Conservation  Service.  He  recently  returned  to 
Vietnam  to  begin  a  second  2-year  tour. 

MINIMUM  TILLAGE,  a  new  method  of  farming,  is  giving  good  yields  and  maximum  soil  protection, 
according  to  the  Soil  Conservation  Service.  The  new  method  is  soil  preparation  and  seed  planting 
with  the  least  necessary  tillage.  This  keeps  the  soil  from  blowing  or  washing  away.  The  airplane 
pictured  above  is  one  of  the  various  methods  of  applying  minimum  tillage.  The  plane  is  planting 
wheat  in  a  standing  field  of  corn  a  month  before  harvest.  The  corn  will  be  harvested  and  the  wheat 
will  grow  and  ripen  for  harvest  among  the  corn  stalks.  The  farmer  not  only  has  two  successive 
harvests,  but  his  land  is  undisturbed  by  tilling  and  has  soil  cover.  Both  practices  protect  the  soil 
from  erosion  by  wind  and  water. 


Birth  defects  in  animals  were  once  laid 
to  defective  genes.  Since  1960  Agricul- 
tural Research  Service  scientists  have 
been  showing  that  they  are  also  caused 
by  seemingly  innocuous  plants  the 
mother  eats  during  pregnancy. 

And  these  animal  studies  help  explain 
certain  human  birth  defects. 

So  thinks  ARS  veterinarian  Wayne 
Binns,  director  of  the  Poisonous  Plant 
Laboratory,  Logan,  Utah.  The  relation- 
ship between  the  mother's  food  intake 
and  fetal  development  is  not  absolute, 
however — results  depend  on  the  type  of 
chemical  involved,  the  environment,  and 
the  stage  of  pregnancy. 

One  of  the  most  revealing  animal  de- 
fects meaningful  to  human  medicine  is 
cyclopamine  poisoning. 

Investigations  by  Binns'  staff  showed 
that  cyclopamine  is  carried  in  false  helle- 
bore (Veratrum  californicum) .  Although 
large  amounts  of  this  plant  can  stagger 
or  kill  a  ewe,  smaller  amounts  cause  no 
obvious  symptoms  in  the  ewe. 

The  birth  defects  that  result  have  some 
startling  resemblances  to  the  infamous 
side-effects  from  the  tranquilizer  thalid- 
omide on  human  babies.  When  ewes  eat 
false  hellebore  on  the  14th  day  of  preg- 
nancy, their  lambs  are  born  with  a  Cy- 
clops eye  (one  eye  in  the  center  of  the 
head) .  If  ewes  eat  the  weed  later  in  ges- 
tation, lambs  get  leg  deformities. 

Another  case  of  birth  defects  discov- 
ered in  farm  animals  concerns  cows  graz- 
ing beanweed,  also  called  lupine. 

The  deformity  which  results  had  been 
laid  originally  to  defective  genes  or  to 
nutritional  deficiencies.  Yet  the  ARS 
scientists  showed  that  certain  species  of 
lupine  are  the  cause. 

Lathyrus  plants,  certain  species  of  peas, 
new  being  investigated  has  double  sig- 
nificance for  man.  In  the  Middle  East, 
humans  as  well  as  animals  eat  this 

ARS  scientists  working  with  Binns  on 
poisonous  plant  problems  are  livestock 
specialist  L.  F.  J  canes,  physiologist  A.  E. 
Johnson,  chemist  R.  F.  Keeler,  and  vet- 
erinarian K.  R.  Van  Kampen.  They  think 
that  discoveries  of  birth  defects  linked 
to  natural  foods  may  well  be  important 
landmarks  in  the  ultimate  prevention  of 
much  suffering  and  hardship  in  both  man 
and  animals. 

Plentiful  Foods 

USDA  lists  as  Plentiful  Foods  for  Jan- 
uary: Fresh  oranges,  orange  products, 
grapefruit,  apples,  winter  pears,  canned 
tomatoes  and  tomato  products,  broiler- 
fryers,  dry  beans,  dry  peas,  and  lentils. 


Dr.  Quentin  West,  career  USDA  em- 
ployee, was  recently  named  by  Secretary 
Hardin  as  Administrator  of  the  newly 
established  Foreign  Economic  Develop- 
ment Service. 

Prior  to  his  appointment,  West  was 
head  of  the  Foreign  Regional  Analysis 
Division  of  the  Economic  Research  Serv- 
ice. He  has  also  served  within  the  same 
Division  in  the  positions  of  deputy  di- 
rector, chief  of  the  Far  East  Branch,  and 
assistant  chief  of  the  Africa  and  Middle 
East  Branch.  He  has  traveled  in  all  re- 
gions of  the  world  and  has  represented 
the  U.S.  in  various  world  conferences,  in- 
cluding the  bi-annual  conferences  of  the 
Food  and  Agriculture  Organization  of 
the  United  Nations. 

Before  joining  USDA  in  1956,  West  was 
an  economist  with  the  Organization  of 
American  States  in  Costa  Rico  and  Peru 
and  was  on  the  staff  of  Cornell  University 
and  Utah  State  University. 

The  new  agency  headed  by  West  is  con- 
cerned with  international  economic  de- 
velopment through  technical  assistance 
and  training  of  foreign  agriculturists. 
Previously,  this  work  was  handled  by  the 
International  Agricultural  Development 
Service  which  became  a  part  of  the  For- 
eign Agricultural  Service  earlier  this 

E.\CH  .AMERICAN  eats  nearly  tliree- 
qiiarters  of  a  ton  of  food  eaeli  365  days. 
Tliis  amounts  to  nearly  3  tons  a  year  for 
a  family  of  four  or  150  million  Ions  a 
year  to  feed  us  all. 

Progress  on  the  Great  Plains 

Nearly  2  million  acres  of  unsuitable 
cropland  have  been  returned  to  grass  and 
more  than  1  million  acres  of  depleted  and 
damaged  rangeland  have  been  reseeded 
under  the  Great  Plains  Conservation 

This  and  other  information  on  the 
progress  of  the  12-year-old  program  is 
included  in  a  report  recently  issued  by 

The  report,  a  revision  of  a  1965  Soil 
Conservation  Service  publication,  says 
more  than  31,000  farmers  and  ranchers 
in  424  counties  of  the  10  Great  Plains 
States  have  participated  in  the  conserva- 
tion program. 

Authorized  by  Congress  in  1956.  the 
program  enables  Great  Plains  landown- 
ers to  minimize  the  effects  of  drought 
and  other  emergencies  through  cost- 
sharing  and  technical  aid  from  SCS. 

Legislation  signed  by  President  Nixon 
on  Nov.  19  extends  the  program  to  1981. 
It  also  adds  cost-sharing  for  fish  and 
wildlife  developments,  recreation  facil- 
ities, and  the  abatement  of  agriculture- 
related  pollution  to  the  more  than  40 
conservation  practices  available  to  land- 
owners. Among  these  are:  Livestock 
water  development,  terracing,  wind- 
breaks, and  irrigation  improvement. 



TIMOTHY  L.  MOUNTS,  a  chemist  at  the 
Agricultural  Research  Service  Northern 
Utilization  Research  Laboratory,  Peoria, 
111.,  has  received  the  American  Oil  Chem- 
ists' Society's  Bond  Award  for  excellence 
in  content  and  delivery  of  a  research  paper. 

His  co-authors,  DR.  HERBERT  J.  DUT- 
TON,  also  a  chemist  at  the  Peoria  labora- 
tory, and  DR.  DONALD  GLOVER,  profes- 
sor of  chemistry  at  Bradley  University, 
received  award  certificates. 

The  award-winning  paper  describes  stud- 
ies of  the  conjugation  reaction  in  two  fatty 
acids  from  seed  oils.  These  two  affect  the 
flavor  stability  of  liquid  oil  products,  like 
salad  dressing  and  cooking  oil. 


DR.  LEANDER  S.  STUART,  Pesticides 
Regulation  Division,  Agricultural  Research 
Service,  Washington,  D.C.,  was  recently 
chosen  president  of  the  Association  of  Of- 
ficial Agricultural  Chemists. 

Another  ARS  scientist,  DR.  L.  F.  OR- 
TENZIO,  Beltsville,  Md.,  was  named  Fellow 
of  the  Association  for  his  achievements  and 


WEAR  K.  SCHOONOVER,  Director  of 
the  Prodiu-tion  and  Stabilization  Division, 
Office  of  the  General  Council,  was  recently 
selected  by  the  Football  Writers  Associa- 
tion of  America  as  a  member  of  the  All- 
Southwest  football  team  of  the  past  50 
years  (1919-1968). 

Schoonover  played  football  at  the  Uni- 
versity of  Arkansas  during  the  1927,  1928, 
and  1929  seasons.  In  1929  he  was  named 
All-America  by  the  late  Grantland  Rice. 
Other  honors  accorded  the  football  star 
include  induction  into  the  Arkansas  Hall 
of  Fame  in  1959  and  into  the  National 
Football  Hall  of  Fame  in  1967. 

DR.  C.  O.  WILLITS,  who  recently  retired 
after  30  years  as  a  USDA  scientist,  has  been 
named  winner  of  the  13th  Harvey  W.  Wiley 

Dr.  Willits,  an  outstanding  authority  on 
maple  syrup,  headed  maple  research  at  the 
Agricultural  Research  Service's  Eastern 
Utilization  Laboratory,  Wyndmoor,  Pa., 
since  the  late  1940's.  He  is  credited  with 
revitalizing  the  American  maple  syrup  in- 
dustry through  his  many  developments 
and  improvements  in  the  gathering  of  sap 
and  the  making  of  syrup, 


DR.  J.  H.  WEINBERGER.  Fresno, 
Calif.,  DR.  THOMAS  W.  W  HITAKER,  La 
Jolla,  Calif.,  DR.  JOSEPH  R.  FURR,  In- 
dio,  Calif.,  DR.  NEIL  W,  STUART,  and 
DR.  D.  H.  SCOTT,  Beltsville,  Md..  all  of 
Crops  Research  Division,  Agricultural  Re- 
search Service,  were  recently  elected  as 
Fellows  of  the  American  Society  for  Horti- 
cultural Science  for  their  outstanding 
achievements  and  service. 

DAVID  GRANAHAN,  chief  of  the  USDA 
Exhibits  Service,  Washington,  D.C.,  was 
recently  selected  Art  Director  of  the  Year 
by  the  Society  of  Federal  Artists  and 




AXEL  L.  FREDERIKSEN,  sole  Forest  Service  em- 
ployee at  the  agency's  Institute  of  Tropical  For- 
estry project,  St.  Croix,  the  Virgin  Islands,  re- 
cently received  a  citation  from  the  U.S.  Weather 
Bureau  for  his  work  as  a  volunteer  weather  ob- 
server. He  is  the  first  observer  in  the  Caribbean 
Area  to  receive  the  award.  His  volunteer  work 
included  personal  observations  and  coordination 
of  statistics  from  other  volunteers,  since  the 
Weather  Bureau  has  no  office  in  the  Virgin  Is- 
lands. In  the  above  photograph,  Frederiksen  (left) 
is  presented  the  citation  by  Virgin  Islands  Gov- 
ernor Melvin  H.  Evans  as  Robert  Calvesbert  of 
the  Weather  Bureau  looks  on. 


Jack  W.  Bain  of  Alexandria,  Va.,  was 
recently  named  as  Chief  of  USDA's  Of- 
fice of  Hearing  Examiners. 

He  succeeds  Benjamin  M.  Holstein  who 
retired  after  33  years  of  Government 

Bain,  a  native  of  Shawnee,  Okla.,  has 
been  a  Hearing  Examiner  since  1946.  He 
was  one  of  four  examiners  named  when 
the  Office  of  Hearing  Examiner  was  es- 
tablished in  December  of  that  year. 

Previously,  he  was  assistant  to  the  De- 
partment's Judicial  Officer  and  had 
served  as  senior  attorney  in  the  Office  of 
the  Sohcitor. 

The  Office  of  Hearing  Examiners  con- 
ducts hearings  and  performs  related 
duties  under  various  laws  administered 
by  USDA  which  regulate  the  marketing  of 
agricultural  commodities  and  products. 

Ten  other  USD.\  artists  won  awards  at 
the  5th  .Annual  Exhibit  held  by  the  Society 
in  Washington,  D.C.  Thev  are:  GEORGE 
of  the  Exhibit  Service,  Office  of  Informa- 
EDDINS,  JANICE  PROCTOR,  all  with  Arts 
and  Graphics  Division,  Office  of  Informa- 
tion; POLLY  CICA,  Agricultural  Research 
Service;  JERRY  P.WEY,  Farm  Credit  Ad- 
ministration; and  PAUL  STEUCKE,  Forest 


PHILIP  L.  THORNTON,  Associate  Chief 
for  Cooperative  Forestry  Programs  for  the 
Forest  Service,  was  recently  named  director 
of  the  agency's  Northeastern  Area  for  State 
and  Private  Forestry.  He  succeeds  James  K. 
Vessey  who  is  retiring  after  nearly  37  years 
with  the  Forest  Service. 

As  director,  Thornton  will  be  responsible 
for  projects  involving  assistance  to  State 
foresters,  private  forest  owners,  and  other 
public  agencies  and  citizen  organizations 
dedicated  to  protection  and  management 
of  forest  resources. 

The  Northeastern  Area,  with  headquar- 
ters in  Upper  Darby,  Pa.,  includes  the  20- 
State  region  making  up  the  northeastern 
quadrant  of  the  U.S. 


Two  employees  of  the  Agricultural  Re- 
search .Service  were  recently  assigned  to 
Rotterdam,  The  Netherlands,  to  do  re- 
search aimed  at  expanding  exports  of 
.American  agricultural  products. 

RUSSELL  H.  HINDS,  JR.,  industry 
economist  in  the  Transportation  and  Fa- 
cilities Research  Division,  Fresno,  Calif., 
will  be  concerned  with  transportation, 
packaging,  and  handling  of  U.S.  products 
for  European  markets.  DR.  WILLI.4M  G. 
CHACE,  horticulturist  with  the  Market 
Quality  Research  Division,  Orlando,  Fla., 
will  conduct  research  to  improve  the 
quality  of  perishable  foods  and  other 
agricultural  commodities  from  the  U.S. 

Both  men  are  attached  to  the  U.S.  Con- 
sulate in  Rotterdam. 

REA  Administrator  Urges 
Pollution  Control 

The  Rural  Electrification  Administra- 
tion has  urged  REA-financed  electric 
systems  to  take  a  positive  approach  to 
pollution  control. 

In  a  message  to  52  borrowers  operating 
steam  generating  facilities,  REA  Admin- 
istrator David  A.  Hamil  recommended 
that  top-level  management  of  the  sys- 
tems keep  abreast  of  established  and  de- 
veloping environmental  standards. 

"This  knowledge  should  be  an  impor- 
tant consideration  in  planning  plant  ad- 
ditions, locating  and  designing  systerii 
facilities,  and  in  operating  the  system 
so  that  the  new  standards  can  be  com- 
plied with  in  an  orderly  fashion,  avoiding 
crash  programs  and  costly  restrictions  on 
system  operation,"  Hamil  said. 

The  Administrator  also  pointed  out 
that  "growing  public  concern  and  the 
rapid  growth  of  energy  consumption  are 
making  the  tasks  of  finding  suitable  sites 
for  power  plants  and  obtaining  rights- 
of-way  for  lines  a  major  problem  for  all 
segments  of  the  electric  utility  industry." 


DECEMBER  18,  1969        Vol.  XXVIII  No.  26 

USDA  Is  published  fortnightly  for  distribution  to  employees  only,  by  direction  of  the  Secre- 
tary of  Agriculture,  as  containing  administrative  information  required  for  the  proper  transac- 
tion of  the  public  business.  Retirees  who  write  to  the  Editor  requesting  it  may  continue  to 
get  USDA.  Please  write  instead  of  phoning  whenever  possible;  for  rush  orders,  call  Ext.  2058, 
Mrs.  Lillie  Vincent,  Editor  of  USDA,  INF.  Department  of  Agriculture,  Washington,  D.C.  20250. 

c43— 16— 80735-1